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Umbilical cord protein analysis detects early onset infection
Yale School of Medicine researchers have identified proteins associated with early onset neonatal sepsis (EONS), a stealthy bacterial infection linked to premature birth, illness and death. Using protein analysis, the researchers have found the biomarkers that can provide key information on how EONS develops. (2009-01-29)

Patients needlessly suffering from chemotherapy induced nausea and vomiting
Nearly two decades after the introduction of highly effective antiemetic (anti-nausea) therapies, almost a third of patients are still suffering from chemotherapy induced nausea and vomiting (CINV). (2002-04-15)

European Nurse Society calls to action on breakthrough cancer pain
Patient surveys have shown that breakthrough cancer pain is under-recognized, sub-optimally treated and therefore subject of intense patient discomfort. Now, for the first time, the European Oncology Nursing Society sets out to examine the general understanding of breakthrough cancer pain amongst oncology nurses, confidence in treating these episodes, examples of best practice as well as gaps in current practice. (2010-10-07)

Identification and management of breakthrough cancer pain remains a challenge
Today, the results from a European Survey of Oncology Nurse Breakthrough Cancer Pain Practices were presented for the first time at the European Multidisciplinary Cancer Congress in Stockholm. The survey was performed for the Breakthrough Cancer Pain Initiative, a European Oncology Nursing Society working group. (2011-09-30)

Clemson researchers say algae key to mass extinctionss
Geologist James W. Castle and ecotoxicologist John H. Rodgers have published findings that toxin producing algae were a deadly factor in mass extinctions millions of years ago. The research not only provides new insights into the past but also offers a caution about the future. (2009-10-19)

Did comets kick-start life on Earth? (video)
The origins of life on Earth are still shrouded in mystery. One compelling possibility is that comets delivered the building blocks for life eons ago. This week, Speaking of Chemistry explains the chemistry behind how these icy, lumpy space rocks might have seeded life on Earth. Check out the video here: https://youtu.be/FnuldVd99x8. (2016-11-23)

No new mountains formed during Earth's middle age, halting life's evolution for an eon
During the Proterozoic, Earth grew no taller - the tectonic processes that form mountains stalled, leaving continents devoid of high mountains for nearly 1 billion years, according to a new study. (2021-02-11)

USF researchers: Life-producing phosphorus carried to Earth by meteorites
USF Assistant Professor of Geology Matthew Pasek and researchers from the University of Washington and the Edinburg Centre for Carbon Innovation reveal new findings that explain how the reactive phosphorus that was an essential component for creating the earliest life forms came to Earth. (2013-06-04)

Large European survey reveals critical gaps in breast cancer patient education and communication
Results from a recent survey of European women with early breast cancer, presented for the first time at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) congress, show that the information needs of patients are not being met and that there is an unacceptably low level of patient involvement in potentially life-extending treatment decisions. The survey revealed that older women, those with a low level of education and those without Internet access are particularly uninformed. (2006-09-30)

Artistic space odyssey to broadcast people's messages to the stars
Messages from around the world are to be beamed into space at the speed of light as part of a cultural project to create a celestial time capsule. (2016-02-08)

GSA Today: Putting time in its place
In the March issue of GSA Today, seven scientists from six countries, led by Jan Zalasiewicz of the University of Leicester, propose a realignment of the terms (2013-02-27)

Researchers call for rethinking efforts to prevent interplanetary contamination
Two university researchers say environmental restrictions have become unnecessarily restrictive and expensive -- on Mars. (2013-06-27)

Study reveals potential evolutionary role for same-sex attraction
Male homosexuality doesn't make complete sense from an evolutionary point of view. One possible explanation is what evolutionary psychologists call the (2010-02-04)

Designing a better catalyst for 'artificial photosynthesis'
Scientists studying the conversion of carbon dioxide (CO2) to carbon monoxide (CO) -- a crucial step in transforming CO2 to useful organic compounds such as methanol -- are trying to mimic what plants do when they convert CO2 and water to carbohydrates and oxygen in the presence of chlorophyll and sunlight. Such (2003-09-09)

Tarsiers' bulging eyes shed light on evolution of human vision
After eons of wandering in the dark, primates developed highly acute, three-color vision that permitted them to shift to daytime living, a new Dartmouth College study suggests. (2013-03-27)

Arctic mystery no longer: Dinosaurs walked Canada's great north
It may hard to believe, yet lush ferns and dinosaurs coexisted in Canada's great north 240 million years ago. During recent expeditions, McGill palaeontologist Hans Larsson, of Montreal (Canada) found fern fossils and tyrannosaurus dinosaur bones. (2004-10-14)

Bees fight to a stalemate in the battle of the sexes according to new research
A new study sheds light on genomic conflict in bumblebees. (2014-02-12)

Research prompts rethink of enzyme evolution
New research by scientists at New Zealand's University of Otago suggests a need for a fundamental rethink of the evolutionary path of enzymes, the proteins vital to all life on Earth. (2015-04-28)

Molecular machinery that makes potent antibiotic revealed after decades of research
Scientists at Rutgers and universities in Russia, Poland and England have solved a nearly 30-year mystery -- how the molecular machinery works in an enzyme that makes a potent antibiotic. The findings, which appear in the journal Molecular Cell, provide the tools to design new antibiotics, anticancer drugs and other therapeutics. (2019-01-17)

Gene networks dictate plants' responses to cold, stress
Recent advances in technology have allowed scientists to probe the molecular nature of life, analyzing thousands of genes at a time and recognizing patterns of gene interaction. In a recent paper published in Proceedings of the Royal Society B, complexity scientist Samuel Scarpino and co-authors explore gene co-expression networks that have evolved to help plants withstand drought and cold. (2017-06-28)

A new, clearer insight into Earth's hidden crystals
Geologists have developed a new theory about the state of Earth billions of years ago after examining the very old rocks formed in the Earth's mantle below the continents. (2021-02-17)

USC partners with French drug discovery company on computer modeling effort
The neurotransmitter L-glutamate regulates countless biological systems in animals ranging from insects to human beings. Though scientists have known its role for decades, and have found that numerous diseases, including possibly schizophrenia, are linked to (2009-04-24)

Cycad seed tissue loaded with carbohydrates
University of Guam scientists study sugar and starch relationship of cycad seeds. (2016-11-29)

Nunavut's mysterious ancient life could return by 2100
Global climate change means that recently discovered ancient forests in Canada's extreme north could one day return, according to Alexandre Guertin-Pasquier of the University of Montreal's Department of Geography. (2012-09-21)

Newly discovered protein gives signal for virus infection
Researchers at the University of Zurich have discovered a protein that enables adenoviruses to infect human cells. The Mib1 protein gives the virus the signal to uncoat the DNA and release it into the nucleus. Blocking this protein could therefore help people with weakened immune systems to fight dangerous viruses. (2019-12-17)

Lines blurring between human herpes simplex viruses
The herpes simplex virus (HSV-1) that commonly infects the mouth, is continuing to mix with the genital herpes virus (HSV-2) to create new, different recombinant versions. Genital co-infection with both viruses could create opportunities for the viruses to recombine. This ability of the viruses to recombine poses problems for vaccine development, due to the risk of a live vaccine for genital herpes mixing with HSV-1 to form an infectious recombinant. (2019-04-30)

The Sunspots Are Coming
Atmospheric scientists participating in a workshop funded in part by the National Science Foundation (NSF) will debate the effects of so-called (1997-10-15)

Magazine article by Rutgers researcher details revival of life after deep-sea volcanic eruption
In an article appearing in the September-October issue of American Science magazine, a Rutgers researcher describes how life quickly revived around hydrothermal vents on the Pacific Ocean floor after a lava flow had appeared to exterminate it. (2001-08-23)

Narrowing the universe in the search for life
In the search for life on other planets, scientists traditionally have looked for a world with water. But an Ohio State geophysicist wonders if we should look to rocks instead. (2018-12-17)

June 2011 GSA Today science article includes exclusive lithoprobe poster
What would we see and what would we learn if we were able to cut North America in half, pull it apart, and look at the resulting cross section through the continent, from the surface all the way down to its very deepest mantle roots? Although it sounds like an impossible undertaking, Philip Hammer of the University of British Columbia and colleagues have done just that. (2011-05-27)

How does spatial multi-scaled chimera state produce the diversity of brain rhythms?
This work revealed that the real brain network has a new chimera state -- spatial multi-scaled chimera state, and its formation is closely related the local symmetry of connections. (2020-07-03)

Glaciers may have helped warm Earth
Weathering of Earth by glaciers may have warmed the planet over eons by aiding the release of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. A new study shows the cumulative effect may have created negative feedback that prevented runaway glaciation. (2017-07-31)

Five giant impact basins reveal the ancient equator of Mars
A Canadian researcher has calculated the location of Mars' ancient poles, based upon the location of five giant impact basins on the planet's surface. This suggests that the projectiles that caused the basins originated with a single source, an asteroid that disintegrated when it approached too close to Mars, and that the impacts trace the Martian equator at the time of impact. (2005-04-18)

Is there a Neanderthal in the house?
Bunions bothering you? How about lower back pain, or impacted wisdom teeth? As we humans evolved over the millennia to walk on two legs, grow larger brains and shorter jaws, bear big babies and live longer, we've also experienced some negative consequences. But keeping our evolutionary history in mind can help us better deal with issues from obesity to difficult childbirth in a much more productive way, according to University of Delaware anthropologist Karen Rosenberg. (2013-02-15)

Xenophobia, for men only
We have an evolved mental readiness to be fearful of certain things in our world. It's known that people are more fearful of (2009-02-04)

New instrument has potential to detect water deep underground on Mars
With the whoosh of compressed gas and the whir of unspooling wire, a team of Boulder scientists and engineers tested a new instrument prototype that might be used to detect groundwater deep inside Mars. (2009-06-24)

Rutgers-led research could revolutionize nuclear waste reprocessing and save money
Seeking a better way to capture radioactive iodides in spent nuclear reactor fuel, Rutgers-New Brunswick scientists have developed an extremely efficient 'molecular trap' that can be recycled and reused (2017-11-01)

SwRI scientists introduce cosmochemical model for Pluto formation
Southwest Research Institute scientists integrated NASA's New Horizons discoveries with data from ESA's Rosetta mission to develop a new theory about how Pluto may have formed at the edge of our solar system. (2018-05-25)

Accounting for the gaps in ancient food webs
Studying ancient food webs can help scientists reconstruct communities of species, many long extinct, and even use those insights to figure out how modern-day communities might change in the future. There's just one problem: only some species left enough of a trace for scientists to find eons later, leaving large gaps in the fossil record -- and researchers' ability to piece together the food webs from the past. (2021-01-14)

It's evolution: Nature of prejudice, aggression different for men and women
Prejudice against people from groups different than their own is linked to aggression for men and fear for women, suggests new research led by Michigan State University scholars. (2012-01-24)

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