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Epidemiology Current Events

Epidemiology Current Events, Epidemiology News Articles.
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New tool advances investigations of disease outbreaks
A new field called genomic epidemiology is taking advantage of the rapidly reduced costs of next-generation DNA sequencing to better inform public health officials faced with ongoing outbreaks. (2014-04-15)
HbA1 Predicts Coronary Artery Disease In Female But Not Male Type 1 Diabetics, Says University Of Pittsburgh Researcher
A University of Pittsburgh research team is reporting March 25, at the 39th annual conference on Cardiovascular Disease Epidemiology and Prevention in Orlando, Fla. that HbA1 predicts coronary artery disease deaths in women with Type 1 diabetes, but not in men with this disease. (1999-03-26)
Oral contraceptive use associated with increased risk of breast cancer
Investigators from the Slone Epidemiology Center at Boston University School of Medicine have reported that African-American women who use oral contraceptives have a greater likelihood of developing breast cancer than nonusers. (2010-08-03)
New guidelines for reporting epidemiological studies that involve molecular markers
New guidelines that provide an easy-to-use checklist for the accurate and ethical reporting of epidemiological studies involving molecular markers have been proposed by a group of international researchers and are published in this week's PLoS Medicine. (2011-10-25)
Study finds higher prevalence of early menarche among survivors of childhood sexual abuse
African-American women who were younger at menarche, or the onset of their menstrual periods, were more likely to report a history of childhood sexual abuse, according to a new study led by a researcher at Boston University's Slone Epidemiology Center. (2009-05-18)
Hormone replacement therapy may help prevent chronic wounds in elderly patients
Research at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine has revealed another possible plus for Hormone Replacement Therapy: Older patients taking estrogen may be significantly less likely to suffer from two of the most common and slow-to-heal wounds that afflict the elderly: pressure ulcers (often described as (2002-02-22)
Hair relaxers do not increase risk
According to researchers at Boston University's Slone Epidemiology Center, hair relaxers are not associated with increased risk of breast cancer in black women. (2007-05-17)
EPA Choosing Lab Science Over Epidemiology To Establish Drinking Water Guidelines
To support its view that chloroform only presents a danger as a carcinogen when its concentration in drinking water exceeds 300 parts per billion, EPA has had to favor toxicological data over conflicting epidemiological data. (1998-07-01)
San Francisco's homeless population is getting older
UCSF researchers have found that the median age of San Francisco's homeless population has increased from 37 to 46 years over 14 years -- a rate of about two-thirds of a year every year. (2006-08-04)
Flu vaccines for nursing home workers effective in reducing outbreaks: study
Higher flu vaccination rates for health care personnel can dramatically reduce the threat of flu outbreak among nursing home residents, according to a study published in the October issue of Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, the journal of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America. (2011-09-12)
Neighborhood socioeconomic status and diabetes
Researchers from Boston University's Slone Epidemiology Center have found a direct link between neighborhood socioeconomic status and risk for type 2 diabetes in African American women. (2010-02-08)
Increasing physical activity and limiting television may lead to reduction in type 2 diabetes
Researchers from Boston University's Slone Epidemiology Center have found that reducing time spent watching television and increasing time spent walking briskly or engaged in vigorous physical activity may reduce the incidence of type 2 diabetes in African-American women. (2008-12-08)
How injectable and oral contraceptives can influence cancer risk
In this week's PLoS Medicine, a case-control study conducted by Margaret Urban and colleagues at the National Health Laboratory Services in Johannesburg, South Africa, provides new estimates of the risk of specific cancers of the female reproductive system associated with use of injectable and oral contraceptives. (2012-03-06)
Study finds socioeconomic status linked to weight gain and risk of obesity in African-American women
Socioeconomic status across one's lifetime is related to weight gain and risk of obesity in African-American women, according to a new study led by researchers from the Slone Epidemiology Center at Boston University. (2012-06-13)
Women pregnant with girls experience more severe asthma symptoms
Women with asthma who are carrying a female fetus are more likely to experience worse asthma symptoms than asthmatic women carrying a male fetus, researchers at Yale School of Medicine report in the February issue of American Journal of Epidemiology. (2006-02-02)
BU identifies contributors to high incidence of breast cancer in African-American women
Investigators from the Boston University's Slone Epidemiology Center have reported findings that may shed light on why African American women have a disproportionately higher risk of developing more aggressive and difficult-to-treat breast cancers, specifically estrogen and progesterone receptor negative (ER-/PR-) cancers. (2011-08-16)
UofL infection prevention and control expert to influence national health-care leaders
A faculty member at the University of Louisville School of Public Health & Information Sciences has been selected to advise national health-care leaders on infection control policy. (2011-05-18)
Study reports predictors of poor hand hygiene in an emergency department
Researchers studying hand hygiene of health-care workers in the emergency department found certain care situations, including bed location and type of health-care worker performing care, resulted in poorer hand hygiene practice. (2011-10-03)
Galvani to receive Young Investigators' Prize from American Society of Naturalists
Yale Assistant Professor Alison Galvani, in the Department of Epidemiology and Public Health at Yale School of Medicine, will receive a Young Investigators' Prize from the American Society of Naturalists (ASN). (2005-05-13)
Web-based questionnaire can be cost-effective tool for survey responses
Investigators from the Slone Epidemiology Center at Boston University School of Medicine have reported that the use of a Web-based questionnaire can be a cost-effective tool for obtaining survey responses. (2010-10-13)
Community-onset Clostridium difficile linked to higher risk of surgery
Patients whose symptoms of Clostridium difficile infection start outside of the hospital setting have a higher risk of colectomy due to severe infection, according to a large multicenter study funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and published in Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, the journal of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America. (2012-04-04)
Patients shy away from asking healthcare workers to wash hands
According to a new study published online today, most patients at risk for healthcare-associated infections agree that healthcare workers should be reminded to wash their hands, but little more than half would feel comfortable asking their physicians to wash. (2012-11-12)
Health system achieves high flu vaccination rates by mandating masking
Optimizing employee influenza vaccination rates has become a health care focus. (2011-06-15)
MRSA carriage rates vary widely in nursing homes, study finds
A study published in the January 2011 issue of Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology finds that a high percentage of nursing home residents carry Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), and suggests that some nursing homes could be doing more to prevent the spread of the bacteria, which can lead to hard-to-treat infections. (2010-12-01)
Common themes emerge in hospitals' anti-MRSA efforts: Study
Researchers from the Indiana University have identified common barriers and strategies for successfully implementing practice changes in Intensive Care Units (ICUs). (2011-08-11)
Study finds inadequate mask use among health care workers early in 2009 H1N1 outbreak
Inadequate use of masks or respirators put health care workers at risk of 2009 H1N1 infection during the earliest stages of the 2009 pandemic in the US, according to a study published in the December issue of Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, the journal of the Society of Healthcare Epidemiology of America. (2011-11-30)
A broken bone may lead to widespread body pain -- not just at the site of the fracture
Breaking a major bone may increase risk of widespread chronic body pain in later life, a new study has found. (2016-01-05)
Low incidence of needlestick injuries among staff at national pharmacy chain
Vaccinations for flu, tetanus and other common vaccines are increasingly taking place in non-medical settings such as supermarkets and drug stores. (2012-10-05)
Boston University School of Medicine's black women's health study receives $9.1 million award
The Black Women's Health Study of the Sloan Epidemiology Center at Boston University School of Medicine's has received a five-year continuation of grant funding award from the National Cancer Institute. (2009-09-29)
Patient isolation associated with hospital delirium: Study
A new study finds that patients who are moved into isolation during a hospital stay are nearly twice as likely to develop delirium, a potentially dangerous change in mental status that often affects hospital patients. (2011-12-12)
Hospital bacteria outbreak linked to nasal spray
Infection control researchers investigating a rare bacterial outbreak of Burholderia cepacia complex (Bcc) identified contaminated nasal spray as the root cause of the infections, leading to a national recall of the product. (2011-07-21)
Antibiotics before heart surgery protect against infection
A new study found preoperative antibiotic therapy administered within two hours of cardiac surgery decreased the risk of developing surgical site infections significantly. (2013-12-23)
Latex gloves lead to lax hand hygiene in hospitals, study finds
Healthcare workers who wear gloves while treating patients are much less likely to clean their hands before and after patient contact, according to a study published in the December issue of Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, the journal of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America. (2011-11-03)
Varicella vaccine effective on chicken pox; Impact on herpes zoster unclear
The varicella vaccine is almost 90 percent effective against chickenpox, but its impact on herpes zoster (shingles) is unknown and needs wider surveillance, Yale School of Medicine researchers write in today's New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM) perspective section. (2005-02-04)
Polonium poisoning case sheds light on infection control practices
A study published in the October issue of Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, the journal of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America, uses a famous case of international intrigue and murder to shed new light on the risks health care workers face while treating patients with radiation poisoning. (2011-09-12)
Prepregnancy, obesity and gestational weight gain influence risk of preterm birth
Researchers at Boston University School of Medicine's Slone Epidemiology Center and Boston University School of Public Health have found that prepregnancy obesity and gestational weight gain are associated with an increased risk of preterm birth in African-American participants from the Black Women's Health Study. (2010-02-10)
Gulf War Veterans Have Excessive Rates Of Death, Hospitalization, Studies Show

Gulf War veterans have died or been hospitalized at excessive rates since the war, a University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas researcher reports in the August 15 American Journal of Epidemiology.

MRSA colonization common in groin and rectal areas
Colonization of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus allows people in the community to unknowingly harbor and spread this life-threatening bacteria. (2014-08-13)
Antibiotic use to treat catheter-associated bacteriuria futile in decreasing risk of mortality
Many patients with indwelling urinary catheters acquire bacteria in the urinary tract while they are catheterized. (2013-10-16)
Outbreak C. difficile strain common in Chicago hospitals, investigation finds
An outbreak strain of Clostridium difficile, a bacterium that causes diarrhea and sometimes life-threatening inflammation of the colon, is common in Chicago-area acute care hospitals, an investigation published in the September issue of Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, the journal of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America, suggests. (2011-08-11)
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