Ethanol Current Events

Ethanol Current Events, Ethanol News Articles.
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Corncob ethanol may help cut China's greenhouse gas emissions
A new Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining study has found that using ethanol from corncobs for energy production may help reduce greenhouse gas emissions in China, if used instead of starch-based ethanol. (2018-08-08)

Midwestern ethanol plants use much less water than western plants, U of Minnesota study says
Ethanol production in Minnesota and Iowa uses far less water overall than similar processes in states where water is less plentiful, a new University of Minnesota study shows. (2009-04-15)

Ethanol mandate not the best option
Many people are willing to pay a premium for ethanol, but not enough to justify the government mandate for the corn-based fuel, a Michigan State University economist argues. (2012-02-13)

Scientists develop a chemocatalytic approach for one-pot reaction of cellulosic ethanol
Scientists at the Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics (DICP) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences have developed a chemocatalytic approach to convert cellulose into ethanol in a one-pot process by using a multifunctional Mo/Pt/WOx catalyst. This approach opens up an alternative avenue for biofuel production. (2019-06-12)

Monkeys like alcohol at low concentrations, but probably not due to the calories
Fruit-eating monkeys show a preference for concentrations of alcohol found in fermenting fruit, but do not seem to use alcohol as a source of supplementary calories, according to a study by researchers from Linköping University, Sweden, and the Universidad Veracruzana, Mexico. The findings do not support the idea that human alcoholism originated from a predilection of primates for alcohol-containing overripe fruit. (2019-09-25)

Alcoholic fly larvae need fix for learning
Fly larvae fed on alcohol-spiked food for a period of days grow dependent on those spirits for learning. The findings, reported in Current Biology, a Cell Press publication, on November 29th, show how overuse of alcohol can produce lasting changes in the brain, even after alcohol abuse stops. (2012-11-29)

White rot fungus boosts ethanol production from corn stalks, cobs and leaves
Scientists are reporting new evidence that a white rot fungus shows promise in the search for a way to use waste corn stalks, cobs and leaves -- rather than corn itself -- to produce ethanol to extend supplies of gasoline. Their study on using the fungus to break down the tough cellulose and related material in this so-called (2012-07-11)

Commercial yeasts upgraded with an enzyme for biofuel production
Eckhard Boles, co-founder of the Swiss biofuel company Butalco GmbH and a professor at Goethe-University in Frankfurt, Germany, has discovered a new enzyme which teaches yeast cells to ferment xylose into ethanol. Xylose is an unused waste sugar in the cellulosic ethanol production process. The researchers have recently filed a patent application for their process. (2009-02-24)

Louisiana Tech researchers using nanotechnology in biofuel process to save money, environment
Dr. James Palmer, associate professor of chemical engineering at Louisiana Tech University, is collaborating with fellow professors Dr. Yuri Lvov, Dr. Dale Snow, and Dr. Hisham Hegab to capitalize on the environmental and financial benefits of (2009-10-08)

Bioengineers develop bacterial strain to increase ethanol biofuel production
A team of bioengineers in the United States have modified a strain of bacteria to increase its ability to produce ethanol. The research, published in Biotechnology and Bioengineering, reveals how adaptation and metabolic engineering can be combined for strain improvement, a positive development for the biofuel industry. (2010-12-09)

Producing bio-ethanol from agricultural waste a step closer
Research conducted by Delft University of Technology has brought the efficient production of the environmentally-friendly fuel bio-ethanol a great deal closer to fruition. The work of Delft researcher Marko Kuyper was an important factor in this. His research in recent years has greatly improved the conversion of certain sugars from agricultural waste to ethanol. On Tuesday 6 June, Kuyper received his PhD degree for his research into the subject. (2006-06-07)

Carnegie Mellon engineers devise new process to improve energy efficiency of ethanol production
Carnegie Mellon University chemical engineers have a devised a new process that can improve the efficiency of ethanol production, a major component in making biofuels a significant part of the U.S. energy supply. (2007-01-26)

Fuel ethanol cannot alleviate US dependence on petroleum
Researchers assessed carbon dioxide emissions, cropland requirements, and other environmental impacts of the use of fuel ethanol made from corn or sugarcane in the United States and Brazil. The study, which evaluated the whole production and usage cycle, indicates few environmental advantages of wider use of fuel ethanol, and many disadvantages. (2005-07-01)

Engineered yeast speeds ethanol production
Scientists from Whitehead Institute and MIT have engineered yeast that can improve the speed and efficiency of ethanol production, a key component to making biofuels a significant part of the US energy supply. (2006-12-07)

MIT professor to discuss future of biofuels
High oil prices, energy security considerations and fears about global warming have helped revive interest in renewable energy sources like biofuels. But there are a few catches. For example, the more corn is used in ethanol production, the less is available for food. MIT Professor Gregory Stephanopoulos will lead a discussion of how to overcome these limitations and make biofuels a significant part of the US energy supply. (2008-02-16)

What is the role of reactive oxygen species in ethanol-mediated cell death of polarized hepatic cells?
The clinical progression of alcoholic liver disease is associated with an increase in hepatocellular damage that may involve the promotion and execution of apoptotic death mechanisms. A liver research group in Nebraska has reported that the signaling and selection of apoptotic over necrotic cell death mechanisms involves particular factors such as the level of oxidative stress in the hepatocyte as well as the ability antioxidant defenses of the cell have in coping with oxidative damage. (2009-06-12)

Bacteria take a deadly risk to survive
Bacteria need mutations -- changes in their DNA code -- to survive under difficult circumstances. When necessary, they can even mutate at different speeds. This is shown in a recent study by the Centre of Microbial and Plant Genetics at KU Leuven (University of Leuven), Belgium. The findings open up various new avenues for research, ranging from more efficient biofuel production methods to a better treatment for bacterial infections and cancer. (2017-05-02)

Bristol scientists turn beer into fuel
Chemists at the University of Bristol have made the first steps towards making sustainable petrol using beer as a key ingredient. (2017-12-06)

Next generation solvent contributes to next generation biofuel production from biomass
Compared to first-generation biofuels produced from foodstuffs, production of second-generation biofuels for daily use is an urgent issue. In this study, a novel carboxylate-type liquid zwitterion was developed as a solvent of biomass, which could dissolve cellulose with very low toxicity to microorganisms. Use of this novel solvent enables significant reduction of energy cost for ethanol production from non-food biomass. Thus, second-generation biofuel ethanol production is in sight of practical implementation. (2017-12-04)

IU biologists partner bacterium with nitrogen gas to produce more, cleaner bioethanol
Indiana University biologists believe they have found a faster, cheaper and cleaner way to increase bioethanol production by using nitrogen gas, the most abundant gas in Earth's atmosphere, in place of more costly industrial fertilizers. The discovery could save the industry millions of dollars and make cellulosic ethanol -- made from wood, grasses and inedible parts of plants -- more competitive with corn ethanol and gasoline. (2015-02-02)

Second-generation ethanol processing cost prohibitive
Costs for second-generation ethanol processing, which will ease the stress on corn and sugarcane, are unlikely to be competitive until 2020, according to a unique Queen's University study. (2011-11-21)

Scientist IDs genes that promise to make biofuel production more efficient, economical
A University of Illinois metabolic engineer has taken the first step toward the more efficient and economical production of biofuels by developing a strain of yeast with increased alcohol tolerance. Overexpression of a particular gene increased ethanol volume by more than 70 percent and ethanol tolerance by more than 340 percent compared to the control strain. (2010-08-19)

Ethanol from corn faulted as energy waster
Neither increases in government subsidies to corn-based ethanol fuel nor hikes in the price of petroleum can overcome what one Cornell University agricultural scientist calls a fundamental input-yield problem: It takes more energy to make ethanol from grain than the combustion of ethanol produces. (2001-08-07)

K-State researchers findings on E. coli
Recent research at Kansas State University has found that cattle fed distiller's grain have an increased prevalence of E. coli 0157 in their hindgut. This particular type of E. coli is present in healthy cattle but poses a health risk to humans, who can acquire it through undercooked meat, raw dairy products and produce contaminated with cattle manure. (2007-12-04)

Generating ethanol from lignocellulose possible, but large cost reductions still needed
The production of ethanol from lignocellulose-rich materials such as wood residues, waste paper, used cardboard and straw cannot yet be achieved at the same efficiency and cost as from corn starch. (2011-11-08)

NIST finds that ethanol-loving bacteria accelerate cracking of pipeline steels
US production of ethanol for fuel has been rising quickly. NIST researchers caution that ethanol, and especially the bacteria sometimes found in it, can dramatically degrade pipelines. (2011-08-03)

U of Minnesota study: Cellulosic ethanol may benefit human health and help slow climate change
Filling our fuel tanks with cellulosic ethanol instead of gasoline or corn-based ethanol may be even better for our health and the environment than previously recognized, according to new research from the University of Minnesota. (2009-02-02)

More efficient production of biofuels from waste with the help of modified yeasts
A significant portion of the petroleum consumed by the transport sector must be replaced in the long term by renewable energy. Therefore, it is of the utmost economic and ecological importance to optimise the production of biofuels from renewable raw materials. Researchers from VIB who are associated with KU Leuven have developed yeast strains that produce bio-ethanol from waste with an unprecedented efficiency. (2013-08-29)

Maize hybrid looks promising for biofuel
Scientists at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have identified a new contender in the bioenergy race: a temperate and tropical maize hybrid. Their findings, published in GCB Bioenergy, show that the maize hybrid is potentially capable of producing ethanol from biomass at levels equal to or greater than ethanol produced from grain harvested from current commercial maize hybrids. (2012-02-20)

State biofuel subsidies costly but effective, MSU research shows
States aiming to lead the emerging biofuel industry may need to ante up substantial subsidies and tax incentives to ethanol producers just to get in the game, Michigan State University researchers say. (2010-04-26)

A more efficient way of converting ethanol to a better alternative fuel
A research team at the University of Rochester has developed a series of reactions that results in the selective conversion of ethanol to butanol, without producing unwanted byproducts. (2015-12-03)

'Green genes' in yeast may boost biofuel production by increasing stress tolerance
An effort to increase biofuel production has led scientists to discover genes in yeast that improve their tolerance to ethanol, allowing the production of more ethanol from the same amount of nutrients. This study, published in the December 2010 issue of Genetics, shows how genetically altered yeast cells survive higher ethanol concentrations, addressing a bottleneck in the production of ethanol from cellulosic material (nonfood plant sources) in quantities that could compete economically with fossil fuels. (2010-12-15)

Wood biofuel could be a competitive industry by 2020: UBC study
Fuel made from wood could become a competitive commercial alternative to fuel made from corn by 2020 if the wood biofuel industry is supported, according to a new University of British Columbia study. (2011-11-08)

With cellulosic ethanol, there is no food vs. fuel debate according to MSU scientist
As more and more corn grain is diverted to make ethanol, there have been public concerns about food shortages. However, ethanol made from cellulosic materials instead of corn grain, renders the food vs. fuel debate moot, according to research by a Michigan State University ethanol expert. (2007-03-27)

Bats get the munchies too!
Many of us will be familiar with cravings for sweet food, after having overindulged in alcohol the night before. It appears that Egyptian fruit bats also crave particular types of sugar to reduce the effects of ethanol toxicity. Intoxicated bats may also be less able to respond to attacks from predators, and to avoid obstacles (much like us humans, some might say!). (2007-03-31)

News tips from the Journal of Neuroscience
This issue of the Journal of Neuroscience contains articles about ethanol and its channel targets and opiate-induced sensitization of the locus ceruleus. (2004-09-22)

Alcohol in bloodstream associated with lower risk of death from head injury
Individuals with ethanol in their bloodstreams appear less likely to die following a moderate to severe head injury, according to a report in the September issue of Archives of Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. (2009-09-21)

Ethanol refining may release more of some pollutants than previously thought
Ethanol fuel refineries could be releasing much larger amounts of some ozone-forming compounds into the atmosphere than current assessments suggest, a new study finds. Airborne measurements downwind from an ethanol fuel refinery in Decatur, Illinois, show that ethanol emissions are 30 times higher than government estimates. The measurements also show emissions of all volatile organic compounds, which include ethanol, were five times higher than government numbers, which estimate emissions based on manufacturing information. (2015-05-05)

Alcohol and bone fragility
In addition to liver disease, alcoholics are at risk of other ailments, including fragile bones. Osteopenia in these individuals might be explained by a deficit in osteoblast- dependent bone deposition, an excess of osteoclast-dependent bone resorption, or both. Dai et al show here that these effects each contribute to bone fragility in mice exposed over 4 months to ethanol in their drinking water. (2000-09-30)

Wet ethanol production process yields more ethanol and more co-products
Using a wet ethanol production method that begins by soaking corn kernels rather than grinding them, results in more gallons of ethanol and more usable co-products, giving ethanol producers a bigger bang for their buck -- by about 20 percent. (2009-11-09)

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