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Rockefeller University hosts 2-day evolution symposium, May 1-2, 2008
Beginning with the molecular origins of life and culminating with the latest findings on human evolution, 18 of the world's leading experts will report on research spanning three billion years of evolution at a two-day symposium at Rockefeller University. The symposium takes place on Thursday, May 1, and Friday, May 2, in the university's Caspary Auditorium. The meeting is free and open to the public. (2008-04-22)

How did bilaterally symmetric flowers evolve from radially symmetric ones?
How did bilaterally symmetric flowers evolve from radially symmetric ones? To address this important question, geneticists Francisco Perfectti and Juan Pedro M. Camacho, and ecologist José M. Gómez (Universidad de Granada, Spain) explored how different flower shapes affected plant fitness in natural populations of Erysimum mediohispanicum, a Mediterranean herb. (2006-10-02)

Tuatara, the fastest evolving animal
Researchers have found that, although tuatara have remained largely physically unchanged over very long periods of evolution, they are evolving -- at a DNA level -- faster than any other animal yet examined. (2008-03-20)

Island lizards are expert sunbathers, and researchers find it's slowing their evolution
If you've ever spent some time in the Caribbean, you might have noticed that humans are not the only organisms soaking up the sun. Anoles -- diminutive little tree lizards -- spend much of their day shuttling in and out of shade. But, according to a new study in Evolution led by assistant professor Martha Muñoz at Virginia Tech and Jhan Salazar at Universidad Icesi, this behavioral 'thermoregulation' isn't just affecting their body temperature. Surprisingly, it's also slowing their evolution. (2019-04-22)

Evolution of evolution: An NSF-sponsored webcast featuring Mohamed Noor
Please join the National Science Foundation on Monday, Nov. 23, at 10 a.m. ET for a live webcast featuring Darwin-Wallace Medal recipient Mohamed Noor of Duke University, who will answer media questions about current evidence for evolution and modern evolution theory. (2009-11-20)

Getting to the origins of photosynthesis
Cardona et al., in the advanced online edition of Molecular Biology and Evolution, examined the evolution origins of the D1 protein in cyanobacteria, which forms the heart of Photosystem II, the oxygen-evolving machine of photosynthesis. Now, the evolution of biological water oxidation can be addressed experimentally. (2015-03-10)

New study finds evolution of brain and tooth size were not linked in humans
A new study from the George Washington University's Center for the Advanced Study of Human Paleobiology found that whereas brain size evolved at different rates for different species, especially during the evolution of Homo, the genus that includes humans, chewing teeth tended to evolve at more similar rates. The finding suggests that our brains and teeth did not evolve in lock step and were likely influenced by different ecological and behavioral factors. (2017-01-02)

Disease resistance may be genetic
According to a study in Evolution, resistance to certain infectious diseases may be passed genetically from parent to child. (2007-08-30)

Grant allows ASU archaeologist to study how environment influences evolution
ASU archaeologist Curtis Marean wants to learn more about modern human evolution by gaining a better understanding of the physical environment in which ancient peoples lived. To remedy that situation, Marean, who recently received a $2.5 million grant from the National Science Foundation, is bringing archaeologists together with scientists specializing in caves, ancient dune systems, chemical dating methods and other topics relevant to human evolution and ecological studies. (2005-12-21)

A dominant evolutionary theme emerges to better predict clinical outcomes for cancer
In a study published in the early online edition of Molecular Biology and Evolution, authors Han Chen and Xionglei He have used a new computational approach to show that as tumors evolve, no matter what the tissue or cell type, a dominant theme has emerged. Those that are trending toward a more primitive, or embryonic stem cell (ESC) state -- have a worse clinical outcome. (2015-10-13)

A new appreciation of the ecology-evolution dynamic
Ecology drives evolution. In today's issue of the journal Science, UC Davis expert Thomas Schoener describes growing evidence that the reverse is also true, and explores what that might mean to our understanding of how environmental change affects species and vice-versa. (2011-01-28)

Influenza evolution patterns change with time, complicating vaccine design
Skoltech scientists discovered new patterns in the evolution of the influenza virus. This may help predict mutations in the viral genome and ultimately help design better vaccines. Research results were published in a top scientific journal PNAS. (2019-10-08)

Penn genetics researcher presents on evolutionary history of modern humans in Africa
Sarah A. Tishkoff, PhD, David and Lyn Silfen University Associate Professor, will present (2009-02-15)

A new key to understanding molecular evolution in space
Scientists at Hokkaido University have revealed temperature-dependent energy conversion of molecular hydrogen on ice surfaces, suggesting the need for a reconsideration of molecular evolution theory. (2016-07-21)

UAB professor's book promises solution for teaching evolution without conflict
University of Alabama at Birmingham Associate Professor Lee Meadows, Ph.D., is author of a new book, (2009-09-30)

Knowledge gap on the origin of sex
There are significant gaps in our knowledge on the evolution of sex, according to a research review on sex chromosomes from Lund University in Sweden. Even after more than a century of study, researchers do not know enough about the evolution of sex chromosomes to understand how males and females emerge. (2017-05-26)

Molecular evolution of limb length
In the Jan. 15 issue of G&D, a research team led by Dr. Richard Behringer at MD Anderson Cancer Center reports that they have successfully switched the mouse Prx1 gene regulatory element with the Prx1 gene regulatory region from a bat -- and although these two species are separated by millions of years of evolution -- the resulting transgenic mice displayed abnormally long forelimbs. (2008-01-14)

'Explosive' evolution in pupfish
Two groups of small fish, one from a Caribbean island and one from the Yucatan peninsula of Mexico, exhibit some of the fastest rates of evolution known in any organism, according to a new UC Davis study. (2011-04-26)

UCLA to host free symposium April 5 on extinctions in Earth's history
UCLA will host a symposium on (2002-03-28)

Students' perceptions of Earth's age influence acceptance of human evolution, says U of Minn. study
High school and college students who understand the geological age of the Earth (4.5 billion years) are much more likely to understand and accept human evolution, according to a University of Minnesota study published in the March issue of the journal Evolution. (2010-03-10)

'Digging up' 4-billion-year-old fossil protein structures to reveal how they evolved
Very little is known about how and when over the course of evolution 3-D protein structures arose. In a new study, researchers resurrected four-billion-year-old Precambrian proteins in the laboratory and gained novel insights into protein evolution by analyzing their X-ray crystal structures. This method has revealed a remarkable degree of structural similarity among proteins since life first evolved on this planet, and represents a powerful and novel approach to explore the evolution of protein structures. (2013-08-08)

Improve evolution education by teaching genetics first
Evolution is a difficult concept for many students at all levels, however, a study publishing on May 23 in the open access journal PLOS Biology has demonstrated a simple cost-free way to significantly improve students' understanding of evolution at the secondary level: teach genetics before you teach them evolution. (2017-05-23)

Molecular clocks will turn back time on what wiped out the dinosaurs
Scientists from the Milner Centre for Evolution, based at the University of Bath, have been awarded almost £1 million by the Leverhulme Trust to investigate the mass extinction event that wiped out the dinosaurs. (2017-01-17)

Cosmic Heritage - Evolution from the Big Bang to Conscious Life
While many books focus on a narrow window of evolution science, (2011-09-12)

University of Minnesota to host world's largest conference on evolution
More than 1,400 of the world's top experts on evolution will gather in Minnesota June 20 through 24 for Evolution 2008 -- the world's largest annual gathering of evolutionary biologists. (2008-05-14)

One-third of states get low grades on evolution
More than one-third of the states are doing an unsatisfactory to disgraceful job when it comes to the standards they have developed for teaching evolution, according to a report relased today by the Thomas B. Fordham Foundation. The report, (2000-09-25)

Darwin convinced the world, but was he the first to describe evolution?
A new review of the ideas and work of Patrick Matthew, a little-known antecedent of Charles Darwin, argues that Matthew is under-appreciated even though he described the idea of large-scale evolution by natural selection decades before Darwin did. Some of his ideas were different from Darwin's but are equally valid. (2015-04-20)

3D simulation shows how form of complex organs evolves by natural selection
Researchers at the Institute of Biotechnology at the Helsinki University and the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona have developed the first three-dimensional simulation of the evolution of morphology by integrating the mechanisms of genetic regulation that take place during embryo development. (2013-05-02)

Distant fish relatives share looks
James Cook University scientists have found evidence that even distantly related Australian fish species have evolved to look and act like each other, which confirms a central tenet of evolutionary theory. (2017-06-14)

How can evolutionary biology explain why we get cancer?
Over 500 billion cells in our bodies will be replaced daily, yet natural selection has enabled us to develop defenses against the cellular mutations which could cause cancer. It is this relationship between evolution and the body's fight against cancer which is explored in a new special issue of the Open Access journal Evolutionary Applications. (2013-01-22)

Evolution of hyperswarming bacteria could develop anti-biofilm therapies
Hyperswarming, pathogenic bacteria have repeatedly evolved in a lab, and the good news is that they should be less of a problem to us than their less mobile kin. That's because those hyperswarmers, adorned with multiple whipping flagella, are also much worse at sticking together on surfaces in hard-to-treat biofilms. They might even help us figure out a way to develop anti-biofilm therapies for use in people with cystic fibrosis or other conditions. (2013-08-15)

DNA exchange among species is major contributor to diversity in Heliconius butterflies
Exchange of genetic material among species played a major role in the wide diversity of Heliconius butterflies, according to a new study, results of which inform a centuries-long debate about the value of hybridization to species evolution. (2019-10-31)

Mammals diversified only after dinosaur extinction left space
Humans' early mammal relatives likely diversified 66 million years ago, after the extinction of dinosaurs opened up space for animals such as big cats, horses, elephants and eventually apes to evolve. (2016-07-04)

British Ecological Society partners with Wiley open access journal Ecology and Evolution
John Wiley & Sons, Inc., has announced a new partnership between the British Ecological Society and the Wiley Open Access journal Ecology and Evolution. This latest partnership brings the number of high profile journals supporting the open access title to 16. 11 of these partner titles are ranked in the top 20 ecology journals by the Institute for Scientific Information. (2012-10-26)

Predators and parasites may increase evolutionary stability
Study explores the role of natural enemies and the consequences for mating. (2007-10-26)

Flowers' genome duplication contributes to their spectacular diversity
Scientists at the University of Bristol have shed new light on the evolution of flowers in research published today in the Royal Society journal Proceedings B. (2017-07-05)

Noncoding DNA drives the convergent loss of flight in flightless birds
Tucked away in the noncoding regions of bird DNA, researchers have discovered molecular roots of the loss of flight seen in so many disparate paleognathous birds. (2019-04-04)

Fossils enrich our understanding of evolution
Our understanding of evolution can be enriched by adding fossil species to analyses of living animals, as shown by scientists from the University of Bristol. (2015-12-15)

Why do males and females of some species look so different?
Why and how do males and females of the same species often look so different? Armin Mocsek (Indiana University) has shown that in a certain group of insects, sex-differences in appearance are not the product of growing structures in a sex-specific manner, as previously assumed, but rather are generated by the sex-specific loss, or removal, of structures initially grown alike by both males and females. (2006-12-04)

Syracuse University scientist to speak on evolution and Islam at AAAS Annual Meeting
Jason Wiles, assistant professor of biology in Syracuse University's College of Arts and Sciences, will present (2011-02-18)

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