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Mismatched eyes help squid survive ocean's twilight zone
Biologists have gathered the first behavioral evidence that cockeyed squids' mismatched eyes evolved to spot two different sources of light available in the deep sea. Their one large eye is adapted for gazing upwards, searching for shadows of fellow sea creatures against fading sunlight, while their small eye is adapted for gazing downwards, scanning deeper water for bioluminescent flashes, according to researchers at Duke University and the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute (MBARI). (2017-02-12)

Mayo Clinic confirms genetic predictor for Fuchs' corneal dystrophy
Mayo Clinic and University of Oregon researchers have confirmed that a genetic factor called a repeating trinucleotide is a strong predictor of an individual's risk of developing the eye condition Fuchs' dystrophy. (2012-05-07)

Not just your imagination: The brain perceives optical illusions as real motion
Ever get a little motion sick from an illusion graphic designed to look like it's moving? A new study suggests that these illusions do more than trick the eye; they may also convince the brain that the graphic is actually moving. (2009-02-02)

Study in mice suggests stem cells could ward off glaucoma
An infusion of stem cells could help restore proper drainage for fluid-clogged eyes at risk for glaucoma. That's the upshot of a study led by a Veterans Affairs and University of Iowa team. (2016-07-26)

Treating ROP in tiny preemies; better glaucoma follow-up in urban clinic
Highlights of today's Scientific Program of the 2009 American Academy of Ophthalmology -- Pan-American Association of Ophthalmology Joint Meeting include: John T. Flynn, M.D., Columbia University School of Medicine, discussing the ever-tougher challenges eye M.D.s face in caring for the vision of the tiniest premature babies; and a report by Bradford W. Lee, M.D., Stanford University School of Medicine, on barriers barriers to glaucoma follow-up as perceived by patients in an urban, culturally diverse clinic. (2009-10-25)

Disney Research technique captures unique eye traits to produce more realistic faces
The eyes are arguably the most important features of an individual's face, if not a window to the soul, so the use of generic eye models when creating digital faces can have disappointing results. Scientists at Disney Research Zurich, noting the significant variation in eyes between individuals, have devised methods for faithfully capturing those features. (2014-12-04)

Can we 'learn to see?': Study shows perception of invisible stimuli improves with training
Although we assume we can see everything in our field of vision, the brain actually picks and chooses the stimuli that come into our consciousness. A new study in the Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology's Journal of Vision reveals that our brains can be trained to consciously see stimuli that would normally be invisible. (2009-10-21)

NASA sees Lester strengthening into fourth major Eastern Pacific hurricane
When NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite passed over Hurricane Lester it was on the verge of becoming a major hurricane. That happened less than 12 hours later. (2016-08-29)

UofL researcher receives grant to study methods to restore depth perception
Aaron W. McGee, Ph.D., assistant professor at the University of Louisville School of Medicine, has received the Disney Award for Amblyopia Research in the amount of $100,000 from Research to Prevent Blindness (RPB). McGee will use the award to investigate approaches for improving recovery from amblyopia, or 'lazy eye.' (2016-11-14)

Satellite finds a 'hook' of heavy rainfall in Hurricane Juliette
From its vantage point in orbit around the Earth, when the Global Precipitation Measurement mission or GPM core satellite passed over the Eastern Pacific Ocean, it gathered data on rainfall rates occurring in Hurricane Juliette. The areas of strongest rainfall resembled a hook. (2019-09-05)

Brain pressure controls eye pressure, revealing new avenues for glaucoma treatment
Neuroscientists have discovered that eye and brain pressure are physiologically connected. (2020-01-13)

Cutting edge two-photon microscopy system breaks new grounds in retinal imaging
In a recent breakthrough, a team of HKUST scientists developed an adaptive optics two-photon excitation fluorescence microscopy using direct wavefront sensing for high-resolution in vivo fluorescence imaging of mouse retina, which allow in vivo fundus imaging at an unprecedented resolution after full AO correction. (2020-05-20)

Ribozymes To The Rescue: New UF Gene Therapy Shows Promise For Treatment Of Inherited Blindness
University of Florida researchers have designed a new genetic weapon that can--in laboratory animals--significantly slow progression of retinitis pigmentosa, a leading cause of inherited human blindness. (1998-10-09)

Privacy, please: Why surveiling shoppers can inhibit sales, and how to fix it
The authors designed a series of studies and field experiments that tested shoppers' reaction to being watched while shopping and found that when they feel their privacy or freedom of behavior is threatened, they will back off. Simple solutions are available to retailers. (2017-07-19)

Color-shifting electronic skin could have wearable tech and prosthetic uses
Researchers in China have developed a new type of user-interactive electronic skin, with a color change perceptible to the human eye, and achieved with a much-reduced level of strain. Their results could have applications in robotics, prosthetics and wearable technology. (2017-07-25)

NASA sees intensifying typhoon lan stretch high in the troposphere
NASA's Global Precipitation Measurement mission or GPM satellite provided 3-D data that showed intensifying Typhoon Lan had powerful thunderstorms stretching high into the troposphere. NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite provided a visible image Typhoon Lan that showed the well-developed circulation. (2017-10-19)

York U researchers discover how midbrain map continuously updates visuospatial memory
In a study conducted in York U Professor J. Douglas Crawford's lab led by postdoctoral fellow Suryadeep Dash, the researchers have discovered a new physiological system that continuously updates the remembered location of visual targets. The finding also suggests that continuous updating of signals could emerge in other visuomotor areas of the brain. (2015-01-15)

NASA sees a smaller eye in a stronger Tropical Cyclone Bansi
Tropical Cyclone Bansi's eye was wide open as NASA's Terra satellite passed overhead on Jan. 15. As Bansi strengthened on Jan. 16, the eye decreased in size. (2015-01-16)

ORNL, UT project could save vision of millions
In the blink of an eye, people at risk of becoming blind can now be screened for eye diseases such as diabetic retinopathy and age-related macular degeneration. (2009-02-17)

Salicylates, a class of NSAIDs, stop vestibular schwannomas growth
Researchers from Massachusetts Eye and Ear and the Harvard Medical School/ Massachusetts Institute of Technology's Program in Speech and Hearing Bioscience and Technology have demonstrated that salicylates, a class of non-steroidal inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), reduced the proliferation and viability of cultured vestibular schwannoma cells that cause a sometimes lethal intracranial tumor that typically causes hearing loss and tinnitus. (2015-02-05)

Portable device can quickly determine the extent of an eye injury
An engineer and an ophthalmologist are developing a portable sensor that can quickly and inexpensively determine whether an eye injury is mild or severe. The device, called OcuCheck, measures levels of vitamin C in the fluids that coat or leak from the eye. The sensor could speed efforts to determine the extent of eye injuries at accident sites or on the battlefield, the researchers said. (2015-12-08)

Scientists discover how a bacterial pathogen breaks down barriers to enter and infect cells
Scientists from the Schepens Eye Research Institute, a subsidiary of Mass. Eye and Ear and affiliate of Harvard Medical School, have found for the first time that a bacterial pathogen can literally mow down protective molecules, known as mucins, on mucus membranes to enter and infect a part of the body. (2012-03-07)

Sharper imaging in glaucoma focus of $1.85 million NIH grant
A University of Houston vision scientist has received a $1.85 million grant from the National Institutes of Health to investigate whether his techniques are more effective than others in understanding the earliest changes of glaucoma, which could lead to developing a way to earlier diagnose this potentially blinding disease. Jason Porter uses a state-of-the-art instrument that takes sharper, higher-resolution images of the eye than current clinical instruments. (2012-01-26)

The human eye can self-correct some optical faults
A neurobiology study at Cornell University suggests that internal parts of the eye indeed can compensate for less-than-perfect conditions in other parts -- either developmentally (during the lifetime of one individual) or genetically (over many generations). (2003-02-17)

FAU researchers and collaborators receive $2.8 million NIH grant
Researchers will work to define the mechanisms that govern how cells decide whether to become a mature cell or whether to die. This 'to be or not to be' decision is at the heart of discovering those cell controls that determine for example how healthy cells become cancer cells and how stem cells become organs. Understanding these controls is critical in learning how to make transplantable tissues to cure human disease. (2016-02-04)

Study of how eye cells become damaged could help prevent blindness
A study published by Cell Press on Jan. 22nd in the Biophysical Journal provides new insight into the mechanical properties that cause the outer segment of light-sensing cells in the eye to snap under pressure. The new experimental and theoretical findings help to explain the origin of severe eye diseases and could lead to new ways of preventing blindness. (2013-01-22)

Cats' eye diseases genetically linked to diseases in humans
About one in 3,500 people are affected with retinitis pigmentosa (RP), a disease of the retina's visual cells that eventually leads to blindness. Now, a University of Missouri researcher has identified a genetic link between cats and humans for two different forms of RP. This discovery will help scientists develop gene-based therapies that will benefit both cats and humans. (2009-03-04)

1 donor cornea, 2 patients helped
German researcher Claus Cursiefen, M.D., also affiliated with Harvard School of Medicine, has developed a new surgical strategy that uses a single donor cornea to help two patients with differing corneal diseases. His team restored good vision to patients with Fuchs' dystrophy or keratoconus while achieving their aim, to help solve the donor cornea supply problem. The study appears in February's Ophthalmology, the journal of the American Academy of Ophthalmology. (2011-02-01)

Simple procedure could improve treatment for common eye disease
A new, minimally invasive procedure appears to be effective for many patients with the common eye disease Fuchs endothelial dystrophy, without the potential side effects and cost of the current standard of care, a cornea transplant. (2016-07-13)

Rochester technology to enhance eyesight approved by FDA
A technology created by University of Rochester physicians and scientists that has helped boost the eyesight of patients to unprecedented levels is now more widely available, thanks to approval by the US Food and Drug Administration. (2011-03-16)

New chemical composition of 'poppers' linked to retinal damage
The new chemical composition of the legal high 'poppers' is linked to retinal damage at the back of the eye, finds a small study published online in the British Journal of Ophthalmology. (2017-04-10)

Joslin researchers uncover protective factor in diabetic eye disease
At high enough levels, Retinol Binding Protein 3 (or RBP3) prevents the development of diabetic retinopathy. If introduced early enough in the development of the disease, RBP3 was shown to reverse the effects of the complication in rodent models of diabetes. (2019-07-03)

Happy, angry or neutral expressions? Eyes react just as fast
Dr Louisa Kulke from the University of Göttingen has investigated how our eyes and brain react when we see emotionally charged or neutral faces. She combined eye-tracking and electroencephalography (EEG). The result: reflex-like eye movements are independent of the expression a face shows; our attention is drawn to them just as fast. The study was published in the journal Neuroscience. (2019-10-14)

Let there be 'circadian' light
Researchers publishing in Current Biology describe the science behind creating lighting to make us all happy and productive indoors. A company is using the technology to create commercial lightbulbs available later this year. (2020-02-20)

Insight into likelihood of retinal detachment following open globe injury
Researchers report on the first study in 35 years that reviews the circumstances around retinal detachment after open globe injuries and describes a new tool that may help ophthalmologists predict which patients are at higher risk after open globe trauma so they can potentially prevent retinal detachment from happening or identify -- and repair -- it more quickly, thus saving vision. (2014-01-01)

SUNY Downstate receives grant from research to prevent blindness
Capping SUNY Downstate Medical Center's growth into a major center for eye research, Research to Prevent Blindness has awarded SUNY Downstate a four-year challenge grant of $220,000 to spur the development of advanced research into the causes, treatment, and prevention of blinding diseases. Douglas R. Lazzaro, MD, professor and chair of ophthalmology, is the principal investigator. RPB is the world's leading voluntary organization supporting eye research. (2012-01-23)

Nearsightedness progression in children slowed down by medicated eye drops
Atropine .01 percent eye drops slow down nearsightedness by roughly 50 percent in five-year clinical trial on Singaporean children. Researchers suggest low-dose drops safe as 'first line' defense against rapid development of nearsightedness in children. (2015-11-16)

Care home error rate of liquid medicine doses 4 times higher than pills
Care home residents are more than four times as likely to get the wrong dose of medicine when it is in liquid form as they are when given pills/capsules provided in a dispenser, indicates research published online in BMJ Quality and Safety. (2011-02-07)

U of M researchers find learning in the visual brain
A team of researchers from the University of Minnesota's College of Liberal Arts and College of Science and Engineering have found that an early part of the brain's visual system rewires itself when people are trained to perceive patterns, and have shown for the first time that this neural learning appears to be independent of higher order conscious visual processing. (2010-11-10)

Millions Of Americans With Glaucoma Could Save Sight With Early Detection, Treatment
Flight attendant Vesta McDermott credits a chance encounter with a passenger in the darkened cabin of a DC-10 with saving her sight. That passenger was Michael S. Berlin, M.D., an ophthalmologist on the medical staff of Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, who recognized the signs of advanced glaucoma in Vesta's left eye. (1999-01-06)

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