Fear Current Events

Fear Current Events, Fear News Articles.
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News tips from the Journal of Neuroscience
Highlights include (2005-04-19)

Fear of childbirth increases likelihood of C-section
A new study published in the international journal Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica reveals that fear of childbirth is a predisposing factor for emergency and elective cesarean sections, even after psychological counseling. This may mean a negative experience that lasts a lifetime among the approximately 3 percent of women who in this study were estimated to suffer from excessive fear of childbirth. (2011-09-21)

Should our biggest climate change fear be fear itself?
From apocalyptic forecasting to estimates of mass extinctions, climate change is a topic which is filled with fearful predictions for the future. In his latest research, published in WIREs Climate Change, historian Matthias Dorries examines the cultural significance of fear and how it became a central presence in current debates over climate change. (2010-11-05)

New study advances treatment options for PTSD
Dr. Stephen Maren, University Distinguished Professor in the Department of Psychological & Brain Sciences, recently published significant research on the psychological and neural basis of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). (2019-04-11)

Women with a fear of childbirth endure a longer labor finds new research
Women who have a fear of childbirth spend longer in labor than women who have no such fear, suggests new research published June 27 in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. (2012-06-26)

Researchers use computational models to study fear
University of Missouri researchers have started using computational models of the brain, making it easier to study the brain's connections. Guoshi Li, an electrical and computer engineering doctoral student, has discovered new evidence on how the brain reacts to fear, including important findings that could help victims of post-traumatic stress disorder. (2009-09-30)

Night blindness may explain fear of the dark
Fear of the dark is a common complaint in children and is often attributed to attention seeking behaviour. Yet, researchers in this week's BMJ suggest that it may be due to night blindness - a diagnosis which can be easily missed. (2003-01-23)

Optimism and humour can help to combat dental fear
Scientists at the Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Sweden, have investigated the strategies used by people who suffer from dental fear to cope with dental treatment. Some of the most important factors in managing stress during a visit to the dentist include optimism on the part of the patient and an atmosphere of humor in the interaction with the dental staff. (2012-02-06)

Ohio University study: Fear leads people to think donating blood will make others faint
A new study showed that people who are afraid to have their blood drawn believe more people faint or have other symptoms than what statistics show actually occurs. (2018-11-14)

Mimicking brain's 'all clear' quells fear in rats
Researchers have detected the brain's equivalent of an (2002-11-06)

Extinguishing fear memories relies on an unusual change to DNA
Researchers at The University of Queensland have discovered a DNA modification that enhances our ability to extinguish fear. The findings, published in the journal Nature Neuroscience, could help guide the development of new treatments for fear-related anxiety disorders. Professor Timothy Bredy of UQ's Queensland Brain Institute (QBI) said while fear is an important survival mechanism which uses cues in the environment to prompt certain responses, so too is the ability to inhibit fear when it's no longer needed. (2019-02-20)

Scary movies can curdle blood
Watching horror, or 'bloodcurdling,' movies is associated with an increase in the clotting protein, blood coagulant factor VIII, finds a small study in The BMJ Christmas issue this week. (2015-12-16)

Want brand loyalty? Scare your customers
Consumers will cling to a consumer product for comfort if watching a scary movie on their own, a new study from UBC's Sauder School of Business shows. This finding contradicts industry norms which see significantly fewer product placements in horror films compared to other genres. (2014-02-06)

Brain sciences researcher pinpoints brain circuit that triggers fear relapse
Steve Maren, the Claude H. Everett Jr. '47 Chair of Liberal Arts professor in the Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences at Texas A&M University, and his Emotion and Memory Systems Laboratory (EMSL) have made a breakthrough discovery in the process of fear relapse. (2018-02-13)

NYU neuroscientist examines how brain responds to fears that are imagined and anticipated, but never experienced
Previous research has indicated that a brain structure called the amygdala is critical to the expression of a conditioned fear response. Now NYU Neuroscientist Elizabeth A. Phelps has found that the amygdala is involved when you encounter a fear-invoking event that you've only heard about -- for example, when you encounter a dog that you've heard bit the neighbor. (2001-03-24)

Well-timed timeout effective in wiping out fear memory response
Researchers target a key time when memories are ripe for change to substantially modify memories of fear into benign memories and to keep them that way. (2009-04-02)

Freeze or run? Not that simple
Scientists at the European Molecular Biology Laboratory in Monterotondo, Italy, and GlaxoSmithKline in Verona, Italy, have identified the specific type of neurons that determine how mice react to a frightening stimulus, showing that deciding whether or not to freeze in fear is a more complex task for our brains than we realized. (2010-08-25)

Neuroscientist reveals how nonconformists achieve success
In a new book, (2008-09-24)

Doctors' own fear of death linked to hastening death of very sick newborns
Doctors who fear their own death say they are more prepared than other doctors to hasten death in sick newborns for whom further medical treatment is considered futile, reveals research published ahead of print in the Fetal & Neonatal Edition of Archives of Disease in Childhood. (2007-02-05)

Fear of the dentist is passed on to children by their parents
Fear of visiting the dentist is a frequent problem in paediatric dentistry. A new study confirms the emotional transmission of dentist fear among family members and analyses the different roles that mothers and fathers might play. (2012-11-16)

Brave brains: Neural mechanisms of courage
A fascinating new study combines snakes with brain imaging in order to uncover neural mechanisms associated with (2010-06-23)

Understanding fear means correctly defining fear itself, NYU's LeDoux concludes
Understanding and properly studying fear is partly a matter of correctly defining fear itself, New York University neuroscientist Joseph LeDoux writes. His analysis points to ways research can be better geared to address a range of fear-related afflictions, such as post-traumatic stress syndrome and commonly experienced phobias. (2014-02-04)

FSU research: Fear not a factor in gun ownership
Are gun owners more or less afraid than people who do not own guns? A new study from researchers at Florida State University and the University of Arizona hopes to add some empirical data to the conversation after finding that gun owners tend to report less fear than non-gun owners. (2019-09-25)

What are you scared of?
What do bullies and sex have in common? Based on work by scientists at EMBL Monterotondo, it seems that the same part of the brain reacts to both. In a study published today in Nature Neuroscience, the researchers found that -- at least in mice -- different types of fear are processed by different groups of neurons. The findings could have implications for addressing phobias and panic attacks in humans. (2013-11-11)

Effective fear of heights treatment without a therapist using virtual reality
A fully self-guided treatment using virtual reality (VR) is effective in reducing fear of heights. A team of researchers from Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam (VU) and the University of Twente, led by Dr. Tara Donker, developed ZeroPhobia (www.zerophobia.app), a treatment delivered through a smartphone app and a basic VR viewer. The results of the study were published today in JAMA Psychiatry. (2019-03-25)

How does the brain process fear?
CSHL Professor Bo Li's team explores the brain circuits that underlie fear. The researchers have mapped critical connections and teased out how specific components contribute to learning fear. They found a previously unknown link between fear learning and a movement control system. This research could lead to better treatments for people suffering from anxiety disorders. (2020-11-05)

An unexpected chemosensor pathway for innate fear behavior against predator odor
Innate behaviors are genetically encoded, but their underlying molecular mechanisms remain largely unknown. University of Tsukuba researchers conducted a large-scale forward genetics screening and detected an unexpected chemosensor pathway. The work establishes the first forward genetics screen to uncover the molecular mechanism of innate fear, a basic emotion and evolutionarily conserved survival mechanism. (2018-05-21)

Psychosocial problems are common in children with dental fear
Children and adolescents with severe dental fear often come from families with a turbulent background. It is also more common that they have had counselling contact with a psychologist. These are the conclusions of research carried out at the Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden. (2010-02-07)

Scared of crime? Good
A study by a Michigan State University criminologist suggests a healthy fear of crime is a good thing. (2014-08-12)

Fear can be erased from the brain
Newly formed emotional memories can be erased from the human brain. This is shown by researchers from Uppsala University in a new study now being published by the academic journal Science. The findings may represent a breakthrough in research on memory and fear. (2012-09-20)

Be afraid, be very afraid, if you learned to
A new study on rats has identified a part of the brain's cortex that controls learned but not innate fear responses. (2007-01-23)

Extinguishing fearful memories depends on the flexibility of your DNA
New research from the University of Queensland shows that the ability to extinguish fearful memories relies on a change in DNA structure: from Z-DNA to B-DNA. The findings suggest that the more easily you can switch between DNA these structures, the more plastic your memory is. (2020-05-04)

New Nature Communications study says 'fear itself' can help restore ecosystems
Lions, wolves and other large carnivores are frightening beasts that strike fear into humans and other animals. A new study led by Western University demonstrates that the fear these top predators inspire can have cascading effects down the food chain critical to maintaining healthy ecosystems, making large carnivore conservation all the more valuable given the significant 'ecosystem service' the fear of them provides. (2016-02-23)

Having to defend one's sexuality increases fear of childbirth
In order to help people with fear of childbirth, there must be trust between the patient and the healthcare staff. But for many lesbian and bisexual women and transgender people, this trust never develops. These are the results of a study in the journal Midwifery from researchers at Linköping University. (2019-12-16)

Neural mechanisms linked with vulnerability to anxiety
New research examines the anxious brain during a fear conditioning task and provides insight into why some individuals may be more or less prone to anxiety disorders. The study, published by Cell Press in the Feb. 10 issue of the journal Neuron, reveals neural mechanisms that may contribute to resilience against pathological fear and anxiety. The findings may help to direct therapeutic strategies for individuals who suffer from chronic anxiety as well as strategies that could help (2011-02-09)

Tiny brain region better part of valor
Piece of hypothalamus is key to animals' fear of territorial rivals and predators, according to a study in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Without it, animals lose all sense of caution. (2009-03-09)

Understanding fear of guilt key in better treating OCD
Advances in our understanding of the development and persistence of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) have the potential to improve treatment according to a new study by the University of Waterloo. (2018-05-02)

How the brain fights off fears that return to haunt us
Neuroscientists have discovered a group of neurons that are responsible when a frightening memory re-emerges unexpectedly, like Michael Myers in every 'Halloween' movie. The finding could lead to new recommendations about when and how often certain therapies are deployed for the treatment of anxiety, phobias and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). (2019-04-01)

How to trigger innate fear response?
There are two types of fear: learned versus innate. The latter is known to be induced without any prior experience and is thus naturally encoded in the brain. A research team under Professor Jin-Hee Han in the Department of Biological Sciences identified the brain circuit responsible for regulating the innate fear response. (2018-08-07)

The Chemistry of Fear: A new video from the American Chemical Society
With Halloween just a few days away, millions are flocking to horror films and haunted houses for their annual dose of terror. The latest video from the American Chemical Society's Bytesize Science series uncovers the chemistry behind the spine-tingling sense of fear. The episode is available now at www.BytesizeScience.com. (2013-10-28)

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