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Rim Fire update Sept. 10, 2013
Hot and extremely dry conditions combined with shifting winds and low humidity continue to plague firefighter efforts at the Rim Fire in California. (2013-09-10)

NCAR Scientists And Instruments To Fly Over Raging Wildfires
Beginning September 1, scientists from the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) in Boulder will fly a highly instrumented C-130 research aircraft around dangerous wildfires that may ignite this season within the U.S. Their goal is to understand wildfire behavior well enough to predict the course of a particular fire. (1998-08-20)

Scientists nearing forecasts of long-lived wildfires' paths
Scientists have developed a new computer modeling technique that for the first time offers the promise of continually-updated daylong predictions of wildfire growth through the lifetimes of long-lived blazes. (2013-11-19)

Flashy first images arrive from NOAA's GOES-16 lightning mapper
Detecting and predicting lightning just got a lot easier. The first images from a new instrument onboard NOAA's GOES-16 satellite are giving NOAA National Weather Service forecasters richer information about lightning that will help them alert the public to dangerous weather. (2017-03-06)

Don't fear the dawn of the drones; someday 1 might save your life, thanks to UC research
University of Cincinnati engineering researchers are finding new and unique approaches to developing autopilots for unmanned aerial vehicles and getting them into the hands of firefighters and other first responders. (2014-01-15)

Fire on French Riviera
A month after an earlier blaze was quelled, fire returned to the forested hills above the French Riviera this week. Since last Sunday many hundreds of hectares of woodland have been incinerated. The damage done is seen from space in this image acquired by ESA's Proba satellite this week. (2003-09-04)

Exposure to others' suffering even worse than being shot at
War veterans who were not personally in life-threatening danger have more psychological problems than those who were injured by gunfire, according to a study that surveyed Norwegian veterans after their return from Afghanistan. (2019-06-21)

NASA's Aqua Satellite shows extent of Apple Fire's burn scar
On Aug. 9, 2020 NASA's Aqua satellite imaged the Apple Fire near Big Bear Lake in California using its false-color bands in order to be able to distinguish burn scars from the surrounding area more easily. (2020-08-10)

Light-based strategy effectively treats carbon monoxide poisoning in rats
Investigators at Massachusetts General Hospital recently developed a phototherapy strategy that was highly effective for removing carbon monoxide in rats. (2019-10-10)

A high tech, high stakes game of hide and seek
At the 2008 Workshop on Precision Indoor Personnel Location and Tracking for Emergency Responders, to be held at Worcester Polytechnic Institute Aug. 4-6, four solutions to the enormous technical challenge of precisely locating first responders inside buildings will be demonstrated in carefully controlled trials. Now in its third years, the workshop, the only national forum on the precision indoor location, will bring together about 120 leading researchers, government representatives, and first responder community members. (2008-07-16)

NIST stairwell evacuation study finds 'what we know we don't know'
Most of the time, we use the stairs in buildings -- especially in high-rise structures -- only as a back-up for faster elevators and escalators, but during a fire or other emergency, stairs become our primary passage to survival. In a new study, researchers at NIST examined what we know about how stairs work as an emergency evacuation route and found that the answer is ... not nearly enough. (2009-03-25)

Developed a band-aid-like sensor to detect human body conditions in real-time
DGIST announced that Professor Hyuk-Jun Kwon in the Department of Information and Communication Engineering developed a 'patch-based health diagnosis sensor system' that is easily attached to skin with Professor Sunkook Kim's research team at Sungkyunkwan University. This sensor is attached to skin as if attaching band-aid and collects various health information in real-time by monitoring biosignals and certain movements, drawing huge expectations for diverse applications. (2020-01-08)

Understanding steam burns
Even if the wound looks superficially harmless, steam burns must be cooled persistently. Empa researchers have now been able to show for the first time how hot steam achieves its vicious effect: it penetrates the upper skin layer and can cause severe burns in the lower skin layers -- initially almost invisible. (2018-05-14)

Push-up capacity linked with lower incidence of cardiovascular disease events among men
Active, middle-aged men able to complete more than 40 push-ups had a significantly lower risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) outcomes -- including diagnoses of coronary artery disease and major events such as heart failure -- during 10 years of follow-up compared with those who were able to do less than 10 push-ups during the baseline exam. (2019-02-15)

New NIST trace explosives standard slated for homeland security duty
NIST researchers have developed a new reference material to use in calibrating and testing trace-explosives detectors like those used at airports. (2009-09-09)

McMaster chemists find new way to break down old tires into material for new ones
A team of chemists at McMaster University has discovered an innovative way to break down and dissolve the rubber used in automobile tires, a process which could lead to new recycling methods that have so far proven to be expensive, difficult and largely inefficient. (2020-01-13)

GINA collaboration to boost response to summer fires
Armed with images taken from space, fire personnel will be able to track hot spots and fire movement, even under smoke that may ground mapping aircraft. Data from Landsat 5 and MODIS satellites will be available to fire crews and other users in less than 24 hours through the Geographic Information Network of Alaska. (2005-06-13)

Meaningful media may push altruism across bounds of race and age
People who watch meaningful entertainment may be more willing to lend a hand to people they consider different, according to researchers. (2016-02-04)

Scientists peel away the mystery behind gold's catalytic prowess
Using the world's most powerful microscopes for chemical analysis, scientists have pinpointed where the conversion of CO to CO2 occurs when gold is supported on iron oxide. CO oxidation is critical to firefighters and others who wear protect masks when entering a burning building. The researchers represent Lehigh and Cardiff Universities and the US National Institute of Standards and Technology. Their report is published in the current issue of Science magazine. (2008-09-04)

Research will help land managers take risk-analysis approach to new wildfire reality
New digital tools will enable land managers to better adapt to the new reality of large wildfires through analytics that guide planning and suppression across jurisdictional boundaries that fires typically don't adhere to. (2020-01-08)

UT Arlington researcher's device could detect vapors in environment or a person's breath
A University of Texas at Arlington researcher has received a three-year, $400,369 National Science Foundation grant to build a handheld device that could analyze a person's breath to reveal whether certain dangerous gasses are present that need more immediate medical attention. (2014-10-21)

NIST and partners identify tiny gold clusters as top-notch catalysts
Using a pair of scanning transmission electron microscopy instruments for which spherical aberration is corrected, researchers at NIST, Lehigh University and Cardiff University for the first time achieved state-of-the-art resolution of gold nanocrystals absorbed onto iron oxide surfaces that can catalyzed a variety of reactions, including the oxidation of carbon monoxide to carbon dioxide. (2008-09-05)

Wildfires persist in California
Several fires are currently raging in central and northern California. These fires can be seen in this natural-color Terra satellite image taken by the MODIS instrument on Aug. 18, 2013. (2013-08-19)

Fifty years after the Cuyahoga conflagration
On June 22, 1969, the Cuyahoga River, which flows through Cleveland, Ohio, caught fire. Although firefighters extinguished the blaze within 30 minutes, the shocking event helped galvanize the US environmental movement. Fifty years later, the river is much healthier but still recuperating from a legacy of pollution, according to an article in Chemical & Engineering News (C&EN), the weekly newsmagazine of the American Chemical Society. (2019-06-19)

Discoveries from the science of sound at upcoming acoustics meeting
The latest news and discoveries from the science of sound will be featured at the 21st International Congress on Acoustics, held June 2-7 in Montreal. (2013-05-31)

$1.3 million DARPA grant to fund next-gen infrared detector research
DARPA has awarded a $1.3 million grant to the University of Central Florida to develop a next-generation infrared detector that could be used in fields as varied as night vision, meteorology and space exploration. It would be portable, wouldn't need to be cooled and produce high-resolution images. Unlike current technologies, which can detect only one band of light, it would be tunable and able to see a range of bands. (2016-06-07)

Light pollution makes fish more courageous
Artificial light at night also makes guppies more courageous during the day, according to a behavioural study led by researchers from the Leibniz-Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries (IGB) and the Max Planck Institute for Human Development. (2018-09-21)

Scripps Florida team awarded $10.6 million to decipher root causes of human aging
Professor Paul Robbins of The Scripps Research Institute will be principal investigator of the new five-year study, which will focus on identifying just how damage that accumulates over time drives the human aging process. Scientists from the University of Pittsburgh and the University of California, Riverside, will also participate in the study. (2013-08-08)

Researchers create software for robot to improve rescue missions
In disaster emergencies, such as the recent West Virginia mine explosion or the earthquake in Haiti, it is often unsafe for responders to enter the scene, prolonging the rescue of potential survivors. Now, University of Missouri researchers have developed software for a robot with a laser sensor that can enter dangerous structures to assess the structure's stability and locate any remaining people. This technology could lead to safer and more efficient rescue missions. (2010-05-06)

In the eye of the storm: Why some people stayed behind
Hurricane Katrina was the largest natural disaster in US history, claiming the lives of more than 1,800 victims and causing well over $100 billion in damage along the Gulf Coast. The 2005 storm breached every levee in New Orleans, flooding almost the entire city as well as the neighboring parishes. Yet a surprising number of people stayed behind and rode out the storm. (2009-07-02)

Vaccines not protecting farmed fish from disease
The vaccines used by commercial fish farmers are not protecting fish from disease, according to a new study. (2018-01-22)

Reactions to perceived broken promises lead to workplace stress for police officers
Negative feelings resulting from perceived broken promises from employers within UK police forces are a major cause of workplace stress, according to new research at the University of Birmingham. (2020-10-05)

Researchers awarded $2 million to create high-tech tools for fighting wildfires
A team of researchers, including a scientist at the National Center for Atmospheric Research, has been awarded $2 million to develop an advanced,computer-generated, data-driven system that will send real-time maps and predictions of a wildfire's next moves to wildfire incident management teams hundreds of miles away. (2004-04-15)

NIST evaluates firefighting tactics in NYC high-rise test
NIST fire protection engineers turned an abandoned New York City brick high-rise into a seven-story fire laboratory last month to better understand the fast-moving spread of wind-driven flames, smoke and toxic gases through corridors and stairways of burning buildings. (2008-03-18)

How dangerous are burning electric cars?
What happens if an electric car burns in a road tunnel or an underground car park? In the Hagerbach test tunnel in Switzerland, Empa researchers and tunnel safety expert Lars Derek Mellert set fire to battery cells of electric cars, analyzed the distribution of soot and smoke gases and the chemical residues in the extinguishing water. (2020-09-01)

Graphene could take night-vision technology beyond 'Predator'
Movies such as 1987's 'Predator,' in which an alien who sees in the infrared hunts down Arnold Schwarzenegger and his team, introduced a generation of sci-fi fans to thermal imaging. Since then, heat-sensing devices have found many real-word applications but have remained relatively expensive and rigid. But a new development featuring graphene, reported in ACS' journal Nano Letters, could lead to a flexible, transparent and low-cost infrared vision system. (2015-11-04)

SWAN system to help blind and firefighters navigate environment
Georgia Tech researchers are developing a wearable computing system called the System for Wearable Audio Navigation (SWAN) designed to help the visually impaired, firefighters, soldiers and others navigate their way in unknown territory, particularly when vision is obstructed or impaired. The SWAN system, consisting of a small laptop, a proprietary tracking chip, and bone-conduction headphones, provides audio cues to guide the person from place to place, with or without vision. (2006-08-15)

New technology helps fire managers anticipate smoke problems
BlueSkyRAINS is a technology that allows fire professionals and ordinary citizens to coordinate outdoor activities around fire operations. It is currently being used daily by incident command teams for about 100 wildfires in the Western States. (2003-09-15)

Vietnam Combat Linked To Many Diseases 20 Years Later
Veterans of heavy combat in Vietnam who were diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder are significantly more likely to have a host of both chronic and infectious diseases as long as 20 years later, a medical researcher found after studying the medical histories of 1,399 veterans. (1997-11-21)

Redefining Homo -- does our family tree need more branches?
The story of the genus Homo is as much rooted in historical cultural norms as it is in the modern scientific sector. EARTH Magazine delves into the challenges that have arisen as scientists still ask, (2016-08-25)

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