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Study links lead exposure to brain cancer in adults
People who are routinely exposed to lead on the job are 50 percent more likely to die from brain cancer than people who are not exposed, according to a University of Rochester Medical Center study. (2006-08-28)

Certain jobs dads do linked to higher risk of birth defects
Several types of job carried out by future fathers may be linked to an increased risk of birth defects in their babies, suggests research published online in Occupational and Environmental Medicine. (2012-07-17)

Occupational data in medical billing records could prevent workplace injuries
A subtle change to hospital data collection policies could make a big difference in preventing occupational health and safety hazards, according to workplace safety researchers at the Drexel University School of Public Health. Every year, nearly four million Americans suffer a workplace injury. If occupation and industry information were collected on every patient, physicians, researchers and payors would be able to accurately describe occupational injuries and illnesses, and support prevention initiatives. (2013-05-06)

UTHealth researcher reveals results of study on emergency breathing tubes
In a landmark study, researchers found that patients treated with paramedic oxygen delivery using a newer, more flexible laryngeal breathing tube may have a greater survival rate after sudden cardiac arrest than the traditional intubation breathing tube. (2018-05-16)

How climate change impacts prescribed burning days
Climate change in eastern Australia will shift when hazard reduction burning occurs but for most areas the number of suitable days remains unchanged. In some places, there will even be increases. Queensland is the only exception where the window for hazard reduction burning declines. However, climate change also increases the frequency and intensity of inversion layers, meaning it is more likely atmospheric conditions will concentrate smoke and particulate matter close to the ground. (2020-07-28)

New sound gun can detect dangerous chemicals
How do you tell the difference between an ordinary fuel drum and a barrel of nerve gas? Researchers at Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico claim they can identify the contents of a drum in about 30 seconds with a new handheld sound gun. (1999-10-26)

Researchers receive funds to create high-tech wildfire fighting solutions
Frontline fire fighting could soon go high tech. In the not so distant future, analysts using supercomputers may be able to send real-time maps and predictions of a wildfire's next moves to wildfire management teams hundreds of miles away. That crucial information could be passed on to palm pilots and other wireless devices in the hands of frontline firefighters deciding how best to battle the blaze. (2004-04-15)

Radiometer finds sources of fire
Forest fires usually spread out of control very quickly. Fires that produce a lot of smoke are particularly challenging for the emergency services, because the source of the fire is then especially hard to find. A new radiometric sensor can pinpoint the heart of the flames, even when visibility is limited. (2011-01-10)

NSF grant brings 'Virtual Worlds' to life
Using a $1.3-million NSF grant, an interdisciplinary team of researchers led by Richard R. Muntz, the chairman of UCLA's computer science department, have drawn from research in fields as diverse as architecture, computer science and psychology to develop three-dimensional computer models for the (1999-05-13)

Federal fire grant spending could be more balanced, new model suggests
The federal government considers many factors when spending money to prevent structure fires. The key driver, however, is economic losses -- the greater the cost of fire within a state, the more aid that state is likely to receive. A new model emphasizes an additional factor: losses associated with human fatalities and injuries. That tweak throws the current system off-track, suggesting that some states receive an outsized share of fire protection money, while others are shortchanged. (2019-02-25)

Research roadmap traces the path to 'smart' fire fighting
A new report prepared by NIST and the Fire Protection Research Foundation outlines research needed to develop advanced cyberphysical systems to greatly improve fire-protection and fire-fighting capabilities. (2015-06-18)

Fort McMurray homes have normal levels of indoor toxins, U of T Engineering study reveals
U of T Engineering researchers have examined dust from homes in Fort McMurray, Alta., for evidence of harmful toxins left in the aftermath of the devastating 2016 wildfire. Their study reveals normal levels of contaminants that are comparable to homes across Canada, and so far, no evidence of long-term health risks from fire-ash exposure in residents' homes. (2019-01-14)

Balancing 'hysteria and suspicion': Doctors face new responsibilities in 'bioterrorism era'
As the threat of bioterrorism looms, doctors need training to prepare them to balance hysteria and suspicion so they can catch problems early, Saint Louis University experts write in The Lancet. (2004-12-16)

Study: Oregon's Western Cascades watershed to experience larger, more frequent fires
Projected changes in temperature and relative humidity are expected to lead to longer fire seasons and more severe fire weather in Oregon's Western Cascade mountains, which in turn will result in larger, more frequent fires. (2020-12-14)

NIST study offers first detailed look at the progress of a wildland-urban fire
To better understand increasingly prevelant Wildland-Urban Interface (WUI) fires -- and how best to prevent or fight them -- NIST researchers have issued an in-depth case study on fire behavior and defensive actions taken in a community during a major WUI fire in California. (2009-06-17)

Mass. public safety, public health agencies collaborate to address the opioid epidemic
A new study shows that public health and public safety agencies established local, collaborative programs in Massachusetts to connect overdose survivors and their personal networks with addiction treatment, harm reduction, and other community support services following a non-fatal overdose. (2018-02-14)

Improving wildfire management and safety with unmanned aircraft systems
Annual federal spending to fight wildland fires averaged over $3.3 billion during the past five years, with a significant portion of those funds spent on aviation resources. A new partnership, supported through Nevada's Knowledge Fund and led by the Desert Research Institute (DRI), is aiming to reduce that cost by developing and testing unmanned aircraft systems (UAS), commonly known as drones, for wildfire applications. (2015-08-12)

Smoke alarms + sprinklers + closed doors = lives saved in dorm fires
Experimenting on a university dormitory that was scheduled to be torn down, NIST fire researchers have demonstrated that the correct combination of automatic fire sprinkler systems, smoke alarms and closed doors provided enough time and safe conditions for residents to escape safely and for fire fighters to perform their job without undue hazard. (2010-04-01)

New forest fire detection system prototype installed at Lake Tahoe
Graham Kent, Nevada Seismological Laboratory director at the University of Nevada, Reno is leading the installation, testing and maintenance of a novel way to monitor forests fires and other environmental data with the prototype of a new camera system developed by Sony-Europe. The new 360-degree, solar-powered camera and wi-fi system was installed at Tahoe City, Calif. in anticipation of its debut Dec. 12 via the Internet from Copenhagen during the United Nations Climate Change Conference. (2009-12-04)

Smart mouth guard could detect teeth grinding, dehydration, concussions
The next big thing in wearable technology may show up right inside your mouth. (2015-07-02)

Millions of US workers at risk of infections on the job
A University of Washington researcher calculates that 14.4 million workers face exposure to infection once a week and 26.7 million at least once a month in the workplace, pointing to an important population needing protection as the novel coronavirus disease, COVID-19, continues to break out across the US. (2020-04-29)

Feinstein Institute receives $1 million grant to study impact of World Trade Center attacks on responders
The main objective of the proposed study is to establish an expanded occupational health surveillance system that summarizes overall health status of WTC responders over time, and also provides information about symptoms not previously reported. (2012-10-25)

Disruption of circadian rhythms may contribute to inflammatory disease
A disruption of circadian rhythms, when combined with a high-fat, high-sugar diet, may contribute to inflammatory bowel disease and other harmful conditions, according to a recent study conducted by researchers at Rush University Medical Center. The study is online at the peer-reviewed, open-access journal, PLOS ONE. (2014-05-21)

Tiny sensors tucked into cell phones could map airborne toxins in real time
A tiny silicon chip that works a bit like a nose may one day detect dangerous airborne chemicals and alert emergency responders through the cell phone network. If embedded in many cell phones, its developers say, the new type of sensor could map the location and extent of hazards like gas leaks or the deliberate release of a toxin. (2010-05-12)

Nanoparticles provide reinforcement for invisible brackets in orthodontics
Researchers at Universidad Carlos III de Madrid are collaborating with the company, CEOSA-Euroortodoncia, to develop a new generation of clear plastic brackets with nanoparticles to increase resistance and improve the material's properties. (2012-10-29)

A firefighter drone that flies and crawls up walls
A research team at the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology led by Professor Hyun Myung of the Civil and Environmental Engineering Department developed an unmanned aerial vehicle, named the Fireproof Aerial RObot System, which detects fires in skyscrapers, searches the inside of the building, and transfers data in real time from fire scenes to the ground station. (2016-01-18)

1 in 3 households misreports smoke alarm coverage
One in three households in Baltimore misreports its smoke alarm coverage, with the vast majority of errors due to over-reporting coverage, according to a new study. Reasons for over-reporting included study participants incorrectly assuming all of their alarms were working because they weren't beeping, and not having alarms on every level of the home. (2012-04-25)

Dealing with power outages more efficiently
When there is a power failure, the utility companies, public officials and emergency services must work together quickly. Researchers have created a new planning software product that enables all participants to be better prepared for emergency situations. (2012-11-07)

Workplace suicide on the rise: Specific occupations pose higher risks than others
In 2009, suicides surpassed motor vehicle crashes as the leading cause of death by injury in the US. A new study published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine analyzes the upward trend of suicides that take place in the workplace and identifies specific occupations in which individuals are at higher risk. The highest workplace suicide rate is in protective services occupations, more than three times the national average of 1.5 per 1 million. (2015-03-17)

Celebrating 50 years of the lives of women in Singapore
The book explores and documents how women's roles, choices, and voices in Singapore have changed in the last 50 years. (2015-05-15)

Patient simulator will enhance training for medical emergencies in space
A lifelike mannequin will teach astronauts, flight surgeons and other mission personnel how to effectively manage medical emergencies in space. The simulator breathes, has a heartbeat, pupils that react to light and medications, a pulse at five locations, and lung sounds. Training scenarios will prepare crews for problems that might occur on long-duration missions. (2003-01-17)

Radio waves 'see' through walls
University of Utah engineers showed that a wireless network of radio transmitters can track people moving behind solid walls. The system could help police, firefighters and others nab intruders, and rescue hostages, fire victims and elderly people who fall in their homes. It also might help retail marketing and border control. (2009-10-11)

UW-Madison programmer gives weather for the palm of your hand
Weather lovers have a new tool at hand to obtain weather information on demand through a PDA-friendly weather Web service created by Russ Dengel at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. (2006-01-13)

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