Focus Current Events

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Wish you could see as well as you used to?
A new lens implant could help make cataract patients' eyesight almost as good as it was when they were young. American scientists are working on a device which consists of six overlapping lenses - arranged like petals on a flower - which allow people to focus on near and distant objects. (2001-06-28)

In changing health behaviors, some ask, 'How easy?' Others ask, 'How effective?'
You know slathering on the SPF helps prevent skin cancer. So why don't you do it? A new study from the June issue of the Journal of Consumer Research explains why many people don't end up trying a new health regimen - like regularly wearing sunscreen or eliminating transfat- even if they believe the product or behavior is effective. (2006-04-11)

Meditate to concentrate
Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania say that practicing even small doses of daily meditation may improve focus and performance. Even for those new to the practice, meditation enhanced performance and the ability to focus attention. Performance-based measures of cognitive function demonstrated improvements in a matter of weeks. (2007-06-25)

microPET® focus improves on small animal imaging capabilities
A recent study evaluated improvements in the spatial and energy resolutions and sensitivity of microPET® Focus, a second-generation PET system designed for animals. Results revealed advances in every aspect of system performance. (2003-06-23)

Selling concert tickets? Consider parking when setting the price
Sellers mostly focus on the desirability of a product when setting prices. Buyers, however, focus evenly on the product itself and what's entailed in using it, according to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research. (2013-04-09)

Rochester researchers use 'flying focus' to better control lasers over long distances
For the first time, researchers at the University of Rochester's Laboratory for Laser Energetics (LLE) have found a way to use a concept called 'flying focus' to better control the intensity of lasers over longer distances. Their technique includes capturing some of the fastest movies ever recorded and has the potential to help researchers design the next generation of high-power lasers or produce light sources with novel wavelengths. (2018-03-12)

You are what you buy: How different consumer types shop
What you buy says a lot about you. Consider this goal: to spend more time with your family. If you seek out products that expand the amount of quality time you have to share -- say, a football to throw around in the yard -- you're a (2007-06-04)

Researchers develop optimal algorithm for determining focus error in eyes and cameras
University of Texas at Austin researchers have discovered how to extract and use information in an individual image to determine how far objects are from the focus distance, a feat only accomplished by human and animal visual systems until now. (2011-09-26)

Enzyme Engineering XXI
The Enzyme Engineering Conferences were initiated in 1971 and have become a leading international forum for the discussion of new developments in enzyme technology and biocatalysis, putting an emphasis on emerging technologies and focusing on both the fundamental and practical aspects. (2011-01-12)

Emory Research Provides New Insight Into Characteristics Of Children With Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
A new Emory University study overturns the notion that children with fetal alcohol syndrome have the same learning problems as children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorders (ADHD). The Emory team uncoverd major differenes in how children withFAS learn from those children with ADHD (1997-03-11)

How visual attention selects important information
Researchers at Tohoku University have revealed multiple functions of visual attention, the process of selecting important information from retinal images. (2016-11-14)

Special issue of Future Medicinal Chemistry explores advances in neurodegenerative disease therapy
Future Medicinal Chemistry, a leading MEDLINE indexed journal for medicinal chemists, has published two Special Focus issues on Medicinal Chemistry Advances in Neurodegenerative Disease Therapy. (2017-06-23)

The Gerontological Society of America chooses 2005 Hartford faculty scholars
The Gerontological of America is proud to introduce the ten newest geriatric social work faculty members to be chosen for the Hartford Faculty Scholars Program. With funding from the John A. Hartford Foundation, the program will provide the scholars with opportunities for professional development and $100,000 in funding over the next two years. (2005-06-01)

Study examines race-based differences in social support needs among breast cancer patients
In a Psycho-Oncology study of 28 women who were being treated for breast cancer and were participating in focus groups, White participants noted that having other breast cancer survivors in their support network was essential for meeting their social support needs. Black participants did not reference other breast cancer survivors as part of their networks, however. (2019-02-06)

Flying focus: Controlling lasers through time and space
Scientists have produced an extremely bright spot of light that can travel at any speed -- including faster than the speed of light. Researchers have found a way to use this concept, called 'flying focus,' to move an intense laser focal point over long distances at any speed. Their technique includes capturing some of the fastest movies ever recorded. (2018-11-05)

Study reveals how motivation affects nutrition and diet
New research led by the University of East Anglia suggests that people with a positive attitude are more likely to eat healthily. The study examined the motivational role of a theory called regulatory focus on consumers' involvement in nutrition, that is, the time and effort they put in to finding out about nutrition and seeking out nutritious food. It also examined the effect of nutrition involvement on consumers' knowledge of nutrition and dietary behavior. (2019-03-15)

Government funding for 'super-material'
Royal Holloway is among a select group of top universities to receive £21.5 million in government funding to explore commercial uses for graphene. (2013-01-10)

New framework for multimorbidity care identifies changes and gaps
Researchers have developed a new framework for reporting and designing models of care for multimorbidity. (2017-11-20)

Controlling uncertainty: Why do consumers need to believe in certain service providers?
Consumers evaluate services and make decisions based on the level of uncertainty associated with a product -- the greater the uncertainty, the more likely it is they will need to have faith in a company and focus on its unique offerings, according to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research. (2012-07-16)

Newspapers often publish false depictions of gout
A new analysis reveals that popular newspaper articles depict gout as a self-inflicted condition that is socially embarrassing and the focus of humor. (2016-05-04)

Omni-focus video camera to revolutionize industry
University of Toronto, a world-leading research university, announces a breakthrough development in video camera design. The omni-focus video camera, based on an entirely new distance-mapping principle, delivers automatic real-time focus of both near and far field images, simultaneously, in high resolution. This unprecedented capability can be broadly applied in industry, including manufacturing, medicine, defense, security -- and for the consumer market. (2010-05-04)

Your personality type influences how much self-control you have
A new study from Northwestern introduces personality types used frequently in consumer research to the realm of self-improvement. According to the research, people are better able to exercise self-control when they choose goal-pursuit strategies -- such as diets or money management -- that (2008-01-23)

Science-backed brain game eases distraction, anxiety
Researchers have created a surprisingly simple yet targeted brain game that reduces anxiety by helping people focus in an increasingly distracting world. (2015-08-12)

Mood and food: The better your mood, the better you eat
Individuals select healthy or indulgent foods depending on whether they are in a good or a bad mood, respectively. Individuals in positive moods who make healthier food choices are often thinking more about future health benefits than those in negative moods, who focus more on the immediate taste and sensory experience. Trying to focus on something pleasant can reduce consumption of indulgent foods. If you think about what makes you happy, you'll eat 77 percent healthier! (2014-02-24)

External focus improves postural stability in patients with Parkinson's disease
Patients with Parkinson disease may be able to improve their postural stability by directing their attention to the external effects of their movements rather than to the movements of their own body, according to a study published in the February 2009 issue of Physical Therapy, the scientific journal of the American Physical Therapy Association. (2009-03-26)

Satellite data used to warn oil industry of potentially dangerous eddy
Ocean FOCUS began issuing forecasts on 16 February 2006 - just in time to warn oil production operators of a new warm eddy that has formed in the oil and gas-producing region of the Gulf of Mexico. (2006-03-01)

Primary care patients assess econsult model for provider-to-specialist consultations
A study across five academic medical centers examined the reaction of patients to the use of an electronic consultation (eConsult) service for primary care provider-to-specialist consultation. (2020-02-18)

Targeting confident consumers? Focus on high-level product features
Confident consumers pay more attention to advertisements and product information that focus on high-level features of a product, according to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research. Less confident consumers, however, focus on the basics. (2012-08-14)

Understanding why potentially inappropriate medications are continued at the end of life
A recent interview study has uncovered factors that may contribute to the use of potentially inappropriate medications at the end of life. (2016-10-17)

A new lens for microscopy has been developed
BFU physicists suggested a new model of a variable focus lens called a mini transfocator. It may be used in microscopic research that requires compact and mobile optical systems. The development was supported by the Ministry of Education and Science with a grant (No. 14. Y26.31.0002). The results were published in the Microscopy and Microanalysis journal. (2018-11-08)

Positive well-being may protect against depression in people with autism
In an Autism Research study of 36 newly employed adults with autism spectrum disorder who were participating in a supported employment program, positive well-being -- or a sense of happiness and life satisfaction -- was associated with a lower risk of developing depression over 12 months of follow-up. (2019-01-24)

Greater working memory capacity benefits analytic, but not creative, problem-solving
Psychological scientists have long known that the amount of information we can actively hold in mind at any given time - known as working memory - is limited. Our working memory capacity reflects our ability to focus and control attention and strongly influences our ability to solve problems. Psychological scientists find that while increased working memory capacity seems to boost mathematical problem-solving, it might actually get in the way of creative problem solving. (2012-08-07)

Name your price
Participation is central to successful consumerism. It's the subtle and neighborly haggling over a rusty mailbox at a garage sale, throwing one's hand in the air at an auction, offering and counter-offering for a house, and the newest incarnation of the centuries old practice of negotiating price: the Internet. An article in the September 2005 issue of the Journal of Consumer Research demonstrates that a consumer's mindset can play a profound role in participatory pricing. (2005-07-25)

Charisma-challenged? You can still be a good boss
You don't need the charisma of Steve Jobs to be an effective boss, indicates new research led by Michigan State University business scholars. (2017-04-18)

How to digitally stoke that old-time auction fever
The authors explore the impact of time pressure and social competition on bidders in online auctions and how those factors influence auction results and users' experience. (2015-07-28)

People will desire something even more if you increase their focus on it
The relationship between desire and attention was long thought to only work in one direction: When a person desires something, they focus their attention on it. (2017-11-13)

Special Programs In Ethnic & Cultural Diversity At San Francisco General Receive National Award
A group of patient programs at San Francisco General Hospital Medical Center that focus on ethnic diversity has received a top honor from the American College of Psychiatrists. (1999-04-14)

Mustering resiliency to cope after traumas is focus of new book
People often assume that experiencing something horrific automatically leads to posttraumatic stress disorder. In contrast though, most people are actually resilient in the aftermath of trauma. Understanding the principles that underlie such resilience is the focus of Facilitating Resilience and Recovery Following Trauma (Guilford Publications, 2014). (2013-12-12)

Synthetic biology still in uncharted waters of public opinion
A new set of focus groups convened by the Synthetic Biology Project at the Wilson Center found continued low awareness of synthetic biology, as well as concerns about specific applications. (2014-05-15)

How our ancestors with autistic traits led a revolution in Ice Age art
Around 30,000 years ago realistic art suddenly flourished in Europe. Extremely accurate depictions of bears, bison, horses and lions decorate the walls of Ice Age archaeological sites such as Chauvet Cave in southern France. The authors of a new study argue that individuals with (2018-05-14)

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