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History of broken bones overlooked when treating osteoporosis
Women who need treatment for osteoporosis -- thinning of the bones -- may not be receiving it because their history of fractures is not being considered by physicians, according to a study done in part at the University of Alberta. (2005-02-24)

Steroid injection linked to increased risk of bone fractures
Patients treated with an epidural steroid injection for back pain relief are at increased risk of bone fractures in the spine, according to a Henry Ford Hospital study. Researchers say the risk of fracture increased 29 percent with each steroid injection, a finding they believe raises patient safety concerns. (2012-10-25)

Differences in foot structure associated with overuse injuries
A recent study by a Mayo Clinic orthopedic researcher and researchers from the Naval Health Research Center and Naval Medical Center sheds some light on factors involved in overuse injuries suffered by people who pursue intense training activities (1999-12-01)

Obesity hormone adiponectin increases the risk of osteoporosis in the elderly
While obesity is a well-known cause of cardiovascular disease, research from the Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, has now revealed that the body's obesity hormones - adiponectin - are also linked to osteoporosis and an increased risk of fractures. (2011-11-01)

Water fluoridation reduces risk of bone fractures
Long term exposure to fluoridation may reduce the risk of fractures of the hip and vertebrae in older women, with enormous importance for improving public health, finds a study in this week's BMJ. (2000-10-05)

Women with osteoporosis, previous vertebral fracture have increased long-term risk for new fracture
Over a 15-year period, women with low bone mineral density and a previous vertebral fracture had an increased risk of a new vertebral fracture compared to women with normal bone mineral density and no previous fracture, according to a study in the Dec. 19 issue of JAMA. (2007-12-18)

Vertebroplasty reportedly provides better pain relief and function
An analysis of published data in the medical literature has found that vertebroplasty can provide more pain relief and better function for patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures than nonoperative treatments. According to Ming-Min Shi and colleagues from Zhejiang University in the People's Republic of China, this therapy can have similar or additional benefits over other treatments, despite conflicting results to date. Their work is published online in Springer's journal, Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research. (2012-07-09)

Alendronate can help prevent bone fractures in many postmenopausal women
Giving 10mg per day of the bisphosphate drug alendronate to women after their menopause can help prevent loss of bone mass, reducing their risk of fractures, a Cochrane Review has found. This finding applies to women who have started to lose their bone mass but have no fractures (primary prevention), as well as those who have lost significant bone mass and/or have had fractures (secondary prevention). (2008-01-22)

Both weight loss and weight gain linked with increased fracture risk
Both weight gain and weight loss in older (postmenopausal) women are associated with increased incidence of fracture, but at different anatomical sites, finds a study published in The BMJ this week. (2015-01-27)

Doctors develop new measures for bone disease
As we age we can expect to shrink an average of three to four centimeters. Such loss is normal due to shrinkage of the disks within the spine. However, researchers at the University of Alberta have developed a guide to help doctors determine when height loss is a normal part of aging, and when it is likely due to something else -- usually osteoporosis. (2006-02-17)

Drugs reduce bone cancer damage but clinical guidance remains non-specific
Bone cancer-related fractures and pain can be reduced by drug treatment, but no one drug is superior, according to a review published in the Cochrane Library. Researchers undertook a systematic review of the current evidence on bisphosphonate drugs, which are used to prevent bone damage in multiple myeloma. (2012-05-15)

A single bone mineral density test predicts 'silent' spinal fractures years later
A single bone mineral density test given 15 years earlier predicted a woman's risk of developing fractures to her spine over time, according to a JAMA study, led by investigators at the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health. The study also found that more than half of the women with low BMD and existing spinal fractures developed new fractures, raising concerns about the impact of so-called (2007-12-18)

Routine bisphosphonate treatment for women over age 65
Osteoporosis is a disease of progressive bone loss affecting more than 44 million Americans and contributing to an estimated 2 million bone fractures each year. (2015-03-24)

Does tramadol increase hip fracture risk?
An analysis published in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research reveals that use of the pain medication tramadol was linked with a higher risk of hip fractures compared with the use of other pain medications in an analysis of a patient database from the United Kingdom. (2020-02-05)

Exercise in early 20s may lower risk of osteoporosis
Physical exercise in the early 20s improves bone development and may reduce the risk of fractures later in life, reveals a study of more than 800 Swedish men carried out at the Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden. (2012-02-13)

Proton pump inhibitors increase risk of bone fractures
Patients who use proton pump inhibitors for seven or more years to treat reflux, peptic ulcers and other conditions are at greater risk of osteoporosis-related fractures, according to this large observational study published in CMAJ. (2008-08-11)

Grandpa's broken hip may mean weaker bones for his grandsons
If your grandfather has had a hip fracture, you too could be at risk. Researchers at the Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, have been able to show, for the first time, a link between hip fractures in elderly men and impaired bone health in their grandsons. (2010-01-29)

Risk of facial fractures in motor vehicle crashes decreasing
Facial fractures from motor vehicle crashes appear to be decreasing, most likely due to design improvements in newer vehicles, according to a report in the May/June issue of Archives of Facial Plastic Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. (2009-05-18)

Diabetes drug ups risk for bone fractures in older women
A Henry Ford Hospital study finds women with type 2 diabetes who take a commonly prescribed class of medications to treat insulin resistance may be at a higher risk for developing bone fractures. After taking a thiazolidinedione (TZD) for one year, women are 50 percent more likely to have a bone fracture than patients not taking TZDs, according to study results. And those at the greatest risk for fractures from TZD use are women older than 65. (2010-02-10)

Abaloparatide benefits a wide range of postmenopausal women with osteoporosis
A recent analysis of results from a randomized controlled clinical trial indicates that abaloparatide-SC, a novel therapy for osteoporosis, provides consistent protection against bone fractures in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis regardless of their baseline bone density, age, and previous history of fracture. (2016-10-24)

Annual bone fracture rate almost 4 percent and double previous estimates
The annual bone fracture rate in England is just short of 4 percent of the population, which is more than double previous estimates, suggests a study in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. (2008-01-17)

New study quantifies the enormous cost of fragility fractures in Europe
Researchers at the European Congress of Osteoporosis & Osteoarthritis in Bordeaux have presented new data which shows that the economic burden of fragility fractures in the 27 member states of the European Union far exceeds previous estimates, with hip fractures accounting for around 55 percent of costs. (2012-03-23)

To treat a leading cause of osteoporosis, surgery is better than widely used medications
A leading cause of the bone-loss disease osteoporosis is hyperparathyroidism. Doctors commonly treat this using a class of prescription drugs called bisphosphonates, which are supposed to strengthen bones. A UCLA study found those drugs actually increase the risk of fracture, meaning that taking them is worse than doing nothing at all. The research also revealed that patients who have surgery to remove the overactive parathyroid glands have fewer subsequent bone fractures. (2016-04-04)

New study quantifies total costs of fragility fractures in 6 major European countries
Research presented today at the European Congress on Osteoporosis & Osteoarthritis estimates that the economic burden of fragility fractures in five major European countries totals 31 billion Euro, with Germany bearing the highest costs. A majority of the economic burden is shown to be related to the costs incurred during the first year after the fracture, while pharmacological prevention and treatment management constitutes only a marginal share of the total economic cost. (2011-03-24)

Proof that magnesium could prevent fractures
Magnesium could hold the key to preventing one of the most preventable causes of disability in middle-aged to elderly people, according to new research led by academics at the universities of Bristol and Eastern Finland. (2017-04-12)

Study examines loop diuretic use and fractures in postmenopausal women
The use of loop diuretics does not appear to be associated with changes in bone mineral density, falls or fractures in postmenopausal women, according to a report in the Jan. 26 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. However, prolonged use of loop diuretics may increase fracture risk in this group. (2009-01-26)

Female Army Recruits At Greater Risk Of Bone Trauma Than Males
Female army recruits in Britain may be more likely to endure stress fractures during basic training than their male counterparts, say M Macleod and colleagues at the Royal Hospital Haslar, Gosport, in this week's BMJ. (1999-01-01)

Treating fractures: Children are not miniature adults
Treating fractures in children requires special knowledge of growth physiology. Incorrect treatment of bone fractures in child and adolescent patients is less often caused by technical deficiencies than by a misjudgment of the special conditions in this age group. In the current issue of Deutsches Aerzteblatt International Ralf Kraus and Lucas Wessel point out possible therapeutic errors and outline strategies to avoid these. (2011-01-05)

New CT-based classification proposed for acetabular fractures
A new classification for acetabular fractures using CT has been developed that is simple, unambiguous, readily understood by both radiologists and orthopedic surgeons, and provides clear direction for both diagnosis and surgical planning, says a new study by researchers from the University of Texas-Houston Medical School. (2004-06-01)

Chest x-rays may provide information to help detect osteoporosis in the elderly
Undetected osteoporosis in the elderly might be discovered if chest radiographs (x-ray images) that are done for other reasons were examined for fractures of the vertebrae, according to an article in the April 25 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. (2005-04-25)

Older adults who experience osteoporotic fracture have increased risk of death for 5-10 years
Women and men age 60 years or older who have a low-trauma osteoporotic fracture have an increased risk of death for the following 5 to 10 years, compared to the general population, and those who experience another fracture increase their risk of death further for an additional 5 years, according to a study in the Feb. 4 issue of JAMA. (2009-02-03)

Postmenopausal breast cancer survivors at increased risk for bone fractures
Postmenopausal breast cancer survivors may be at increased risk for fractures (except for the hip) compared with other women in the same age group, according to an article in the March 14 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. (2005-03-14)

Sleep apnea linked with higher spine fracture risk among women
Emerging evidence suggests that obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) may negatively affect bone health. Results from a new study published in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research now indicate that women with history of OSA may face a higher risk of spine, or vertebral, fractures. (2020-09-10)

Blood marker may predict postmenopausal women's risk of bone fractures
In a study published in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, blood tests that detect fragments of a protein secreted by bone cells helped to predict fracture risk in postmenopausal women, independently of bone mineral density, bone turnover markers, and other measures of bone health. (2017-08-16)

Estimates of older patients with fractures associated with walking leashed dogs
Dog walking is often suggested as something older adults can do to improve their health. But older adults are at increased risk of fractures. This observational study estimated the number of patients (65 or older) nationwide with fractures associated with walking leashed dogs. Researchers used an injury surveillance database for patients at about 100 US emergency departments to make their annual nationwide estimates. (2019-03-06)

Study examines treatment and outcomes for nasal fractures
Both minimally invasive and traditional open approaches can successfully repair nasal fractures, provided the procedure is matched to the individual fracture, according to a report in the September/October issue of Archives of Facial Plastic Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. A treatment algorithm based on factors such as fracture type and degree of septal deviation (displacement of the bone and cartilage separating nostrils) may help surgeons choose the appropriate treatment. (2009-09-21)

ICUROS study finds international variations in quality of life loss after fracture
A study presented today at the European Congress on Osteoporosis and Osteoarthritis currently taking place in Valencia, Spain has found that the initial quality of life loss following an osteoporotic fracture is substantial, especially with regard to hip and vertebral fractures. The study found differences in quality of life loss between countries after correcting for other explanatory variables (2011-03-24)

Vitamin D supplements associated with reduced fracture risk in older adults
Oral vitamin D supplements at a dose of at least 400 international units per day are associated with a reduced risk of bone fractures in older adults, according to results of a meta-analysis published in the March 23 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. (2009-03-23)

High-trauma fractures in older adults linked to osteoporosis, increased risk of another fracture
Contrary to a widely held assumption, high-trauma nonspine fractures in older women and men, such as from a car crash, are associated with low bone mineral density and an increased risk of a subsequent fracture, according to a study in the Nov. 28 issue of JAMA. These findings suggest that older adults who experience these fractures should be evaluated for osteoporosis. (2007-11-27)

New gene offers hope for preventive medicine against fractures
A big international study has identified a special gene that regulates bone density and bone strength. The gene can be used as a risk marker for fractures and opens up opportunities for preventive medicine against fractures. The study, led by the Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Sweden, was published in the journal PLoS Genetics. (2012-09-18)

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