Fruit Fly Current Events

Fruit Fly Current Events, Fruit Fly News Articles.
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Research in the identity of agricultural pests has broad implications
A global research effort has resolved a major biosecurity issue by determining that four of the world's most destructive agricultural pests are one and the same. (2014-11-04)

Fruit fly genetics reveal pesticide resistance and insight into cancer
Thomas Werner at Michigan Technological University has bridged the miniscule and the massive in an effort to better understand the mechanisms behind several unique features of fruit fly genes. (2015-06-05)

Lessons from the fly brain improve search algorithms
To develop better search algorithms for images and data, a group of researchers has turned to the fruit fly brain. (2017-11-09)

Yale scientists decipher odor code
Yale scientists, working with the fruit fly as a model, have discovered how odors are encoded by the olfactory system into the complex messages that are sent to the brain. Elissa Hallem and John Carlson individually substituted each of the 32 odor receptor into flies with an (2004-06-25)

Maleness-on-the-Y: A novel male sex determiner in major fruit fly pests
Becoming a male Mediterranean fruit fly relies on the newly identified Y-chromosome linked gene -- Maleness-on-the-Y (MoY) -- which encodes the small protein required to signal male sex determination during development, a new study shows. (2019-08-29)

Microsurgery on the brain of the fruit fly leads to new insights into irreparable nerve injuries
Every year, one million Europeans are confronted with potentially irreparable brain or spinal cord injuries resulting from traffic accidents. Because the nerves in a damaged spinal cord cannot, or cannot fully, be repaired, the patient remains (partially) paralyzed. Now, VIB scientists connected to the K.U. Leuven have become the first to successfully develop a simple model that enables the study of injured brain tissue. (2008-06-03)

Fruit fly protein could be new tool in tackling disease-carrying mosquitos
An insulin-binding protein in fruit flies could provide new opportunities for tackling disease-carrying mosquitos, such as malaria and yellow fever, scientists at the University of York have found. (2018-10-11)

What's in a name? Everything -- if you're a fruit fly
This study confirms that four of the world's most destructive agricultural pests, the Oriental, Philippine, Invasive and Asian Papaya fruit flies, are actually one and the same. The study took a multidisciplinary and integrated approach involving over 40 researchers from more than 20 countries and has major implications for global plant biosecurity, including reduced barriers to international trade, improved fundamental research and enhanced food security for some of the world's poorest nations. (2014-10-28)

K-State researchers study gene regulation in insects
Researchers first identified the genes associated with segmentation and discovered other insects, as well as humans, possessed the genes. But they wondered if the genes functioned the same in every organism. (2006-04-27)

How fruit flies ended up in our fruit bowls
Fruit flies can be a scourge in our homes, but to date no-one has known how they became our uninvited lodgers. For decades, researchers have searched for their origins and now a Swedish-American research team has succeeded. They have also discovered that fruit flies in the wild are far more picky than their domesticated counterparts, a factor that long ago probably prompted the flies to move in with people. (2018-12-07)

Revealed: The biochemical pathways of kidney disease
In a study, recently published in PLOS Genetics, Chiara Gamberi and her coauthors developed an innovative fruit fly-based model of the types of harmful cysts that can form on kidneys. The model has enormous potential for assisting the study of how cells proliferate in polycystic kidney disease and cancer. (2017-05-02)

Control gene for developmental timing discovered
University of Alberta researchers have identified a key regulator that controls the speed of development in the fruit fly. When the researchers blocked the function of this regulator, animals sped up their rate of development and reached maturity much faster than normal (2011-09-28)

UI researcher learns mechanism of hearing is similar to car battery
University of Iowa biologists have advanced their knowledge of human hearing by studying a similar auditory system in fruit flies -- and by making use of the fruit fly (2013-01-07)

Tags on, tags off
The group of proteins called Polycomb complexes -- which ensure correct embryonic development and play an important role in stem cell differentiation and cancer -- has a new member, whose form of action surprised the EMBL Heidelberg scientists who identified it in a study published online today in Nature. (2010-05-03)

Get a clue: Biochemist studies fruit fly to understand Parkinson's disease, muscle wasting
By studying the fruit fly, Kansas State University researchers have found a connection between a gene called clueless and genes that cause Parkinson's disease. (2016-06-22)

12 fly genomes published
The complete genomes of 12 related species of the fly Drosophila are published this week in the journal Nature. (2007-11-07)

Fruit flies under discussion at UC Riverside
Fruit fly trends in California, the potential problems associated with the olive fly in California, and fruit fly DNA analysis are only some of the major topics of discussion at the seventh Annual Exotic Fruit Fly Symposium to be held September 15-17, 2002, at the Holiday Inn, Riverside, and the University of California, Riverside. The symposium is the premier international workshop for scientific exchange concerning fruit flies that threaten agriculture in California and other states. (2002-09-10)

The clustering of Hox genes is not necessary for their proper function
A research group led by Professor Alfredo Ruiz, of the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, has found that the Hox gene complex has been rearranged differently in several Drosophila species. The function of Hox genes seems to be conserved despite the rearrangements. Thus Hox gene clustering in the Drosophila genome seems to be the result of evolutionary history more than that of functional necessity. The research will appear in this week's issue of Genome Research. (2005-05-02)

Speedy evolution affects more than 1 species
The concept that biodiversity feeds upon itself is not uncommon in the world of evolution. The problem is a lack of hard data that shows this process to be naturally occurring. However, recent research by a team of scientists, including a Michigan State University entomologist, finds that recent evolutionary changes -- in this case in a new species of fruit fly -- have an almost domino effect on a number of species. (2015-10-22)

Using fruit flies to identify new treatment for a colorectal cancer patient
Erdem Bangi and colleagues demonstrate a new approach to developing personalized therapy for a patient with treatment-resistant colorectal cancer: using a fruit fly genetically modified with a patient's own cancer mutations to test candidate treatments. (2019-05-22)

Recent evolutionary change allows a fruit fly to dine on a toxic fruit
Fruit flies in the lab of John Pool, in the genetics department at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, happily eat a noni fruit that is normally toxic to fly species. Pool is probing the genetic basis for this ability, which may explain how insects adapt to new foods -- a line of research that could apply to agricultural pests. (2016-04-04)

UI researcher studies deafness in fruit flies, humans
University of Iowa Biological Sciences Professor Daniel F. Eberl and his colleagues at Duke University have uncovered genetic defects leading to deafness in fruit flies that may shed light on deafness in humans. Their research paper, (2005-05-09)

To kill off parasites, an insect self-medicates with alcohol
Alcoholic drinks aren't generally put into the category of health food, but in some cases they might be just the cure for nasty parasites. That's according to a study published online on Feb. 16 in Current Biology, a Cell Press publication, showing that fruit flies will actually seek out alcohol to kill off blood-borne parasitic wasps living within them. (2012-02-16)

Picky-eater flies losing smell genes
The specialist fruit fly Drosophila sechellia is losing genes for smell and taste receptors 10 times faster than its generalist relative Drosophila simulans. The findings could help researchers understand how some insect pests adapt to feeding on a particular plant. (2007-04-02)

Computer models helping unravel the science of life?
Scientists have developed a sophisticated computer modelling simulation to explore how cells of the fruit fly react to changes in the environment. (2014-05-22)

Low protein diet in early life increases lifespan in fruit flies
Fruit flies raised on a low protein diet early in life can live over twice as long as their peers. (2017-11-09)

Researchers build an artificial fly brain that can tell who's who
CIFAR researchers have built a neural network that mimics the fruit fly's visual system and can distinguish and re-identify flies. This provides evidence that the humble fruit fly's vision is clearer than previously thought. (2018-10-25)

New research -- fruit fly neurons hold the key to the molecular causes of mental diseases
New research involving the removal and analysis of single neurons from fruit fly (Drosophila) embryos has revealed insights into the causes of mental diseases such as bipolar disease. (2016-10-11)

Insect glands may illuminate human fertilization process
Insect glands are responsible for producing a host of secretions that allow bees to sting and ants to lay down trails. New research focuses on secretions from glands in the reproductive tract that help sperm survive and guide the sperm on the trip to fertilize an egg. The gene that controls the development of these glands in fruit flies provides important information about gland development in all insects, as well as potential clues to similar human reproductive glands. (2012-05-03)

Evolutionary straitjacket means flies can't take the heat
Many species of fruit fly lack the ability to adapt effectively to predicted increases in global temperatures and may face extinction in the near future, according to new research. (2012-09-17)

Fruit fly's beating heart helps identify human heart disease genes
In a discovery that could greatly accelerate the search for genetic causes of heart disease, a multi-disciplinary Duke University research team has found that the common fruit fly can serve as a powerful new model for testing human genes implicated in heart disease. (2006-01-23)

A new strategy required in the search for Alzheimer's drugs?
In the search for medication against Alzheimer's disease, scientists focused -- among other factors -- on drugs that can break down Amyloid beta (A-beta). After all, it is the accumulation of A-beta that causes the known plaques in the brains of Alzheimer's patients. Starting point of A-beta is APP. Alessia Soldano and Bassem Hassan were the first to unravel the function of APPL -- the fruit-fly version of APP -- in the brain of healthy fruit flies. (2013-05-24)

Has a possible new lead been found in the fight against neurodegenerative diseases?
Good communication between brain cells is vital for optimal health. Mutations in the TBC1D24 gene inhibit this process, thereby causing neurodegeneration and epilepsy. Fruit flies with a defect in Skywalker, the fruit fly variant of TBC1D24, are being used as a model for neurodegeneration. Researchers from VIB and KU Leuven have succeeded in completely suppressing neurodegeneration in such fruit flies, by partially inhibiting the breakdown of 'defective' proteins in brain cells. (2014-11-24)

Lights, camera, artificial gravity! The premiere of NASA's Fruit Fly Lab
The most advanced system to date for studying fruit flies in space, NASA's Fruit Fly Lab, is making its debut aboard the International Space Station. (2014-12-17)

Qld fruit fly scientists in race against time
Parts of Australia's fruit and vegetable industry are under threat, with Queensland University of Technology scientists racing to find new ways to control a major horticultural pest before chemical treatments are restricted. (2011-06-23)

Muscles can 'ask' for the energy they need
Muscles require energy to perform all of the movements that we do in a day, and now, for the first time, researchers at the Texas A&M College of Medicine have shown how muscles 'request' more energy from fat storage tissues in fruit fly models. They also discovered that this circuit is dependent on circadian rhythms, which could have implications for obesity in humans. Their findings published today in the journal Current Biology. (2017-07-03)

Researchers uncover genetic mystery of infertility in fruit flies
Researchers have discovered a novel parasitic gene in fruit flies that is responsible for destroying the eggs in the ovaries of their daughters. (2019-12-17)

Those fruit flies are pickier than you think
On your kitchen counter, it might seem as though fruit flies will show up for just about any type of fruit. But when given a choice about where to lay their eggs, those flies will go for citrus most of the time, new work shows. A new reports shows the basis for that seemingly complex food preference is simple. It boils down to a single odorant receptor found on a single class of sensory neurons. (2013-12-05)

UT Arlington big data team wins $600,000 NSF grant to build gene expression database
Heng Huang, an associate professor of computer and science engineering at UT Arlington, and professor Chris Ding, also of the UT Arlington Computer Science and Engineering department, will develop an interactive database of gene expressions of the fruit fly. (2014-07-22)

Secret wing colors attract female fruit flies
Bright colors appear on a fruit fly's transparent wings against a dark background as a result of light refraction. Researchers from Lund University in Sweden have now demonstrated that females choose a mate based on the males' hidden wing colors. (2014-10-22)

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