Fungus Current Events

Fungus Current Events, Fungus News Articles.
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Resistance genes discovered in ancestral tomato species
Dutch researcher Marco Kruijt has discovered two resistance genes that were probably present in an ancestral tomato species, prior to the evolution of modern tomato species. The phytopathologist found these same two genes, which provide resistance against a certain fungus, in several wild tomato species. (2004-10-11)

Fighting massive declines in frog populations with bacteria and fungicides
A microscopic chytrid fungus is causing massive declines in frog populations all over the world and even the extinction of certain species. Together with colleagues from Europe and the US, researchers from the University of Zurich present methods as to how the chytrid fungus can be combated in the journal Frontiers in Zoology: namely with bacteria and fungicides. However, the possibility of vaccinating the frogs is also being considered. (2011-06-20)

New warning over spread of ash dieback
The ash dieback fungus could spread more quickly and affect more trees than previously expected, according to research at the University of Exeter. (2016-10-27)

UBC scientists uncover cause of tree-killing fungus
Forest scientists at the University of British Columbia believe they've discovered the root cause of a deadly tree fungus: extra genes. (2015-03-04)

Secret sex life of killer fungus
A fungus that causes life-threatening infections in humans may be having sex, say scientists. (2005-07-13)

Picky plants: Do they 'choose' the best fungal partner?
Researchers at the University of Michigan are finding that the ability to actively select one option over another may no longer be reserved for higher animals; in fact, plants may make choices too. (2001-08-06)

Two new culprits cause strawberry blight
Until now, blossom blight of strawberries in California has been mostly attributed to the fungus Botrytis cinerea. However, UC scientists have discovered that more than one organism is responsible. Their investigation has revealed that a new fungus and the bacterium Xanthomonas fragariae also cause the disease. (1999-08-13)

Lack of sex could be a signpost to extinction, claim researchers
Researchers from Imperial College London believe that when species become asexual they could be on their way to extinction. (2005-10-27)

U of A honored for research that could help 30 million Brazilians
The University of Alberta now has a permanent connection to the agricultural life of millions of people in a vast region of Brazil. A newly discovered fungus that helps plants grow in dry soil has been named in honor of the U of A for its help with the research. (2009-07-13)

U of A maps vaccine for deadly pathogenic fungus
University of Alberta researchers have made breakthrough use of 3-D magnetic resonance technology to map the structure of Candida, a common fungus that is potentially deadly for individuals with impaired immune function. The work could pave the way for development of an effective vaccine. (2012-05-31)

Bullfrogs may help spread deadly amphibian fungus, but also die from it
Amphibian populations are declining worldwide and a major cause is a deadly fungus thought to be spread by bullfrogs, but a two-year study shows they can also die from this pathogen, contrary to suggestions that bullfrogs are a tolerant carrier host that just spreads the disease. (2013-06-17)

White rot fungus boosts ethanol production from corn stalks, cobs and leaves
Scientists are reporting new evidence that a white rot fungus shows promise in the search for a way to use waste corn stalks, cobs and leaves -- rather than corn itself -- to produce ethanol to extend supplies of gasoline. Their study on using the fungus to break down the tough cellulose and related material in this so-called (2012-07-11)

Battling a bat killer
Scientists are looking for answers -- including commercial bathroom disinfectants and over-the-counter fungicides used to fight athlete's foot -- to help in the battle against a strange fungus that threatens bat populations in the United States. That's the topic of an article in the current issue of Chemical & Engineering News, ACS' weekly newsmagazine. (2010-11-17)

A new method is designed to stop the growth of a fungus that affects over a hundred crops
The study, published in Nature, was able to 'trick' the pathogen by artificially applying a pheromone involved in its reproduction (2019-09-30)

Bacteria show promise in fending off global amphibian killer
First in a petri dish and now on live salamanders, probiotic bacteria seem to repel a deadly fungus being blamed for worldwide amphibian deaths and even extinctions. Though the research is in its early stages, scientists are encouraged by results that could lead the way to helping threatened species like mountain yellow-legged frogs of the Sierra Nevada mountains of southern California. (2007-05-23)

'Soyscreen': Sunscreen for fungus to expand biological control of crop pests
Scientists today at the 240th American Chemical Society National Meeting & Exposition described development and successful initial tests on a substance that acts as a sunscreen for the microscopic spores of a fungus, brightening prospects for wider use of the fungus as a means of wiping out insect pests that attack food crops. (2010-08-25)

Beetles get by with a little help from their friends
Humans living in communities often rely on friends to help get what they need and, according to researchers in the lab of Cameron Currie at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, many microbes, plants and animals benefit from 'friendly' associations too. (2008-10-02)

Tree-killing fungus officially named by scientists
The USDA Forest Service Southern Research Station today announced that an SRS scientist and other researchers have officially named the fungus responsible for killing redbay and other trees in the coastal plains of northeastern Florida, Georgia and South Carolina. (2008-06-30)

Genome of blue stain fungus evolved to bypass tree defense in mountain pine beetle epidemic: UBC
The genome of the fungus that helps mountain pine beetles infect and kill lodgepole pines has been decoded in a University of British Columbia study. (2011-01-24)

At Last, Zoologists May Know What Is Killing The World's Amphibians
Frogs and toads throughout the world are being killed by a fungus that is new to science. Teams in the US and Australia discovered this fungus, which seems to suffocate the amphibians by coating their undersides and legs. This could be a major factor contributing to the decline in amphibian populations worldwide. (1998-06-24)

'Soyscreen': Sunscreen for fungus to expand biological control of crop pests
Scientists today described development and successful initial tests on a substance that acts as a sunscreen for the microscopic spores of a fungus, brightening prospects for wider use of the fungus as a means of wiping out insect pests that attack food crops. (2010-09-08)

Secrets of cooperation between trees and fungi revealed
Trees and fungi have constructed a close relationship with the passing of the ages. Fungi like to grow between the roots of trees and the arrangement is beneficial to both partners. Their delicate balance is now being revealed for the very first time. VIB researchers have succeeded in unraveling the genetic code of the Laccaria bicolor fungus. (2008-03-05)

Plant-fungal symbiosis found in high-heat extreme environment
Researchers examining plants growing in the geothermal soils of Yellowstone National Park and Lassen Volcanic National Park have found evidence of symbiosis between fungi and plants that may hold clues to how plants adapt to and tolerate extreme environments. (2002-11-26)

Scientists develop fungus-fighting vaccine
A group of scientists in Italy have developed a vaccine with the potential to protect against fungal pathogens that commonly infect humans, according to a study by Torosantucci and colleagues in the September 5 issue of The Journal of Experimental Medicine. Although these fungi pose little threat to people with healthy immune systems, they can cause fatal infections in those whose immune systems have been weakened by cancer treatments or post-transplant immunosuppressive therapies. (2005-09-05)

Scientists a step closer to protecting world's most important crop
Scientists at the University of Exeter have shown for the first time, in a paper in the prestigious journal Nature, how the world's most destructive rice-killer hijacks its plant prey. Researchers from the School of Biosciences have identified a single gene that appears to be vital for the fungus to infect and overwhelm the plant. (2006-03-22)

How wheat lost the evolutionary battle against its deadly fungal nemesis
Researchers have identified a gene in wheat that protects against a deadly fungus, but which was lost from many wheat crops in the 1980s. (2017-07-06)

Study IDs collagen-damaging protein in White Nose syndrome
In the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, researchers from Brown University and the University of California at San Francisco identify an enzyme that may damage bats in the fungal disease White Nose syndrome. In lab experiments, they uncovered an inhibitor that could limit the ability of the fungal species to destroy collagen. (2015-05-04)

New Danish fungal species discovered
A new fungal species, called (2012-09-04)

Resampling of hard-hit region suggests amphibians may be developing resistance to deadly fungus
As amphibian populations globally continue to be ravaged by chytridiomycosis, a disease caused by a deadly fungal pathogen, a new study suggests that some populations in Panama may have started becoming more resistant to the fungus about a decade after it began significantly impacting them. (2018-03-29)

Poison digs its own grave
Botrytis cinerea (grey mould) has a large arsenal of molecular pumps at its disposal to protect it against toxic substances such as antibiotics, plant defence compounds and fungicides. Dutch researcher Henk-jan Schoonbeek saw how the fungus started to pump out certain toxic substances within just 15 minutes. (2004-12-16)

Protecting the rice bowl: Chromosomal mapping of the rice blast fungus
In the August issue of Genome Research, Heng Zhu, Ralph Dean, and colleagues report an important step towards defeating the depredations of rice disease: construction of the first complete physical map of a rice pathogen chromosome. (1999-08-16)

A hot species for cool structures
A fungus that lives at extremely high temperatures could help understand structures within our own cells. Scientists at EMBL and Heidelberg University were the first to sequence and analyze the genome of a heat-loving fungus, and used that information to determine the long sought 3-D structure of the inner ring of the nuclear pore. (2011-07-21)

Secret sex life of killer fungus?
Aspergillus fumigatus is a medically important fungus, causing potentially life-threatening infections in patients with weakened immune systems. It is also a major cause of respiratory allergy, and it is implicated in asthma as well. The fungus has always been thought to lack the ability to reproduce sexually, but new discoveries by a multinational group of scientists indicate that the fungus has a number of characteristics of sex. (2005-07-11)

Fungus knocks a frog down but not out, raising questions about amphibian declines
The deadly chytrid fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis which has been implicated in massive declines and waves of extinction in Central America and Eastern Australia, has been found not to be universally lethal, a finding that may give important new clues concerning this pathogen's behavior in the wild, and point towards understanding how it spreads. (2004-10-04)

Leaf-cutting ants learn to identify unsuitable plants from cues within the colony
Leaf-cutting ants can learn which plants are not suitable for the fungus gardens that supply their food before they even leave the colony, according to a study published March 8, 2017 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Andrés Arenas and Flavio Roces from University of Wurzburg, Germany. (2017-03-08)

New potential approach to treat atopic dermatitis
How does the immune system respond to fungi on our skin? Researchers at the University of Zurich have demonstrated that the same immune cells that protect us against skin fungi also encourage the inflammatory symptoms of atopic dermatitis. An antibody therapy could alleviate this chronic inflammatory skin disease. (2019-03-18)

Smithsonian's National Museum of Natural History reveals ants as fungus farmers
It turns out ants, like humans, are true farmers. The difference is that ants are farming fungus. Entomologists Ted Schultz and Seán Brady at the Smithsonian's National Museum of Natural History have published a paper in the March 24 issue of the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, providing new insight into the agricultural abilities of ants and how these abilities have evolved throughout time. (2008-03-24)

Flower attracts insects by pretending to be a mushroom
The mysterious flowers of Aspidistra elatior are found on the southern Japanese island of Kuroshima. Until recently, scientists thought that A. elatior has the most unusual pollination ecology among all flowering plants, being pollinated by slugs and amphipods. However, direct observation of their ecosystem has revealed that they are mainly pollinated by fungus gnats, probably thanks to their resemblance to mushrooms. (2017-11-14)

Ant-Fungus Relationship May Provide New Clues About Antibiotics
The discovery of an ancient association between an antibiotic-producing bacterium and fungus-growing ants may provide new insight into the identification, production and use of antibiotics, according to a study in the April 22 issue of Nature. (1999-04-22)

A new test for a deadly fungal infection in patients with damaged immune systems
A quicker, cheaper and more accurate test for deadly Aspergillus fumigatus fungal infections in patients with damaged or suppressed immune systems was described April 2 at the Society for General Microbiology meeting in Harrogate, by Dr. Christopher Thornton from the University of Exeter. (2009-04-01)

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