Fusion Current Events

Fusion Current Events, Fusion News Articles.
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Tick-borne encephalitis virus reveals its access code
Fritz et al., reporting in the Journal of Cell Biology, have identified an amino acid switch that flaviviruses flip to gain access to cells. (2008-10-20)

Ultrasound fusion imaging provides comparable accuracy for bone, soft tissue tumors
Biopsies using ultrasound fusion imaging for detecting bone and soft tissue cancers are safe, effective and just as accurate as conventional biopsy methods, according to a Henry Ford Hospital study. (2011-02-16)

How donut-shaped fusion plasmas managed to decrease adverse turbulence
In a paper published in EPJ H, Fritz Wagner from the Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics in Germany, gives a historical perspective outlining how our gradual understanding of improved confinement regimes for what are referred to as toroidal fusion plasmas -- confined in a donut shape using strong magnetic fields-- has developed since the 1980s. (2017-02-27)

Discovery of a new fusion gene class may affect the development of cancer
Cancer researchers at Lund University in Sweden have discovered a new class of fusion genes with properties that affect and may drive the development of cancer. (2017-10-05)

The mystery behind the building of muscle
Cell fusion, the union of precursor cells to form one large cell containing many nuclei, is crucial to the development and maintenance of several tissues; for example, the placenta, bone-reshaping osteoclasts and skeletal muscle. Little is known about the cell and molecular biology of the process in vertebrates. This research describes two vertebrate-specific cell surface receptors that are essential for fusion between muscle precursors in zebrafish: Jamb and Jamc. Loss-of-function of either of these proteins prevents fusion. (2011-12-13)

Taming plasmas: Improving fusion using microwaves
We all know microwaves are good for cooking popcorn, but scientists have recently shown they can also prevent dangerous waves in plasmas and help produce clean, nearly limitless energy with fusion. Fusion takes place when fast moving atomic particles slam into each other and stick together. The particles need to be so hot that atoms break down, leaving a gas of charged particles called a plasma. (2018-11-05)

Nuclear Fusion Is Now Possible On A Tabletop
Nuclear fusion can now be carried out on a tabletop, making it possible to study the process at a fraction of the usual cost. Physicists in California have triggered fusion using a small laser which has highly concentrated energy capable of fusing atoms. (1999-03-31)

A faster, cheaper path to fusion energy
Scientists are working to dramatically speed up the development of fusion energy in an effort to deliver power to the electric grid soon enough to help mitigate impacts of climate change. The arrival of a breakthrough technology -- high-temperature superconductors, which can be used to build magnets that produce stronger magnetic fields than previously possible -- could help them achieve this goal. Researchers plan to use this technology to build magnets at the scale required for fusion (2018-11-05)

Study: Violations of privacy rights by fusion centers are the exception, not the rule
Concerns that law enforcement fusion centers are violating individuals' privacy rights as they gather intelligence on terrorism, criminals and other threats to public safety are the exception and certainly not the rule, according to a study published in the Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology. (2016-07-22)

Study shows tale of 2 prognoses in pediatric brain tumor, pilocytic astrocytoma
Research presented at the American Society for Clinical Oncology Annual Meeting 2014 used a newly designed test for K:B fusion to show that point mutations lead to a more dangerous form of the disease than does K:B fusion. (2014-06-02)

Bringing fusion electricity to the grid
The European Fusion Development Agreement (EFDA) has published a roadmap which outlines how to supply fusion electricity to the grid by 2050. (2013-01-17)

Astrophysicists find fractal image of Sun's 'storm season' imprinted on solar wind
Plasma astrophysicists at the University of Warwick have found that key information about the Sun's (2007-05-25)

Researchers discover mechanism that allows rapid signal transmission between nerve cells
Researchers at Charité's NeuroCure Cluster of Excellence have successfully identified the mechanism behind rapid signal transmission. Their work, which has been published in the current issue of Nature Neuroscience*, shows that bridging by a specific protein is responsible for this high speed of transmission. (2017-12-13)

Hundred million degree fluid key to fusion: ANU media release
Scientists developing fusion energy experiments have solved a puzzle of why their million-degree heating beams sometimes fail, and instead destabilize the fusion experiments before energy is generated. The solution used a new theory based on fluid flow and will help scientists in the quest to create gases with temperatures over a hundred million degrees and harness them to create clean, endless, carbon-free energy with nuclear fusion. (2016-03-06)

Key cell-death step found
A fundamental cellular event related to programmed cell death has been decoded by cell biologists at UC Davis and Johns Hopkins University. The work could provide insights on two devastating inherited diseases. (2004-09-21)

Wave power could contain fusion plasma
Researchers at the University of Warwick's Centre for Fusion Space and Astrophysics and the UK Atomic Energy Authority's Culham Centre for Fusion Energy, may have found a way to channel the flux and fury of a nuclear fusion plasma into a means to help sustain the electric current needed to contain that very same fusion plasma. (2011-01-09)

Small-scale nuclear fusion may be a new energy source
Fusion energy may soon be used in small-scale power stations. This means producing environmentally friendly heating and electricity at a low cost from fuel found in water. Both heating generators and generators for electricity could be developed within a few years, according to research that has primarily been conducted at the University of Gothenburg. (2015-09-25)

1 step closer to a vaccine for a common respiratory disease
Young children and the elderly are especially susceptible to respiratory syncytial virus. The three-dimensional structure of respiratory syncytial virus has been solved by an international team from Finland and Switzerland. (2013-06-17)

Making 'sense' of the 'cart before the horse' in mammalian cells.
Researchers show that antisense RNA can mediated the formation of fusion genes. (2019-01-28)

Isotope movement holds key to the power of fusion reactions
Controlling the uniformity of hydrogen isotope density ratio in fusion plasma is a problem for realizing fusion energy. The researchers have reached a key understanding of the process to make the hydrogen isotope ratio uniform using the Large Helical Device at the National Institute for Fusion Science. The uniformity is determined by isotope movement under the influence of plasma turbulence. This understanding would help researchers to increase the power of fusion reactions. (2020-02-26)

A more accurate method to diagnose cancer subtypes
Garvan researchers have developed a method for detecting the products of 'fusion' genes in cancer cells more accurately than current clinical methods. (2019-03-27)

Tokamak experiments come clean about impurity transport
Innovative experiments and computer simulations at MIT explore the movement of impurities in fusion plasmas. (2011-11-10)

Demonstration of alpha particle confinement capability in helical fusion plasmas
A team of fusion researchers demonstrated that ions with energy in mega electron volt range are superiorly confined in a plasma for the first time in helical systems. This promises alpha particle confinement required for realizing fusion energy in a helical reactor. The results were obtained by deuterium plasma experiments in the Large Helical Device and with a newly developed detector for measuring neutrons created by the reaction between background deuterons and fusion-born energetic ions. (2019-07-29)

Molecular aspects of the dengue virus infection process: A review
At the present time, dengue is one of the most important arboviruses affecting man, becoming a serious global public health problem, especially in subtropical and tropical countries, where environmental conditions favor the development and proliferation of the mosquito Aedes aegypti. Dengue is caused by a type of flavivĂ­rus, which is an enveloped virus of spherical geometry. (2019-01-13)

Tecnalia involved in the characterization of materials and prototypes for ITER
Tecnalia has signed a contract with Fusion for Energy, the EU organisation managing Europe's contribution to ITER, for the provision of destructive and non-destructive testing of materials at room and elevated temperatures for ITER. ITER will be the world's largest experimental fusion facility, designed to demonstrate the scientific and technological feasibility of fusion power. (2017-03-02)

Characterising cold fusion in 2D models
Through a study published in EPJ D, researchers show theoretically how cold fusion driven by muon capture would unfold within 2D systems, without any need for approximations. (2020-12-16)

Fusion protein of single-chain variable domain fragments and myasthenia gravis
Dr. Fanping Meng and his team, College of Medicine, Yanbian University in China conjugated scFv and human serum albumin genes and detected the fusion protein in Pichia pastoris. (2014-07-09)

Frequent sun exposure may cue gene fusion found in skin cancer
Researchers from Kumamoto University, Japan have determined that a particular fusion gene has a tendency to be found in cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) lesions on skin exposed frequently to the sun. The fusion gene is unique to cSCC and appears to be related to frequent sun exposure. It is believed that the work will open doors to a new form of personalized cSCC treatment. (2017-12-14)

Department of Energy honors PPPL's DeLooper for outreach efforts
John DeLooper, Associate Director of External Affairs at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL), recently received the Department's Distinguished Associate Award. DeLooper was honored for his (2003-03-28)

17th International Conference on Cold Fusion Held in KAIST, South Korea
The 17th International Conference on Cold Fusion (ICCF-17) is being held in the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) in Daejeon this week Aug.12-17. (2012-08-14)

Simulations demonstrate ion heating by plasma oscillations for fusion energy
A research team of fusion scientists succeeded in proving that ions can be heated by plasma oscillations driven by high-energy particles. This has been confirmed by performing a large-scale simulation with a newly developed hybrid-simulation program that links calculations for plasma oscillations, high-energy particles and ions. This research will accelerate studies of plasma self-heating for realizing fusion energy. (2019-08-06)

Fusion reactors 'economically viable' say experts
Fusion reactors could become an economically viable means of generating electricity within a few decades, and policy makers should start planning to build them as a replacement for conventional nuclear power stations, according to new research. (2015-10-02)

Extinguishing a fusion fire in a flash of light
Detailed experiments in conjunction with computer modeling yields insights on the interaction of plasma, magnetic fields, and neon plumes used to protect fusion energy experiments. (2016-10-27)

Skin cancer-causing fusion gene identified
Fusion genes are hybrid genes formed as a result of gene rearrangement or mutation. They can be used to develop more effective treatments for cancers that express their own particular type of fusion gene. Researchers from Kumamoto and Kisato Universities in Japan have revealed a new fusion gene related to cutaneous angiosarcoma, a malignant form of skin cancer with a very poor survival rate. Its discovery will help to improve diagnostic and therapeutic techniques. (2015-11-01)

Fusion gene contributes to glioblastoma progression
In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, researchers led by Matti Annala at Tampere University of Technology in Finland identified a fusion between the FGFR3 and TACC3 genes in human glioblastoma samples. (2013-01-09)

Previewing the next steps on the path to a magnetic fusion power plant
This is a summary of PPPL physicist George 'Hutch' Neilson's presentation to 2013 AAAS Annual Meeting. (2013-02-16)

Study highlights new link between gene fusion and bladder and brain cancer
A study by the University of Warwick sheds new light on gene fusion in bladder and brain cancer. Researchers have found that a previously overlooked part of a specific gene fusion has a worsening effect on cancer cells. They have also found that preventing cell 'signalling' from this particular fusion may not be an effective route for future cancer treatment research. (2017-08-29)

Simple sandpile model helps solve problems of fusion power
Physicists from the University of Warwick, and the EURATOM/UKAEA fusion research programme at the Culham Science Centre, have found a new simple way of using the science of 'sandpiles' to achieve a clear model of how fusion plasma 'self organises' into a superstable state - a key to fusion power generation. (2001-02-20)

A new 'bent' on fusion
Success in cellular fusion -- as occurs at the moment of conception and when nerve cells exchange neurotransmitters -- requires that a membrane be bent before the merging process can begin, University of Wisconsin-Madison researchers have shown. (2009-08-20)

Live recordings of cell communication
A new method for nanoscale imaging of vesicle-fusion -- vesicles are biological nanosized containers -- could add to our understanding of diseases of the nervous system and viral infections. This could be useful in developing a cure for neurological diseases and mental disorders. Researchers from the University of Copenhagen are behind the new data, which have recently been published in the prestigious scientific journal PNAS. (2009-08-06)

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