Gastroenterology Current Events

Gastroenterology Current Events, Gastroenterology News Articles.
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Long neglected nutritional training for doctors at all levels needed now
The profession must take advantage of changes in medical education to ensure that all health professionals, but especially gut specialists, are given adequate training in nutrition, urge Dr. Penny Nield and colleagues, in the launch issue of Frontline Gastroenterology, the new quarterly companion journal to Gut. (2010-03-17)

Digestive symptoms are prominent among COVID-19 patients reveals study in The American Journal of Gastroenterology
The American Journal of Gastroenterology published today a new study that reveals digestive symptoms, including diarrhea, are common in COVID-19 patients. The study comes from the Wuhan Medical Treatment Expert Group for COVID-19 in China. (2020-03-18)

New guidelines address treatment of dangerous infection
The American Journal of Gastroenterology has published medical guidelines for the treatment of Helicobacter pylori infection, one of the most common worldwide infections and an important factor linked to the development of peptic ulcer disease, gastric malignancy and dyspeptic symptoms. (2007-08-17)

Reduce bloating and excess gas with a common antibiotic
In the first study of its kind, researchers discovered that rifaximin, an antibiotic used to treat diarrhea, is an effective treatment for abdominal bloating and flatulence, including in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) patients. This research is published in the February issue of The American Journal of Gastroenterology. (2006-02-15)

Low FODMAP diet and IBS recently published by Dove Medical Press
The evidence to date indicates that restriction of FODMAPs is an effective dietary intervention for reducing IBS symptoms. More studies are required for long-term efficacy of a low FODMAP diet and to ascertain any adverse outcomes from effects on the gut microbiota. (2016-06-20)

Study details link between obesity, carbs and esophageal cancer
Cases of esophageal cancer (adenocarcinoma) in the US have risen in recent decades from 300,000 cases in 1973 to 2.1 million in 2001 at age-adjusted rates. A new study published in the American Journal of Gastroenterology shows that these rates in the US closely mirrored trends of increased carbohydrate intake and obesity from 1973-2001. (2008-02-25)

Gastroenterology, CGH maintain strong 2011 impact factors
The American Gastroenterological Association is pleased to announce that both AGA journals maintained their strong standing with the release of the much anticipated 2011 impact factors. In a field of 74 gastroenterology and hepatology journals, Gastroenterology remains the No. 1 journal, with an impact factor of 11.68, and Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology retains its ranking at No. 8, with an impact factor of 5.63. (2012-07-06)

Endoscopy-based research can effect quality of life in healthy volunteers?
A research team from Germany prospectively analyzed the impact of an endoscopy-based long-term research on the quality of life (QOL) in healthy volunteers. Their results demonstrated that an endoscopy-based drug trial has no significant influence on the QOL in healthy volunteers even under rigorous conditions and a long-term protocol. (2010-02-04)

No link between acid reflux and survival
Study provides reassuring evidence that people with acid reflux symptoms do not have an increased risk of death, finding no difference in survival rates between sufferers and nonsufferers. (2008-01-03)

Experts to discuss emerging technologies in GI diagnosis and treatment
Important new therapeutic and diagnostic advances in gastroenterology herald a new area, but are these new technologies ready for prime time? Leading experts look at the impact of new technological breakthroughs in the GI field and what they mean for patient care. (2003-10-08)

Chronic constipation study offers relief to all sufferers
A clinical trial including 50 medical centers and 304 patients has confirmed that polyethylene (PEG) laxative is safe for patients suffering from chronic constipation. The study, published in The American Journal of Gastroenterology, indicates that even elderly patients can use the drug safely for up to six months. (2007-06-22)

Common alternative treatment for liver disease is found to be ineffective
Results of high-quality randomized clinical trials have determined that milk thistle extract, a widely used alternative medication, may not have any significant influence on the course of patients with alcoholic liver disease or hepatitis B or C liver disease. These findings are published in The American Journal of Gastroenterology. (2005-12-14)

Cortical response to biliary sensation
Elevated pressure of the extrahepatic bile duct may elicit a variety of symptoms ranging from various degrees of abdominal distention, discomfort, dyspepsia and pain. A study group from Japan used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to investigate the cerebral cortical response to biliary stimulation in human. The study suggests the possibility to detect hypersensitive conditions in functional biliary disorder using fMRI. (2010-04-12)

Hypnotherapy eases irritable bowel syndrome symptoms
Hypnotherapy seems to be very effective for easing the distressing symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome, and in a goodly proportion of cases, clears up symptoms altogether, reveal experts during a wide ranging discussion of the condition in a Frontline Gastroenterology podcast. (2010-03-17)

How to increase the efficacy of local excision of rectal cancer
Local tumor excision preserves anal, urinary and sexual function in patients with low rectal cancer. This study was to determine the prognostic factors for survival after local excision of rectal cancer. (2009-03-20)

Injecting botox into stomach does not promote weight loss
Despite conflicting data in support of the practice, some overweight Americans looking for an easy fix have turned to gastric botox injections to help them lose weight. This month in Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology, researchers from the Mayo Clinic publish a definitive study finding that Botox doesn't promote weight loss. (2013-01-28)

Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology most influential journal in field of clinical medicine
The American Gastroenterological Association Institute journal, Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology, is the medical journal with the most impact on the field of clinical medicine, according to a recent analysis of Essential Science Indicators data by Thompson Reuters. This impact was measured by the greatest percentage increase in citations for any clinical medical journal. (2009-01-21)

AGA publications unveil new iPad apps, website
In order to best meet the needs of members, the American Gastroenterological Association has launched new electronic offerings to make it easier for busy health-care professionals to stay abreast of the latest research and news in gastroenterology while on the go. (2012-10-09)

Blood testing links common foods and IBS
Researchers using comparison trials determined that irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) patients have elevated food-specific IgG4 antibodies to common foods such as wheat, beef, pork, lamb, and soya bean. These findings are published in the July issue of The American Journal of Gastroenterology. (2005-07-13)

A case of post-gastrectomy acute pancreatitis
A clinical research team from Taiwan reported a case of asymptomatic pancreatic divisum who underwent palliative subtotal gastrectomy for an advanced gastric cancer with liver metastasis. They concluded for patients with pancreas divisum or dominant duct of Santorini who fail to follow the normal post-operative course after gastrectomy, clinicians should be alert to the possibility of post-gastrectomy acute pancreatitis as one of the potential diagnoses. (2009-10-16)

Diabetes doubles risk of liver disease and liver cancer
In the largest study of its kind, researchers have shown that diabetes can cause chronic liver disease and cancer of the liver. The public health significance of these findings is potentially large as it is estimated that 18.2 million people in the United States have diabetes. (2004-02-12)

Endoscopic resection of a large ileal lipoma
A research team from Japan reported a case of a large lipoma, 50 mm in diameter, in the terminal ileum, which was completely removed by a combination of the so-called endoscopic unroofing technique and endoscopic submucosal dissection. (2010-04-09)

Treatment for disease that affects estimated 1 in 2000 children gets them to eat again
Pediatric researchers from Indiana University School of Medicine and Riley Hospital report that treatment of eosinophilic esophagitis, an inflammatory condition known as EE that often mimics reflux and can cause refusal to eat, with oral or swallowed/sprayed steroids results in significant patient improvement, but that if discontinued relapse is common. EE affects one in 2,000 children. (2008-02-28)

A promising endoscopic technique for rectal carcinoids
This study compared between a ligation device with three dimensional ultrasonography and EMR-L alone for rectal carcinoids. The rate of complete resection for EMR-L with 3D-EUS and EMR alone was 100 percent and 71 percent. The vertical resection margin of EMR-L with 3D-EUS group was longer than that of EMR alone group. EMR-L is effective as an endoscopic treatment for rectal carcinoids. In combination with 3D-EUS, a safe and complete resection is assured. (2008-09-23)

A new endoscopic technique for gastrointestinal perforations: the over-the-scope-clip
A research team from Italy successfully used a new endoscopic device, the over-the-scope-clip (OTSC), for the first time, to seal and close two gastrointestinal fistulas developed after gastric banding erosion. The OTSC may represent a less invasive and cheaper method to close chronic small fistulas or leaks than covered self expandable stent placement. (2010-04-09)

Colorectal cancer in China
A research team from China gained a broader picture of colorectal cancer (CRC) in Guangdong Province and provided important information on the changing epidemiology of this disease over a period of 20 years. They found that the hospitalization rate for CRC has increased over the past 20 years in Guangdong. The characteristics of CRC are different in the five hospitals located in the four different geographic areas. (2010-03-04)

Budesonide provides lasting relief for Crohn's disease patients
In a study published in The American Journal of Gastroenterology, researchers found that budesonide capsules are an effective treatment to prolong and maintain the period of remission of Crohn's disease. Previous studies have demonstrated that budesonide is effective for inducing remission of Crohn's disease. (2005-09-12)

A new insight on ethanol-induced gastric mucosa injury
Drinking exaggerates the damage of gastric mucosa. A research group in China investigated the alteration of mitochondrial genome in gastric epithelial cells affected by acute or chronic drinking. They showed the damage was related to oxidative stress, which disturbed energy metabolism of mitochondria and may play a critical role. (2008-10-23)

Vitamin D deficiency in cirrhosis
A research team from Denmark examined the vitamin D status in patients with alcoholic cirrhosis compared to those with primary biliary cirrhosis. They found that vitamin D deficiency in cirrhosis relates to liver dysfunction rather than etiology, with lower levels of vitamin D in alcoholic cirrhosis than in primary biliary cirrhosis. (2011-03-15)

SAGE to launch United European Gastroenterology Journal
SAGE and United European Gastroenterology (UEG) today announced an agreement to launch United European Gastroenterology Journal (UEG Journal) in February 2013. (2012-08-30)

Clinical course of subepithelial lesions
A research team from South Korea determined the natural history and provided a basis of surveillance of incidentally detected, asymptomatic subepithelial lesions. Their study showed that most small subepithelial lesions do not change, and regular follow-up with endoscopy may be considered, especially for lesions < 1 cm in diameter. (2010-02-05)

Incontinence sufferers have lower quality of life
An article published in the American Journal of Gastroenterology highlights the ongoing debate over whether testing is necessary prior to diagnosis and treatment of patients with fecal incontinence (FI), the involuntary discharge of bowel contents. FI sufferers deal with significant quality of life issues and their condition often remains undiagnosed. (2006-12-15)

Is it reasonable to perform polypectomy without interruption of anticoagulation?
A research team from the United States reviewed their experience of removing small colon polyps without interrupting anticoagulation. They reported that polypectomy can be performed in therapeutically anti-coagulated patients with lesions up to 1 cm in size with an acceptable bleeding rate. (2009-05-07)

Acute pancreatitis and cholangitis: a complication caused by a migrated gastrostomy tube
Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy is generally considered to be safe with a low rate of serious complications. However, dislocation of a gastrostomy tube can lead to serious complications. A research group led by Dr. Imamura experienced a very rare complication of acute pancreatitis and cholangitis caused by migrated gastrostomy tube. It is important to secure a PEG-tube at skin level, especially a couple of days after it is replaced. (2007-10-25)

The aetiology of acute gastrointestinal bleeding in aged patients
The incidence of acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding (AUGIB) in aged patients has been increasing rapidly over the last years in the Western World. Two clinical groups from Greece analyzed the aetiology and clinical outcome of AUGIB in aged patients and examined the factors related to mortality in octogenarians with AUGIB. They found that rebleeding and emergency surgery rates are relatively low in octogenarians with AUGIB, severe co-morbidity is the main factor of adverse outcome. (2008-09-23)

Which treatment is effective in maintaining remission in ulcerative colitis: Probiotic or placebo?
A research team from China compared the therapeutic effects of probiotics treatment and nonprobiotics treatment on ulcerative colitis in remission induction and maintenance. The meta-analysis showed that probiotic treatment was more effective than placebo in maintaining remission in ulcerative colitis. (2010-04-19)

Prognosis for intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms
A research team from Japan investigated the prognostic significance of the coexistence of metachronous and synchronous cancer in branch duct intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms of the pancreas (IPMN). They concluded that the presence of intra- or extra-pancreatic cancer is the main prognostic factor, rather than IPMN per se to decide on the prognosis for IPMN. (2010-04-19)

An etiological role for H. pylori in autoimmune gastritis
Autoimmune type atrophic gastritis is a severe gastric atrophy associated with vitamin B12 deficiency. The reason for the disappearance of acid secreting cells from gastric mucosa is not fully understood, but the role of Helicobacter pylori in initiating the mucosal damage is suspected in animal studies. A study found signs of previous H. pylori infection in patients with autoimmune type atrophic gastritis. (2010-01-14)

Arab Journal of Gastroenterology accepted for MEDLINE indexing
Elsevier Middle East announces that the Arab Journal of Gastroenterology has been selected for inclusion in MEDLINE, the premier bibliographic database of the US National Library of Medicine (NLM). Citations for articles indexed, the indexing terms and the abstract printed in the journal are now searchable using PubMed. Indexing using the US National Library of Medicine's (NLM) advanced MeSH terminology will begin in the current volume of the journal. (2011-06-22)

A human hepatoma multidrug resistant cell line in vitro
Drug resistance is still a major impediment in the treatment of cancer. A recent study from China describes the establishment of a multidrug resistant (MDR) cell line, SK-Hep-1/CDDP, which can be used as an in vivo model to investigate the molecular mechanisms involved in MDR-related genes of hepatocarcinoma and to explore the targeted approaches for overcoming MDR in tumor cells. (2010-05-12)

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