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Clinical consensus: Paracetamol's broad tolerability confirmed
'Clinical Consensus - An International Update on Paracetamol' - symposium confirms the role of paracetamol as the first- line therapy of choice in adults and children with fever and pain. (1999-11-07)

What makes a video game great? There's now a scientific way to stop GUESSing
Human factors researchers developed the Game User Experience Satisfaction Scale (GUESS), a psychometrically validated instrument that measures satisfaction on key factors such as playability, narratives, creative freedom, social connectivity, and visual aesthetics. (2016-09-19)

Knowledge about incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse lower among women of color
Knowing what symptoms to look for may help women with pelvic floor disorders improve their chances of successful treatment. But knowledge of these disorders is lacking among most women, and especially among women of color, according to a new study by researchers at Yale School of Medicine. (2013-10-29)

Difficulty in noticing that white people are white, new study finds
A new study published today in Journal of Experimental Psychology: General has found that people fail to notice that white people are white. (2017-01-10)

Handlebar level can affect sexual health of female cyclists
A new study published in the Journal of Sexual Medicine reveals that handlebar position is associated with changes in genital sensation in female cyclists. (2012-07-09)

Rutgers computer scientists work to strengthen online security
If you forget your password when logging into an e-mail or online shopping Web site, the site will likely ask you a security question: What is your mother's maiden name? Where were you born? The trouble is that such questions are not very secure. But Rutgers computer scientists are testing a new tactic that could be both easier and more secure. (2009-11-09)

High post-pregnancy BMI raises pelvic organ prolapse risk
Maintaining a normal body mass index (BMI) is important for good cardiovascular health and blood sugar control, but maintaining it after pregnancy can also be key to preventing pelvic organ prolapse, according to a new study by Yale School of Medicine researchers. (2015-10-26)

Teenagers know about condoms ... so why don't they use them?
A review of research has revealed striking similarities in the influences on young people's sexual behavior across the world. The review of qualitative studies, published today in the Lancet, looked at 268 studies of the sexual behavior of under-25-year-olds from South Africa to Sweden. It reveals how, in all countries, social expectations of how men and women should behave frustrate campaigners' efforts to encourage safer sex. (2006-11-02)

Detecting knee-cushion problems early could lead to better treatments
The menisci, best known as the shock absorbers in the knee, help disperse pressure, reduce friction and nourish the knee. Now, new research from the University of Missouri shows even small changes in the menisci can hinder their ability to perform critical knee functions. (2015-05-04)

Older patients less likely to receive care in the ICU
The older you are, the less likely you are to be cared for in an intensive care unit (ICU) during the course of a serious illness, according to a study of more than one million Medicare beneficiaries presented at the American Thoracic Society International Conference in Orlando on May 24. (2004-05-24)

Decreased genital sensation in competitive women cyclists
Women who participated in prolonged, frequent bicycling had decreased genital sensation and were more likely to have a history of genital pain than women runners, researchers in the Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology & Reproductive Sciences at Yale School of Medicine and the Albert Einstein College of Medicine report in the current issue of the Journal of Sexual Medicine. (2006-11-22)

Out of sight, out of mind? Not necessarily
Visual information can be processed unconsciously when the area of the brain that records what the eye sees is temporarily shut down, according to research at Rice University in Houston. The study suggests the brain has more than one pathway along which visual information can be sent. (2005-10-31)

Babies learn words differently as they age, researcher finds
In a new study, a University of Missouri researcher has found that toddlers learn words differently as they age, and a limit exists as to how many words they can learn each day. These findings could help parents enhance their children's vocabularies and assist speech-language professionals in developing and refining interventions to help children with language delays. (2014-09-17)

Video game system technology helping physical therapists, athletic trainers
Motion-based lab technology can help physical therapists, clinicians and athletic trainers analyze how we move -- it also is very expensive. Some motion labs can cost upward of $100,000. Now, a team of University of Missouri researchers is finding that the depth camera often associated with video game systems can provide a variety of health care providers with objective information to improve patient care. (2017-12-07)

Standards for measuring narrowing of carotid arteries too aggressive
Standards for measuring the narrowing of the carotid artery using ultrasound may be too aggressive, resulting in some needless follow-up tests and procedures according to researchers at the University of Chicago Medical Center. (2007-06-07)

Vaginal delivery ups risk of pelvic organ prolapse
Women who give birth vaginally are at increased risk of developing pelvic organ prolapse during the year after delivery, according to a study of Chinese women by researchers at Yale School of Medicine and Wenzhou Third People's Hospital. (2013-07-02)

Brain scans shine light on how we solve clues
Partnered with machine learning, brain scans reveal how people understand objects in our world. (2019-02-25)

New study suggests prostate screening should be done earlier, every two years
Although medical scientists still debate the effectiveness of prostate cancer screening known as serum prostate-specific antigen testing and even of prostate cancer treatments themselves, the PSA procedure is performed widely to detect the deadly illness earlier. A new study conducted at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill suggests that current PSA screening strategies should be changed. (2000-09-18)

The big problem of small data: A new approach
You've heard of 'big data' but what about small? Researches have crafted a modern approach that could solve a decades-old problem in statistics. (2018-10-18)

How secure are four and six-digit mobile phone PINs?
A German-American team of IT security researchers has investigated how users choose the PIN for their mobile phones and how they can be convinced to use a more secure number combination. They found that six-digit PINs actually provide little more security than four-digit ones. They also showed that the blacklist used by Apple to prevent particularly frequent PINs could be optimised and that it would make even greater sense to implement one on Android devices. (2020-03-11)

Health care is about to get smarter: The artificial intelligence boom
It is predicted that the use of AI in health care will grow tenfold in the next five years, and not all of the medical applications will be for doctors. The technology is accelerating drug discovery, increasing compliance and even tracking changes in markers of 'youthfulness,' empowering people to better manage their own health. (2016-02-23)

Rich man, poor man: study shows body language can indicate socioeconomic status
A new study in Psychological Science reveals that nonverbal cues can give away a person's socioeconomic status (SES). Volunteers whose parents were from upper SES backgrounds displayed more disengagement-related behaviors compared to participants from lower SES backgrounds. In addition, when a separate group of observers were shown 60 second clips of the videos, they were able to correctly guess the participants' SES background, based on their body language. (2009-02-04)

Hispanics face significant racial discrimination in New York City's rental housing market
Hispanics experience significant levels of racial discrimination in the rental housing market, according to a new study. Compared to whites, they are 28 percent less likely to have a landlord return their calls and 49 percent less likely to receive an offer at all. (2018-10-24)

Annals of Internal Medicine, tip sheet, August 15, 2000
1) Zinc Lozenges Reduced Symptoms and Length of Colds;
2)Antiretroviral Therapy Cut HIV in Semen in Some But Not All Samples (2000-08-14)

Nurses wash their hands more often than doctors
Nurses are more conscientious handwashers than doctors, finds a study in this week's Christmas issue of the BMJ. Hand washing is a quick, cheap and easy way of preventing the spread of infection. (2003-12-18)

New study improves 'crowd wisdom' estimates
In a new study published in the Journal of the Royal Society Interface, researchers Albert Kao (Harvard University), Andrew Berdahl (Santa Fe Institute), and their colleagues examined just how accurate our collective intelligence is and how individual bias and information sharing skew aggregate estimates. Using their findings, they developed a mathematical correction that takes into account bias and social information to generate an improved crowd estimate. (2018-04-18)

Giving children non-verbal clues about words boosts vocabularies
The clues that parents give toddlers about words can make a big difference in how deep their vocabularies are when they enter school, new research at the University of Chicago shows. By using words to reference objects in the visual environment, parents can help young children learn new words, according to the research. (2013-06-24)

Psychologists suggest parents should wait to teach toddlers self-control
Psychologists suggest that it may be detrimental to the developing brain to push it toward maturity too soon. (2009-12-01)

Dive discovers missing aircraft hangar of sunken WW II-era Japanese submarine
A recent survey of newly discovered submarine wreck successfully located, mapped and captured on video for the first time not only the submarine's hangar and conning tower (navigation platform), and the submarine's bell. The massive aircraft hangar, large enough to launch three float-plane bombers, was the defining feature of the I-400. (2015-04-28)

"Knock codes" for smartphone security are easily predicted, researchers say
Smartphone owners who unlock their devices with knock codes aren't as safe as they think, according to new research. (2020-07-14)

URI oceanographers discover how planetary waves affect phytoplankton production
Three University of Rhode Island Graduate School of Oceanography (GSO) scientists have discovered that planetary waves traveling thousands of miles have a significant impact on the abundance of phytoplankton in the upper ocean, and may play a role in predicting global warming. (2001-04-24)

Ritual threats of violence in small Newfoundland communities are method of creating trust
Residents of small isolated fishing villages on the northern peninsula of Newfoundland have participated in the ritual of (2007-10-08)

Why we stick to false beliefs: Feedback trumps hard evidence
Ever wonder why flat earthers, birthers, climate change and Holocaust deniers stick to their beliefs in the face of overwhelming evidence to the contrary? New findings suggest that feedback, rather than hard evidence, boosts people's sense of certainty when learning new things or trying to tell right from wrong. (2018-09-04)

Stereotypes about 'brilliance' affect girls' interests as early as age 6, new study finds
By the age of 6, girls become less likely than boys to associate brilliance with their own gender and are more likely to avoid activities said to require brilliance, shows a new study conducted by researchers at New York University, the University of Illinois, and Princeton University. (2017-01-26)

Insilico Medicine launches a deep learned biomarker of aging, Aging.AI 2.0 for testing
Insilico Medicine, Inc., a company applying latest advances in deep learning to biomarker development, drug discovery and aging research, launched Aging.AI 2.0. Comparing Aging.AI 1.0 using 41 blood biochemistry biomarkers, Aging.AI 2.0 uses just 33 parameters from the blood test and has slightly higher mean absolute error. (2016-11-14)

Scientists discover what happens in our brains when we make educated guesses
Researchers have identified how cells in our brains work together to join up memories of separate experiences, allowing us to make educated guesses in everyday life. By studying both human and mouse brain activity, they report that this process happens in a region of the brain called the hippocampus. (2020-09-17)

Expert opinion: COVID-19 vaccine rollout unlikely before fall 2021
Experts working in the field of vaccine development tend to believe that an effective vaccine is not likely to be available for the general public before the fall of 2021. In a paper published this week in the Journal of General Internal Medicine, a McGill-led team published the results of a recent survey of 28 experts working in vaccinology. (2020-10-01)

'Gaydar' revisited
A new study by Northeastern researchers explores the differences between straight and lesbian women's perceptions of other women. (2014-03-04)

U of M researchers find smart decisions for changing environmental times
Recognizing that (2011-06-21)

Seeing the quantum future... literally
Sydney scientists have demonstrated the ability to 'see' the future of quantum systems and used that knowledge to preempt their demise, in a major achievement that could help bring the strange and powerful world of quantum technology closer to reality. Although applications of quantum-enabled technologies are compelling, quantum physicists had previously been stymied by the most significant obstacle to building reliable quantum technologies -- 'decoherence' or the randomization of quantum systems by their environments. (2017-01-14)

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