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CD4 cell count key predictive risk factor for both AIDS-defining and non-AIDS-defining cancers in patients with HIV
Immunodeficiency (falling CD4 cell count) increases the risk of at least seven cancers in people with HIV. (2009-10-07)
Has HIV become more virulent?
Damage to patients' immune systems is happening sooner now than it did at the beginning of the HIV epidemic, suggesting the virus has become more virulent, according to a new study in the May 1, 2009, issue of Clinical Infectious Diseases, now available online. (2009-04-07)
Gladstone to receive $5.6 million in federal funds to seek a cure for AIDS
The Gladstone Institutes will receive grants totaling $5.6 million over five years as part of the first-ever major funding initiative focusing on HIV eradication. (2011-07-11)
Northwestern, partners launch AIDS research center to stop HIV
A new $6.25 million NIH grant will create a Third Coast Coast Center for AIDS Research to help investigators from Northwestern University, the University of Chicago and others across the city of Chicago work together to slow and stop HIV. (2015-08-31)
New monkey model for AIDS offers promise for medical research
Rockefeller University researchers announce that they have coaxed a slightly modified form of the HIV-1 virus to not only infect pigtailed macaques but to cause full blown AIDS in the primates, an accomplishment that could accelerate the search for new AIDS treatments or vaccines. (2014-06-19)
BU researchers explore possible link between cognitive depressive symptoms and antiretroviral therapy uptake
Researchers from Boston University's School of Medicine and College of Arts and Sciences found that among HIV-infected Russian drinkers, depressive symptom severity alone was not significantly associated with lower rates of antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation. (2013-12-20)
Early-capture HIV study allows for characterization of acute infection period
In a study by the US Military HIV Research Program published in The New England Journal of Medicine, scientists enrolled and intensively followed a cohort of high-risk individuals, tracking their HIV status and characterizing the disease through the acute stages of HIV infection. (2016-05-18)
Novel mathematical model predicts new wave of drug-resistant HIV infections in San Francisco
A mathematical model shows that a new wave of drug-resistant HIV is rising among among men in San Francisco who have sex with men and that this trend will continue over the next few years, according to a new study from the UCLA AIDS Institute. (2008-02-17)
New insights into HIV vaccine will improve drug development
Four years ago, a potential HIV vaccine showed promise against the virus that causes AIDS, but it fell short of providing the broad protection necessary to stem the spread of disease. (2013-01-10)
Antiretroviral resistance testing in HIV infected patients improves health and saves costs
In a newly published study Swiss researchers document that antiretroviral resistance testing in HIV infected patients with treatment failure not only leads to better health but also saves costs to society. (2007-01-23)
Virco HIV resistance tests can predict response to therapy
A study presented today at the 1st International AIDS Society Conference on HIV Pathogenesis and Treatment shows that Virco's resistance tests can predict clinical response to HIV treatment for up to two years. (2001-07-10)
International AIDS training and research program awarded $3.6 million from NIH
The Fogarty International Center of the National Institutes of Health has awarded a five-year, $3.6 million grant to an international AIDS training and research program based at the Miriam Hospital to continue training foreign researchers in countries most affected by the HIV/AIDS epidemic. (2010-07-08)
Gladstone scientists identify genetic link that may neutralize HIV
A genetic target may provide a significant new opportunity for vaccine or therapeutic development. (2008-09-04)
Canadian study shows introduction of highly active antiretroviral treatment for HIV patients has halved new HIV diagnoses since 1996
A Canadian study being presented at the forthcoming International AIDS Society conference shows that the annual number of new HIV diagnoses has more than halved since the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy for HIV patients in 1996. (2010-07-18)
Safer sex: Study examines sexual communication in transgender community
A new study from North Carolina State University shows that talking about safer sex is a complicated process for individuals in the transgender community. (2011-06-02)
Childhood sexual abuse and social shaming linked to health issues later
Gay and bisexual men enrolled in a long-term study of HIV who reported sexual abuse and social shaming in childhood experience psychosocial health problems later in life that could put them at greater risk for HIV, report University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health researchers at the XVIII International AIDS Conference. (2010-07-21)
HIV active in tissues of patients who were treated, study shows
UCSF researchers have found in autopsy tissue samples of patients treated with antiretrovirals that the virus evolved and migrated among tissues similar to the way it did in patients who had never received antiretroviral treatment, despite the fact that the treated patients had undetectable levels of virus in their blood. (2016-10-20)
Promising HIV vaccine strategy identified in monkey studies
Vaccines designed to trigger an immune response to a small HIV protein called Tat could be a promising way to fend off the virus, intriguing new data suggest. (2000-09-20)
10 million injecting drug users worldwide have hepatitis C and 1.3 million have hepatitis B
To coincide with World Hepatitis Day, an article is being published online first by the Lancet detailing the first global estimates of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection prevalence in injecting drug users (IDUs). (2011-07-27)
Tips from the journals of the American Society for Microbiology
This press release contains information for the following articles: Combined testing methods may rapidly detect hepatitis A in strawberry and green onion rinses; Antimicrobial peptides from amphibian skin may inhibit transmission of HIV; New method for simultaneously detecting staphylococcal and botulinum toxins in food. (2005-09-15)
HIV/AIDS vaccines: Defining what works
A team of researchers led by scientists at the Scripps Research Institute in La Jolla, Calif., has developed a strategy for inducing a key part of an effective immune response to HIV. (2013-07-18)
The American Society for Microbiology honors Zachary A. Klase
Zachary A. Klase, Ph.D., National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, M.D., has been chosen by the American Society for Microbiology (ASM) to receive a 2011 ICAAC Young Investigator Award for his outstanding research on HIV-1 pathogenesis and RNA interference mechanisms in mammalian cells. (2011-09-13)
More secondary schooling reduces HIV risk
Longer secondary schooling substantially reduces the risk of HIV infection -- especially for girls -- and could be a very cost-effective way to halt the spread of the virus, according to researchers from Harvard T.H. (2015-06-28)
Wayne State University project aims to reduce HIV, AIDS among African-Americans
A grant from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, administered by the Michigan Department of Community Health, is helping a Wayne State University researcher's effort to promote HIV testing among African-Americans. (2012-02-01)
Scientists discover clues to inflammatory disease
University of Florida scientists studying two inflammation-related diseases, HIV and rheumatoid arthritis, identified changes in specific proteins linked to the action of macrophages, white blood cells that are key to the body's natural defenses. (2010-07-15)
NIH modifies 'VOICE' HIV prevention study in women
A large-scale clinical trial evaluating whether daily use of an oral tablet or vaginal gel containing antiretroviral drugs can prevent HIV infection in women is being modified because an interim review found that the study cannot show that one of the study products, oral tenofovir, marketed under the trade name Viread, is effective. (2011-09-28)
Guidelines issued for metabolic complications related to HIV & antiretrovirals
The first comprehensive recommendations for assessing, monitoring and treating metabolic complications such as insulin resistance and abnormal body fat distribution that are occurring in association with HIV infection and antiretroviral therapy have been issued by an International AIDS Society-USA (IAS-USA) volunteer panel. (2002-11-04)
Sexually transmitted diseases, malaria, and tuberculosis and the HIV-1/AIDS epidemic in Africa
The effect of HIV-1 on other infectious diseases in Africa is an increasing public health concern. (2002-06-20)
CONRAD receives $24 million from Gates Foundation and USAID for HIV microbicide trials
The CONRAD program of the Eastern Virginia Medical School today announced that it has received a $12M grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, with $12 million in matching funds committed by the US Agency for International Development (USAID), for a total of $24M. (2005-05-03)
HIV dearms protective protein in cells
The AIDS-causing HIV specifically counteracts the mechanisms of human cells that protect these against viral infections -- a special viral protein marks protective cellular proteins for their rapid destruction and thus diminishes the cell's supply. (2009-04-15)
Penn nursing & NY Blood Center receive grant to create women's HIV prevention program
The University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing (Penn Nursing) and the New York Blood Center, in partnership with local community consulting groups, have received a $769,578 grant from the National Institute of Mental Health to embark on designing an awareness program on the usage of the daily oral medication Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP). (2016-11-21)
NIH study examines best time for healthy HIV-infected people to begin antiretrovirals
A major new clinical trial seeks to determine whether HIV-infected asymptomatic individuals have less risk of developing AIDS or other serious illness if they begin taking antiretrovirals sooner rather than later, based on their level of CD4+ T-cells. (2011-03-07)
AIDS development can be monitored and predicted
A potentially less expensive tracking HIV tracking device may be beneficial to people with HIV and their phsicians. (2003-09-10)
Vaccine shown effective against chancroid
Researchers found that immunizing swine with a purified hemoglobin receptor protected the animals from a challenge infection, even after multiple attempts at infection. (2006-05-05)
International 15-year study shows most dominant HIV subtype is also 'wimpiest'
An international study 15 years in the making has shown that it's 'survival of the wimpiest' among subtypes and strains when it comes to understanding the spread of HIV/AIDS around the world, a virus that has killed an estimated 35 million people since the 1970s. (2016-10-13)
Embargoed news from Annals of Internal Medicine
Below is information about an article being published in the October 9 issue of Annals of Internal Medicine. (2012-10-08)
Amanda Fisher receives EMBO Gold Medal
Amanda Fisher, group head at the MRC Clinical Science Centre, London (U.K.), is this year's winner of the EMBO Gold Medal. (2002-10-08)
Multivitamins improve birth outcomes among children born to HIV-negative women
In a new study, the largest to date, researchers from the Harvard School of Public Health and Muhimbili University College of Health Sciences in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, found that giving daily multivitamin supplements to HIV-negative women during pregnancy significantly reduced the risks of low birth weight and a small- for-gestational age birth size. (2007-04-04)
HIV drug resistance is increasing in the UK
The prevalence of transmitted HIV drug resistance in the United Kingdom is increasing, according to a study in this week's BMJ. (2001-05-03)
Scripps research scientists determine structure of immune molecule that counteracts HIV strains
In findings that contribute to efforts to design an AIDS vaccine, a team led by Scripps Research Institute scientists has determined the structure of an immune system antibody molecule that effectively acts against most strains of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), the virus that causes AIDS. (2010-06-01)
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