Infection Current Events

Infection Current Events, Infection News Articles.
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Risk of liver cancer from hepatitis B persists even after clearing the virus
Long-term infection with hepatitis B virus (HBV) can cause liver inflammation and increase the risk of liver cancer. Researchers from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, however, found that resolving HBV infection was not associated with reduced rates of liver cancer. (2016-04-22)

New test allows for one-step diagnosis of HCV infection
The current standard in diagnosing Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection requires two sequential steps that make it suboptimal, costly, inconvenient, time consuming, and globally not widely available or affordable. Now researchers have developed a novel enzyme immunoassay that accomplishes screening and diagnosis in one simple and affordable step. (2016-06-07)

C-diff infection 4 times more likely to kill patients with inflammatory bowel disease
Clostridium difficile infection is four times more likely to kill patients with inflammatory bowel disease, suggests research published ahead of print in the journal Gut. C difficile is an important cause of diarrhea among inpatients, and the numbers of new cases of the infection have been steadily increasing in recent years. (2007-09-26)

Doctors and patients poorly informed about herpes
Family doctors and patients with herpes are poorly informed about the viral infection, indicate the results of an online survey, published ahead of print in the journal Sexually Transmitted Infections. (2007-11-22)

"Rare" infection found to be common in city kids
Albert Einstein College of Medicine researchers have found that 70 percent of non-immunocompromised children over age 5 living in urban areas have been infected with the fungus, Cryptococcus neoformans, commonly found in adults with AIDS. Further study is required to determine the implications of this surprising finding. (2001-05-06)

Researchers identify potential Zika virus target
New research provides insights into why infection with Zika virus after birth generally causes only mild symptoms, whereas devastating fetal malformations can develop when infection occurs during pregnancy. (2017-05-04)

MRSA deaths on the rise
Infections due to MRSA seem to be an increasing cause of death in England and Wales, concludes a study in this week's BMJ. (2002-12-12)

Uncircumcised boys at higher risk of urinary tract infections
Uncircumcised boys are at higher risk of urinary tract infection, regardless of whether the urethra is visible, found a new study published in CMAJ. (2012-07-09)

Research provides clues to how Zika virus breaches the placental barrier
New research reveals that in pregnant women, Zika virus infection damages certain cells that affect placental formation and function. Furthermore, herpes simplex virus-2 (HSV-2) infection augments placental sensitivity to Zika virus by enhancing the expression of receptors that allow Zika virus to enter cells. (2016-10-13)

Flu-induced stress response is critical for resistance to secondary infection
A new study reveals how infection with the influenza virus impacts the way that the immune system responds to subsequent infections. The research, published by Cell Press in the Feb. 18 issue of the journal Cell Host and Microbe, provides a new understanding of the physiological and pathological consequences of the flu. (2010-02-17)

Sweat may pass on hepatitis B in contact sports
Sweat may be another way to pass on hepatitis B infection during contact sports, suggests research published ahead of print in the British Journal of Sports Medicine. Hepatitis B virus attacks the liver and can cause lifelong infection, cirrhosis (scarring) of the liver, liver cancer, liver failure and death. (2007-03-01)

Scientists explain link between chlamydia and ectopic pregnancy
Women who have had chlamydia are at greater risk of an ectopic pregnancy because of a lasting effect of the infection. A new study provides evidence for the first time of how chlamydia can increase the risk of an ectopic pregnancy -- which occurs when an embryo implants outside the womb, in the fallopian tube. (2011-01-11)

Fears about complications shouldn't drive antibiotic prescribing
Antibiotics are not justified to reduce the risk of complications after upper respiratory tract infection, sore throat, or ear infection, finds a study published on bmj.com today. (2007-10-18)

Zika-related nerve damage caused by immune response to the virus
The immune system's response to the Zika virus, rather than the virus itself, may be responsible for nerve-related complications of infection, according to a Yale study. This insight could lead to new ways of treating patients with Zika-related complications, such as Guillain-Barré syndrome, the researchers said. (2017-11-20)

Childhood virus may increase type 1 diabetes risk
The most common cause of severe diarrhea in children, the rotavirus infection, has been shown to accelerate the development of type 1 diabetes in mice, according to new University of Melbourne research. (2014-03-27)

Yearly mass antibiotic treatment could help eliminate leading cause of blindness
Giving communities with high levels of Chlamydia trachomatis yearly mass antibiotic treatment over a few years could be sufficient to eliminate eye infection caused by the bacterium, suggests an article in this week's issue of The Lancet. (2005-10-06)

Misconceptions about sexual violence common among South African youth
Misconceptions about sexual violence and the risk of HIV infection and AIDS are common among South African youth, finds a study in this week's BMJ. (2004-10-21)

New targets for rabies prevention and treatment
Researchers have identified genes that may be involved in determining whether an individual is sensitive or resistant to rabies virus infection. (2015-03-16)

News tips from the Journal of Neuroscience
Coxsackievirus B (CVB) infections can cause serious consequences such as meningoencephalitis, particularly in newborns and young children. This week, Feuer et al. track the insidious path of CVB3 infection in neonatal mice. (2005-03-01)

UofL infection prevention and control expert to influence national health-care leaders
A faculty member at the University of Louisville School of Public Health & Information Sciences has been selected to advise national health-care leaders on infection control policy. (2011-05-18)

Study finds respiratory symptoms more reliable indicator of H1N1, not fever alone
New research shows that individuals with mild H1N1 infection may go undetected using standard diagnostic criteria, according to a study in the August issue of the American Journal of Infection Control, the official publication of the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology. The study concludes that coughing or other respiratory symptoms are more accurate in determining influenza infection than presence of a fever. (2010-07-29)

Transmission of HIV remains high among homosexual and bisexual men
The level of undiagnosed HIV-1 infection among homosexual and bisexual men did not fall between 1993 and 1998, indicating a high level of continuing transmission, finds a study in this week's BMJ. (2000-11-23)

Travel ban could reduce spread of SARS or other infectious diseases
Restricting travel could help reduce the spread of infections like SARS by more than 50 percent. In a study published today in the open access journal BMC Medicine, Swedish researchers simulated infection scenarios and tested the impact of travel restrictions on the spread of infection. They show that banning trips longer than 50 km would greatly reduce the spread of infection, even if 30 percent of the population did not comply. (2006-12-13)

Shining a light on disease -- tracking light-emitting bacteria during infection
By attaching light-emitting genes to infectious bacteria in an experimental system, researchers at University College, Cork, Ireland, have been able to track where in the body the bacteria go -- giving an insight into the path of the infection process leading to the development of more targeted treatments (2009-09-08)

Study finds infection rates on the rise in the USA, particularly among people with diabetes
Infection-related hospitalizations in the USA are on the rise, particularly among people with diabetes, suggesting that more must be done to protect people with diabetes from preventable complications, according to new research being presented at this year's European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD) Annual Meeting in Berlin. (2018-10-02)

Lower social class linked to increased risk of postoperative MRSA infection
Results of a UK study in this week's issue of The Lancet suggest that people from the poorest socioeconomic backgrounds could be up to seven times more likely to get postoperative infection with meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) than people from affluent social groups. (2004-02-26)

Helicobacter pylori acquisition most common in young children
A US study in this week's issue of THE LANCET highlights how most newly acquired infections of the intestinal bacterium Helicobacter pylori probably occur in children younger than 10 years of age. The authors of the study suggest that treatment and prevention strategies should therefore be targeted at young children. (2002-03-14)

Tamed malaria parasite vaccine passes early trial
Results from a first-in-human phase 1 study reveal a weakened form of the malaria parasite safely activated strong immune responses in 10 healthy volunteers, whose antibodies completely protected mice from malaria infection. (2017-01-04)

U of Alberta researchers discover important mechanism in fighting infection
Richard Lamb and his post doctoral fellow Virginie Mieulet, in the faculty of medicine and dentistry, may be able to explain why proper nutrition is so vital in fighting infection. They have discovered an amino acid, called arginine, is required to let the body know that it's being attacked by an infection. (2010-08-30)

Salmonella infection, but not as we know it
BBSRC-funded researchers at Cambridge University have shed new light on a common food poisoning bug. Using real-time video microscopy, coupled with mathematical modeling, they have changed our assumptions about Salmonella and how it infects human cells. (2012-04-25)

The practicalities of keeping clean
The second editorial broadly welcomes the UK Government's plans to address the growing problem of hospital-acquired MRSA infection, but points out some shortcomings: '[John} Reid's plan unfortunately makes no mention of four key considerations. (2004-07-22)

Eradication of gastric bacterial infection could alleviate hereditary oedematous disorder
The eradication of the gastric bacterial infection Helicobacter pylori could play an important role in improving symptoms for people who have a genetic disorder known as hereditary angioneurotic oedema (HAO), conclude authors of a research letter in this week's issue of THE LANCET. (2001-11-15)

Immune cells predict outcome of West Nile virus infection
Infection with West Nile virus (WNV) causes no symptoms in most people. However, it can cause fever, meningitis and encephalitis. Philip Norris and colleagues, at the Blood Systems Research Institute, San Francisco, now report that levels of immune cells known as Tregs (immune cells that suppress the function of other immune cells) in the blood of a human or mouse infected with WNV predict whether the person or mouse will have symptoms of infection. (2009-10-12)

Impact of protective bacteria linked to infection route, study finds
The benefits of protective bacteria -- which safeguard organisms from further disease without causing harm -- depend on how subsequent infections enter the body, a study of fruit flies has shown. (2017-06-06)

Analysis illuminates risk connection of herpes virus, HIV
Most people at greater risk of acquiring HIV don't know it. Most people who have HSV-2, the virus responsible for genital herpes, are unaware of the condition that dramatically increases their risk of acquiring HIV. Limiting diagnostic and therapeutic efforts to bacterial STDs - and excluding viral STDs - may not be enough to curb HIV acquisition. A metanalysis found higher risk in people with HSV-2 antibodies, and not necessarily the symptoms of genital herpes. (2001-12-21)

Backstabbing bacteria: A new treatment for infection?
Selfish bacterial cells that act in their own interests and do not cooperate with their infection-causing colleagues can actually reduce the severity of infection. The selfish behaviour of these uncooperative bacteria could be exploited to treat antibiotic-resistant infections, according to research being presented at the Society for General Microbiology's autumn meeting today. (2010-09-05)

First UK cases of previously rare disease reported in gay men
The first UK cases of a previously rare disease have been reported in gay men, reveals an editorial in the journal Sexually Transmitted Infections. (2005-03-30)

Studies provide new insights on mosquito-borne chikungunya virus infection
The frequency of chronic joint pain after infection with chikungunya in a large Latin-American cohort was 25 percent at a median of 20-months post-infection. (2017-12-20)

Antibiotic not sufficient for serious eye infection in communities with high disease prevalence
Treating trachoma, an eye infection that can lead to blindness, with a single mass antibiotic distribution in Ethiopian communities with high prevalence of infection is not effective in eliminating the disease, according to a study in the March 8 issue of JAMA. (2006-03-07)

Hepatitis C infection among injection drug use
Beginning in 1994, Vancouver experienced an explosive outbreak of HIV infection among injection drug users (IDUs). Also of great concern was the high rate of infection with hepatitis C (HCV) among the same IDUs. (2001-10-01)

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