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A breakthrough approach to addressing the causes of biodiversity loss
A simplified framework of the interactions between nature and people could potentially change the manner in which biodiversity assessments will be conducted in the future. The framework is the first public product of the Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystems Services, a body that aims to track the ecological health of the planet and help avert catastrophic change in ecosystems. Known as the 'conceptual framework' of IPBES, publishing Jan. 13 in the open-access journal PLOS Biology. (2015-01-13)

Access to the Internet makes us less willing to say we know things
People are less willing to rely on their knowledge and say they know something when they have access to the Internet, suggesting that our connection to the web is affecting how we think. (2015-12-08)

Critical gaps in our knowledge of where infectious diseases occur
Today Scientists have called for action. The scientific journal Nature Ecology & Evolution have published a joint statement from scientists at Center for Macroecology, Evolution and Climate, University of Copenhagen and North Carolina State University. The scientists call attention to a serious lack of data on the worldwide distribution of disease-causing organisms. Without this knowledge, predicting where and when the next disease outbreak will emerge is hardly possible. Macroecologists hold the expertise to create the needed data network and close the knowledge gaps. (2017-06-22)

Complex brain functions help adapt to new situations and stimuli
New research by David Badre of Brown University and colleagues at the University of California -- Berkeley suggests that the frontal cortex may have a larger role in decision-making in unfamiliar situations. Their paper appears in the current edition of Neuron. (2010-04-28)

How carrots help us see the color orange
One of the easiest ways to identify an object is by its color -- perhaps it is because children's books encourage us to pair certain objects with their respective colors. Why else would so many of us automatically assume carrots are orange, grass is green and apples are red? (2008-07-22)

What do you know about that fracture?
A fracture in a person over the age of 50 can be a sign of osteoporosis, yet some patient populations have little knowledge of the disease. (2011-04-21)

New way to improve antibiotic production
New research findings could reduce production times and therefore costs for antibiotic producers. (2013-06-17)

Alley to receive National Academy of Sciences award
Richard B. Alley, Evan Pugh Professor of Geosciences, is the recipient of the National Academy of Sciences Arthur L. Day Prize and Lectureship. (2014-01-20)

Clear goals but murky path to ecosystem sustainability: Key knowledge gaps identified
International sustainability policies set out clear goals for protecting ecosystems and biodiversity, but how to actually achieve these goals remains elusive in practice, as biodiversity loss continues at an alarming rate. A new study published in the journal Nature Sustainability by an international team of 32 scientists identifies key knowledge gaps that need to be answered to tackle the root causes of biodiversity loss, and calls for more relevant, solutions-focused research that can address the social-ecological crisis. (2019-10-28)

It's all in the details: Why are some consumers willing to pay more for less information?
Some consumers will pay more for a product if they are given detailed information on how it works while others are inclined to pay less when given too much detail, according to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research. (2012-10-22)

Expert system for early diagnosis of schizophrenia
The opinion of a qualified professional is unlikely to be replaced by a computer algorithm for the diagnosis of schizophrenia. However, additional medical evidence based on such an algorithm might be useful in early diagnosis, according to work published in the International Journal of Intelligent Systems Technologies and Applications. (2015-11-05)

Combining genomics with farmers' traditional knowledge to improve wheat production
Producing better crops to meet the needs of the growing world's population may lie in combining the traditional knowledge of subsistence farmers with plant genomics. Researchers in Italy and Ethiopia demonstrated that the indigenous knowledge of traditional farmers, passed on from one generation to generation, can be measured in a quantitative way and used with advanced genomic and statistical methods to identify genes responsible for farmers' preference of wheat. (2017-07-17)

University of Haifa research team awarded European Union research grant
A research team composed of 14 European groups, headed by Prof. Nils Brose of the Max Planck Institute for Experimental Medicine, has been awarded 11.9 ($16) million Euros, on behalf of the European Union, to study the role of synaptic proteins in neurological and psychiatric diseases. (2009-05-19)

Ecotechnology for the smart cities
The Cities Knowledge Platform, led by Tecnalia Research & Innovation and the MetrĂ³poli Foundation, has been set up with the aim of applying the new Technologies on sustainability to cities. (2011-12-01)

Heart disease: First Canadian survey shows women unaware of symptoms and risk factors
A new survey, ordered by the University of Ottawa Heart Institute, shows that a majority of Canadian women lack knowledge of heart disease symptoms and risk factors, and that a significant proportion is even unaware of their own risk status. The findings underscore the opportunity for patient education and intervention regarding risk and prevention of heart disease. (2014-07-21)

A molecule impedes the destruction of the 'Brucella' bacteria
Research carried out with the participation of the University of Navarra has shown how a determinate molecule helps an important pathogen, Brucella abortus, escape destruction within the cells charged with eliminating infectious agents (macrophages). This research has been published in Nature Immunology scientific magazine. (2005-06-14)

Medical training reforms may have dire consequences
Current reforms of medical training may have dire consequences for the future of the medical profession and patients, warn researchers at Bristol University in this week's BMJ. (2004-07-08)

UT Austin psychology researchers map neurological process of learning, deciding
Scientists at The University of Texas at Austin can now map what happens neurologically when new information influences a person to change his or her mind, a finding that offers more insight into the mechanics of learning. (2016-11-02)

Carnegie Mellon researchers challenge popular decision-making theory
Researchers in the Department of Psychology at Carnegie Mellon University have completed a study challenging a popular theory that claims bodily states can guide decision-making when conscious knowledge isn't available. The paper, written by doctoral student Tiago V. Maia and James L. McClelland, the Walter Van Dyke Bingham Professor of Psychology and Cognitive Neuroscience, will be published online next week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. (2004-10-06)

South-East universities turn their knowledge into wealth
In these tough economic times, universities are under pressure to use their knowledge and discoveries to drive economic growth, but an Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) study reveals that not all universities are equal. Universities in the greater south-east of England seem to be better than those in less competitive regions at commercialising their research and innovation. (2011-09-07)

The DFG is fourth partner in the knowledge exchange network
The Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) is the fourth partner in the Knowledge Exchange network, a joint initiative between the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Denmark and Germany, which aims to promote the use of information and communication technology (ICT) within research and higher education. (2005-07-18)

Study reveals barriers to effective doctor-patient communication
Patients with chronic heart failure often feel unable to ask their doctors questions about their illness and believe that doctors are reluctant to provide them with too much knowledge, finds new research in this week's BMJ. (2000-09-07)

Could theatre be way forward in communicating conservation messages?
Theatre performances in zoos can be effective in increasing knowledge of important conservation messages, a study at the University of York has revealed. (2019-02-07)

BMJ partners with European Society for Medical Oncology
Global healthcare knowledge provider BMJ has partnered with the European Society for Medical Oncology, with the aim of publishing a new open access cancer journal from next year, the company has announced. (2015-07-28)

Physicians' knowledge about FDA approval standards for 'breakthrough therapy'
In a study appearing in the April 12 issue of JAMA, Aaron S. Kesselheim, M.D., J.D., M.P.H., of Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, and colleagues surveyed internists and specialists to examine their knowledge about Food and Drug Administration approval standards and perceptions of the 'breakthrough therapy' designation. (2016-04-12)

Graham Hancock, author and expert on lost civilizations to reveal new discoveries at UCI conference
Acclaimed investigative journalist and best-selling author, Graham Hancock, (The Sign and The Seal, Fingerprints of the Gods and Heaven's Mirror) will be a keynote speaker at the Conference of Precession and Ancient Knowledge (CPAK) on October 13-15, 2006 at the University of California, Irvine. The purpose of the conference is to foster dialog among experts. (2006-06-20)

How we know a dog is a dog: Concept acquisition in the human brain
A new study explores how our brains synthesize concepts that allow us to organize and comprehend the world. The research, published by Cell Press in the Sept. 24 issue of the journal Neuron, uses behavioral and neuroimaging techniques to track how conceptual knowledge emerges in the human brain and guides decision making. (2009-09-23)

What teens don't know about OTC medications can hurt them
Teens, who are starting to make more decisions about their own health care, may not know enough about over-the-counter pain medications to avoid complications or inadvertent misuse, according to new University of Rochester Medical Center research presented at the Pediatric Academic Society meeting. (2009-05-04)

New research suggests rapid screening technique for macular degeneration
New research from scientists at the University of Utah suggests that the Raman scattering technique shows promise as a screening tool for populations at risk for macular degeneration, the leading cause of blindness. (2002-05-15)

Children's early math knowledge related to later achievement
A new longitudinal study conducted in Tennessee has found that low-income children's math knowledge in preschool was related to their later achievement -- but not all types of math knowledge were related equally. (2016-12-06)

New DNA research reveals undiscovered white dots on the map
Researchers at the University of Copenhagen have located a previously unknown function in the so-called histones, which allows for an improved understanding of how cells protect and repair DNA damages. This knowledge may eventually result in better treatments for diseases such as cancer. (2015-10-23)

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