Liver Transplant Current Events

Liver Transplant Current Events, Liver Transplant News Articles.
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Women given liver transplants outlive male recipients by around 4 years
Female liver transplant recipients outlive men given the same procedure by an average of 4.5 years, suggests research published ahead of print in Gut. And while younger people tend to live longest of all, they also stand to lose more years of their life compared with those who have not had liver transplants, the research shows. (2006-09-27)

Brazil faces major challenges in liver transplantation
A recent analysis indicates that more than 1,700 liver transplantations are performed annually in Brazil. While Brazil performs more liver transplant surgeries than anywhere else in Latin America and is third worldwide in absolute terms, the country averages only 5 to 10 liver transplants per million population due to its increasing population and inadequate donor organ supply. (2016-08-01)

Lung cancer risk particularly high for heart and liver transplant recipients
Heart and liver transplant recipients are at particularly high risk of developing lung cancer after receiving the donated organ (2010-05-01)

Liver transplant, weight-loss surgery combination benefits obese patients in long term
Obese patients who underwent a life-saving liver transplant and weight-loss surgery at the same time were better able to keep the weight off long term and had fewer metabolic complications than those who lost weight on their own before undergoing a liver transplant, Mayo Clinic research shows. The findings were recently published in Hepatology. (2018-10-02)

UK liver services need urgent improvement
Liver services in the United Kingdom need better funding and better staffing, argues a senior doctor in this week's BMJ. (2005-10-13)

New approach to liver transplantation: Using a damaged liver to replace a dying liver
There's new hope for patients with liver disease who are waiting for a donor liver to become available for transplantation. Doctors at Intermountain Medical Center in Salt Lake City have found a way to safely use a damaged liver to replace a dying liver, then cure the damaged liver of its disease. (2016-12-14)

Successful pregnancies possible for women following liver transplantation
New research confirms that successful pregnancies are common for female liver transplant recipients. (2012-06-07)

Study's findings could help expand the donor pool for liver transplantation
Organ donation after circulatory death, in which transplant organs are taken from donors after ay period of no blood circulation or oxygenation, is often considered inferior to donation after brain death, in which circulation and oxygenation are maintained until organs are removed for transplantation (2015-09-08)

Artery variations increase complication risk in liver transplants
3D MDCT angiography is a more efficient way to classify liver arterial anatomy before liver surgery, according to researchers from Duke University in Durham, NC. In a separate study, University of Iowa researchers have found that using MR angiography before a liver transplant can help identify which patients will suffer complications. The study found that if the liver artery anatomy is unusual, there is an increased risk of complications after the transplant procedure. (2004-12-02)

Liver study could aid recovery of overdose patients
Scientists have identified a protein that they believe could hold the key to limiting liver damage following a paracetamol overdose. Researchers at the University of Edinburgh have found that overdose patients who suffer the greatest liver damage have higher levels of a protein known as cyclophilin A in their urine. (2008-12-16)

U-M News: Kidney failure risk higher for liver transplant patients following policy change
Research from the University of Michigan Health System shows the risk for kidney failure among liver transplant recipients is higher following the implementation of Model of End Stage Liver Disease (MELD), a policy change in 2002 that altered how liver transplant allocation is decided. (2012-01-17)

Mayo Clinic discovers one more downside to alcoholism
Mayo Clinic researchers have found nearly half of patients who underwent transplantation due to alcoholic-liver disease experienced an acute state of confusion after the operation. This short but severe confusion struck 48 percent -- or 19 of 40 -- alcoholic liver-disease patients compared with 6 percent -- or three out of 47 -- hepatitis C patients, another major group receiving liver transplant. The study is published in the Aug. 28, 2002, edition of Neurology. (2002-08-27)

Transplanted livers help body defend against organ rejection, Mayo Clinic study finds
When patients undergo a dual kidney-liver transplant, the liver has a protective effect on the kidney, the study found. (2018-04-18)

Tobacco use persists after liver transplant for alcoholic liver disease
A new report finds a need for more stringent monitoring of tobacco use in liver transplant populations and calls for more intervention. (2005-05-24)

Weaning transplant recipients from their immunosuppressive drugs
Transplant surgeons live in the hope that one day they will be able to wean at least some of their patients off the immunosuppressive drugs that must be taken to prevent rejection of a transplanted organ. Researchers in Spain have now identified markers that might make this possible for patients who receive a liver transplant. (2011-12-12)

Adult liver transplant eligibility criteria
Dr. Karen Kroeker is looking for change in liver eligibility criteria. (2008-10-22)

New substance may allow successful transplantation of 'marginal' livers
New research raises the possibility that the critically short supply of livers for organ donation could be expanded by treating so-called (2011-06-01)

Liver transplant for alcohol-related liver disease in US
The proportion of liver transplants in the United States for alcohol-associated liver disease increased between 2002 and 2016, with much of the increase associated with a decrease in liver transplant for hepatitis C virus infection because of antiviral therapy. This observational study used data from the United Network for Organ Sharing for all liver transplants during the 15-year period and the national study group consisted of nearly 33,000 patients, including 9,438 patients with a diagnosis of alcohol-associated liver disease. (2019-01-22)

Nerve damage from alcoholism reversed after liver transplantation
A new study describes a patient with alcoholic liver disease complicated by peripheral neuropathy (nerve damage affecting the arms and legs) who underwent a liver transplant and regained almost normal muscle strength. (2004-12-01)

Fittest hepatitis C viruses infect transplanted livers
Not all viruses are created equal. In liver transplant patients with chronic hepatitis C virus infection, only viruses that can dodge the immune response invade the new liver, according to a study published on Aug. 16 in the Journal of Experimental Medicine. (2010-08-16)

Alcohol abuse history influences quality of life following liver transplant
A history of alcohol abuse significantly impacts quality of life for patients after liver transplant, according to researchers at Henry Ford Hospital. (2011-03-09)

Women, Ethnic Groups Wait Longer For Liver Transplantation
A Johns Hopkins School of Public Health study of the factors that influence how long a person who needs a liver transplant has to wait has shown that women, Hispanic-Americans, Asian- Americans, and children waited longer than other groups for transplants. (1998-03-05)

IU researcher publishes 'landmark' results for curing hepatitis C in transplant patients
A new treatment regimen for hepatitis C, the most common cause of liver cancer and transplantation, has produced results that will transform treatment protocols for transplant patients, according to research published online today in the New England Journal of Medicine. (2014-11-11)

Many liver transplant candidates have deficits in physical activity that are missed by clinicians
A new study found that patients waiting for a liver transplant tend to be highly sedentary. Also, patients' self-assessments of their physical activity, and even their doctors' assessments, do not reliably indicate patients' actual physical performance. (2016-10-03)

CT and MRI accurate for pre-transplant evaluation of patients with cirrhosis
CT and MRI are highly accurate at determining which patients would be optimal candidates for liver transplantation, says a recent study. (2007-05-04)

Cedars-Sinai surgeon and policymaker honored for work in liver disease and transplantation
Andrew S. Klein M.D., M.B.A., director of the Cedars-Sinai Comprehensive Transplant Center is being honored for a lifetime of achievement in the field of liver transplantation by the Los Angeles chapter of the American Liver Foundation. (2014-05-01)

Not just small adults: Pediatric liver transplant recipients need special care
A new review discusses important consideration when caring for children who have received liver transplants. (2017-01-17)

New anti-rejection drug reduces weight gain and enhances outcomes for liver transplant recipients
Researchers have discovered that a new anti-rejection drug that is gentler on the kidneys after liver transplant also reduces weight gain, which is common after surgery and can lead to serious problems for transplant patients. (2017-05-02)

Use of opioid pain medications may affect liver transplant patients' survival
An analysis of nearly 30,000 patients undergoing liver transplantation in the United States between 2008 and 2014 found elevated death and organ loss rates in the first five years after transplantation among recipients with the highest use of opioid pain medications while on the waiting list. (2017-03-02)

Liver-kidney transplant reduces organ rejection, boosts recovery
New UCLA research shows that combined liver-kidney transplants appear to benefit patients with diseases in both organs, including patients with potentially reversible kidney failure who have been receiving dialysis for longer than two months. The Archives of Surgery will publish the findings in its August issue. (2006-08-21)

Molecular signatures may aid fight against pediatric liver disease
Researchers have identified a set of (2010-06-30)

Long-term outcomes for liver transplantation due to hepatitis C
A new study on liver transplants necessitated by the hepatitis C virus (the most common indication for this type of transplant) found that long-term outcomes are similar to patients receiving transplants due to other diseases. It was the first study to examine long-term transplantation results in hepatitis C patients and to identify risk factors that might lead to transplant failure or death. (2004-09-07)

Scoring system to redefine how U.S. patients prioritized for liver transplant
Researchers with Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine are collaborating with faculty at the University of Pennsylvania to develop a risk score that more comprehensively prioritizes liver cancer patients for transplantation. (2021-01-13)

Henry Ford Hospital study: Donor Risk Index does not impact outcomes on a small scale
The Donor Risk Index, which assesses donor characteristics impacting liver transplantation outcomes, does not bear the same impact on outcomes on a small scale as is suggested from large-scale, national data. Rather, hepatitis C was shown to continue to be the major contributor to poor graft survival in transplant patients, according to a Henry Ford Hospital. (2010-08-16)

UCLA researchers develop new tool to predict postoperative liver cancer recurrence after transplant
University of California Los Angeles transplantation researchers have developed a novel method that more accurately calculates the risk of disease recurrence in liver cancer patients who have undergone a liver transplant, providing a new tool to help physicians make treatment and surveillance decisions. (2015-01-13)

Emory University Surgeons Perform Georgia's First Split Liver Transplant
Emory Unviversity surgeons successfully split a donated cadaveric liver into two portions, giving both a child and an adult a new chance at life. (1997-10-14)

Many young children with liver failure die while waiting for a transplant or soon after receiving one
A new analysis reveals unacceptable mortality rates in young US children with chronic liver disease while they are on transplant waiting lists as well as after transplantation. (2016-10-27)

Substitution of brand name with generic drug proves safe for transplant recipients
A new study published in the American Journal of Transplantation reveals that substitution of a brand name immunosuppressive drug with a generic (manufactured by Sandoz) for preventing rejection of transplanted organs appears to be safe for transplant recipients. (2011-09-13)

Liver transplant may arrest neurological damage in a rare and progressive form of autism
A patient with a rare metabolic disease that causes liver failure and autistic behavior experienced significant improvements in both her physical and mental health after receiving a liver transplant, according to a new case report published in the American Journal of Transplantation. (2014-03-12)

Liver transplant recipients with hepatitis B may need lifelong antiviral treatment
Patients who undergo liver transplantation for hepatitis B-related liver damage should receive lifelong antiviral treatment to keep the disease from coming back. A new study shows that they lack cellular immunity against the disease, making recurrence likely if antiviral treatment is withdrawn. These findings are in the March issue of Liver Transplantation, a journal published by John Wiley & Sons. (2009-02-26)

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