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Liver Transplant Current Events, Liver Transplant News Articles.
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Study shows lifetime effects of pediatric liver transplants
Parents of pediatric liver transplant recipients report lower health-related quality of life for their children two years after the surgery, compared to reports from the parents of healthy children. However, reports of family dysfunction fall within the normal range. These findings are published in the April issue of Liver Transplantation. (2008-03-26)

Vascular and biliary complications after liver transplant can be reliably diagnosed when using CE-US
Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CE-US) after a liver transplant is highly accurate in showing vascular as well as biliary complications, according to a recent study. (2007-05-04)

Mayo clinic: Long-term benefits to the liver-kidney transplant
A new study from physicians at Mayo Clinic in Rochester, found there may be long-term benefits to simultaneous liver-kidney transplantation versus kidney transplantation alone. (2016-04-15)

Livers from older donors decrease despite improved outcomes for recipients
More than 10 percent of patients waiting for a liver transplant die each year. This observational study looked at trends in the transplantation of livers from older donors (70 and older) and outcomes in recipients of these older livers from 2003 to 2016. There was a decrease in the use of liver grafts from older donors despite improvements in liver graft loss and death among recipients of these older liver grafts. (2019-02-13)

Certain liver cells may help prevent organ rejection after transplant, study finds
Mesenchymal stromal cells from fat tissue and bone marrow are widely used in therapeutic trials for their anti-inflammatory qualities, but new Mayo Clinic research finds that liver cells may be of greater value. The study, published in Liver Transplantation, finds that liver mesenchymal stromal cells have immunoregulatory qualities that make them more effective than similar cells derived from adipose, or fat, tissue and bone marrow. (2020-01-21)

Liver transplant recipients almost 3 times more likely to develop cancer
Cancer incidence is higher among liver transplant recipients in Finland compared to the general population, according to a new study in the October issue of Liver Transplantation, a journal by John Wiley & Sons. (2008-10-02)

New study identifies genetic variant that could help reduce need for liver transplants
A new study from the Westmead Institute for Medical Research has identified a genetic variant associated with liver fibrosis (scarring) in chronic hepatitis C patients. This finding is a step toward reducing the number of patients requiring liver transplants. (2019-04-02)

New technique reduces time, risk for liver transplants
Surgeons at The Ohio State University Medical Center have developed a procedure that eases liver transplantation, and in the process reduces the risks often associated with the highly complex surgery. (2001-10-30)

Racial disparity studied in patients undergoing liver transplantation for hepatitis B
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1.5 to 2 million Americans are infected with the hepatitis B virus. Prior studies have shown there to be significant racial differences in access to and outcomes of liver transplantation. Recently, doctors from across the US conducted a multicenter retrospective-prospective study of the waitlist status and outcomes of liver transplant patients with HBV infection. (2009-08-28)

Predicting heart events after liver transplant
The first app and score to determine the one-year risk of a liver transplant patient dying or being hospitalized for a heart attack or other cardiovascular complication has been developed. The new risk score app may guide preventive treatment and who gets a donor organ. One-third of transplant patients will have serious cardiac complication within first year of transplant. The current method of risk scoring is no better than flipping a coin. (2017-07-12)

Liver transplant recipients have higher cancer risk
A new Canadian study comparing cancer rates of liver transplant patients to those of the general population has found that transplant recipients face increased risks of developing cancer, especially non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and colorectal cancer. (2008-11-03)

Inhaling helps heal liver transplant recipients
A new study indicates that one of the main complications of liver transplantation can be treated very simply. Inhalation of nitrous oxide during the transplant operation decreased the length of time patients had to stay in hospital and increased the rate at which the function of the transplanted liver was restored. The authors therefore suggest that inhalation of nitrous oxide is a valuable pre-emptive approach to enhancing liver function after transplantation. (2007-08-23)

Liver transplant patients have high rates of metabolic syndrome
Nearly 59 percent of liver transplant patients experience metabolic syndrome, which increases the risk of heart disease, stroke and diabetes. But despite this high risk, exercise might be a key in preventing metabolic syndrome -- and the intensity of exercise might be more important than the duration. (2013-08-06)

Bone loss after liver transplants can be prevented
The results of a new study published in the August 2005 issue of Liver Transplantation found that the drug used to treat osteoporosis, when used in combination with calcium and vitamin D, can prevent the additional bone loss that commonly occurs after liver transplants. (2005-07-20)

Cirrhosis, antibodies increase risk of poor outcome for autoimmune hepatitis patients
New research reports that cirrhosis at first diagnosis and antibodies for the soluble liver antigen/liver pancreas antigen are major risk factors for poor short- and long-term outcome in patients with autoimmune hepatitis. (2015-09-01)

Researchers devise index for predicting long-term survival after liver re-transplantation
UCLA researchers have identified eight risk factors for potential re-transplantation failure and, using mathematical modeling, developed a risk scoring system ranging from 0 to 12 to gauge the risk of re-transplantation failure. (2011-09-28)

Extended hepatitis C treatment after liver transplant may benefit patients
Extending hepatitis C treatment for liver transplant patients beyond current standards results in high clearance rates of the hepatitis C virus from the blood, and a low relapse rate, according to a study by Henry Ford Hospital. (2010-05-02)

Combined liver-kidney transplant beneficial for patients with dual organ disease
Combined liver and kidney transplant appears to benefit patients with diseases in both organs, including those with a condition known as hepatorenal syndrome who have been receiving dialysis for more than two months, according to an article in the August issue of Archives of Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. (2006-08-21)

Cirrhosis patients losing muscle mass have a higher death rate
Medical researchers at the University of Alberta reviewed the medical records of more than 100 patients who had a liver scarring condition and discovered those who were losing muscle were more apt to die while waiting for a liver transplant. These cirrhosis patients were placed at a lower spot on the transplant list because they had a higher functioning liver and were seemingly less sick than others with the same condition, based on scoring systems physicians commonly use today. (2012-02-07)

Some donor factors affect outcomes for HCV-positive liver transplant recipients
Two new studies address donor factors that could affect outcomes for liver transplant recipients, particularly those with chronic hepatitis C (HCV). One found that donor steatosis, or fat in the liver, does not affect liver disease progression or three-year survival in recipients with or without HCV. (2009-05-28)

Researchers aim to cut future need for liver transplants
University of Edinburgh scientists have identified primitive liver cells -- possibly dormant from the earliest developmental stage of a human being -- which have the potential to mature into different cells types and help repair a failing liver. (2006-07-06)

New Strategy Improves Pancreas/Kidney Recipients' Survival
Abandoning a standard drug treatment strategy used at most other transplant programs, surgeons at the University of Pittsburgh were able to achieve higher-than-average patient and graft survival rates in patients who underwent combined pancreas and kidney transplants. Results of 105 cases are being presented May 16 at the American Society for Transplant Surgeons scientific meeting (1997-05-09)

Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh and UPMC surgeons save two lives with domino transplant
Transplant surgeons at Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh and UPMC have saved two patients with life-threatening liver conditions utilizing a technique known as a domino transplant. It is only the nation's second domino transplant involving a patient with maple syrup urine disease. (2006-10-02)

Donor race may impact recurrent hepatitis C in liver transplant patients
The race of liver donors may affect recurrent hepatitis C in patients after liver transplant, according to a study by Henry Ford Hospital. (2010-10-30)

Help for liver transplant patients with small-for-size syndrome
Blocking off the splenic artery, either through surgical ligation or radiological coiling, helped six out of seven patients suffering from small-for-size syndrome after a partial liver transplant. This finding is in the February issue of Liver Transplantation, a journal published by John Wiley & Sons. (2009-02-03)

Jefferson doctor named transplant surgeon of the year
The Delaware Valley Chapter of the American Liver Foundation recently named Cataldo Doria, M.D., Ph.D., associate professor of Surgery at Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University and director of the Division of Transplantation at Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, (2008-10-22)

Liver transplant offers survival benefits for patients of all sizes
Patients with high BMIs experience a significant survival benefit from liver transplantation and had similar rates of mortality after transplant compared to patients with normal BMI. (2007-12-04)

Predicting survival after liver transplant
A new model based on specific characteristics of the donor and the recipient may help predict survival after liver transplantation, according to a new study. (2006-11-02)

Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh receives congressional recognition as pediatric transplant leader
Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh has received congressional recognition as the world's premiere center for pediatric transplantation for the past 25 years, longer than any other center in the world. (2006-06-02)

Hepatologists recommend pre-transplant biopsy for living donor liver transplants
In an ongoing effort to continuously improve outcomes for living donor liver transplants, physicians at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles have completed a two-year prospective analysis of this type of transplant and are recommending that all hospitals performing such procedures conduct pre-transplant biopsies of the donor to identify liver complications that cannot be detected otherwise. According to the analysis, these biopsies can identify ahead of time liver complications, thereby reducing risks to living donors as well as recipients. (2003-07-08)

Study concludes no racial disparities in long-term outcomes in recipients of liver transplants
New research published in the Journal of the American College of Surgeons shows long-term survival and liver rejection rates are equivalent for African-American liver transplant patients as compared with patients of other races. The study also suggests that although other factors such as liver cancer or hepatitis may negatively influence long-term survival, race does not. (2008-05-19)

Routine hospital tool found to predict poor outcomes after liver transplantation
A routinely used hospital tool can predict which liver transplant recipients are more likely to do poorly after surgery, according to a study led by Cedars-Sinai. The findings could help doctors identify which patients should receive physical therapy or other targeted interventions to improve their recovery. (2017-08-10)

Extending treatment after liver transplant may benefit patients with hepatitis C recurrence
Extending hepatitis C treatment for liver transplant patients beyond current practice results in high rates of clearance of the hepatitis C virus from the blood, as well as a low rate of relapse, according to a Henry Ford Hospital study. (2009-10-31)

ELiTE-Respect transplantation study announced
Senior trial investigators today announced the opening of a new liver transplant study to investigate the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of three different regimes of immunosuppressive therapy over a period of 12 months. The study aims to recruit 500 liver transplant patients in total, from approximately 40 centres worldwide. (2003-02-28)

Recipients of organ transplants at increased risk for broad range of cancers
Patients who have received a solid organ transplant, such as kidney, liver, heart or lung, have an overall cancer risk that is double that of the general population, with an increased risk for many different types of malignancies, according to a study in the Nov. 2 issue of JAMA. (2011-11-01)

Mayo Clinic Proceedings contributors discuss impact of donor organ allocation system
Liver transplant is a life saving treatment option for people with end-stage liver disease. Unfortunately, the need for donor livers far exceeds the supply. Each year only about one-third of people who need a donor liver will receive one, and some patients die while waiting. In the February issue of Mayo Clinic Proceedings, physicians explore how the current system for allocating donor organs in the United States affects outcomes for patients with end-stage liver disease. (2008-02-06)

Survival rates exceed national averages for UCSF heart, liver and lung transplant programs
One-year survival rates for patients receiving heart, liver and lung transplants at UCSF Medical Center exceed national averages at statistically significant levels, according to new data compiled by the Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients. (2008-02-29)

National Conference on Organ Donation and Transplantation
The National Committee for Quality Healthcare (NCQHC) is sponsoring a national conference, Organ Donation and Transplantation: A Commitment to Quality, with support from The Roche Foundation. Senior thought leaders and government officials will discuss key issues in organ donation and transplantation. (2002-11-15)

Most liver transplant candidates receive donation offers
Most liver transplant candidates who died or were removed from the transplant list actually received one or more liver donation offers, according to a recent UCSF study. (2012-10-22)

Pennsylvania researchers find liver transplants provide metabolic cure for rare genetic disease
Liver transplants cured the metabolic symptoms of 11 patients with a rare but devastating genetic condition known as Maple Syrup Urine Disease (MSUD), according to a study by researchers from Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh and the Clinic for Special Children. (2006-04-10)

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