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Lung transplant patients face elevated lung cancer risk
In an American Journal of Transplantation study, lung cancer risk was increased after lung transplantation, especially in the native (non-transplanted) lung of single lung transplant recipients. (2018-12-19)

Respiratory tract infections in young children linked to asthma and worse lung function
Respiratory tract infections in young children are linked to an increased risk of asthma and worse lung function in later life, according to new research to be presented at the European Respiratory Society International Congress. An international study of 154,942 European children found a 1.5- to four-fold increased risk. (2017-09-09)

Low levels of vitamin D in teens may affect lung function
Teenagers who consume low amounts of vitamin D have lower lung function than teens who get the recommended amount of the nutrient, according to a study to be presented at the American Thoracic Society International Conference on May 22. (2006-05-22)

Decline in lung function increases risk of death from all causes
Reduced ability of the lungs to work properly-a process accelerated by smoking- increases the risk of death from all causes. But even giving up for a while, halts the decline, and can reduce the risk of death from all causes by around 20 per cent, the study shows. (2001-08-21)

Secondhand smoke exposure is linked to worsening of lung function for persons with cystic fibrosis
Exposure to secondhand smoke is associated with adverse effects on lung function among persons with cystic fibrosis, with this effect being worse for persons with certain gene variations, according to a study in the Jan. 30 issue of JAMA. (2008-01-29)

High uric acid levels benefit women's lungs in aging and disease
Researchers at Kumamoto University, Japan have discovered that uric acid, an antioxidant, protects against declining lung function, especially in women. High uric acid levels can cause health problems, but this study showed that it protects against lung function decline in females. The function of uric acid and other antioxidants in the lungs, as well as gender differences, will likely be considered for prospective management of lung diseases. (2020-06-05)

Irregular heartbeat, reduced lung capacity make deadly combo
A simple lung function test may help identify which individuals with irregular heartbeats are at increased risk of heart attack, researchers report in today's Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association. (2001-06-25)

BUSM's Anurag Singh, Ph.D., receives top American Lung Association grant
Anurag Singh, Ph.D., assistant professor in the Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics at Boston University School of Medicine, has received an American Lung Association Lung Cancer Discovery Grant to expand his research on targeted therapies for drug resistant cancers. (2013-07-01)

Water pipe smoking has the same respiratory effects as smoking cigarettes
A new study published in the journal Respirology reveals that water pipe smoking, such as hookah or bong smoking, affects lung function and respiratory symptoms as much as cigarette smoking. (2012-08-30)

Rapid lung function decline raises risk of death and hospitalization
Rapid lung function decline significantly increases the risk of death and hospitalization for individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), according to a large study. (2006-05-01)

Study shows partial lung removal favorable over full removal as treatment for lung cancer
Research published in the April edition of the Journal of Thoracic Oncology sought to compare the outcomes of a sleeve lobectomy and a pneumonectomy procedure, in order to determine which is a more acceptable standard treatment for patients with non-small cell lung cancer. A pneumonectomy treatment involves removing one entire lung, whereas a sleeve lobectomy removes only a section of the lung that contains the tumor. (2010-04-01)

Gender may impact lung function in patients with lung cancer
New research in the journal Chest shows that many women recently diagnosed with lung cancer have normal lung function and perform better on lung function tests compared with their male counterparts. (2006-05-08)

Statins reduce loss of function, keeping old lungs young - even in smokers
Statins are known to be good for lowering cholesterol and maybe even fighting dementia, and now they have another reported benefit: they appear to slow decline in lung function in the elderly -- even in those who smoke. According to researchers in Boston, it may be statins' anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties that help achieve this effect. (2007-10-12)

New evidence highlights risk of comorbidities for COPD patients
A new study has shown that people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or people with reduced lung function are at a serious risk of developing cardiovascular disease. (2011-09-26)

Inflammatory markers linked with an increased risk of premature death in adults with COPD
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or COPD, is characterized by a state of inflammation. A new Respirology study has identified certain inflammatory markers that can be used to predict which patients are at the highest risk of dying prematurely. (2015-03-16)

Lung function may predict long life or early death
How well your lungs function may predict how long you live. This finding is the result of a nearly 30-year follow-up of the association between impaired pulmonary function and all causes of mortality, conducted by researchers at the University at Buffalo. Results of the study appear in the September issue of Chest. (2000-09-11)

Air pollution especially harmful to lungs of obese children
Obese children are more susceptible than normal-weight children to the harmful effects of air pollution, according to a study presented at the American Thoracic Society International Conference on May 24. (2004-05-24)

Statins protect smokers from lung damage
In a new study presented at CHEST 2006, the 72nd annual international scientific assembly of the American College of Chest Physicians, current and former smokers who used statins had lower lung function decline than those not using statins, regardless of whether patients continued or stopped smoking. (2006-10-23)

Growth in first 3 years of life affects respiratory health in children
Children's growth in the first three years of life affects the development of their lungs and the risk of asthma at 10 years of age. This is the main conclusion of a new study carried out by the Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal, Spain) and Erasmus University Medical Centre in Rotterdam, The Netherlands. (2018-08-31)

New research shows air pollution can reduce children's lung function
Children who live in polluted communities are five times more likely to have clinically low lung function--less than 80 percent of the lung function expected for their age. New data from the Children's Health Study suggests that pollutants from vehicle emissions and fossil fuels hinder lung development and limit breathing capacity for a lifetime. (2004-09-08)

Study establishes lung health response to cement dust exposure
Long-term exposure to cement dust at levels that are comparable to the present occupational exposure limits could cause a decline in lung volumes, according to a new study. (2016-04-20)

Physical activity may help preserve lung function in individuals with asthma
In a study of adults with asthma, active individuals had slightly less lung function decline than inactive individuals. (2016-10-03)

National Lung Cancer Partnership announces winner of 2008 Career Development Award
National Lung Cancer Partnership is pleased to announce that Adam Marcus, Ph.D., of the Winship Cancer Institute at Emory University is the winner of the organization's 2007 Career Development Award. (2008-03-17)

Lungs Suffer From Growing Up In A Household Of Smokers
More solid evidence shows that growing up in a home around smokers has an adverse impact on lung function. The strongest correlation, highlighted in a study presented by investigators from Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center,was with mothers who smoked. Girls seem to suffer more than boys, probably because girls spend more time around their mothers, researchers say. (1998-04-28)

Lung function regulated by circadian rhythms
Circadian rhythms, the body's biological processes that repeat in 24-hour cycles, may have a significant effect on a person's lung function and, ultimately, help determine the best time of day for exercise and the administration of medications and medical procedures. In a new study presented at CHEST 2004, lung function was found to have a natural circadian rhythm, where it is at its peak during the late afternoon hours and at its lowest around midday. (2004-10-26)

Even low levels of air pollution appear to affect a child's lungs
Dramatic improvements in air quality in US cities since the 1990s may not be enough to ensure normal lung function in children, according to new research published in the April 15 American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care, a journal of the American Thoracic Society. (2016-04-11)

Girls who are more physically active in childhood may have better lung function in adolescence
A study of more than 2,300 adolescents underscores the pulmonary health benefits of physical activity. (2019-07-30)

High pollution linked to poor lung function growth in children in Mexico City
Children who are chronically exposed to higher levels of air pollution show marked deficiencies in lung growth and function, and not just short-term breathing problems, according to researchers in Mexico. (2007-08-15)

Artificial intelligence could improve diagnostic power of lung function tests
Artificial intelligence could improve the interpretation of lung function tests for the diagnosis of long-term lung diseases, according to the findings of a new study. (2016-09-03)

Phosphodiesterase 4 inhibitors have only marginal benefits for people with COPD
Giving patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) newly available oral phosphodiesterase 4 inhibitors, roflumilast or cilomilast, improves lung function and reduces the likelihood of a flareup, but does not increase general quality of life. These are the findings of a new systematic review by Cochrane researchers. (2011-05-10)

Metabolic syndrome biomarkers predict lung function impairment after exposure to WTC dust
Metabolic syndrome biomarkers predict subsequent decline in lung function after particulate exposure, according to new research involving rescue personnel exposed to World Trade Center dust. (2011-11-18)

Reduced fetal size linked to increased asthma risk and reduced lung function in children
Research presented today Sept. 5, 2016, at this year's European Respiratory Society International Congress in London shows that reduced fetal size is linked to increased asthma risk and reduced lung function in children aged 5 to 15 years. (2016-09-04)

Exposure to traffic pollution during pregnancy can damage future child's lungs
Women who are exposed to traffic pollution while pregnant are increasing the chances of damaging the lungs of their unborn children, concludes a study published online in the journal Thorax. (2014-10-20)

Inhaled steroids produce variable benefits in the treatment of asthma
A new study demonstrated that low to medium doses of inhaled steroids are usually sufficient to improve lung function in patients with persistent asthma. Increasing to high doses of the inhaled steroids failed to achieve greater improvement in lung function but increased the potential risk for adverse effects. Surprisingly, about a third of the patients (eight of 21 evaluated) in the study showed minimal improvement in lung function at any dose of inhaled steroid. (2002-03-19)

New lung health research presented at CHEST 2009
New research presented at CHEST 2009 highlights lung health abstracts related to the link between osteoporosis and bronchiectasis, calculating the (2009-11-04)

New study sheds light on 'lung sparing effect'
A new study suggests that in cases of severe malnutrition, the body may prioritize lung development at the expense of other less vital growth. (2017-04-05)

News briefs from the November issue of Chest
The following is select research from the November issue of the journal Chest, the peer-reviewed journal of the American College of Chest Physicians. (2007-11-13)

Treatment for mild asthma leads to improved lung function
A study by the Woolcock Institute of Medical Research in Sydney is the first to demonstrate that in patients with very mild or well-controlled asthma, regular treatment with low dose ICS leads to significantly better day-to-day lung function. (2008-03-10)

Wheezing prevalence patterns established by age 6
Among children who exhibit asthma-like symptoms during preschool years, researchers have found that patterns of wheezing prevalence and levels of lung function are established by age 6 and do not significantly change for at least 10 years. (2005-11-15)

Carnegie Mellon researchers discover social integration improves lung function in elderly
New research led by Carnegie Mellon University shows for the first time that social integration impacts pulmonary function in the elderly. Published in the American Psychological Association's Health Psychology journal, this study also rebuffs the popular notion that marriage is the only social role required for health benefits. In fact, different social relationships can be substituted for each other and every added social role improves health. (2014-06-02)

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