Lung Function Current Events

Lung Function Current Events, Lung Function News Articles.
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Poorer lung function in workplace passive smokers
Non-smokers forced to breathe in their colleagues' cigarette smoke at work may significantly compromise the ability of their lungs to function properly. (2001-08-15)

Birth measurements could predict lung health in teen years
A new study has found that factors, such as birth weight, gestational age at birth and lung function, growth and other measures at 8 years old, can be used to predict lung function during mid to late teenage years. (2014-09-09)

Reduced lung capacity linked to cardiovascular disease by inflammation
People who have a reduced lung capacity may have a greater risk of heart attack and stroke because they show evidence of inflammation, reveals a study published online ahead of print in Thorax. (2007-07-02)

Exacerbations of COPD accelerate lung-function loss
Exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) accelerate the loss of lung function especially among patients with mild disease, according to researchers at National Jewish Health and other institutions. (2016-05-16)

Lung treatment may help patients with severe emphysema
The first long-term clinical trial on the use of Lung Volume Reduction (LVR-) Coil treatment in patients with severe emphysema has found that the minimally-invasive therapy, which enables the lung to function more effectively, is safe over a 3-year period. The results are published in Respirology. (2014-12-01)

Combating undetected lung inflammation in patients with an autoimmune disorder
An observational study involving 50 patients with APECED -- a genetic autoimmune disorder -- has demonstrated that targeting T and B cell activity combats a serious lung-related complication often overlooked or misdiagnosed in patients with the condition. (2019-06-05)

White wine may benefit lungs
The next time you are deciding whether to order white wine or red wine, consider this: A study presented at the American Thoracic Society International Conference in Atlanta on May 20 concludes that while both types of wine bolster lung function, white wine seems to have a more positve effect on lung health. (2002-05-20)

Risk of COPD may already occur in adolescence
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is one of most common causes of death in the world today -- active smoking accounting for approximately 85 percent of all cases. Yet ground-breaking research from the University of Copenhagen indicates that accelerated decline of lung function is not a prerequisite for COPD. (2015-07-10)

Lung function worsens for some children with mild and moderate asthma
One quarter of children in a long-term study of mild to moderate asthma suffered a significant loss of lung function over four to six years. The decline was unaffected by any medication they took. A child whose lung function continues to decline could have severely compromised breathing ability as an adult. Researchers believe they may have observed a critical phase of rapid decline, which will halt in some patients but continue in others. (2004-08-02)

Women benefit more from quitting smoking than men
New findings from the Lung Health Study (LHS) indicate that, in general, women's lung function improves significantly more than men's after sustained smoking cessation. The study followed more than 5,300 middle-aged smokers with mild or moderate chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. In the first year after quitting, women's lung function improved more than twice that of men's. Improved lung function remained greater for women throughout the five-year study, although the gender differences narrowed over time. (2003-06-02)

Bacterial infection alone not an indicator of poor lung function in adolescents with CF
Children with cystic fibrosis (CF) who have poor lung function early in life are more likely also to have poor lung function in adolescence, regardless of whether they are exposed to a common infection caused by the bacteria Pseudomonas aeruginosa in early childhood. Earlier studies had indicated infection with the bacteria early in life was strongly associated with poor lung function later on. (2011-05-16)

Secondhand smoke impairs lung function in women
Secondhand smoke causes decreased lung function in women, especially those with asthma, according to a study presented at the American Thoracic Society International Conference in Atlanta on May 21. The study of more than 10,000 adults, 440 of whom had asthma, found secondhand smoke did not affect the lung function of men. (2002-05-21)

New research relating to lung function
The following news briefs are embargoed until the date/time listed below each title. They will be presented at CHEST 2007, the annual meeting of the American College of Chest Physicians. (2007-10-24)

Optimistic outlook may benefit lungs
An optimistic outlook may improve lung function, suggests a study presented at the American Thoracic Society International Conference in Atlanta May 20. The study of 670 older men found that those with a more optimistic outlook had significantly higher levels of lung function and a slower rate of decline in lung function than more pessimistic men. (2002-05-20)

Health benefits of quitting smoking could be improved by controlling weight gain
Controlling a person's weight after they have given up smoking could help maximise the benefits for their lungs, suggests a study in this week's issue of The Lancet. (2005-05-05)

Inhaled anti-rejection drug preserves lung function in lung transplant patients
Lung transplant patients who received an inhaled version of the anti-rejection drug cyclosporine had significantly better lung function than those who inhaled a placebo drug in the two years after transplant, according to a study to be presented at the American Thoracic Society International Conference on May 22. (2006-05-22)

Early occupational exposure can affect lungs later
Occupational exposure to lung irritants early in a young worker's career can result in increased doctor visits for lung problems in later years, according to a study to be presented at the American Thoracic Society International Conference on May 21. (2006-05-21)

Lung function of moderately premature babies is reduced at 8-9 years but may improve with age
The negative effects that premature birth can have on the lungs of babies could be as severe in moderately premature babies as those born extremely prematurely but may be reversed in their teenage years, according to a new study. (2011-09-27)

For children with sickle cell disease, lung disease is part of the package
Children with sickle cell disease have a significantly sharper decline in lung function with age when compared to other children of the same race and age. Furthermore, that loss of function appears to be linked to a restrictive rather than obstructive pattern, contrary to previous research that has focused on obstructive or asthma-like patterns in loss of lung function with sickle cell disease. The research will be presented at the American Thoracic Society's 2008 International Conference in Toronto on Sunday, May 18. (2008-05-18)

'Healthy' children with smoking parents aren't really so healthy
Children of smokers who don't show any signs of respiratory problems may still be experiencing damaging changes in their airways that could lead to lung disease later in life, according to a new study presented at the American Thoracic Society 2007 International Conference, on Sunday, May 20. (2007-05-20)

Bartenders' Health Improves After Smoking Banned in Bars
The respiratory health and lung function of bartenders improved after a California law prohibited smoking in bars, according to a study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association. Dr. Gail Weinmann, a lung specialist with the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, is available for comment. (1998-12-08)

Women with polycystic ovary syndrome face higher risk of breathing difficulties
Women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) are more likely to develop poor respiratory health based on lung function tests, according to research presented at the European Respiratory Society International Congress. (2019-10-01)

Vitamin D deficiency alters lung growth and decreases lung function
Previously linked to the severity of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in humans, vitamin D deficiency has now been shown to alter lung structure and function in young mice. The new study, conducted by researchers in Australia, offers the first concrete evidence linking vitamin D deficiency with deficits in lung function and altered lung structure. (2011-01-28)

Poorer lung function among children exposed to their mothers' cigarette smoke while in the womb
Babies exposed to their mothers' cigarette smoke while in the womb grow into children with compromised lung power, reports research in Thorax. This was independent of the effects of passive smoking. The effects were particularly noticeable on the small airways. The long term effects could be an increased risk of lung chronic lung and cardiovascular diseases. (2000-03-20)

Fitness in childhood linked to healthy lungs in adulthood
Children who are fitter and whose fitness improves during childhood and adolescence have better lung function as young adults, according to a large study published in the European Respiratory Journal. (2018-01-31)

Drug treatment slows decline in lung function in COPD patients, TORCH study finds
Treatment with a commonly used drug slows the decline in lung function in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), according to results from the TORCH (TOwards a Revolution in COPD Health) study presented at the American Thoracic Society 2007 International Conference, on Tuesday, May 22. (2007-05-21)

Early COPD detection could help lung cancer diagnosis
Early screening of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease may help to detect lung cancer at an earlier stage, according to a new study. (2011-11-15)

Lung function declines as chest deformity deepens
A common deformity that cases a depression in the chest wall inhibits lung function as the cavity grows deeper, a national study of 327 patients published in the Journal of Pediatrics found. (2011-08-18)

Lung cancer clinical trial finds lung function without additional imaging
A newly NIH funded clinical trial by University of Colorado Cancer Center investigators and collaborators is evaluating a new method for pinpointing and sparing healthy lung tissue during lung cancer radiotherapy. (2016-01-06)

Breathless babies: Preemies' lung function shows prolonged impairment
Many premature babies face serious health challenges, not the least of which is breathing. But now research suggests that even relatively healthy preemies confront deficits in lung function that last into their second year, if not longer. (2007-12-14)

Fumes from military small arms lead to decline in lung function
Exposure to fumes released during the firing of military small arms can lead to a decline in lung function, according to a new study. (2013-09-08)

Gas cooking has a harmful effect on the lung function of adolescents
Gas cooking has a harmful effect on the lung function of girls who are susceptible to allergies, concludes research in Thorax. (2001-06-17)

Vitamin D may protect against lung function impairment and decline in smokers
Vitamin D deficiency is associated with worse lung function and more rapid decline in lung function over time in smokers, suggesting that vitamin D may have a protective effect against the effects of smoking on lung function, according to a new study from researchers in Boston. (2012-07-20)

American Thoracic Society publishes new statement on pulmonary function testing in children
The ATS and European Respiratory Society published a new statement on pulmonary function testing in preschool children. (2007-06-22)

Secondhand smoke exposure worsens cystic fibrosis
Researchers at Johns Hopkins have discovered the first genetic evidence that secondhand smoke can worsen lung disease. The report in this week's Journal of the American Medical Association describes one gene variation that can weaken lung function as well as shorten the lifespan of those affected by cystic fibrosis and also are exposed to secondhand smoke. (2008-01-29)

BUSM researchers identify gene variant associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Researchers from Boston University School of Medicine have, for the first time, identified a gene variant on chromosome 4 that may be a potential risk factor for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. These findings will be published in PLoS Genetics on March 20. (2009-03-19)

New research about smoking/addiction
The following news briefs are embargoed until the date/time listed below each title. They will be presented at CHEST 2007, the annual meeting of the American College of Chest Physicians. (2007-10-24)

Traffic exposure affects children's lung development
Local exposure to traffic on a freeway (motorway) has serious adverse effects on children's lung development, which could result in unhealthy lung function in later life, according to an online/article published today (Friday, Jan. 26, 2007) by the Lancet. (2007-01-25)

Gene variants may determine lung function and susceptibility to maternal smoking
A tiny variation within a single gene can determine not only how quickly and well lungs grow and function in children and adolescents, but how susceptible those children will be to exposure to second-hand tobacco smoke, even in utero, according to researchers from the University of Southern California. (2009-03-26)

Radiofrequency ablation safe and feasible for eradicating lung tumors
Radiofrequency ablation (RFA), the use of electrodes to heat and destroy abnormal tissue, is a promising technique to safely and effectively treat patients with inoperable lung tumors, say researchers from the IRCCS Hospital of Oncology in Bari, Italy. (2004-08-01)

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