Maternal Mortality Current Events | Page 24

Maternal Mortality Current Events, Maternal Mortality News Articles.
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Maternal Tissue Typing Could Improve Selection Of Kidney Transplant Donors
NIH-supported researchers have discovered that cellular markers, or human leukocyte antigens (HLA), on maternal tissue can provide valuable information for identifying the most suitable donors for individuals in need of kidney transplants. (1998-12-04)

Maternal obesity speeds up aging in offspring
The effects of maternal obesity even pass across generations to offspring, accelerating the rate of aging of metabolic problems that occur in normal life. (2019-10-10)

Schizophrenia researchers welcome new blood
Researchers from UQ's Queensland Brain Institute are set to conduct a world-first trial into the link between prenatal vitamin D levels and schizophrenia prevalence. (2008-07-31)

Maternal alcohol drinking during pregnancy associated with risk for childhood conduct problems
Maternal alcohol drinking during pregnancy appears to be associated with conduct problems in children, independently of other risk factors, according to a report in the November issue of Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. (2007-11-05)

Home care package reduces neonatal mortality in Bangladeshi communities with weak health system
A homecare birth strategy is better than either a community strategy or the status quo at reducing neonatal mortality in communities with weak health systems. These are the conclusions of authors of an article in this week's edition of the Lancet. (2008-06-05)

C-peptide levels linked to death and heart disease in nondiabetic adults
High blood levels of the serum C-peptide are linked to heart disease and death in people without diabetes, according to a large study published in CMAJ. (2013-04-15)

Cancer in Canada
Mortality rates for most types of cancer in Canada are declining, although rates for some are increasing, states this article on the changing size and nature of cancer in Canada. (2008-11-17)

Improved survival rates for mitral valve heart surgery patients
Patients with mitral regurgitation, a type of valvular heart disease common in the elderly, are living longer after surgery, Yale School of Medicine researchers report in the journal Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes. (2012-05-10)

Leaders in obstetric care gather to identify quality measures for high-risk pregnancies
The Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine convened a workshop with other national leaders in obstetric care entitled, 'The Quality Measures in High-Risk Pregnancies Workshop.' A summary of the event has been published in the October issue of the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. (2017-10-10)

Lifestyle factors driving more bowel cancer deaths in European men, trends study shows
A new study into rates of bowel (colorectal) cancer in Europe reveals a significant reduction in deaths from the disease in women, but more deaths in men. (2015-10-11)

Be generous, live longer
Resource sharing affects mortality worldwide. (2020-09-01)

Large study finds ICS therapy reduces pneumonia mortality
Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who are hospitalized for pneumonia and treated with inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) have decreased mortality when compared to those who are not treated with ICS, according to a retrospective analysis of almost 16,000 COPD patients admitted to VA hospitals. (2011-04-15)

Overall death rate from heart disease declines, although increase seen for certain types
Matthew D. Ritchey, D.P.T., of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, and colleagues examined the contributions of heart disease subtypes to overall heart disease mortality trends during 2000-2010. The study appears in the Nov. 19 issue of JAMA, a cardiovascular disease theme issue. (2014-11-16)

Veterinary researchers seek secret to reversing birth defects
Virginia Tech researchers have observed that maternal immune stimulation causes altered expression of critical genes in the fetus and suggest that there is routine cross-talk between fetus and mother via chemical mediators. Optimal maternal immune health may be important for protection against agents or events that lead to many birth defects. (2001-01-24)

Elderly spinal cord injuries increase 5-fold in 30 years, Jefferson neurosurgeons find
Spinal cord injuries among senior citizens (70 and above) have increased five times in the past 30 years, as compared with younger spinal cord injury patients, researchers report. As the US population ages, an estimated 20 percent of its population will be older than age 65 by the year 2040, and will likely impact spine surgeons and spinal cord rehabilitation centers as these patients become a larger proportion of the spinal cord injury population. (2007-03-19)

Maternal liver grafts more tolerable for children with rare disease
Children with a rare, life-threatening disease that is the most common cause of neonatal liver failure -- biliary atresia -- better tolerate liver transplants from their mothers than from their fathers, according to a UCSF-led study. (2012-01-03)

Profiling amniotic fluid yields faster test for infection and preterm birth risk, researchers find
Profiling certain proteins in amniotic fluid to find biomarkers of inflammation is the fastest and most accurate way to detect potentially dangerous infections in pregnant women, and also can accurately predict whether premature delivery is imminent, according to researchers speaking today at the Annual Meeting of the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine (SMFM). (2006-02-02)

World Health Organization in the era of Margaret Chan
An editorial in this week's issue of the Lancet discusses the challenges facing Margaret Chan, the newly elected Director-General of the World Health Organization. (2006-11-16)

Urgent action needed to improve maternal care in Latin America
Unnecessary caesarean section is known to increase health risks for both mother and infant, while routine episiotomy has no benefit. Two studies in this week's BMJ illustrate the gap between evidence and practice in maternal care. (2002-04-18)

Preconceptional and prenatal exposure to paternal smoking affects semen quality of adult sons
The adverse effect of maternal smoking during pregnancy is well established and associated with several negative neonatal outcomes (such as low birth weight and preterm birth). It is also evident in some studies that the semen quality of men exposed to prenatal maternal smoking is generally more impaired than that of unexposed men. However, there is little known about the effect of paternal smoking in the time leading up to and during pregnancy. (2019-06-25)

Study reveals sweetened drinks during pregnancy puts infants at higher risk for obesity
A recent Danish study of children born to women with gestational diabetes, found that maternal daily consumption of artificially-sweetened beverages during pregnancy was associated with a higher body mass index score and increased risk of overweight/obesity at 7 years. (2017-06-08)

Offspring of older mothers are more responsive to aging interventions, study finds
Maternal age affects how well offspring respond to dietary interventions that are known to increase lifespan, scientists from the Marine Biological Laboratory report in a rotifer study. (2019-03-27)

Study finds residence in US a risk factor for preterm birth
In a study to be presented today at the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine's annual meeting, The Pregnancy Meeting, in Dallas, Texas, researchers will report findings that indicate that duration of stay in the United States is associated with increased risk of preterm birth for Hispanic women. (2012-02-09)

Plentiful maternal affection in early infancy boosts adult coping skills
Moms who shower their infants with affection equip them to cope well with life stressors as adults, indicates research published online in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. (2010-07-26)

Large increase in rate of death from chronic respiratory diseases
Between 1980 and 2014, the rate of death from chronic respiratory diseases, such as COPD, increased by nearly 30 percent overall in the US, although this trend varied by county, sex, and chronic respiratory disease type, according to a study published by JAMA. (2017-09-26)

The Lancet Global Health: Maternal deaths following C-section 50 times higher in Africa compared to high-income countries
The maternal mortality rate following a caesarean section (C-section) in Africa may be 50 times higher than that of high-income countries, according to an observational study of more than 3,500 mothers from 22 African countries, published in The Lancet Global Health journal. (2019-03-14)

Most countries in sub-Saharan Africa not on track for under-5 mortality reduction goal
The relatively slow pace of neonatal and under-5 mortality reduction could prevent most countries in sub-Saharan Africa from achieving targets set in Sustainable Development Goal 3 (SDG-3) by 2030, according to a study published March 12 in the open-access journal PLOS Medicine by Iván Mejía-Guevara of Stanford University, USA and colleagues. (2019-03-13)

Fetal health affected by mother's diet
In the United States, there has been a recent dramatic rise in the number of children classified as obese and diagnosed with obesity-related diseases. One factor thought to contribute to this is obesity of the mother during pregnancy. However, new research using nonhuman primates now suggests that maternal consumption of excess fat, and not whether a mother is obese or lean, is most important for the obesity-related health of a child. (2009-01-19)

Parental depression negatively affects children's school performance
A study led by Drexel University researchers found that parental depression was associated with diminished school performance in children. (2016-02-03)

Biomarkers in mother's plasma predict a type of autism in offspring with 100% accuracy
UC Davis MIND Institute researchers used machine learning to crunch 10,000 autoantibody pattern combinations to identify maternal biomarkers associated with a sub-type of autism. The findings have implications for early diagnosis and intervention. (2021-01-25)

Older mothers are better mothers
New research shows that older mothers are less likely to punish and scold their children while raising them, and that the children have fewer behavioral, social and emotional difficulties. (2017-03-21)

Inhaled corticosteroids for COPD decrease mortality risk from pneumonia and other causes
Treatment of COPD with inhaled corticosteroids may decrease the risk of dying from pneumonia and from other causes despite being associated with an increase in the occurrence of pneumonia, according to a new meta-analysis presented at the 2015 American Thoracic Society International Conference. (2015-05-20)

Recent declines in breast cancer mortality greatest in women under 70
A new study shows that recent declines in breast cancer mortality rates have been most significant among women with estrogen receptor (ER)-positive tumors and women younger than 70. The results of the study are being published online April 2 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology. (2007-04-02)

Relative age in school and suicide among young individuals in Japan
Researchers from Osaka University, Japan, and Syracuse University, USA, found for the first time that those who were born right before the school cutoff day and thus youngest in their cohort have 30 percent higher mortality rates by suicide, compared to their peer who were born right after the cutoff date and thus older. They also found that those with relative age disadvantage tend to follow a different career path that those with relative age advantage, which may explain their higher suicide mortality rates. (2015-10-07)

Variations in placental microbiota appear related to premature birth
A team of researchers from the United Kingdom has found a surplus of pathogenic bacteria in placentas from premature births, supporting the hypothesis that maternal infection may cause preterm birth. The research is published in Applied and Environmental Microbiology, a journal of the American Society for Microbiology. (2018-05-18)

Low levels of neurotransmitter serotonin may perpetuate child abuse across generations
Infant abuse may be perpetuated between generations by changes in the brain induced by early experience, research shows. A research team found that when baby rhesus monkeys endured high rates of maternal rejection and mild abuse in their first month of life, their brains often produced less serotonin, a chemical that transmits impulses in the brain. Low levels of serotonin are associated with anxiety and depression and impulsive aggression in both humans and monkeys. (2006-11-02)

Seeing what protein C is all about
Patients with defective ProC activity suffer from thrombotic complications, which can result in stroke and/or hypertension. In a JCI study researchers used a novel strategy to obtain ProC mice that expressed only 12% of the normal levels of this protein. The mice spontaneously developed thrombosis and inflammation. The results also showed that maternal ProC is required for sustaining pregnancy. (2005-05-05)

Hand-grip strength associated with poor survival
Poor or declining hand-grip strength in the oldest old is associated with poor survival and may be used as a tool to assess mortality, found an article in CMAJ. The fastest growing segment of the elderly population is the group older than 85 years, classified as the oldest old. (2010-02-08)

Study finds massively parallel sequencing can detect fetal aneuploidies, including Down syndrome
In a study to be presented today at the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine's annual meeting, The Pregnancy Meeting, in Dallas, Texas, researchers will report findings that indicate that massively parallel sequencing can be used to diagnose fetal aneuploidies, including Down syndrome, Edwards syndrome, Patau syndrome and Turner syndrome. (2012-02-10)

Study correlates neonatal and early childhood outcomes with preterm birth
In a study to be presented on Feb. 6 at 3:15 p.m. CST, at the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine's annual meeting, The Pregnancy Meeting, in New Orleans, researchers will report on a correlation between initial neonatal and early childhood outcomes among children delivered less than 34 weeks gestation. (2014-02-03)

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