Microorganisms Current Events

Microorganisms Current Events, Microorganisms News Articles.
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Microorganisms can escape from a dead end by swimming
Researchers have shown that microorganisms can ingeniously escape from a dead end by swimming.The results pave the way to understanding the spread of infectious diseases. (2018-03-22)

Scientists of SibFU proposed to use Siberian plants for treatment of serious diseases
Scientists of Siberian Federal University found possible sources of medicinal and antimicrobial drugs. The results of the study of unique medicinal properties of the microorganisms living within the plant -- endosymbionts, are published in the scientific journal Frontiers of Biology. (2018-07-12)

New methods of detecting Salmonella in pork meat processing
Infections caused by food-borne microorganisms are an increasing public health burden. In a Ph.D. project at the National Food Institute at the Technical University of Denmark, new methods of characterizing and detecting foodborne illness-causing Salmonella in pork meat processing and in bacteria in water, feed and food samples were studied. (2014-07-24)

Life under the surface in live broadcast
Researchers at Lund University in Sweden have invented new systems to study the life of microorganisms in the ground. Without any digging, the researchers are able use microchips to see and analyze an invisible world that is filled with more species than any other ecosystem. (2017-12-07)

The hormone ethylene is necessary for plant resistance
Dutch phytopathologists have shown that ethylene is vital for the protection of plants against bacteria and fungi. This is another function for the plant hormone already known to play a role in plant aging and fruit ripening. (2003-03-21)

RUDN University scientists described the distribution of soil microorganisms
Scientists from RUDN University have classified the distribution of soil microorganisms at different latitudes from tropical to temperate forests. The results of the study were published in Functional Ecology. (2017-10-02)

New methane organisms discovered
Textbooks on methane-metabolising organisms might have to be rewritten after researchers in a University of Queensland-led international project today announced discovery of two new organisms. Deputy Head of UQ's Australian Centre for Ecogenomics in the School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences Associate Professor Gene Tyson said these new organisms played an unknown role in greenhouse gas emissions and consumption. (2015-10-23)

Microorganisms reduce methane release from the ocean
Bacteria in the Pacific Ocean remove large amounts of the greenhouse gas methane. (2019-09-10)

Are vultures spreaders of microbes that put human health at risk?
A new analysis published in IBIS examines whether bacteria, viruses, and other microorganisms that are present in wild vultures cause disease in the birds, and whether vultures play a role in spreading or preventing infectious diseases to humans and other animal species. (2020-08-05)

The role of nanobacteria in the organic matter cycle in freshwater systems
A team of scientists including researchers from Baltic Federal University studied freshwater microorganisms that can pass through biological filters. These microorganisms are understudied but were believed to play an important role in the biosphere. However, experiments showed that they had only a minor impact on the cycle of dissolved organic matter. (2021-02-10)

Lost in translation: Organic matter cuts plant-microbe links
Soil scientists from Cornell and Rice Universities have dug around and found that although adding carbon organic matter to agricultural fields is usually advantageous, it may muddle the beneficial underground communication between legume plants and microorganisms. (2020-01-30)

Plant seed research provides basis for sustainable alternatives to chemical fertilizers
Scientists assessed the seed microbiomes of two successive plant generations for the first time and discovered that seeds are an important vector for transmission of beneficial endophytes across generations. (2019-03-25)

Bacteria never swim alone
Many animal species display flocking behavior, but the fact that microorganisms do is not as well known. Researchers at Lund University in Sweden have now shown that algae and bacteria form flocks at very low concentrations of individuals, a finding that could increase our future understanding of how the organisms infect their host animals. (2017-07-14)

Scientists' warning to humanity: Microbiology and climate change
When it comes to climate change, ignoring the role of microorganisms could have dire consequences, according to a new statement issued by an international team of microbiologists. (2019-07-08)

Chemical Reaction Believed To Support Underground Microbes Is Now Unlikely
A critical chemical reaction previously thought to support microbial life deep below Earth's surface, and possibly on Mars, is in fact highly unlikely. The findings are reported in this week's issue of the journal Science by researchers funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF)'s Life in Extreme Environments (LeXeN) program and affiliated with the University of Massachusetts at Amherst (U. Mass.). (1998-08-13)

Excessive phosphate fertilizer use can reduce microbial functions critical to crop health
A team of scientists at Penn State University set out to determine if nutrient history changed the function of soil microorganisms. The answer seems to be yes, and that soil treated with high amounts of phosphate can result in poorer plant performance, but even more intriguing, it appears that the soil microorganisms from this conditioned soil can negatively impact plant yield. (2019-03-18)

KSU microbiologist uses microwave, acid treatments to kill pathogens, maintain color in meat
Meat processing plants can try washing, steaming, or other ways to sanitize a carcass, yet the meat consumers purchase in the supermarket can still have the potentially deadly E. coli bacteria because when the carcass is sliced into smaller portions the meat can be recontaminated. (1999-07-15)

Timing key in understanding plant microbiomes
Oregon State University researchers have made a key advance in understanding how timing impacts the way microorganisms colonize plants, a step that could provide farmers an important tool to boost agricultural production. (2020-07-16)

New drug formulation could treat Candida infections
With antimicrobial resistance (AMR) increasing around the world, new research led by the University of Bristol has shown a new drug formulation could possibly be used in antifungal treatments against Candida infections. (2020-04-28)

Discovery of a new defense system against microbial pathogens
For the first time in the world, a group of researchers discovered a human immune receptor, which detects the invasion of pathogenic microorganisms. They thereby succeeded in identifying a so far unknown host defense mechanism. These results will contribute to future developments in the treatment and prevention of infectious diseases. (2016-07-11)

Less flocking behavior among microorganisms reduces the risk of being eaten
When algae and bacteria with different swimming gaits gather in large groups, their flocking behaviour diminishes, something that may reduce the risk of falling victim to aquatic predators. This finding is presented in an international study led from Lund University in Sweden. (2020-08-24)

Changing how we view chlorine in soil
Researchers at Linköping University have studied how combinations of different environmental factors affect the chlorination of organic matter in soils. The results show that the supply of fresh organic compounds, which promote the growth of the microorganisms, increases chlorination. The discovery could mean that chlorine in ecosystems has a different significance than previously believed. (2018-01-10)

Study questions nature's ability to 'self-correct' climate change
Forests have a limited capacity to soak up atmospheric carbon dioxide, according to a new study from Northern Arizona University. (2013-08-06)

Soil scientist researches nature versus nurture in microorganisms
Ember Morrissey, assistant professor of environmental microbiology at West Virginia University, uncovered that nature significantly affects how the tiny organisms under our feet respond to their current surroundings. (2019-09-11)

RUDN University researcher found out what happens to organic matter on rice fields
A soil scientist from RUDN University has found out how plant root secretions affect microorganisms and biochemical processes in paddy soils (rice fields, for instance). Rice field soils play a very important role in the agriculture of Southeast Asia, since they cover > 160 Mio ha and are used to produce food for a quarter of world population. The results of the study were published in the European Journal of Soil Biology. (2017-10-31)

Blood-sucking flies have been spreading malaria for 100 million years
The microorganisms that cause malaria, leishmaniasis and a variety of other illnesses today can be traced back at least to the time of dinosaurs, a study of amber-preserved blood-sucking insects and ticks show. (2018-11-26)

Microbial oasis discovered beneath the Atacama Desert
Two meters below the surface of the Atacama Desert there is an 'oasis' of microorganisms. Researchers from the Center of Astrobiology and the Catholic University of the North in Chile have found it in hypersaline substrates thanks to SOLID, a detector for signs of life which could be used in environments similar to subsoil on Mars. (2012-02-16)

Harbor Branch to receive $2.1 million of a $4.9 million multi-institutional grant to discover new natural product leads for cancer chemotherapy
The University of Minnesota, Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institution, Oregon State University, University of California-Santa Cruz and Novartis have been awarded a 4 1/2 year, $4.9 million grant from the National Cancer Institute to discover and develop novel anticancer agents using genetic material from marine microorganisms. This grant is part of a larger NCI initiative designed to speed the drug development process. (1999-10-31)

Fine-tuning lasers to destroy blood-borne diseases like AIDS
Physicists in Arizona State University have designed a revolutionary laser technique which can destroy viruses and bacteria such as AIDS without damaging human cells and may also help reduce the spread of hospital infections such as MRSA. (2007-11-01)

New cost-effective technique facilitates study of non-bacterial plant microbiomes
Thanks to a new technique developed by plant pathologists in Connecticut, scientists now have access to an affordable and effective tool to facilitate the study of the entire non-bacterial microbiomes of any plant species. (2020-12-08)

Biochar provides high-definition electron pathways in soil
Cornell University scientists have discovered a new high-definition system that allows electrons to travel through soil farther and more efficiently than previously thought. (2017-04-03)

Mass biofuel production without mass antibiotic use
Rather than applying mass amounts of antibiotics to vats of biofuel-producing microorganisms to keep control these cultures, researchers have developed a new technique using modified strains that outcompete other possible contaminating microbes. (2016-08-04)

Sagging symbionts
Animals house substantial microbial populations within their bodies. In some cases microorganisms are necessary for host survival or reproduction, but not in all. It is interesting to understand whether facultative associations with microorganisms ever benefit the host in lesser ways. In a study by Leonardo in Ecology Letters, June, antibiotic treatment, in combination with genetic data presented, implies that the aphid, rather than symbiont, genome is responsible for causing the observed specialization. (2004-05-13)

Consuming probiotics for a month helps diminish fat accumulation in the liver, new study says
Spanish scientists have demonstrated through an experiment on obese rats that the consumption of probiotics during thirty days helps diminish the accumulation of fat in the liver. This new finding, published today by the journal PLOS ONE, is a great step forward on the fight agains the Non-Alcolohic Fatty Liver Disease, which is closely related to obesity and diabetes. (2014-07-18)

Springer editor and author Koki Horikoshi to receive 2006 Japan Academy Prize
Koki Horikoshi (73), professor emeritus at the Tokyo Institute of Technology and Director General of Extremobiosphere Research Center JAMSTEC, has been honored with this year's Japan Academy Prize. The award ceremony was held on July 3, 2006, in the presence of Their Majesties the Emperor and Empress of Japan. (2006-07-20)

Handbook of Molecular Microbial Ecology: Exploring the World of the Microbes
In a new two volume set, the (2011-08-08)

Helpful Bacteria Keep Veggies Fresher
Today's consumers prefer preservative-free produce, but also demand the convenience of foods like salad-in-a-bag. A researcher with the U.S. Department of Agriculture says certain types of non-pathogenic bacteria could help give the public what they want plus an extra margin of safety (1996-09-11)

Methane production reduced in ruminants
Livestock farming is responsible for 18 percent of the world's greenhouse gases, and ruminants such as cattle, sheep and goats generate 35 percent of one of these gases -- methane, and according to experts they make a significant contribution to climate change. (2016-05-02)

Historical climate important for soil responses to future climate change
Researchers at Lund University in Sweden, in collaboration with colleagues from the University of Amsterdam, examined how 18 years of drought affect the billions of vital bacteria that are hidden in the soil beneath our feet. The results show that this type of extreme weather determines how soils respond to future climate change. (2018-11-30)

Gut reaction
Texas A&M University and University of North Carolina School of Medicine scientists study the effect of diet complexity and estrogen hormone receptors on intestinal microbiota. (2013-11-08)

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