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TCT 2013 celebrates 25 years of interventional innovation
Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics (TCT) is the annual scientific symposium of the Cardiovascular Research Foundation. Celebrating its 25th anniversary, it is the world's premier educational meeting specializing in interventional cardiovascular medicine and attracts nearly 12,000 participants. TCT gathers leading medical researchers and clinicians from around the world to present and discuss the latest research developments in the field. TCT 2013 will be held October 27-November 1 at the Moscone Center in San Francisco, California. (2013-08-22)

Relapse rare in young men after antireflux surgery
Surgery for severe heartburn has become less common after the turn of the millennium, due in part to the fear of relapse. Instead, most patients are treated with drugs that reduce the acidity of the stomach. However, a new study from Karolinska Institutet in Sweden published in the distinguished journal JAMA shows that the risk of complications and relapse is not as high as feared, especially not in young, healthy males. (2017-09-12)

No benefit associated with echocardiographic screening in the general population
A study in Norway suggests echocardiographic screening in the general public for structural and valvular heart disease was not associated with benefit for reducing the risk of death, myocardial infarction or stroke, according to a report published by JAMA Internal Medicine, a JAMA Network publication. (2013-07-22)

Bone marrow-derived cells differentiate in the brain through mechanisms of plasticity
When bone marrow-derived stem cells (BMDCs) were grafted into mutant mice suffering from degeneration of specific neuronal populations at different ages, more bone marrow-derived microglial cells were observed in olfactory bulbs of the test animals where degeneration of mitral cells was still in progress, rather than in the cerebellum where cell degeneration had been completed, showing that BMDCs contribute to the central nervous system variably in the same animal depending on region and cell-specific factors. (2011-12-19)

Study finds that competency in colonoscopy requires experience with 150 cases or more
Researchers from Korea have found that technically efficient screening and diagnostic colonoscopy generally requires experience with 150 cases or more. The study appears in the April issue of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, the monthly peer-reviewed scientific journal of the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. (2008-04-23)

How earthquake swarms arise
A new fault simulator maps out how interactions between pressure, friction and fluids rising through a fault zone can lead to slow-motion quakes and seismic swarms. (2020-09-24)

Implantation of an S-ICD in a patient with a DDD pacemaker and congenitally corrected transposition
Implantation of an S-ICD in a Patient with a DDD Pacemaker and Congenitally Corrected Transposition of the Great Arteries. In a new publication from Cardiovascular Innovations and Applications; DOI, Yu Zhang, Wen-Long Dai, Can-Can Lin, Qiao-Yuan Li and Cheng-Jun Guo from Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China consider implantation of an S-ICD in a patient with a DDD pacemaker and congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries. (2020-11-19)

How plants manage excess solar energy
Life on earth largely depends on the conversion of light energy into chemical energy through photosynthesis by plants. However, absorption of excess sunlight can damage the complex machinery responsible for this process. Researchers from UNIGE have discovered how Chlamydomonas reinhardtii activates the protection of its photosynthetic machinery. Their study indicates that the receptors that detect ultraviolet rays induce the activation of a safety valve that allows dissipation of excess energy as heat. (2016-12-05)

Study finds cellular processes controlling the formation of lymphatic valves
A mouse model study led by the University of South Florida Health (USF Health) Morsani College of Medicine has identified new cellular processes controlling development of the small valves inside lymphatic vessels, which prevent lymph fluid from flowing the wrong way back into tissues. The new findings suggest that targeting signaling pathways involved in creating and maintaining lymphatic valves may be a viable therapy for patients coping with lymphedema. (2019-08-27)

Henry Ford Hospital: New left-side heart pump improves right-side heart function
A state-of-the-art heart pump, designed to maintain a continuous flow of blood in end-stage cardiac patients with damage to the left side of the heart, also improves function on the right side of the heart, according to researchers at Henry Ford Hospital's Heart and Vascular Institute. (2010-05-27)

Ancient Chinese remedy for ulcers and heartburn
An ancient Chinese medicine extracted from pine tree resin may be effective against ulcers, heartburn and reflux oesophagitis, scientists have found. (2001-10-15)

Bacteria in smokeless tobacco products may be a health concern
Several species of bacteria found in smokeless tobacco products have been associated with opportunistic infections, according to a paper published Aug. 26 in Applied and Environmental Microbiology, a journal of the American Society for Microbiology. (2016-08-26)

Now, you can hold a copy of your brain in the palm of your hand
Medical imaging technologies like MRI and CT scans produce high-resolution images as a series of 'slices,' making them an obvious complement to 3D printers, which also print in slices. However, the process of manually 'thresholding' medical scans to define objects to be printed is prohibitively expensive and time-consuming. A new method converts medical data into dithered bitmaps, allowing custom 3D-printed models of patient data to be printed in a fraction of the time. (2018-05-29)

Nicotine patches don't cause heartburn
Contrary to previous research findings, nicotine patches don't appear to cause heartburn, the results of a small study suggest. (1999-12-19)

Irreversible catastrophic brain hemorrhage after minor injury in a patient on dabigatran
Clinicians from the University of Utah report the death of a patient who received a mild brain injury from a ground-level fall while taking the new anticoagulant dabigatran etexilate for non-valve-related atrial fibrillation. Bleeding complications associated with direct thrombin inhibitors, such as dabigatran, are largely irreversible. Physicians should suspect the strong potential for catastrophic hemorrhage in patients taking these medications so that available, albeit limited, management options can be put into effect without delay. (2012-03-06)

Death rate 70 percent lower at top-rated hospitals: HealthGrades annual hospital quality study
Patients have on average a 70 percent lower chance of dying at the nation's top-rated hospitals compared with the lowest-rated hospitals across 17 procedures and conditions analyzed in the eleventh annual HealthGrades Hospital Quality in America Study, issued today by HealthGrades, the leading independent healthcare ratings organization. Based on the study, HealthGrades today made available its 2009 quality ratings for all nonfederal hospitals in the country at (2008-10-14)

Real-world heart procedure results consistent with scientific research
The first one-year outcomes data of transcatheter heart valve replacement in nearly all US patients undergoing this procedure shows that real-world outcomes are comparable to or slightly better than those found in clinical trials, according to registry data presented at the American College of Cardiology's 63rd Annual Scientific Session. (2014-03-31)

Ginseng reduces effects of anti-clotting drug
Ginseng, one of the best selling herbal supplements in the United States, interferes with warfarin, a drug commonly used to prevent blood clots. Since precise warfarin dosing is crucial, this can have significant consequences. Too little warfarin can allow clots to form and too much can cause serious bleeding. Anyone who takes both ginseng and warfarin should notify his or her doctor and doctors should ask patients on warfarin if they are taking ginseng. (2004-07-05)

Sampling 'small atmospheres' in the tiny new worlds of MEMS
Just as astronomers want to understand the atmospheres of planets and moons, so engineers want atmospheric knowledge of worlds they create that are the size of pinheads, their (2005-03-08)

Serum sodium level is a major predictor of a poor prognosis for heart failure patients
Research presented today at the American College of Cardiology's Scientific Sessions in Orlando pinpoints a major marker of a poor prognosis for heart failure, hyponatremia, or a lower than normal concentration of serum or blood sodium. (2005-03-07)

Cardiac rehab coverage expands for chronic heart failure patients with symptoms
Medicare's and Medicaid's newly extended cardiac rehabilitation coverage for chronic heart failure patients with symptoms has tripled the number who are now eligible, according to a study presented at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2015. (2015-11-10)

The Lancet: Drug could help reduce frequency of seizures for children with Dravet Syndrome, a severe treatment-resistant epilepsy, compared with placebo
Children with Dravet Syndrome given fenfluramine experienced a greater reduction in convulsive seizures, compared to patients given a placebo for a 14-week treatment period, according to a randomised controlled trial published in The Lancet. (2019-12-17)

Potential RNA Markers of abnormal heart rhythms identified in circulating blood
The irregular heart rhythm atrial fibrillation (AF) increases the risk of stroke and heart failure, but is often undiagnosed because of a lack of symptoms. Now, Tokyo Medical and Dental University (TMDU) researchers have identified four short lengths of RNA (miRNAs) that show increased expression in the circulating blood of AF patients. These miRNAs could be used as potential biomarkers to predict the onset of AF disease. (2018-03-15)

Women can gauge what their fitness level should be at a given age to reduce risk of death
Researchers have developed a nomogram (alignment chart) specifically for women that can be used to predict their expected exercise capacity at any given age, as well as demonstrated that the resulting measure is a predictor of the risk of death. Women whose exercise capacity was less than 85 percent the age-predicted value had twice the risk of death compared to women reaching at least 85 percent. (2005-08-03)

Poor patient warfarin knowledge may increase risk of deadly side effects
Patients have poor knowledge of warfarin which may increase their risk of serious side effects, according to research presented today at EuroHeartCare 2016 by Dr. Kjersti Oterhals, a nurse researcher at Haukeland University Hospital in Bergen, Norway. (2016-04-15)

Catheterization recommended for treating pediatric heart conditions
Because of new developments in procedures, technology and expertise, considerations for using catheterization to treat children born with heart defects in addition to its role in diagnosis are reviewed. (2011-05-02)

Older patients who need high-risk surgery fare better in experienced hospitals
Going to hospitals experienced in certain high-risk surgeries can help save lives for elderly undergoing those procedures, a Dartmouth Medical School study confirmed. Older patients who had any of 14 high-risk cardiovascular or cancer operations in hospitals highly experienced with their particular procedure were more likely to survive than those who went to less-experienced hospitals, according to the nationwide study, published April 11 in The New England Journal of Medicine. (2002-04-11)

Novel combined therapy extends life, diminishes pain in brain cancer patients
Researchers have created a novel combined technique to treat cancer patients by bathing the brain in chemotherapy and relieving pressure from spinal fluid build-up (hydrocephalus). (2011-07-14)

Bee Sting Treatment Should Emphasize Speed, Not Method Of Removal
Immediate treatment of bee stings -- one of the most common insect-caused injuries to humans -- should emphasize quick removal of the sting, rather than the method by which the sting is removed, according to entomologists at Penn State and the University of California, Riverside. (1996-08-06)

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