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COPD program decreases 30-day hospital readmission, may increase mortality
The 30-day readmission rate for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease has decreased but the mortality rate has increased. Hospitals, in seeking to avoid financial penalties by reducing readmissions, may inadvertently affect minority and disadvantaged patients. (2020-09-10)

Risk of death may increase for successive generations of immigrants with type 2 diabetes
A 10-year nationwide study investigating survival rates in all people with type 2 diabetes in Sweden, to be published in Diabetologia, finds that non-Western immigrants experienced a higher risk of death with each generation born in the country. The findings arebeing presented at Annual Meeting of The European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD). (2020-09-22)

National supplies of protein, carbs and fats can predict your lifespan
A new global study from the University of Sydney has looked at how macronutrient supplies (proteins, carbohydrates and fats) of different countries are associated with the risk of death at different ages. It is the most extensive analysis to date of corresponding national macronutrient supplies, survival statistics and economic data. (2020-11-16)

Physical activity associated with lower risk of death in patients with diabetes
Higher levels of physical activity were related to lower risk of death in patients with diabetes, according to a report published Online First by Archives of Internal Medicine, a JAMA Network publication. (2012-08-06)

Non-medical causes responsible for many maternal deaths
Intimate partner violence, substance use disorder and mental illness may be as threatening to health and survival during pregnancy in US cities as medical issues. (2016-10-13)

Women's study finds longevity means getting just enough sleep
A new study, derived from novel sleep research conducted by University of California, San Diego, researchers 14 years earlier, suggests that the secret to a long life may come with just enough sleep. Less than five hours a night is probably not enough; eight hours is probably too much. (2010-09-30)

Saving antiretroviral treatment in long-term HIV-positive patients
HIV-positive patients who have been receiving long-term antiretroviral treatment are less likely to respond to subsequent rounds of treatment, according to a review in the August issue of the Lancet Infectious Diseases. (2006-07-26)

Will screening for aortic aneurysm be effective?
Pilot screening programs for abdominal aortic aneurysms in men aged 65 are due to be launched in England this year, but is this move too hasty? Two experts debate the issue in this week's BMJ. (2008-04-17)

Study compares outcomes at VA hospitals vs. non-VA hospitals
Among older men with heart attack, heart failure or pneumonia, hospitalization at Veterans Affairs (VA) hospitals, compared with hospitalization at non-VA hospitals, was associated with lower 30-day all-cause mortality rates for heart attack and heart failure, and higher 30-day all-cause readmission rates for all three conditions, both nationally and within similar geographic areas, although absolute differences between these outcomes were small, according to a study in the Feb. 9 issue of JAMA. (2016-02-09)

Study: Air pollution battle is crucial to China's public health
China's measures to improve air quality are working, but more stringent policies should be put in place to safeguard public health, a new study has shown. The study, from Tsinghua University, Beijing, used satellite-derived aerosol optical depth measurements, ground based observations, and air quality simulations to examine the levels of fine particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter less than 2.5 μm (PM2.5) and its adverse health impacts across China. (2017-11-06)

Deaths from breast cancer fall in Europe
Improvements in treatment, as well as enhanced access to care, underlie the sustained decreases in breast cancer mortality seen in 30 European countries from 1989 to 2010. But there are notable variations between different countries that cannot be explained simply by the resources devoted to cancer care, and these differences need to be studied further. (2014-03-20)

Estrogen not associated with lung cancer incidence and mortality among postmenopausal women
Use of estrogen alone did not increase lung cancer mortality in postmenopausal women, according to a study published online Aug. 13 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute. (2010-08-13)

Early, aggressive treatment recommended for critically ill patients with hematological malignancy
A study of 7,689 admissions from 178 adult intensive care units in England, Wales and Northern Ireland has revealed the factors associated with a higher mortality rate in hematological malignancy. Researchers writing in BioMed Central's open access journal Critical Care found that certain factors have a significant impact on the risk of death. (2009-08-24)

Study reveals kidney disease or injury is associated with much higher risk of mortality for COVID-19 patients in ICU
New research published in Anaesthesia (a journal of the Association of Anaesthetists) reveals the much higher risk of mortality faced by COVID-19 patients in intensive care who have chronic kidney disease (CKD) or, those who develop new (acute) kidney injury (AKI) as a result of developing COVID-19. (2020-10-16)

More African-Americans die from causes that can be prevented or treated
Two-thirds of the difference between death rates among African-Americans and Caucasians are now due to causes that could be prevented or cured, according to a new study appearing in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. The study, (2009-04-23)

Countdown to 2015 and beyond: Fulfilling the health agenda for women and children
The Lancet today publishes a new Review from the Countdown to 2015 collaboration, summarising results from the Countdown 2014 report, examining the data supporting evidence-based decisions in women's and children's health, describing elements of the Countdown process that might inform ongoing efforts to hold the world to account for progress, and listing concrete steps that can be taken now to ensure continued progress for women and children. (2014-06-29)

COPD is independent risk factor for cardiovascular death, but not risk of stroke
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or COPD, is associated with increased risk of dying from a cardiovascular disease such as heart failure or a heart attack, as well as diseases not associated with the heart. However, COPD is not by itself associated with increased likelihood of having a stroke or a systemic embolism, according to a new research study. (2015-05-20)

DNA labels predict mortality
Methyl labels in the DNA regulate the activity of our genes and, thus, have a great influence on health and disease. Scientists from the German Cancer Research Center and from the Saarland cancer registry have now revealed that an altered methylation status at only 10 specific sites in the genome can indicate that mortality is increased by up to seven times. Smoking has a particularly unfavorable impact on the methylation status. (2017-03-20)

Study questions success of health intervention currently used in developing countries
In the early 20th century, researchers in Massachusetts studied the first community-based health intervention in the world, the Framingham Health and Tuberculosis Demonstration, deeming it highly successful in controlling tuberculosis (TB) and reducing mortality. Now a new study has concluded that the effort was not as successful as initially thought, and suggests that the intervention cannot be cited as evidence for the success of health policies in the era before antibiotics became available. (2019-06-26)

Mortality rate higher for US rural residents
A recent study by Syracuse University sociology professor Shannon Monnat shows that mortality rates are higher for U.S. working-age residents who live in rural areas instead of metro areas, and the gap is getting wider. (2020-10-20)

Hospital volume and surgeon specialty influence patient outcomes
Researchers from the Netherlands Cancer Institute wanted to understand if patients undergoing lung cancer resections would benefit from having their procedures performed in a high-volume specialized center. The study, published in the July 2012 issue of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer's Journal of Thoracic Oncology, concluded that hospital volume and surgeon specialty are important factors in patient outcomes. (2012-06-15)

Maternal and child health in Brazil: Progress and challenges
Improvements in child survival interventions (including vaccinations), nutrition and health-system access are all believed to have contributed to huge reductions in under-5 child mortality in Brazil, that has declined by around 5 percent a year in the 1980s and 1990s and by 4 percent per year since 2000, to a rate of 20 child deaths per 1,000 population, of which two-thirds die before age 28 days. (2011-05-09)

Study finds recent trend of growing US disparities in health not inevitable
In the most comprehensive study to date addressing this debate, researchers at the Harvard School of Public Health found that, as overall health improved (as measured by a decline in mortality rates), inequities in health both shrank and widened between 1960 and 2002. (2008-02-25)

Bucking conventional wisdom, researchers find black sea bass tougher than expected
In a new study, fisheries researchers found that black sea bass can usually survive the physical trauma that results from being hauled up from deep water then released at the surface. The finding is part of a larger study of the fish's mortality rate, which will inform stock assessments designed to help ensure that the black sea bass fishery is sustainable. (2014-03-12)

Deaths reduced with cardiac resynchronization therapy
Cardiac resynchronization therapy shows major benefit in reducing mortality in people with heart failure when combined with optimal medical therapy or implantable cardioverter defibrillator, according to a study published in Canadian Medical Association Journal. (2011-01-31)

Screening mammography found effective in reducing advanced breast cancer in elderly women
Screening mammography can reduce the risk of advanced breast cancer in elderly women, according to a University of California, San Francisco study. (2000-01-26)

PSA-testing and early treatment decreases risk of prostate cancer death
Mortality in prostate cancer is lower in areas with frequent use of PSA testing compared with areas with little testing shows a study published online today in Journal of the National Cancer Institute by researchers from Umea University, Sweden and Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, N.Y., USA. (2014-03-10)

Not falling far from tree: Ecologists study seed-to-seedling transitions
Ecologists studying spatial patterns of seeds and surviving seedlings among trees on Panama's Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute Forest Dynamics Plot on Barro Colorado Island observed the Hubbell pattern: A large number of seedlings survived under parent trees compared to far away. Findings suggest the strength of mortality experienced from the seed to seedling stage may not be sufficient to promote local diversity. (2020-02-27)

Two new studies on the connection between hypertension and cognitive decline
With the number of individuals affected by cognitive decline expected to rise over the next few decades, investigating its potential causes is of major public health interest. Two new studies published today in the American Journal of Hypertension delve into the connection between hypertension and cognitive decline. (2015-07-02)

Multifaceted quality improvement intervention does not reduce risk of death in ICUs
Implementation of a multifaceted quality improvement intervention with daily checklists, goal setting, and clinician prompting did not reduce in-hospital mortality compared with routine care among critically ill patients treated in intensive care units in Brazil, according to a study appearing in the April 12 issue of JAMA. (2016-04-12)

Despite financial challenges, safety-net hospitals provide high quality care
A Yale study of the care quality received at safety-net hospitals -- which provide care for the majority of uninsured and other vulnerable populations -- found that quality at these facilities is similar to non-safety-net hospitals. This is despite the unique financial challenges at safety-net hospitals in the face of rising costs and the potential impact of the health-care law. (2012-08-06)

Estrogen plus progestin use linked with increased breast cancer incidence and mortality
Estrogen plus progestin use is linked with increased breast cancer incidence. In addition, prognosis is similar for both users and nonusers of combined hormone therapy, suggesting that mortality from breast cancer may be higher for hormone therapy users as well, according to a study published Mar. 29 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute. (2013-03-29)

Study shows vitamin A supplementation does not reduce maternal mortality
A trial in Ghana has shown that vitamin A supplementation does not reduce maternal mortality -- contradicting previous findings from a trial in Nepal which showed a 44 percent decrease. (2010-05-04)

Rural COVID-19 mortality highest in counties with more blacks and hispanics
A recent study by researchers from Syracuse University shows that the average daily increase in rural COVID-19 mortality rates has been significantly higher in counties with the largest percentages of Black and Hispanic residents. (2020-09-09)

The benefits of reperfusion therapy
The wider use of reperfusion therapy in patients with heart attack can save millions of lives in Europe. Effective reperfusion therapy in an AMI patient can cut the individual risk of dying by half. AMI is caused by a sudden blockage of a coronary artery, one of the vessels supplying the heart muscle with oxygen and nutrients. Effective reperfusion therapy provides a timely and sustainable reopening of the blockage. (2009-09-01)

Opioids and obesity, not 'despair deaths,' raising mortality rates for white Americans
Drug-related deaths among middle-aged white men increased more than 25-fold between 1980 and 2014, with the bulk of that spike occurring since the mid-1990s when addictive prescription opioids became broadly available, according to new CU Boulder research. (2017-07-20)

Social relationships are linked to improved survival
Individuals with adequate social relationships have a 50 percent greater likelihood of survival compared to those with poor or insufficient social relationships. (2010-07-27)

Better air quality standards in China could save 3 million early deaths each year
Adopting and enforcing tighter air quality standards in China could save three million premature deaths each year and may bring about tremendous public health benefits, say experts in The BMJ today. (2017-03-14)

New study shows naps may reduce coronary mortality
In a new large, prospective study, researchers found that midday napping -- siestas -- reduced coronary mortality by about one-third among men and women. (2007-02-12)

Drinking alcohol several times a week increases the risk of stroke mortality
Consuming alcohol more frequently than twice a week increases the risk of stroke mortality in men, according to a study carried out at the University of Eastern Finland. The results show that the effects of alcohol are not limited to the amount consumed, but also the frequency of drinking matters. (2014-03-19)

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