Myopia Current Events

Myopia Current Events, Myopia News Articles.
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Are our schools damaging children's eyes?
Shockingly, research has shown a dramatic increase in the number of students leaving secondary school with short-sightedness, or myopia, and a new study published in the Journal Perspectives in Public Health, published by SAGE, suggests lighting in schools could be a factor. (2015-03-24)

Faster, cheaper tests for myopia possible
The world's most common vision problem myopia or short/near sightedness, which causes damage to the eye and even blindness, just got easier to assess. Progressive research at Flinders University in Australia has identified a new method to measure how it affects the eye, a new article in PLOS ONE reveals. (2020-01-15)

Outdoor light has role in reducing short-sightedness in kids
Increasing exposure to outdoor light is the key to reducing the myopia (short-sightedness) epidemic in children, according to ground-breaking research by Australian optometrists. Optometrist and lead researcher on the project, Associate Professor Scott Read who is the director of research at QUT's School of Optometry and Vision Science, said children need to spend more than an hour and preferably at least two hours a day outside to help prevent myopia from developing and progressing. (2016-04-06)

Mythbusted -- people who wear glasses aren't geeks
Latest Australian research into myopia or shortsightedness reveals that people who wear glasses are not stereotypical geeks or nerds. (2008-03-25)

Myopia appears to have become more common
Myopia (nearsightedness) may have been more common in Americans from 1999 to 2004 than it was 30 years ago, according to a report in the December issue of Archives of Ophthalmology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. (2009-12-14)

Genetic processes that determine short-sightedness discovered by researchers
Three previously unknown genetic mechanisms have been discovered in causing myopia otherwise known as short or near-sightedness, finds a new study. (2020-03-31)

Increased UVB exposure associated with reduced risk of nearsightedness, particularly in teens, young
Higher ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation exposure, directly related to time outdoors and sunlight exposure, was associated with reduced odds of myopia (nearsightedness), and exposure to UVB between ages 14 and 29 years was associated with the highest reduction in odds of adult myopia, according to a study published online by JAMA Ophthalmology. (2016-12-01)

90 percent of children with intermittent exotropia will become nearsighted by 20 years of age
Intermittent exotropia, a condition in which the eyes turn outward while looking at an object. In an article published in the March 2010 issue of the American Journal of Ophthalmology, researchers from the Mayo Clinic and Mayo Foundation, Rochester, M.N., followed 135 patients with intermittent exotropia over a 20-year period and found that slightly more than 90 percent of these children became nearsighted by the time they reached their 20s. (2010-04-07)

Education linked to higher risk of short-sightedness
Spending more years in full time education is associated with a greater risk of developing short-sightedness (myopia), finds a study published by The BMJ today. (2018-06-06)

Genes are main culprit in development of myopia, study suggests
A new study strongly indicates that the primary cause of nearsightedness is heredity. The study also suggests that the amount of time a child spends studying or reading plays a minor role in the development of myopia, or nearsightedness. The researchers found that, per week, myopic children spent more time studying and reading for pleasure and less time playing sports than non-myopic children. (2003-03-14)

161 genetic factors for myopia identified
The international Consortium for Refractive Error and Myopia (CREAM) recently published the worldwide largest genetic study of myopia, which identified 161 genetic factors for short-sightedness. (2018-06-14)

Additional time spent outdoors by children results in decreased rate of nearsightedness
The addition of a daily outdoor activity class at school for three years for children in Guangzhou, China, resulted in a reduction in the rate of myopia (nearsightedness, the ability to see close objects more clearly than distant objects), according to a study in the Sept. 15 issue of JAMA. (2015-09-15)

New approach to slowing nearsightedness in children shows promise
Combining 2 different treatment methods to slow the progression of myopia may deliver better results than either can achieve on their own. (2019-10-15)

Study suggests wearing no-line bifocals slows myopia progression in some children
Certain children who wear a special kind of no-line bifocal lenses show signs of slower progression of myopia than those who wear more conventional lenses according to a new study published in Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science (IOVS). (2007-03-14)

LASIK works well, according to long-term study of highly myopic patients
Although over 18 million LASIK procedures have been performed worldwide, there is still some controversy regarding the maximum correction possible and efficacy with this technique. In an article published in the January 2008 issue of the American Journal of Ophthalmology, researchers from Miguel Hernandez University, Medical School and Ankara University School of Medicine report that LASIK for myopia over -10 D is a safe and effective procedure in the long-term, ten years after surgery. (2007-12-28)

First-born in family more likely to be nearsighted; priority of education may be factor
First-born individuals in a sample of adults in the United Kingdom were more likely to be nearsighted than later-born individuals in a family, and the association was larger before adjusting for educational exposure, suggesting that reduced parental investment in the education of children with later birth orders may be partly responsible, according to a study published online by JAMA Ophthalmology. (2015-10-08)

Implantable contact lens safe and effective for correcting myopia
Implantable contact lens (ICL) to correct myopia, are safe, effective and have predictable results for correcting moderate to high myopia or nearsightedness, according to a study published by the Opthalmology journal. (2004-09-01)

Tidal wave of myopia sweeping across East Asian countries, up to 90 percent of young adults affected
Myopia, or short-sightedness, now affects between 80 and 90 percent of school-leavers in major East Asian cities, such as those in China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Japan, Singapore, and South Korea. This imposes a huge disease burden currently, and poses further future problems, not least because 10-20 percent of these people have (2012-05-03)

Bifocals may slow progression of nearsightedness in children
Bifocal glasses may be effective in slowing the progression of myopia (nearsightedness) in children with high rates of progression, according to a report in the January issue of Archives of Ophthalmology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. (2010-01-11)

Level of education is more decisive than intelligence for development of short-sightedness
Environmental factors such as education and leisure activities have a greater influence on the development of short-sightedness or myopia than the ability to think logically and solve problems. Myopia and the so-called 'fluid intelligence' of a person are certainly related, but only indirectly through the duration of education. This is the conclusion of researchers at the Mainz University Medical Center involved in the study 'Myopia and Cognitive Performance: Results from the Gutenberg Health Study.' (2016-11-15)

Approximately one-third of people older than 40 have vision disturbances
Refractive errors (inability of the eye to focus properly) affect about one-third of people 40 years and older in the United States and Western Europe, and one-fifth of Australians 40 or older, according to an article in the April issue of The Archives of Ophthalmology, a theme issue on blindness, and one of the JAMA/Archives journals. (2004-04-12)

Gene leads to nearsightedness when kids read
Vision researchers at Columbia University Medical Center have discovered a gene that causes myopia, but only in people who spend a lot of time in childhood reading or doing other 'nearwork.' (2015-08-31)

American Academy of Ophthalmology on NEI report on sharp rise in myopia in Americans
According to the American Academy of Ophthalmology, the 66.4 percent increase in myopia in Americans since the 1970s, as reported in the recent NIH/National Eye Institute study, is significant, and will impact health-care costs as well as vision quality. (2009-12-15)

Night lights don't lead to nearsightedness, study suggests
A new study suggests that leaving a light on in a sleeping infant's room won't increase the child's chance of becoming nearsighted. This contradicts previous research that found babies younger than 2 years old who slept with a light on were at increased risk of developing nearsightedness later in childhood. (2000-03-07)

23andMe identifies multiple genetic factors impacting development of nearsightedness
In the largest ever genome-wide association study on myopia, 23andMe, the leading personal genetics company, identified 20 new genetic associations for myopia, or nearsightedness. The company also replicated two known associations in the study, which was specific to individuals of European ancestry. The study included an analysis of genetic data and survey responses from more than 50,000 23andMe customers and demonstrates that the genetic basis of myopia is complex and affected by multiple genes. (2013-03-14)

Certain type of implanted lenses may be a treatment option for some patients with nearsightedness
Implantable lenses made of a collagen-like substance appear to provide stable correction of moderate to high nearsightedness over four years of follow-up, according to a report in the July issue of Archives of Ophthalmology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. (2009-07-13)

New study finds short-sightedness is becoming more common across Europe
Myopia or short-sightedness is becoming more common across Europe, according to a new study led by King's College London. The meta-analysis of findings from 15 studies by the European Eye Epidemiology Consortium found that around a quarter of the European population is short-sighted but it is nearly twice as common in younger people, with almost half (47 percent) of the group aged between 25 and 29 years affected. (2015-05-11)

Nearsighted children may benefit from rigid contact lenses
New research suggests rigid gas permeable contact lenses may help slow the progression of nearsightedness - myopia -- in young children. Ending a three-year study of more than a hundred 8- to 11-year olds, researchers determined that wearing rigid gas permeable contact lenses slowed the progression of myopia by nearly 30 percent, compared to soft contact lens wear. Only recently did researchers find that young children could handle the responsibility of wearing contact lenses. (2004-12-13)

Up to 1 billion people at risk of blindness by 2050
5 billion are expected to be myopic (short-sighted) by 2050. Nearly 1 billion high myopes are at risk of blindness by 2050. Parents are urged to have their children's eyes checked and get them outdoors and moderate time using electronic devices Governments are called on to fund research and interventions. (2015-10-08)

Medication slows progression of myopia in children
Daily treatment with a medication called pirenzepine can slow the rate of progressive myopia, or nearsightedness, in children, reports a study in the August issue of the Journal of American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus. (2008-08-26)

Myopia cell discovered in retina
Scientists have discovered a cell in the retina that may cause myopia when it dysfunctions. The dysfunction may be linked to the amount of time a child spends indoors and away from natural light. This discovery could lead to a new therapeutic target to control myopia. More than a billion people in the world have myopia, whose incidence is rising and is linked to how much time people spend indoors as children. (2017-02-06)

Summer birth and computer games linked to heightened short-sight risk in childhood
Summer birth and hours spent playing computer games are linked to a heightened risk of developing short or near sightedness (myopia) in childhood, indicates a twin study, published online in the British Journal of Ophthalmology. (2018-11-06)

Ben-Gurion U. researchers identify gene that leads to myopia (nearsightedness)
Despite decades of intensive research, the specific genes whose defects lead to nearsightedness have remained elusive.he defective gene was identified in a thorough study of severe early-onset myopia that is common in a specific Bedouin tribe in southern Israel. (2011-09-01)

Half the world to be short-sighted by 2050
Half the world's population (nearly 5 billion) will be short-sighted (myopic) by 2050, with up to one-fifth of them (1 billion) at a significantly increased risk of blindness if current trends continue, says a study published in the journal Ophthalmology. (2016-02-17)

New genetic risk factors for myopia discovered
Myopia, also known as short-sightedness or near-sightedness, is the most common disorder affecting the eyesight and it is on the increase. The causes are both genetic and environmental. The Consortium for Refractive Error and Myopia (CREAM) has now made important progress towards understanding the mechanisms behind the development of the condition. (2016-04-21)

Blame lifestyle for myopia, not genes
Australian scientists have debunked the common perception that genetic susceptibility is the underlying cause of epidemics of short-sightedness in east Asia. They argue that increases in myopia are due to changes in lifestyle, as kids spend more time indoors on computers or watching TV. They say we could soon see similar levels of myopia in many western countries, as lifestyles there change. (2004-07-07)

Alarming increasing incidence of myopia
New research on myopia -- how it develops, risk and protective factors, and potentially effective measures for prevention and treatment are reported across twenty articles in the Nov. issue of Optometry and Vision Science, official journal of the American Academy of Optometry. The journal is published by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, a part of Wolters Kluwer Health. (2013-10-30)

New genes for short-sightedness identified
Myopia is a major cause of blindness and visual impairment worldwide, and currently there is no cure. These findings, published today in the journal Nature Genetics, reveal genetic causes of the trait, which could lead to finding better treatments or ways of preventing the condition in the future. (2013-02-10)

Specialty contact lenses may one day help halt the progression of nearsightedness in children
Recent experimental work by SUNY researchers supports the development of a potential cure for nearsightedness, or myopia, by using specialty contact lenses that coax the eye to grow in a way that can correct nearsighted vision while reducing myopia progression. The findings will be presented at the Optical Society's Annual Meeting, Frontiers in Optics 2012, taking place Oct. 14 in Rochester, NY. (2012-10-02)

Gene changes driving myopia reveal new focus for drug development
Myopia (nearsightedness) and hyperopia (farsightedness) develop through different molecular pathways, according to a new study publishing Oct. 9 in the open-access journal PLOS Biology by Andrei Tkatchenko of Columbia University and colleagues. The finding provides a new understanding of myopia, the most common form of visual impairment worldwide, and opens the way for development of drugs to prevent it. (2018-10-09)

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