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Neighborhoods Current Events, Neighborhoods News Articles.
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Neighborhoods can affect the need for urgent asthma care
In a new study presented at CHEST 2017, researchers from Columbia University Medical Center in New York aimed to determine if the associations between combustion-related air pollutant levels and urgent asthma care differed by neighborhood in New York City. The research revealed asthma prevalence and emergency department visits for asthma vary widely among different neighborhoods. (2017-10-23)

New study measures neighborhood inequality and violence based on everyday mobility
A new study looking at the patterns of movement from 400,000 people offers fresh insights into how a neighborhood's economic conditions mixed with the mobility patterns of its residents and visitors relates to the well-being of the neighborhood and can serve as a predictor of violence. The theory argues that a neighborhood's well-being depends not only on its own socioeconomic conditions but on the conditions of the neighborhoods its residents visit and are visited by. (2020-12-17)

Disparities in access to trauma centers
An analysis of census tract data for neighborhoods in America's three largest cities suggests black-majority neighborhoods are associated with disparities in access to trauma centers. The study paired census tract data for New York City, Los Angeles and Chicago with coordinates for trauma centers within a five-mile buffer. (2019-03-08)

Planning Researcher Finds Best Neighborhoods Aren't Always Best At Preventing Infant Mortality
A planning researcher at the University of Cincinnati analyzed 15 years worth of data on infant mortality rates and found that the wealthiest neigbhorhoods don't always have the lowest rates of infant deaths. Chris Auffrey will present his findings in November at the meeting of the American Public Health Association. (1997-10-24)

Study: Residential segregation still a problem in US
Despite increasing numbers of multi-ethnic neighborhoods in the United States, relatively few black or white families are actually moving into these types of communities, according to a new study in the June issue of the American Sociological Review. (2012-05-31)

Neighborhoods may influence whether residents have asthma
Along with the usual risk factors for asthma such as smoking and poverty, researchers have added another factor that may contribute: a neighborhood where people live in fear. Although researchers have known that disadvantaged urban residents are particularly vulnerable to asthma, this new research shows that specific characteristics of urban neighborhoods - over and above individual levels of poverty - can influence asthma levels among residents. (2004-06-01)

Smartphone tracking shows fear affects where youth spend time
Youth spend less time in their neighborhoods if area residents have a high fear of crime, according to a new study that used smartphones to track kids' whereabouts. Researchers found that adolescents aged 11 to 17 spent over an hour less each day on average in their neighborhoods if residents there were very fearful, compared to kids from areas perceived as being safer. (2017-08-14)

Neighborhoods can have depressing effect on health, according to Iowa State study
The nation's poverty rate climbed to 14.3 percent -- the highest level since 1994 -- according to the Census Bureau's annual report on the economic well-being of US households. That means one in seven Americans now live in poverty, and that may have an especially depressing effect on people living in bad neighborhoods, according to two Iowa State University researchers. (2010-10-06)

Neighborhood stigma affects online transactions, NYU researchers find
The stigma associated with particular neighborhoods has a direct impact on economic transactions, a team of NYU sociologists has found. Their study shows that when sellers are seen as being from an economically disadvantaged neighborhood, they receive fewer responses to advertisements placed in online marketplaces. (2015-04-06)

Research shows disparities in how communities respond to cardiac arrest
Black neighborhoods had a significantly lower rate of bystander automated external defibrillator (AED) use relative to non-Hispanic/Latino white communities, according to researchers at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth). (2020-12-09)

Even in good communities, roaming teens a recipe for violence
Even in better neighborhoods, parents should be wary about letting teens gather with nothing to do and with no adult supervision, a new study suggests. In a long-term study of Chicago neighborhoods, researchers found that informal teen gatherings significantly increased the likelihood of violent behavior by the adolescents. (2010-07-26)

New study examines children's exposure to neighborhood poverty
The 1990s meant good news for traditionally disadvantaged minority families with children, but researchers say these children continue to grow up in significantly poorer communities. (2006-08-14)

In Northern Ireland, political violence harms youths through families
A new longitudinal study of neighborhoods in Belfast, Northern Ireland, has found that political violence affects children by upsetting the ways their families function, resulting in behavior problems and mental health symptoms among the youths over extended periods of time. Researchers gathered data through annual surveys of mothers and children, and through recording the number of politically motivated deaths in families' neighborhoods as an index of political violence. (2012-02-08)

To increase bike commuters, look to neighborhoods
People agree that bike commuting improves health, reduces air pollution and eases traffic, a recent survey suggests. But that wasn't enough to get most people to commute by bike. New research indicates that a person's neighborhood may play a large role in influencing the decision to commute by bike. (2019-06-26)

Less weight gain found among African-American women in dense urban areas
Researchers from Boston University School of Medicine's Slone Epidemiology Center have found that African-American women who live in more densely populated urban areas gain less weight than those in more sprawling auto-oriented areas. The results, which appear in the current issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, were based on data collected in the Black Women's Health Study, an ongoing study of the health of 59,000 African American women conducted by the researchers since 1995. (2011-03-16)

Neighborhood residents with lowest incomes most likely to care about their communities
Some may assume that low-income residents of run-down, crime-ridden neighborhoods do not care about their communities. However, research from the University of Missouri suggests otherwise. (2013-07-02)

Research suggests denser development is good for single-family home values
A study shows that, contrary to popular belief, there's a positive association between higher neighborhood density and the value of single-family residential properties. (2012-06-26)

Reporters' terminology affects gentrification, scholars assert
A new study of gentrification in U.S. cities focuses on the activities of a surprising group of players -- not developers, not even politicians, but newspaper reporters. (2003-07-02)

Despite decline, distribution of air pollution highlights socioeconomic disparities
While the level of fine particulate air pollution has declined considerably over the last several decades, a new study finds that its distribution has remained largely unchanged. (2020-07-30)

Grocery boost
Low-income neighborhoods that lack easy access to grocery stores could lead to a breakdown of food security for hundreds of thousands of people -- not in the developing world, but in major urban areas of the US. That's the conclusion from a report to be published in the inaugural issue of the International Journal Behavioral and Healthcare Research produced by Inderscience Publishers. (2008-05-20)

Study: growing up in bad neighborhoods has a devastating impact
Growing up in a poor neighborhood significantly reduces the chances that a child will graduate from high school, according to a study published in the October issue of the American Sociological Review. And, the longer a child lives in that kind of neighborhood, the more harmful the impact. (2011-10-04)

Cardiac arrests in black neighborhoods less likely to get CPR, defibrillation
Compared to people who live in predominantly white neighborhoods, those who live in predominantly black areas are much less likely to receive CPR or defibrillation from a bystander when their heart suddenly stops beating while they are at home or out in the community. (2017-08-30)

Poor swelter as urban areas of U.S. Southwest get hotter
As climate change accelerates, low-income districts in the Southwestern United States are 4 to 7 degrees hotter in Fahrenheit -- on average -- than wealthy neighborhoods in the same metro regions. (2021-02-18)

Make your home a home for the birds
The landscaping plants chosen by residents for their yards plays a much greater role in the diversity of native birds in suburban neighborhoods than do the surrounding parks, forest preserves, or streetside trees, say biologists at the University of Illinois at Chicago. (2015-04-09)

People living in highly black concentrated neighborhoods more likely to report their health as poor
In a study examining the relationship between racial/ethnic neighborhood concentration and self-reported health, researchers at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health found that individuals living in neighborhoods with a high concentration of blacks were twice as likely to report poor health when compared to their counterparts living in neighborhoods with a lower concentration of blacks. (2006-10-20)

Obesity not related to how close you live to fast food or gyms
A new study from Lund University in Sweden has shown no correlation between obesity and how close you live to fast food restaurants or gyms. Studies from other countries have previously indicated that these factors may be important in adult obesity. (2020-05-20)

Neighborhood socioeconomic status and diabetes
Researchers from Boston University's Slone Epidemiology Center have found a direct link between neighborhood socioeconomic status and risk for type 2 diabetes in African American women. The study, which appears in the online American Journal of Epidemiology, is the first prospective study to examine the relationship between neighborhood socioeconomic status and incidence of type 2 diabetes in a large, geographically diverse cohort of African-American women. (2010-02-08)

Good neighbor relations may help prevent early sex among teens
Having the right kind of neighbors can help prevent teens from having sex at an early age, according to new research. A study in Chicago found that some teens were more likely to delay having sex if they lived in neighborhoods where the adults kept a close eye on area children. (2005-11-10)

Medical marijuana outlets not linked to crime
Despite some concerns to the contrary, neighborhoods with medical marijuana dispensaries may not have higher crime rates than other neighborhoods -- at least in one California city. (2012-06-06)

U. of Colorado study finds growing up in bad neighborhood not as harmful as expected
There's good news for children growing up in bad neighborhoods in a comprehensive, 8-year study led by University of Colorado at Boulder. The successful development of children in Denver and Chicago from the best neighborhoods was 63 percent, while the success rate for children living in high-poverty, disadvantaged neighborhoods was still relatively high, at 52 percent. (2006-12-13)

Study shows demolishing vacant houses can have positive effect on neighbor maintenance
New research out of Iowa State University suggests that demolishing abandoned houses may lead nearby property owners to better maintain their homes. (2020-08-03)

Ethnoburbs: Segregation in suburbia
White flight does not end when residents move from poor urban neighborhoods to the suburbs. An Indiana U. study found that white flight from one suburban neighborhood to another occurs when white residents move away from 'ethnoburbs,' suburban neighborhoods that attract a growing number of middle-class minority residents. The study will be discussed on Saturday at the American Sociological Association annual meeting. (2014-08-16)

High risk alternative tobacco products disproportionately sold in low-income communities
Retailers in minority and low-income communities are more likely to sell and advertise the most inexpensive and risky alternative tobacco products. Potentially less risky, non-combusted products such as smokeless tobacco and e-cigarettes are more accessible in higher income and predominantly White neighborhoods. (2018-12-03)

Backyard birds enhance life in urban neighborhoods
How aware are you of the birds that live in your neighborhood? Do you know how many different species there are? Do enjoy your local birds, or find them annoying? A new paper in The Condor: Ornithological Applications provides a fascinating look at the relationship between people and nature in a city setting. (2015-04-22)

Cohesive neighborhoods, less spanking result in fewer child welfare visits
The child welfare system is more likely to intervene in households in 'less neighborly' neighborhoods and in which parents spank their kids, a new study shows. (2018-04-10)

Study links racial and ethnic gap in youth violence to social factors
Racial and ethnic disparities in youths' violent behavior can be largely explained by three factors -- the types of neighborhoods where young people live, the marital status of their parents, and whether they are first- or second-generation immigrants -- according to a study published in the February issue of the American Journal of Public Health. (2005-01-25)

Historically redlined communities face higher asthma rates
An analysis of eight California cities shows that residents of historically redlined neighborhoods are more than twice as likely as their peers to visit emergency rooms for asthma. Redlined neighborhoods also exhibit significantly higher levels of diesel particulate matter in the air, the study found. (2019-05-22)

Research ties persistence of 'white flight' to race, not socioeconomic factors
Examining population trends in racially mixed suburbs, Indiana University sociologist Samuel Kye finds that white flight occurs when nonwhite residents move in, regardless of socioeconomic factors. (2018-04-09)

Children view people's behavior, psychological characteristics as shaped by environments
A new study has found that 5- to 6-year-olds view people's environments, not their skin color, as the most important determinant of their behavior and psychological characteristics. These findings contradict the idea that views of race that are known to lead to prejudice such as believing that race naturally divides the world into distinct kinds of people's inevitably develop early in childhood. (2018-01-23)

Place doesn't trump race as predictor of incarceration
Steven Alvarado is the author of 'The Complexities of Race and Place: Childhood Neighborhood Disadvantage and Adult Incarceration for Whites, Blacks, and Latinos,' published June 1 in the journal Socius showing that for black Americans growing up in better neighborhoods doesn't diminish the likelihood of going to prison nearly as much as it does for whites or Latinos. (2020-06-11)

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