Nerve Cells Current Events

Nerve Cells Current Events, Nerve Cells News Articles.
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Receptor found that guides nerve cells to their final connecting sites
In the developing brain, nerve cells make connections with one another by extending processes, often over long distances. The growing tips of these nerve cell processes are guided to their ultimate connection sites by molecular cues in the environment. (2003-03-19)

Milestone in the regeneration of brain cells
The research group of Professor Dr. Magdalena Götz at the Institute of Stem Cell Research of the GSF-National Research Center for Environment and Health, and the Ludwig Maximilians University, Munich, has achieved an additional step for the potential replacement of damaged brain cells after injury or disease. Runctional nerve cells can be generated from astroglia, a type of supportive cells in the brain by means of special regulator proteins. (2007-08-20)

Could skin cells become brain cells?
Results of an experimental study in this week's issue of THE LANCET highlight how adult skin cells can be made into precursor nerve cells, with potential implications for the future treatment of neurodegenerative disorders such as Parkinson's disease. (2004-07-08)

New discovery about the formation of new brain cells
The generation of new nerve cells in the brain is regulated by a peptide known as C3a, which directly affects the stem cells' maturation into nerve cells and is also important for the migration of new nerve cells through the brain tissue, reveals new research from the Sahlgrenska Academy published in the journal Stem Cells. (2009-11-23)

Traffic jams in the brain
'Traffic jams' can also occur in the brain and they can be damaging. Researchers at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have been able to confirm that this is the case. They have been able to prove that disrupted transportation routes in nerve cells are a significant cause of Parkinson's disease. (2018-07-25)

Breakthrough in treatment of restless legs syndrome
New research published in The Journal of Physiology presents a breakthrough in the treatment of Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS). (2018-11-14)

Research out this week helps us understand basics of how neurons communicate
Findings by a Saint Louis University researcher help us understand more about how neurons communicate. (2004-10-05)

Mechanism that repairs brain after stroke discovered
A previously unknown mechanism through which the brain produces new nerve cells after a stroke has been discovered at Lund University and Karolinska Institute in Sweden. The findings have been published in the journal Science. (2014-10-10)

Adipose-derived stem cells and nerve regeneration
Current clinical treatment of peripheral nerve injuries predominantly relies on sacrificing a section of nerve from elsewhere in the body to provide a graft at the injury site. Much work has been done to develop a bioengineered nerve graft, precluding sacrifice of a functional nerve. This prospect examines the potential of adipose-derived stem cells to improve nerve repair assisted by bioengineered nerve grafts. (2014-08-14)

Enzyme may protect nerve cells from brain disorders
Telomerase, an enzyme believed to have a role in determining the life span of cells, also may protect nerve cells against decreased function and premature death caused by Alzheimer's disease and other age-related neurological disorders. (2000-06-01)

Researchers successfully repair stroke-damaged rat brains
Researchers at Lund University in Sweden have succeeded in restoring mobility and sensation of touch in stroke-afflicted rats by reprogramming human skin cells to become nerve cells, which were then transplanted into the rats' brains. The study has now been published in the research journal PNAS. (2020-04-08)

Gene jumpstarts regeneration of damaged nerve cells
Searching the entire genome, a Yale research team has identified a gene that when eliminated can spur regeneration of axons in nerve cells severed by spinal cord injury. (2018-04-10)

Family of proteins involved in brain's connectivity are controlled by multiple checkpoints
University of Bristol scientists have found that the delivery of a group of proteins involved in the information flow between the brain's nerve cells to the synapse is much more sophisticated than previously suspected. The findings, published in Cell Reports, will help the development of therapies for conditions such as epilepsy and autism whereby neuronal communication circuits malfunction. (2017-08-31)

Peripheral nerve regeneration using a nerve growth factor-containing fibrin glue membrane
Complete regeneration is usually very difficult following peripheral nerve damage, though microsurgical techniques have vastly increased the success rate of surgery to repair the injured nerve. (2014-03-12)

Anti-inflammatory drug blocks brain plaques
An anti-inflammatory drug may help restore brain function in patients with Alzheimer's disease, according to an animal study published today in the Journal of Experimental Medicine. (2008-06-23)

Cause of ongoing pain discovered
New research from the University of Bristol, UK, shows that it is undamaged nerve fibres that cause ongoing spontaneous pain, not those that are injured. This new understanding may help pharmaceutical companies formulate novel pain killers. (2006-01-24)

Glial cells assist in the repair of injured nerves
When a nerve is damaged, glial cells produce the protein neuregulin1 and thereby promote the regeneration of nerve tissue. (2013-01-28)

Neurobiology -- How much oxygen does the brain need?
The brain has a high energy demand and reacts very sensitively to oxygen deficiency. Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich neurobiologists have now succeeded for the first time in directly correlating oxygen consumption with the activity of certain nerve cells. (2020-07-06)

Discovery of gatekeeper nerve cells explains the effect of nicotine on learning and memory
Swedish researchers at Uppsala University have, together with Brazilian collaborators, discovered a new group of nerve cells that regulate processes of learning and memory. These cells act as gatekeepers and carry a receptor for nicotine, which can explain our ability to remember and sort information. (2012-10-07)

Found: A likely new contributor to age-related hearing loss
Conventional wisdom has long blamed age-related hearing loss almost entirely on the death of sensory hair cells in the inner ear, but research from neuroscientists at Johns Hopkins has provided new information about the workings of nerve cells that suggests otherwise. (2015-07-13)

Gas on your mind
Scientists at the University of Leicester are to gain a greater insight into the workings of the human mind ... through the study of a snail's brain. (2006-12-11)

University of Guelph study uncovers cause of cell death in Parkinson's disease
University of Guelph researcher discovered one of the factors behind nerve cell death in Parkinson's disease. Professor Scott Ryan found that cardiolipin, a molecule inside nerve cells, helps ensure that a protein called alpha-synuclein folds properly. Misfolding of this protein leads to protein deposits that are the hallmark of Parkinson's disease. (2018-02-26)

Rutgers neuroscientist says protein could prevent secondary damage after stroke
Rutgers University neuroscientist Bonnie Firestein says a protein that regulates nerve cells and assists in overall brain function may be key to preventing the long-term damage of stroke and hopes her work leads to the development of an effective therapeutic intervention. (2011-11-02)

Unexpected helpers in wound healing
Nerve cells in the skin help wounds to heal. When an injury occurs, cells known as glial cells change into repair cells and disseminate into the wound, where they help the skin to regenerate, researchers from the University of Zurich have shown. (2018-01-24)

New research reveals brain's protection mechanism during stroke
Neuroscientists have identified a natural protection mechanism in some of the brain's nerve cells during the onset of stroke. The findings, published Aug. 17 in the Journal of Neuroscience, could be used to develop treatments to protect other nerve cell types responsible for speech and movement. (2011-08-16)

Chemically extracted acellular allogeneic nerve graft with CNTF for sciatic nerve repair
Chemically extracted acellular allogeneic nerve, from which Schwann cells, myelin sheath and disintegrating fragments have been removed, reduced postoperative immune rejection. Simultaneously, chemically extracted acellular allogeneic nerve retains neural substrates and base materials, such as the bottom layer of Schwann cells, which can provide a good scaffold in the process of nerve regeneration. (2014-08-20)

Parkinson's clues seen in tiny fish could aid quest for treatments
Parkinson's patients could be helped by fresh insights gained from studies of tiny tropical fish. Research from the University of Edinburgh using zebrafish has revealed how key brain cells that are damaged in people with Parkinson's disease can be regenerated. (2019-04-04)

Bone marrow cell transplants help nerve regeneration
Researchers inserted bone marrow-derived cells (BMCs) into 15mm silicon tubes and subsequently implanted into animal models at sites intended for nerve regeneration. When the BMCs were nourished with bioengineered additives -- such as growth factors and cell adhesion molecules -- the BMCs differentiated into cells with characteristics of Schwann cells -- a variety of neural cell providing insulating myelin around the axons of peripheral nerve cells. The work represents a further step in developing artificial nerves. (2007-12-04)

Statins can protect against Alzheimer's disease, according to new study
High cholesterol levels are considered to a risk factor not only for cardiovascular disease, but also for the development of Alzheimer's disease. Therefore, many cholesterol lowering drugs, including statins, have been developed in recent years. Amalia Dolga, Ph.D., of the University of Groningen, and her co-investigators have demonstrated that statins can protect nerve cells against damage which occurs in the brain of Alzheimer's disease patients. The results are published in the June issue of the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease. (2009-06-22)

Finding clues for nerve cell repair
A new study at the Montreal Neurological Institute at McGill University identifies a key mechanism for the normal development of motor nerve cells (motor neurons) -- cells that control muscles. This finding is crucial to understanding and treating a range of conditions involving nerve cell loss or damage, from spinal cord injury to neurodegenerative diseases such as ALS, also known as Lou Gehrig's disease. (2008-06-03)

Post brain injury: New nerve cells originate from neural stem cells
In the study group of Dr. Magdalena Goetz in the Institute of Stem Cell Research of the Helmholtz Zentrum Muenchen and Ludwig Maximilians-University Munich, another step has been taken towards the understanding of processes to be able to substitute for injured brain cells after accidents. Stem cells that originate from supporting cells can evolve again into new nerve cells. (2008-03-11)

Protecting nerve cells from death in a model of stroke
Researchers have now identified a way to preserve nerve cells in a rat model of stroke. (2010-09-01)

Adult stem cells shown to develop into all brain cell types
Researchers at the University of Minnesota provide evidence for the first time that stem cells derived from adult bone marrow and injected into the blastocyst of a mouse can differentiate into all major types of cells found in the brain. (2003-04-25)

Researchers identify new pathway leading to Alzheimer's disease
A newly discovered pathway leading to neurodegeneration in Alzheimer's disease may unlock the door to new approaches for treating the disease. (2016-05-05)

New insight in nerve cell communication
New nano research gives important insights in nerve cell communication that will help the fight against nerve pain following amputation and diabetes. Researchers from the University of Copenhagen have studied, with nanotechnology techniques, the way proteins recognize the small membrane vesicles that transmit signaling molecules from one nerve cell to another. (2009-12-21)

Singled out: Spotting mutant neurons in normal brains offers clues to Fragile X
Using an animal model system, researchers have advanced our understanding of Fragile X Syndrome by successfully visualizing individual mutant neurons in an otherwise normal brain. They find that brain neurons that fail to express appropriate levels of Fragile X protein are structurally abnormal and make defective connections to other neurons. (2004-10-25)

Gene therapy promotes nerve regeneration
Researchers from the Netherlands Institute for Neuroscience and the Leiden University Medical Center have shown that treatment using gene therapy leads to a faster recovery after nerve damage. By combining a surgical repair procedure with gene therapy, the survival of nerve cells and regeneration of nerve fibers over a long distance was stimulated. The discovery, published in Brain, is an important step towards the development of a new treatment for people with nerve damage. (2019-01-18)

A muscle protein promotes nerve healing
Damaged fibres in the brain or spinal cord usually don't heal at all. Neuroscientists from Bochum have high hopes for new methods based on gene therapy. (2019-01-23)

Frequent alcohol drinking kills new brain cells in adults, females are more vulnerable
Researchers from The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston recently discovered that alcohol killed the stem cells residing in adult mouse brains. The researchers also found that brain stem cells in key brain regions of adult mice respond differently to alcohol exposure, and they show for the first time that these changes are different for females and males. The findings are available in Stem Cell Reports. (2017-11-09)

New research shows neuroprotective effect of lovastatin
High cholesterol levels are considered to be a risk factor for cardiovascular disease including stroke. Therefore, many cholesterol lowering drugs have been developed by pharmaceutical companies in recent years. One class of these drugs, statins, has been found to reduce the incidence of stroke and progression of Alzheimer's disease when prophylactically administered. (2008-04-09)

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