Nervous System Current Events

Nervous System Current Events, Nervous System News Articles.
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The Olig family affects central nervous system development and disease
The Olig family affects central nervous system development and disease. (2014-04-30)

The Olig family affects central nervous system development and disease
The Olig family affects central nervous system development and disease. (2014-04-11)

Exposure to atomic bomb radiation associated with nervous system tumors
A study of the effects of radiation exposure among Japanese atomic bomb survivors has found that exposure to even moderate doses of radiation is associated with an increased incidence of nervous system tumors. The finding appears in the October 16 issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute. (2002-10-15)

Mild hypothermia as a treatment for CNS injuries: Positive or negative effects?
There are few data on the effectiveness and mechanism underlying mild hypothermia in the treatment of central nervous system injuries. Therefore, there is a need to investigate the potentially beneficial effects of mild hypothermia on central nervous system injuries. (2013-11-29)

Protein key to neuro-regeneration
Researchers have for the first time identified a protein that is key to the regeneration of damage in the peripheral nervous system and which could with further research lead to understanding diseases of our peripheral nervous systems and provide clues to methods of repairing damage in the central nervous system, according to a paper published this week in the Journal of Cell Biology. (2008-05-20)

Gene mutation in worms key to alcohol tolerance
Scientists at the University of Liverpool have found that a genetic mutation in worms could further understanding of alcoholism in humans. (2008-10-22)

Understanding the causes of neurological abnormalities that result from premature birth
New research shows motor abnormalities frequently associated with low birth weight babies could originate due to peripheral nerve defects. (2017-01-03)

Glial cells can cross from the central to the peripheral nervous system
Glial cells, which help neurons communicate with each other, can leave the central nervous system and cross into the peripheral nervous system to compensate for missing cells, according to new research in the Dec. 2 issue of the Journal of Neuroscience. The animal study contributes to researchers' basic understanding of how the two nervous systems develop and are maintained, which is essential for the effective treatment of diseases such as multiple sclerosis. (2009-12-01)

A new program for neural stem cells
Max Planck researchers succeed in obtaining brain and spinal cord cells from stem cells of the peripheral nervous system. (2011-05-12)

Gene therapy treatment extends lives of mice with fatal disease, MU study finds
A team of University of Missouri researchers has found that introducing a missing gene into the central nervous system could help extend the lives of patients with Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA) -- the leading genetic cause of infantile death in the world. (2012-07-16)

MU neurobiologists annotate critical neuronal proteins in lamprey genome
The lamprey, an eel-like primitive vertebrate, is a popular organism for neurobiology studies because it has a relatively simple nervous system. It is of particular interest to those studying spinal cord injury because, unlike humans, the lamprey can regenerate nerve connections and recover normal mobility within about 8 weeks following an injury to its spinal cord. (2019-04-15)

UH biomedical engineer pursues nerve regeneration
Injuries and certain degenerative diseases -- including Parkinson's disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and multiple sclerosis -- can disrupt the nervous system, posing a challenge for scientists seeking ways to repair the damage. A biomedical engineer from the University of Houston will use a $1.2 million grant from the National Institutes of Health to determine how best to spur nerve regeneration. (2016-08-15)

BERT tells ERNI it's time to grow a brain
UCL scientists have discovered how two proteins called BERT and ERNI interact in embryos to control when different organ systems in the body start to form, deepening our understanding of the development of the brain and nervous system and stem cell behaviour. (2008-01-08)

Popular pain analgesics found to affect central nervous system: Study identifies both peripheral and CNS mechanisms of action of NSAID use
Widely prescribed pain killers that provide relief with minimal side effects may have more pain-relieving properties than previously identified. A new study shows that non- steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, or NSAIDs, not only relieve pain at the local (peripheral) site of inflammation but in fact affect the entire central nervous system. (2001-03-20)

Nanocapsule reaches cancer that has spread to central nervous system in mice
Researchers developed a drug delivery system that can break through the blood-brain barrier in mice. (2019-08-14)

Study identifies specific gene network that promotes nervous system repair
Injured nerve cells in the limbs (the peripheral nervous system or PNS) can regrow and repair. Nerve cells in the central nervous system (CNS) -- brain and spinal cord --cannot. Now a network of genes has been identified in a mouse study that promotes PNS repair. In addition, an existing drug that mimics that gene network has been repurposed to promote nerve regeneration in the CNS. (2016-02-18)

Mechanism explains complications associated with diabetes
New research uncovers a molecular mechanism that links diabetes with an increased risk of cardiovascular problems and sudden cardiac death. The study, published by Cell Press in the June 24 issue of the journal Neuron, finds that high blood sugar prevents vital communication between the brain and the autonomic nervous system, which controls many involuntary activities in the body. (2010-06-23)

Study identifies new approach to repairing damaged peripheral nervous system
A new understanding of cell migration may eventually help in the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases -- and even allow children to 'get out of their wheelchairs and live an enhanced quality of life.' (2019-04-02)

Continuously tracking fear response could improve mental health treatment
If continuously monitored, fear can be used as a tool to improve mental health treatment, reports University of Houston researcher Rose Faghih, who has created a new algorithm for continuously monitoring the fear response using stress sweat and heart rate. (2020-05-19)

Study reveals benefits of yoga for pregnant women
New research in pregnant women suggests that practicing yoga activates the parasympathetic nervous system (which is responsible for bodily functions when at rest) during the third trimester, improves sleep at night, and decreases α-amylase levels, indicating reduced stress. (2018-07-18)

Communication between nervous & immune systems detailed in New Feinstein Institute
Sangeeta S. Chavan, PhD, Valentin A. Pavlov, PhD, and Kevin J. Tracey, MD, president and CEO of The Feinstein Institute for Medical Research at Northwell Health, have completed a detailed analysis of how the nervous and immune systems communicate with each other, which will help to develop novel medications and bioelectronic medicine devices to treat disease and injury. The analysis is published today in Immunity. (2017-06-20)

Protein involved in 'mad cow' disease
The scientific magazine Brain Research has recently published the results of research work by scientists from the University of Navarra. The work describes the presence and location of the cellular prion protein (PrPC) in the brain of the rat and characterises the neurones expressed therein, above all within the cerebral cortex of this rodent. (2005-10-18)

Microglia, cells thought restricted to central nervous system, are redefined in new study
Scientists at the University of Notre Dame discovered microglia actually squeeze through the spinal boundary, crossing into the peripheral nervous system in response to injury. (2019-04-04)

Deciphering the neural code that links food to aging
Diet exerts a major impact on health and aging. The nervous system plays an important role in this process but, thus far, how food signals are interpreted by the nervous system has been a mystery. A new study has found that serotonin and TGF-beta hormone levels in specific neurons of C. elegans communicate information about food abundance in roundworms. These signals from the nervous system influence the animal's lifespan, thus mediating the effects of food on aging. (2015-05-12)

In fighting gut infections, nervous system is key, Yale-Harvard team finds
The peaceful and delicate co-existence of friendly gut bacteria and the immune system relies on highly coordinated information exchange between immune system cells and certain cells lining the intestine. Scaientists at Yale and Harvard medical schools have discovered that, in response to bacterial invaders, nerve cells within the intestine -- and not immune cells or cells lining the intestinal wall -- release infection-fighting cytokines. (2020-01-09)

Diabetic neurological disease could affect central nervous system
Damage to the nervous system associated with diabetes could influence the central nervous system in addition to the peripheral nervous system, suggest authors of a pilot study published in this week's issue of THE LANCET. (2001-07-05)

Web weaving skills provide clues to aging
Young house spiders weave webs with perfect angles and regular patterns, but as they reach old age their webs deteriorate, showing gaping holes and erratic weaving. By using spiders as a simple model this research may provide insight into how age affects behavior in other organisms, including humans. This work will be presented at the Society for Experimental Biology Annual Conference in Glasgow on July 2, 2011. (2011-07-01)

Natural immune response reduces nerve damage; may lead to improved treatment for spinal cord injury
In a series of animal experiments, scientists show for the first time that damage to the central nervous system causes the body to mount an immune reaction against itself that actually protects neurons from further damage. The findings may lead to a vaccine to improve functional recovery following spinal cord injury. (2001-05-28)

Pleasant dietary habits are necessary for health
Japanese research group led by Professor Yasuhiko Minokoshi and Dr. Tetsuya Shiuchi, scientists at the National Institute for Physiological Sciences, NIPS, Japan, found that meals stimulated with sweet taste and motivated with its anticipation regularly activates (2009-12-01)

Scientists push forward understanding of multiple sclerosis
New findings by a research team from the University of Edinburgh may help explain why diseases like multiple sclerosis (MS) which attack the myelin sheath - an insulator which protects the body's nervous system - cause such severe symptoms in MS patients. (2005-12-07)

The nerve-guiding 'labels' that may one day help re-establish broken nervous connections
Working with fruit flies, scientists have identified different labels that attract and control specific nerves. In theory, the 'right' labels may re-form nervous connections if delivered to the site of injury. (2017-08-16)

Do differences in anatomy matter for achieving orgasm?
A recent review of the medical literature reveals that differences in anatomy may help explain why some individuals experience orgasms more successfully than others. (2016-04-07)

Sodium channels evolved before animals' nervous systems, research shows
An essential component of animal nervous systems -- sodium channels -- evolved prior to the evolution of those systems, researchers from the University of Texas at Austin have discovered. (2011-05-17)

MU researchers find statin drugs also may help reduce risk of heart failure, sudden cardiac death
Statin drugs, known primarily for their ability to lower cholesterol, also may reduce the overactive sympathetic nervous system response that contributes to the worsening of heart failure and increases the risk of sudden cardiac death, two University of Missouri-Columbia researchers have found. Heart failure is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States. (2007-05-01)

Immunity's Nervous Supervisor
As reported in PNAS, direct communication between the nervous and immune systems, discovered by Weizmann Institute scientists, may help understand and eventually treat autoimmune disorders. (1998-11-30)

Acupuncture may bring relief for a common condition in women
Polycystic ovary syndrome, a common condition among women, can be relieved by the use of acupuncture and exercise. This has been shown by a recent study at the Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Sweden. (2009-08-20)

Closer look reveals nematode nervous systems differ
Nematodes, an abundant group of roundworms that exist in nearly every habitat, have long been used as model organisms for studying the function of neurons -- the basic unit of animal nervous systems. For years, it was assumed that neuron anatomy was remarkably similar across this large and diverse group. A recent study by University of Illinois researchers turns that assumption on its head. (2016-01-14)

Babies born late preterm may be at risk of cardiovascular diseases
Babies born late preterm at 35 weeks are at a higher risk of cardiovascular disease in adult life than those born at full term, according to research published in Experimental Physiology. (2017-11-01)

Unexpected origin for important parts of the nervous system
A new study from Karolinska Institutet in Sweden shows that a part of the nervous system, the parasympathetic nervous system, is formed in a way that is different from what researchers previously believed. In this study, which is published in the journal Science, a new phenomenon is investigated within the field of developmental biology, and the findings may lead to new medical treatments for congenital disorders of the nervous system. (2014-06-12)

Abnormal proteins in the gut could contribute to the development of Alzheimer's Disease
A new study published in The Journal of Physiology has shown that misfolded protein build-up in the gut could contribute to the development of Alzheimer's-like symptoms in mice. This could suggest a new treatment approach for Alzheimer's disease that would target the gut before symptoms of cognitive deficits appear in patients. (2020-07-02)

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