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UNIST to engineer new eco-battery, using seawater
South Korea's Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology has secured $5 billion won in research funding to produce new battery, using abundant and readily available seawater. (2017-02-08)

New method is found for accurate diagnosis of gall bladder cancer, 1 of the most deadly
Scientists at the University of Granada applied successfully a new technique called FDG positron emission tomography scanning, which allows more accurate diagnosis and treatment of gall bladder cancer. For the purpose of this study, 62 patients were subjected to this scanning method, which represents the largest sample of patients with gall bladder cancer ever studied by applying this type of technology (2010-10-14)

Turning a nuclear spotlight on illegal weapons material
Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) have demonstrated that they can cheaply, quickly, and accurately identify even subnanogram amounts of weapon-grade plutonium and uranium. (2006-10-27)

First-of-its-kind study examines toll of nuclear war on world's oceans
A new study reveals a previously unknown cost of nuclear war -- shifts in ocean chemistry that could have serious consequences for the world's coral reefs and other marine life. (2020-02-05)

CU-Boulder professor documents controversial history of Rocky Flats
For four decades the Rocky Flats Nuclear Weapons Plant 16 miles northwest of downtown Denver was a key facility in the United States nuclear weapons race. Gradually, however, many citizens protested its potential danger as a global hazard and a local threat. (1999-09-28)

Green light special
Bright new green light emitting diodes, or LEDs, are replacing incandescent bulbs in traffic lights around the country. LEDs use much less electricity and last 10 years or longer, compared with the two-year life span of incandescent lights. ONR was a pioneering supporter of the materials technology in these bright green LEDs, which are manufactured from gallium nitride. (2000-10-05)

Planning for a nuclear future
Materials scientists and engineers from six UK universities are joining forces to forecast the life expectancy of nuclear power reactors. (2011-02-17)

Improved method for isotope enrichment could secure a vital global commodity
Researchers at The University of Texas at Austin have devised a new method for enriching a group of the world's most expensive chemical commodities, stable isotopes, which are vital to medical imaging and nuclear power, as reported this week in the journal Nature Physics. For many isotopes, the new method is cheaper than existing methods. For others, it is more environmentally friendly. (2014-06-29)

For the first time: Realistic simulation of plasma edge instabilities in tokamaks
Among the loads to which the plasma vessel in a fusion device may be exposed, so-called edge localised modes are particularly undesirable. By computer simulations the origin and the course of this plasma-edge instability could now be explained for the first time in detail. (2020-10-22)

State-of-the-art scanning detects more cancer in bone
Research revealed at the Society of Nuclear Medicine's 2012 Annual Meeting describes new approaches to imaging for the detection of tumors in complex cases of bone cancer. Hybrid imaging technology combining computed tomography with molecular imaging agents targeting two different markers of disease came out on top of the list for the detection of bone lesions. (2012-06-11)

Wind power vulnerable to climate change in India
The warming of the Indian Ocean, caused by global climate change, may be causing a slow decline in wind power potential in India, according to a new study from the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) and the Harvard China Project. (2018-12-05)

The soft power concept of German energy foreign policy
As part of its foreign policy, Germany hopes to promote energy transitions abroad through international partnerships. A study by the IASS Potsdam analyses these bilateral energy partnerships. Building on its reputation as an energy transition frontrunner, Germany is currently pursuing a soft power strategy aimed at winning over foreign countries to its policy approaches in the energy sector. According to this analysis, Germany's bilateral energy partnerships are the central policy instrument to this end. (2020-10-21)

Rapid-fire pulse brings Sandia Z method closer to goal of high-yield fusion reactor
An electrical circuit that should carry enough power to produce the long-sought goal of controlled high-yield nuclear fusion and, equally important, do it every 10 seconds, has undergone extensive preliminary experiments and computer simulations at Sandia National Laboratories' Z machine facility. (2007-04-25)

Univ. of Mich. researchers reduce interference from microwave ovens
Researchers at the University of Michigan College of Engineering have developed an elegantly simple technique that dramatically reduces the interference microwave ovens create in telephones and wireless computer networks. (2003-12-03)

Researchers run first tests of unique system for welding highly irradiated metal alloys
Scientists of the Department of Energy's Light Water Reactor Sustainability Program (LWRS) and partners from the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) have conducted the first weld tests to repair highly irradiated materials at DOE's Oak Ridge National Laboratory. (2018-02-08)

Sandia, SES win Popular Mechanics Breakthrough Innovator Award
Chuck Andraka, Sandia National Laboratories engineer, and Bruce Osborn, chief operating officer of Stirling Energy Systems, were honored with a Popular Mechanics magazine Breakthrough Innovator Award Oct. 15 during a ceremony at the Hearst Tower in New York City. (2008-10-20)

Molecular breast imaging protocol unmasks more cancer
Patients with advanced breast cancer that may have spread to their lymph nodes could benefit from a more robust dose of a molecular imaging agent called Tc-99m filtered sulfur colloid when undergoing lymphoscintigraphy, a functional imaging technique that scouts new cancer as it begins to metastasize. Best results also indicate that imaging could be improved by injecting the agent the day prior to surgical resection, according to research unveiled at the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging's 2014 Annual Meeting. (2014-06-09)

GE acquires Argonne-UChicago start-up SmartSignal
GE Intelligent Platforms has purchased SmartSignal, a company started by the University of Chicago based on technology developed at the US Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory. (2011-01-06)

NIST team demystifies utility of power factor correction devices
If you've seen an Internet ad for capacitor-type power factor correction devices, you might be led to believe that using one can save you money on your residential electricity bill. However, a team including specialists at NIST have recently explained why the devices actually provide no savings by discussing the underlying physics. (2009-12-17)

Possible strategy for cancer treatment found in nuclear transport proteins
The nuclear import of proteins befalls through nuclear pore complexes (NPCs) and normally requires specific transport proteins. A type of a nuclear transport protein plays a key role in the proliferation and resistance to treatment of head and neck squamous carcinoma cells, report researchers at Kanazawa University. The results suggest that targeting specific nuclear transport systems may lead to possible therapeutic strategies. (2019-12-17)

New study confirms low levels of fallout from Fukushima
Fallout from the 2011 Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power facility in Japan was measured in minimal amounts in precipitation in the United States in about 20 percent of 167 sites sampled in a nationwide study released today. The US Geological Survey led the study as part of the National Atmospheric Deposition Program. (2012-02-22)

Sandia researchers push Z machine to new limits to test radiation effects
Researchers at the Department of Energy's (DOE) Sandia National Laboratories have pushed the Z machine, the world's most powerful X-ray source, to new limits using it to test effects of radiation on materials in experiments designed to mimic the response that would occur near a hostile nuclear explosion. (1999-06-16)

Experts voice safety concerns about new pebble-bed nuclear reactors
Researchers advise caution as a commercial-scale nuclear reactor known as HTR-PM prepares to become operational in China. The reactor is a pebble-bed, high-temperature gas-cooled reactor (HTGR), a design that is ostensibly safer but that researchers in the US and Germany warn does not eliminate the possibility of a serious accident. Their commentary, publishing Aug. 23, 2018 in the journal Joule, recommends continued research, additional safety measures, and an extended startup phase allowing for better monitoring. (2018-08-23)

Milestones on the way to the nuclear clock
For decades, people have been searching for suitable atomic nuclei for building an ultra-precise nuclear clock. For a long time it had been conjectured that a specific thorium isotope must have a nuclear state that would be suitable for this purpose. This long-sought core state of thorium has now been demonstrated experimentally for the first time -- twice, by 2 different international research teams. (2019-09-11)

Research reveals key interaction that opens the channel into the cell's nucleus
Rockefeller University scientists have uncovered crucial steps in the dynamic dance that dilates and constricts the nuclear pore complex -- the latest advance in their ongoing efforts to tease apart the mechanism by which its central channel admits specific molecules. Their work has shown that the nuclear pore complex is much more than the inert structure it was once thought to be. (2015-06-05)

The global impact of coal power
With data and modelling from almost 8,000 coal power plants, researchers from ETH Zurich present the most comprehensive global picture to date of climate and human health impacts from coal power generation. (2019-02-18)

Los Alamos' Sattelberger elected AAAS Fellow
The leader of Los Alamos' Chemistry Division, Alfred P. Sattelberger, was elected a Fellow by the AAAS Council for his (2002-11-13)

Controlled nuclear transition will make clocks hugely more precise than atomic ones
A Russian scientist from Skobelitsyn Research Institute of Nuclear Physics, MSU theoretically substantiated that the speed of transition of thorium-229 from ground to excited state may be managed depending on external conditions. The frequency of transitions may be increased or decreased by dozens of times. This effect will help create extremely precise clocks exceeding even the best atomic ones. The article was published in Physical Review Letters journal. (2018-04-24)

How cells control nuclear size becomes clearer
Over a century since scientists first observed that cells and their nucleus grow at a constant ratio, we are now closer to finding out how. This study was carried out by Assistant Professor Kazunori Kume of Hiroshima University and supervised by Nobel Laureate Sir Paul Nurse. It discovered that hoarding of genetic materials (mRNA) and proteins by the nucleus causes it to bulk up and is enabled by the amount of nuclear membrane supplied. (2017-07-11)

Air power now weapon of choice
Air power has become the weapon of choice for Western politicians because it causes maximum destruction with the minimum of commitment, according to new research from a University of Exeter academic. (2016-05-06)

Food for thought
Staying thin really is easier for some people than for others. Scientist at the Brookhaven National Laboratory are using PET imaging to evaluate how the brain responds when a hungry subject is exposed to food and how hard they have to work to control the urge to eat. (2004-06-23)

Prospects brighten for future superconductor power cables
NIST research reported in the Nov. 17 issue of Applied Physics Letters suggests that next-generation, high-temperature superconductor wire can withstand more mechanical strain than originally thought. As a result, superconductor power cables employing this future wire may be used for transmission grid applications. (2003-11-21)

Particulate plutonium released from the Fukushima Daiichi meltdowns
Small amounts of plutonium (Pu) were released from the damaged Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP) reactors into the environment during the site's 2011 nuclear disaster. However, the physical, chemical, and isotopic form of the released Pu has remained unknown. Now, recent work published in the journal ''Science of the Total Environment'' has shown that Pu was included inside cesium-rich microparticles (CsMPs) that were emitted from the site. (2020-07-14)

Scientists kill cancer cells by 'shutting the door' to the nucleus
Scientists at Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute have shown that blocking the construction of nuclear pores complexes--large channels that control the flow of materials in and out of the cell nucleus--shrank aggressive tumors in mice while leaving healthy cells unharmed. The study, published in Cancer Discovery, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research, reveals a new Achilles heel for cancer that may lead to better treatments for deadly tumors such as melanoma, leukemia and colorectal cancer. (2020-09-28)

Muscle nuclei: May the force be with you
A group of researchers at Instituto de Medicina Molecular (iMM) Lisboa has revealed the mechanism by which cellular nuclei reach their position within muscle cells. This discovery, now published in Nature Cell Biology, can have important implications in therapeutic strategies to treat muscular diseases. (2017-09-11)

Could Satellites Plug Into Energy From The Ground?
Lasers sited on the ground might one day power orbiting satellites instead of being limited by the energy produced by solar panels. A researcher in California is designing a massive laser whose powerful beam could be converted into electricity by the existing solar panels on satellites, which could feed power-hungry communications satellites. (1999-04-21)

Aging power plants provide Trump administration with risks and opportunities
When it comes to the current plans to retire US power plants, Carnegie Mellon University researchers believe we are 'running towards a cliff with no fence.' They found that power plant retirement trends will complicate achieving long-term carbon dioxide emission reduction targets and require a significant increase in capital investments. (2017-07-19)

A filter that enhances the power of communications satellites
Researchers at the Public University of Navarre are designing and developing a filter that enhances the power of communications satellites for the European Space Agency. The filter enables the reduction, by a factor of a million, interference produced by what is known as the (2005-02-03)

Record-breaking detector may aid nuclear inspections
Scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have designed and demonstrated the world's most accurate gamma ray detector, which is expected to be useful eventually in verifying inventories of nuclear materials and detecting radioactive contamination in the environment. The tiny prototype detector, described today at the American Physical Society national meeting in Baltimore, can pinpoint gamma ray emissions signatures of specific atoms with 10 times the precision of the best conventional sensors used to examine stockpiles of nuclear materials. (2006-03-14)

Rising temperatures could accelerate radiation induced DNA effects in marine mussels
Increased sea temperatures could have a dramatic effect on radiation-induced damage in marine invertebrates, a study led by Plymouth University, in conjunction with the Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science (Cefas) suggests. (2016-08-23)

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