Oil Spills Current Events

Oil Spills Current Events, Oil Spills News Articles.
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Oil spill impacts may perturb entire food webs
Oil spills not only have a direct impact on species and habitats, but may also set off a cascade of perturbations that affect the entire food web. These are the findings of new research published in an article in the special issue on Ocean Spills and Accidents in Springer's journal Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology (AECT). (2017-07-10)

A complete solution for oil-spill cleanup
Scientists are describing what may be a (2012-10-03)

Still-fresh remnants of Exxon Valdez oil protected by boulders
Twenty-five years after the infamous Exxon Valdez oil spill in Prince William Sound, beaches on the Alaska Peninsula hundreds of kilometers from the incident still harbor small hidden pockets of surprisingly unchanged oil, according to new research. (2014-02-26)

NSU receives $1.6 million grant to prepare oil workers for spills
NSU willl use federal money to better prepare workers to handle oil spills. (2010-08-31)

Oil spills and climate change double the mortality rate of British seabirds
New research from the University of Sheffield shows for the first time that major oil spills double the mortality rate of British sea birds, even though the pollution occurs hundred of miles from the birds' breeding grounds. The research, which is to be published in the November issue of Ecology Letters also shows a direct link between a warmer climate in the North Atlantic and a higher mortality rate among British guillemots. (2005-10-13)

Everything you wanted to know about microbes and oil spills but were afraid to ask
Is it true that microbes cleaned up the oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico? Can bacteria really (2011-02-17)

New biosensor modelled on the immune system can detect, track and guide the clean-up of oil spills
A new biosensor which uses antibody-based technology has been shown to detect marine pollutants such as oil cheaper and faster than current technology. Tests of the new biosensor, published in Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, reveal how it could be used for the early detection and tracking of oil spills. (2011-05-05)

Oil spill clean- up gets doggone hairy
A study investigating sustainable-origin sorbent materials to clean up oil spill disasters has made a surprising discovery. Dog fur is particularly good at cleaning up crude oil from different types of land surfaces and, together with human hair recycled from salons, can be used as an effective and sustainable way to mop dangerous environmental contaminants. (2020-07-09)

Sunlight and oil spills may make deadly combination for wildlife
Contaminants called polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons from oil spills can be toxic to wildlife, especially when in combination with ultraviolet radiation from the sun (2016-11-21)

Oil biodegradation inhibited in deep-sea sediments
Degradation rates of oil were slower in the dark and cold waters of the depths of the Gulf of Mexico than at surface conditions, according to an international team of geoscientists trying to understand where the oil went during the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. (2018-07-19)

University of Houston study shows BP oil spill hurt marshes, but recovery possible
A study published in PLoS ONE by two researchers at the University of Houston shows that arthropods living in coastal salt marshes affected by BP oil spill were damaged but they were able to recover if their host plants remained healthy. (2012-03-07)

Radioactive isotopes reveal age of oil and gas wastewater spills
A Duke study shows that radium isotopes in soils can be used to determine the age of oil and gas wastewater spills. Three new isotopic age-dating methods developed by the team could be useful for identifying the source of a spill where it's not certain if contamination stems from recent unconventional oil and gas drilling or from older, conventional oil and gas operations in the same watershed. (2016-05-10)

Oil-eating microbes are challenged in the Arctic
Bacteria play a major role in cleaning up oil spills and mitigating its environmental impacts. In a review published in Science of the Total Environment, researchers from Aarhus University, Denmark, examine the major limiting factors for microbial degradation in Arctic environments. (2018-02-20)

Bacteria in the world's oceans produce millions of tonnes of hydrocarbons each year
Scientists have calculated that millions of tonnes of hydrocarbons are produced annually by photosynthetic bacteria in the world's oceans. (2015-10-05)

Metals known to have harmful health effects found in indigenous exposed to oil spills
People from two indigenous communities in the Peruvian Amazon who live close to the country's longest oil pipeline have mercury, cadmium and lead in their bodies at concentrations that could be harmful to their health. (2018-02-09)

Water 'microhabitats' in oil show potential for extraterrestrial life, oil cleanup
An international team of researchers has found extremely small habitats that increase the potential for life on other planets while offering a way to clean up oil spills on our own. Looking at samples from the world's largest natural asphalt lake, they found active microbes in droplets as small as a microliter, which is about 1/50th of a drop of water. (2014-08-07)

University of Tennessee professor's research shows Gulf of Mexico resilient after spill
The Gulf of Mexico may have a much greater natural ability to self-clean oil spills than previously believed, according to Terry Hazen, University of Tennessee-Oak Ridge National Laboratory Governor's Chair for Environmental Biotechnology. (2013-04-08)

New report examines the safety of using dispersants in oil spill clean ups
A multi-disciplinary team of scientists has issued a series of findings and recommendations on the safety of using dispersal agents in oil spill clean-up efforts in a report published this month by the National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine. (2019-04-15)

UNH hosts oil spill response forum Oct. 28-29
It's been 25 years since the Exxon Valdez spilled 11 million gallons of crude oil into Prince William Sound, and nearly five years since the explosion of the Deepwater Horizon oil rig in the Gulf of Mexico gushed 200 million gallons of crude oil. On Oct. 28-29, 2014, nearly 40 experts and eyewitnesses from science, government, industry and NGOs will gather to look back -- and forward -- at oil spill response. (2014-10-21)

Recreational activity a major pollutant on Canadian coast of Pacific Ocean
From recreational boats and fishing vessels to commercial cruise ships and private marinas, a newly published study shows that oil discharges related to human maritime activity on the Canadian coast is posing a major threat to marine ecosystems in the Pacific Ocean. (2014-09-24)

Cleaning up oil spills can kill more fish than spills themselves, say Queen's biologists
A new Queen's University study shows that detergents used to clean up spills of diesel oil actually increase its toxicity to fish, making it more harmful. (2009-03-16)

Gulf of Mexico clean-up makes 2010 spill 52-times more toxic
If the 4.9 million barrels of oil that spilled into the Gulf of Mexico during the 2010 Deep Water Horizon spill was a ecological disaster, the two million gallons of dispersant used to clean it up apparently made it even worse -- 52-times more toxic. That's according to new research from the Georgia Institute of Technology and Universidad Autonoma de Aguascalientes, Mexico. (2012-11-30)

First 'microsubmarines' designed to help clean up oil spills
Scientists are reporting development and successful testing of the first self-propelled (2012-05-02)

Wildlife still exposed to Exxon Valdez oil 20 years after disaster
Scientists in Alaska have discovered that lingering oil from the 1989 Exxon Valdez spill is still ingested by some wildlife more than 20 years after the disaster. (2010-04-14)

Cotton offers a new ecologically friendly way to clean up oil spills
With the Deepwater Horizon disaster emphasizing the need for better ways of cleaning up oil spills, scientists are reporting that unprocessed, raw cotton may be an ideal, ecologically friendly answer, with an amazing ability to sop up oil. Their report, which includes some of the first scientific data on unprocessed, raw cotton's use in crude oil spills, appears in the ACS journal Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research. (2013-05-15)

Dispersant used to clean Deepwater Horizon spill more toxic to corals than the oil
The dispersant used to remediate the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico is more toxic to cold-water corals in lower concentrations than the spilled oil. (2015-04-09)

Chemical In Oyster Shells May Help Clean Oil Spills
An absorbent chemical in oyster shells could help clean up oil spills or even keep diapers dryer, according to a study by Clemson University scientists. The National Sea Grant featured the Clemson study, along with others, at a conference in New York this week. Conference organizers hope biotech companies will look to the sea for new breakthroughs in medicine and bioengineered products. (1998-06-18)

Researchers ask important questions on what happens to oil after a spill
Very little is known about what happens to oil in the ocean after an oil spill and what happens to it once a chemical dispersant has been applied. New research summarizes what is known and what important knowledge gaps remain. (2016-11-21)

Defying conventional wisdom, water can float on oil
Defying thousands of years of conventional wisdom, scientists are reporting that it is possible for water to float on oil, a discovery they say has important potential applications in cleaning up oil spills that threaten seashores and fisheries. Their report appears in ACS' journal Langmuir. (2012-04-04)

Lessons learned from the Exxon Valdez and Deepwater Horizon oil spills
Five years ago this week, engineers stopped the Deepwater Horizon oil spill -- the largest one in US history, easily displacing the Exxon Valdez spill from the top spot. Now, Chemical & Engineering News (C&EN), the weekly newsmagazine of the American Chemical Society, takes a look at the lessons scientists are learning from these accidents to improve clean-up efforts and, perhaps, prevent spills altogether. (2015-07-15)

NOAA in 2017 to award up to $100 million for oil, chemical spill restoration projects
In 2017, NOAA Fisheries will award up to $100 million to restoration partners to implement projects addressing habitats and coastlines damaged by oil and chemical spills. The funds used for these awards come from settlements with responsible parties. (2017-01-05)

Re-creating the ocean, Temple prof. developing protocols for using oil dispersants
By re-creating the ocean's energy in a small flask, a Temple professor is developing new protocols for the EPA to test the effectiveness of oil dispersants. (2002-05-13)

The costs of transporting petroleum products by pipelines and rail
While the policy debate surrounding crude oil transportation costs has emphasized accidents and spills, a new study by Carnegie Mellon University and University of Pittsburgh researchers indicates the debate is overlooking a far more serious external cost -- air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions. (2017-10-10)

Shedding light on oil behaviors before the next spill
A comprehensive scientific report released today by The Royal Society of Canada has concluded that there are still critical research gaps hampering efforts to both assess the environmental impacts of crude oil spills and to effectively remediate them. (2015-11-25)

Safe solution to mop up oil spills: QUT research breakthrough
QUT researchers have come up with a new, safe way to clean up oil spills using compounds equally useful as common household cleaning products. (2019-09-24)

An oil-eating bacterium that can help clean up pollution and spills
Oil spills occur on a regular basis, leading to messy decontamination challenges. But however widespread and serious the damage may be, the solution could be microscopic -- Alcanivorax borkumensis -- a bacterium that feeds on hydrocarbons. A research team at INRS show the effectiveness of enzymes produced by the bacterium in degrading petroleum products in soil and water. Their results offer hope for a simple, effective, and eco-friendly method of decontaminating water and soil at oil sites. (2018-04-09)

Marine chemist says 'not so fast' to quick oil detection method
A new method for assessing environmental contamination after oil spills is in danger of being applied in situations where it doesn't work and might produce false conclusions. (2008-05-28)

Risk assessment of vessel accidents and spills in the Aleutian Islands
A new report from the Transportation Research Board of the National Research Council, (2008-07-15)

The immediate aftermath of an oil spill
The fate of oil during the first day after an accidental oil spill is still poorly understood, with researchers often arriving on the scene only after several days. New findings from a field experiment carried out in the North Sea provide valuable insight that could help shape the emergency response in the immediate wake of disasters. (2014-08-08)

MU researcher develops virtual wall which could stop the spread of oil and could help build invisible barrier for oil spills
Researchers at the University of Missouri have developed a technique to form a virtual wall for oily liquids that will help confine them to a certain area, aiding researchers who are studying these complex molecules. This development will have future implications in the guided delivery of oil and effective blockage of oil spreading. (2013-12-04)

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