Opioid Abuse Current Events

Opioid Abuse Current Events, Opioid Abuse News Articles.
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Low self-esteem connected to greater risk for opioid use
Health, family and romance problems appear to be the particular life stressors most associated with increased risk for using opioids to cope, and individuals with low self-esteem appear to be at risk for these connections, according to a new paper including researchers at Binghamton University, State University at New York. (2018-10-03)

Impact of a health system's three-pronged strategy to address the opioid epidemic
In the past two decades more than 700,000 people have died from a drug overdose in the United States. In 2017, more than 68% of the drug overdose deaths involved an opioid. To help stem this epidemic, Highmark Inc. developed, implemented and evaluated a series of quality management-focused opioid interventions utilizing a three-pronged public health approach. (2020-05-27)

Opioid use disorder in pregnancy: 5 things to know
Opioid use is increasing in pregnancy as well as the general population. A 'Five things to know about' practice article on opioid disuse in pregnancy in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal) provides information on how to manage this vulnerable population. (2019-09-23)

Research brief: Vaccines to treat opioid abuse and prevent fatal overdoses
A team of scientists from the University of Minnesota Medical School and Minneapolis Medical Research Foundation at Hennepin Healthcare is developing vaccines against heroin and prescription opioids, such as oxycodone and fentanyl. (2018-04-11)

Boston University School of Medicine physician receives award from AATOD
Needham resident Daniel Alford, MD, an associate professor of medicine at Boston University School of Medicine attending physician in the General Internal Medicine Department at Boston Medical Center and associate medical director of the Substance Abuse Prevention and Treatment Division with the Boston Public Health Commission, was one of 12 clinicians in the nation to receive the Nyswander-Dole Award. The award was presented at the American Association for the Treatment of Opioid Dependence's recent national conference. (2007-10-30)

Researchers studying improving physician opioid prescribing
Boston University School of Medicine researcher Dr. Jeffrey Samet and Dr. Carlos Del Rio from Emory University were recently awarded a five year, $5 million grant from the National Institute of Drug Abuse for their project titled: Improving Physician Opioid Prescribing for Chronic Pain in HIV-infected Persons. (2014-09-16)

RTI International to study opioid prevention and treatment policies in Appalachian states
RTI International, in partnership with the University of Kentucky, has been awarded funding from the National Institute on Drug Abuse and the Appalachian Regional Commission to explore how Appalachian states are addressing the opioid crisis in their communities with the intent of developing evidence-based recommendations for improving services and policies. (2016-10-12)

New study links opioid epidemic to childhood emotional abuse
A study by researchers at the University of Vermont has revealed a link between adult opioid misuse and childhood emotional abuse, a new finding that suggests a rethinking of treatment approaches for opioid abusers. (2017-03-14)

USF/VA researchers identify gene that increases risk for drug abuse
In a major finding in the search for genes of addiction, researchers at the University of South Florida and the James A. Haley Veterans' Hospital have identified a gene -- muopioid -- that increases the risk for drug abuse in general, including alcohol and nicotine. Their study appears in the March 2002 issue of the journal Molecular Psychiatry. (2002-03-14)

New study shows how cancer survivors develop opioid addictions
Opioids play an important role in how cancer patients manage pain, but the ongoing opioid epidemic has raised concerns about their potential for abuse. A new study in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute reveals that several factors are associated with a risk for persistent opioid use, including younger age, white race, unemployment at the time of cancer diagnosis, lower median income, and current or prior tobacco use. (2019-11-22)

BMC nurse manager receives Abstract Award
Hanover resident and Boston Medical Center nurse manager Colleen LaBelle, R.N., A.C.R.N., C.A.R.N., was one of two semi-finalists to receive the Best Abstract Award from the Association for Medical Education and Research in Substance Abuse. (2008-11-17)

Researchers find anti-depressants reduce pain in opioid-dependent patients
In what is believed to be the first study of its kind to demonstrate an association between the antidepressant escitalopram and improved general pain, researchers from Boston University School of Medicine, have found that opioid-dependent patients treated with escitalopram experienced meaningful reductions in pain severity and pain interference during the first three months of therapy. (2011-11-03)

Study reveals lack of data on opioid drugs for chronic pain
A National Institutes of Health white paper that was released today finds little to no evidence for the effectiveness of opioid drugs in the treatment of long-term chronic pain, despite the explosive recent growth in the use of the drugs. (2015-01-15)

Treatment for chronic pain must address both physical and social pain
Physical pain and social pain may be more closely related than previously thought. Social pain, which typically results from interpersonal rejection or abuse, has been viewed as a non-medical response to external factors. However, recent research suggests that some physical and social stress responses may arise because of shared processing in the brain. (2021-01-12)

Does opioid maintenance treatment during pregnancy harm newborns?
A new Pharmacology Research & Perspectives study found no harm to newborns from opioid maintenance treatment (OMT) during pregnancy compared with no treatment. (2019-08-15)

Study: Access to health care increases prescription opioid availability and associated abuse
Researchers at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis say one way to gauge the extent of prescription opioid pain reliever abuse in any Indiana county is to count the number of health care providers, particularly dentists and pharmacists. Their research, discussed Nov. 5 at the American Public Health Association meeting, found that access to health care increases the availability of prescription opioids, which is associated with higher rates of opioid abuse and associated consequences. (2013-11-05)

New drug abuse treatment shows promise
Patients who receive buprenorphine treatment for opioid addiction in an office-based setting are more likely than those receiving methadone treatment to be young men, new to drug use, and with no history of methadone treatment, Yale School of Medicine researchers report in a study published in Drug and Alcohol Dependence. (2005-06-28)

Risk of suicide attempt by children doubles if parent uses opioids
In a tale of two epidemics, researchers from the University of Chicago and the University of Pittsburgh found that children of parents who use opioids have an increased risk of attempting suicide. (2019-05-22)

More awareness, research needed on abuse risk of non-opioid painkiller
Gabapentin, a nerve pain medication and anticonvulsant sold under the brand name Neurontin and others, increasingly is being misused, necessitating prescribers to understand its abuse potential and risk profile, said Rachel Vickers Smith, Ph.D., M.P.H., assistant professor in the University of Louisville School of Nursing. (2018-02-20)

Could wearable biosensors become part of drug rehab programs?
There is merit in looking at the use of wearable biosensors to detect whether opioid users stay focused on their rehabilitation programs. This follows a preliminary study in Springer's Journal of Medical Toxicology led by Stephanie Carreiro of the University of Massachusetts Medical School in the US. Her team tested the use of wristband sensors worn by a group of patients in an emergency room who were receiving opioids for severe pain relief. (2016-06-23)

University of Kentucky research sheds light on pain pill abuse
A study by a team of University of Kentucky researchers has shed new light on the potential habit-forming properties of the popular pain medication tramadol, in research funded by the National Institute on Drug Abuse. The paper is slated to appear in an upcoming edition of the academic journal Psychopharmacology. (2012-09-26)

Opioid epidemic hits nearly all age groups in both rural and urban US areas
For this report, we took a regional approach, examining the data on opioid abuse and dependence, including cost information and respective treatment protocols, in five of the largest-populated cities and their respective states, and compared rural and urban areas. (2017-06-13)

Vital statistics data can help fill gap about prescription opioid-related deaths
A new study indicates that Statistics Canada data can be used to determine prescription opioid-related deaths and aid public health. The research is published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal). (2015-11-30)

Opioid abuse drops when doctors check patients' drug history
There's a simple way to reduce the opioid epidemic gripping the country, according to new Cornell University research: Make doctors check their patients' previous prescriptions. (2017-05-01)

BMC study: Treat patients with addiction during, after hospitalization
The results of a new study demonstrate that starting hospitalized patients who have an opioid addiction on buprenorphine treatment in the hospital and seamlessly connecting them with an outpatient office based treatment program can greatly reduce whether they relapse after they are discharged. (2014-06-30)

Opioid abuse linked to mood and anxiety disorders
Researchers find that mood and anxiety disorders are highly associated with non-medical prescription opioid use. (2011-12-13)

More than half of all opioid prescriptions go to people with mental illness
Fifty-one percent of all opioid medications distributed in the US each year are prescribed to adults with mood disorders such as depression and anxiety, according to new research from the University of Michigan and the Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth. (2017-06-27)

State laws aimed at curbing opioid abuse may not be working for one group with high rates of use
States are aggressively enacting laws aimed at curbing prescription opioid abuse and overdose. The laws appear to have no impact on hazardous prescribing for disabled workers, a large population with high opioid use. People in this group, presumably a population the laws aim to protect, are 10 times more likely than average to die of prescription opioid overdose. (2016-06-23)

Clinical trial looks at tramadol for opioid withdrawal
A randomized clinical trial published by JAMA Psychiatry compared tramadol extended-release with clonidine and buprenorphine for the management of opioid withdrawal symptoms in patients with opioid use disorder in a residential research setting. (2017-07-12)

Reduction in opioid prescribing, overdoses associated with pharma industry changes
Results of a new study led by Boston Medical Center researchers, in collaboration with Harvard Medical School, indicate that the introduction of abuse-deterrent OxyContin, coupled with the removal of propoxyphene from the US prescription marketplace, may have played a role in decreasing opioid prescribing and overdoses. (2015-04-20)

Reducing opioid use prior to joint replacement surgery linked to better outcomes
Two research studies presented this week at the 2016 Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS), link decreased opioid use prior to joint replacement surgery with improved patient satisfaction and outcomes, fewer complications, and a reduced need for post-surgical opioids. (2016-03-04)

Some drug addicts more likely to relapse than others: Study
Opioids are highly addicting and liable for abuse. Methadone maintenance treatment is the most common intervention for those with drug addiction, but relapse is common, with 46 percent of patients continuing to use illicit opioids during or after the methadone treatment. (2016-04-13)

Study reveals opioid patients face multiple barriers to treatment
In areas of the country disproportionately affected by the opioid crisis, treatment programs are less likely to accept patients paying through insurance of any type or accept pregnant women, a new Vanderbilt study found. (2018-07-12)

Adolescent painkiller abuse a big problem for small towns, rural areas
Adolescents who live in rural areas and small towns and cities are more likely to abuse prescription painkillers than adolescents who live in large urban areas, according to sociologists. (2015-09-17)

Scientists take big step toward finding non-addictive painkiller
With the support of the National Institute on Drug Abuse, scientists at Wake Forest School of Medicine have been working to find a safe, non-addictive pain killer to help fight the current opioid crisis in this country. (2018-08-29)

Prescription opioids the predominant choice among illicit opioid users
Isolated reports have pointed to substantial increases in prescription opioid abuse. To determine the impact on usage patterns among street drug users, Fischer and colleagues analyzed data from the OPICAN study, a multisite study of drug use patterns among illicit opioid users across Canada. (2006-11-20)

Study highlights 'worrying' increase in misuse of non-opioid medications
A major new analysis of the non-opioid medications, gabapentin and baclofen, shows 'worrying' increases in related suicide attempts and hospital admissions in US adults since 2013 -- coinciding with a decrease in opioid prescriptions. (2019-12-02)

CU Anschutz researchers find new risk posed by opioid pain medication
Patients with no recent history of taking opioid pain medication had a 25 percent higher risk of chronically using the drugs if they received them when discharged from the hospital, according to researchers at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus. (2015-11-17)

Long-term narcotics use for back pain may be ineffective and lead to abuse
Narcotic drugs (opioids) are commonly prescribed for short-term relief of chronic back pain, but their effectiveness long-term has been questioned in a review article by researchers at Yale School of Medicine, who also found that behaviors consistent with opioid abuse was reported in 24 percent of cases. (2007-01-16)

Bifunctional compound tackles pain relief and opioid dependency
Huiping Ding and colleagues have developed a painkilling compound that both relieves pain and suppresses opioid dependency in primates. (2018-08-29)

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