Opioids Current Events

Opioids Current Events, Opioids News Articles.
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Patients who receive prescription Opioids are more satisfied with care than other patients
Patients who receive prescription Opioids are more satisfied with care than other patients. (2018-01-09)

Low-dose ketamine may be an effective alternative to opioids
Opioids are commonly prescribed in the emergency department (ED) for the treatment of acute pain, but due to the epidemic of opioid misuse, analgesic alternatives are being explored. A new Academic Emergency Medicine analysis of relevant studies found that low-dose ketamine is as effective as opioids for the control of acute pain in the ED. (2018-07-18)

Study examines effects of different opioids on driving performance
Taking opioids for the treatment of pain has been associated with increased risks of crashing among drivers, but it is unknown whether this applies to all opioids or pertains to specific opioids only. A new British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology study found that the influence of single analgesic doses of methadone and buprenorphine -- two different opioids -- on driving performance was mild and below the impairment threshold of a blood alcohol concentration of 0.5 mg ml-1. (2018-12-05)

Opioid prescription is on the increase
More and more opioids are being prescribed for pain relief in Germany. This is the conclusion arrived at by Ingrid Schubert, Peter Ihle, and Rainer Sabatowski, whose study of a sample of inhabitants of the state of Hesse with health insurance from a large statutory provider is published in the latest issue of Deutsches Ă„rzteblatt International. (2013-02-12)

Researchers examine how opioids affect proteins in the brain other than opioid receptors
In a new study, researchers have characterized the effects of a series of opioids on proteins in the brain other than opioid receptors. (2017-12-06)

Rapid increase of synthetic opioids involved in drug overdose deaths
Synthetic opioids (such as illicit fentanyl) overtook prescription opioids in 2016 as the most common drug class involved in overdose deaths in the United States. (2018-05-01)

Are opioids being inappropriately prescribed to treat gout?
Although there are effective treatments for gout, the most common form of inflammatory arthritis, a new Arthritis Care & Research study found that opioids are commonly prescribed to patients with gout who seek treatment at emergency departments. (2019-07-03)

Strong painkillers increase the risk of hip fracture among persons with Alzheimer's disease
People using strong painkillers, opioids, have twice the risk of hip fracture compared to non-opioid users, a new study from the University of Eastern Finland shows. The risk was highest in the first two months of opioid use. The results were published in the PAIN journal. (2018-11-26)

Opioids effective in relieving severe shortness of breath in COPD patients
Patients with advanced chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and shortness of breath found that opioids provided relief and improved their quality of life, states an article in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal). However, physicians are reluctant to prescribe opioids for this condition, meaning many people will not benefit from this treatment. (2012-04-23)

Model predicts likelihood of persistent high-dose opioid use after knee surgery
A new study published in Arthritis Care & Research has identified 10 readily available clinical factors that may predict which patients will persistently use high doses of opioids in the year following knee replacement surgery. (2021-02-03)

University of Toronto scientists uncover how opioids cause dangerous breathing problems
University of Toronto researchers on a quest to make opioid drugs less lethal have discovered a window of opportunity: a tiny channel in the brain where opioids interfere with the breathing mechanism. They found that mice without this channel kept breathing normally with an opioid overdose -- a discovery that may result in new therapies to stop accidental deaths from prescription painkillers. (2015-12-17)

UVA slashes opioid use while improving pain scores, study finds
A study of more than 100,000 surgical cases at University of Virginia Health System found patients' pain scores improved even as doctors gave fewer opioids. As health officials across the US look for ways to combat a opioid addiction crisis, UVA researchers believe their findings highlight one way to address the problem. (2017-01-18)

Alzheimer's therapy may help overcome opioid addiction
Clinical trial results reveal that a medication used to treat Alzheimer's disease may also be an effective therapy for individuals addicted to opioids. The findings are published in The American Journal on Addictions. (2019-06-05)

Patients who are not prescribed opioids find more improvements in physical function, study
Opioids may help some patients suffering neuropathic pain, but do not help with mobility and function, according to University of Alberta researchers. (2016-01-22)

Study shows opioid, sedative and antidepressant use pre-surgery leads to worse outcomes
A study led by University of Kentucky Markey Cancer Center researchers showed that patients who already used opioids, sedatives or antidepressants prior to colorectal surgery experience significantly more complications post-surgery. (2020-06-08)

Research finds opioids may help chronic pain, a little
In a study published today by the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), McMaster University researchers reviewed 96 clinical trials with more than 26,000 participants and found opioids provide only small improvements in pain, physical functioning and sleep quality compared to a placebo. (2018-12-18)

Prescription opioids often go unused after surgery
More than two-thirds of patients reported unused prescription opioids following surgery, and safe storage and disposal rarely occurred, suggesting an important source for nonmedical use, according to a study published by JAMA Surgery. (2017-08-02)

Study estimates misuse of prescribed opioids in the United States
A new Pharmacoepidemiology & Drug Safety study estimates the prevalence and risk factors for self-reported misuse of prescribed opioids in the general adult population. (2019-02-06)

Cancer screening among women prescribed opioids
US women who take prescription opioids are no less likely to receive key cancer screenings when compared to women who are not prescribed opioids. (2020-02-18)

Learning more about opioid prescribing in primary care
Chronic opioid prescribing in primary care varies significantly by patient and clinician characteristics, according to a new study. (2019-05-14)

Almost all patients continue to get opioid prescriptions after overdose
More than 90 percent of patients with chronic pain continue to receive prescription opioids after an overdose and are at high risk for experiencing a repeated overdose, according to an article published in Annals of Internal Medicine. (2015-12-28)

Tamper-resistant opioids will not solve opioid addiction problem
Tamper-resistant formulations of drugs will not solve the problems of opioid addiction and overdose, argues a commentary in CMAJ. (2015-06-29)

Study finds racial disparities in prescribing opioids for chronic pain
Yale researchers have identified racial disparities in the treatment of patients who are prescribed opioids for chronic pain. Black patients who receive opioids long-term are more likely than whites to be tested for illicit drug use. Of those who test positive, blacks are more likely to have their opioid prescriptions discontinued, said the researchers. (2018-08-20)

Six in 10 children receive opioids after tonsillectomy
Sixty percent of privately insured children undergoing tonsil removal received opioids -- with average prescriptions lasting about six to 10 days -- a new study finds. (2019-08-08)

Safer opioid drugs could treat pain and save lives
Opioid drugs are the most widely prescribed and effective type of pain medication. But they are highly addictive and have some unpleasant and potentially deadly side effects. Now a group of researchers, led by Dr. Laura Bohn at The Scripps Research Institute, may have found a way to make opioids safer by separating the drugs' pain relieving effects from their most dangerous side effect, respiratory suppression, which, in very severe cases, causes patients to stop breathing and to die. (2017-12-05)

Redesign of opioid medication management shows impact in rural clinics
In rural practice, a system redesign resulted in declines in the proportion of patients on high dose opioids and the number of patients receiving opioids. (2019-07-10)

Study examines opioid involvement in US drug overdoses
A recent analysis published in Addiction reveals how fatal overdoses involving stimulants (cocaine and other psychostimulants, primarily methamphetamine) have been increasing over the past few years. (2020-01-08)

Study examines use of opioids
Researchers from Boston University's Slone Epidemiology Center have found that in a given week, over 10 million Americans are taking opioids, and more than 4 million are taking them regularly (at least five days per week, for at least four weeks). These findings appear in the Aug. 31 issue of the journal Pain. (2008-08-27)

UMN researchers study effect of chronic opioid therapy on pain and survival in sickle cell disease
New UMN research recently published in Blood Advances, Kalpna Gupta, PhD, Professor of Medicine, University of Minnesota Medical School, demonstrates the impact of opioids on the survival of humanized mouse models with sickle cell disease, compared to normal mice. (2019-04-02)

Deaths from strong prescription painkillers are on the increase
Action is needed to tackle the increasing number of deaths in the United States and Canada from prescription painkillers known as opioids, say experts on bmj.com today. (2011-08-23)

Opioid abuse linked to mood and anxiety disorders
Researchers find that mood and anxiety disorders are highly associated with non-medical prescription opioid use. (2011-12-13)

Study: Patients commonly prescribed opioids and antibiotics for dental conditions at EDs
A study in the March issue of The Journal of the American Dental Association from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention found that antibiotics and opioids are frequently prescribed during emergency department visits for dental conditions, further emphasizing the need for continued efforts to combat both opioid abuse and overuse of antibiotics. (2020-02-24)

Promising medication counteracts constipation caused by opioid painkillers
Opioids -- strong morphine-based painkillers -- are widely prescribed to patients experiencing chronic severe pain. While these drugs are very effective for treating and managing pain, they have one particularly bothersome side effect: constipation. A new drug, called naloxegol, could bring relief. In stage 3 trials reported in the New England Journal of Medicine, KU Leuven and international researchers provide new evidence that the drug relieves constipation without dulling opioids' pain-relieving effects. (2014-07-16)

Prescribed opioids raise risk of pneumonia in patients with and without HIV
Taking prescribed opioids raises the risk of pneumonia in individuals with and without HIV, a new Yale-led study finds. (2019-01-07)

Breast cancer patients on opioids less likely to stick to vital treatment
A new study has found a troubling lack of adherence to a potentially lifesaving treatment regimen among breast cancer patients who take opioids to manage their pain. (2017-09-01)

Opioid compounds synthesized from yeast
Following progress in identifying all components in the opioid production pathway, researchers have manipulated yeast to synthesize thebaine, a poppy opiate that is a precursor to many medically relevant opioids. (2015-08-13)

Tobacco use linked with higher use of opioids and sedatives
Tobacco is a known risk factor for the misuse of prescription opioids. In addition, concurrent use of opioids and sedative-hypnotics is a risk factor for opioid overdose or addiction. In an American Journal on Addictions study, tobacco users were more likely to receive prescriptions for opioid analgesics with muscle relaxants and/or benzodiazepines than people who did not use tobacco. (2019-01-09)

Short-term use of opioids increases subjective pleasure
As indicated by a recently published study, short-term opioid use shifts a range of emotional responses to the positive direction. This may be one of the reasons behind the onset of opioid use disorder. (2019-05-24)

Opioids increase risk of death when compared to other pain treatments
Long-acting opioids are associated with a significantly increased risk of death when compared with alternative medications for moderate-to-severe chronic pain, according to a Vanderbilt study released today in JAMA. (2016-06-14)

High-fat, high-sugar foods alter brain receptors
Overconsumption of fatty, sugary foods leads to changes in brain receptors, according to new animal research at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. The new research results are being presented at the 2009 Annual Meeting of the Society for the Study of Ingestive Behavior, the foremost society for research into all aspects of eating and drinking behavior. The results have implications for understanding bulimia and other binge eating disorders. (2009-07-27)

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