Opioids Current Events | Page 25

Opioids Current Events, Opioids News Articles.
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Study shows invasive lung cancer surgery can lead to long-term opioid use
Patients treated with more-invasive surgical techniques for a type of early-stage lung cancer are more likely to become chronic opioid users than patients treated with minimally invasive surgery. (2018-09-24)

Hearing loss before 50 may mean higher risk of drug and alcohol issues
People under age 50 with hearing loss misuse prescription opioids at twice the rate of their hearing peers, and are also more likely to misuse alcohol and other drugs, a new national study finds. This means that health care providers may need to take special care when treating pain and mental health conditions in deaf and hard-of-hearing young adults, the researchers say. (2019-03-25)

Novel study creates new metric to illustrate disadvantaged areas nationwide
Ohio, West Virginia, and the District of Columbia have the highest disparity between opioid-related deaths and access to treatment providers for opioid use disorder (OUD) in the U.S. That finding comes from a first-of-its-kind research study. (2019-04-09)

Opioid crisis: Criminal justice referrals miss treatment opportunities, study suggests
A new study by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health found that under 5 percent of those referred for opioid treatment from the criminal justice system were directed to medication-assisted programs to treat their disorder (2017-12-04)

Pain, itself, elicits pain relief, and does so through 'reward' pathway
Researchers have long known that the body can activate its own form of pain relief in response to painful stimuli. Now, UC San Francisco investigators have determined that, in rats, this long-lasting relief is produced by the brain's (1999-08-15)

Cannabis found not to be a substitute for opioids
The research team looked at all research on the effects of cannabis use on illicit opioid use during methadone maintenance therapy, which is a common treatment for opioid use disorder, and found six studies involving more than 3,600 participants. A meta-analysis of the studies found cannabis use didn't reduce illicit opioid use during treatment nor did it retain people in treatment. (2019-11-19)

After hip-replacement surgery, medication use decreases
A new study in the journal PAIN® provides information on the trajectories of prescription drug use before and after hip-replacement surgery -- total hip arthroplasty (THA), one of the most common types of joint replacement surgery. Hip-replacement surgery is commonly followed by long-term reductions in the use of prescription drugs for pain and insomnia. But use of these medications increases during the year before hip replacement -- and jumps even higher in the period immediately after surgery. (2015-12-01)

Hospitalizations for children, teens attributed to opioid poisoning jump
The overall incidence of hospitalizations for prescription opioid poisonings in children and adolescents has more than doubled from 1997 to 2012, with increasing incidence of poisonings attributed to suicide or self-inflicted injury and accidental intent, according to a new study published online by JAMA Pediatrics. (2016-10-31)

More than a half-million parents with opioid use disorder live with children
An estimated 623,000 parents with opioid use disorder in the United States are living with children under the age of 18, and fewer than one-third of the parents have received substance use treatment. (2019-05-14)

Infant pain, adult repercussions
Scientists at Georgia State University have uncovered the mechanisms of how pain in infancy alters how the brain processes pain in adulthood. Research is now indicating that infants who spent time in the neonatal intensive care unit show altered pain sensitivity in adolescence. These results have profound implications and highlight the need for pre-emptive and post-operative pain medicine for newborn infants. (2009-09-25)

Preoperative opioid use by patients having surgery
Nearly 1 in 4 patients undergoing surgery at an academic medical center reported preoperative opioid use in a study of about 34,000 patients who underwent surgery from 2010-2016. Age, tobacco use, illicit drug use, higher pain severity, depression, lower life satisfaction and more coexisting medical conditions were associated with preoperative opioid use by patients before surgery. (2018-07-11)

Significant pain increases the risk of opioid addiction by 41 percent
What do we really know about the relationship between the experience of pain and risk of developing opioid use disorder? Results from a recent study -- the first to directly address this question -- show that people with moderate or more severe pain had a 41 percent higher risk of developing prescription opioid use disorders than those without, independent of other demographic and clinical factors. (2016-07-22)

Using morphine to hasten death is a myth, says doctor
Using morphine to end a person's life is a myth, argues a senior doctor in a letter to this week's BMJ. It follows the case of Kelly Taylor, a terminally ill woman who went to court earlier this month for the right to be sedated into unconsciousness by morphine, even though it will hasten her death. (2007-03-01)

Study: Opioid prescribing declines following release of national guidelines for physicians
The rate of opioid use in Canada has fallen 13.7 percent since the publication in May 2010 of national guidelines for their use in chronic non-cancer pain, a new study has found. (2016-12-14)

Study gives first glimpse of human brain's natural painkiller system in action
A unique experiment that studied chemical activity in the brains of human volunteers while they experienced sustained pain and reported how they felt is providing new insights into the importance of the body's natural painkiller system - and the reasons why each of us experiences pain differently. The results confirm long-suspected connections between pain-dampening changes in brain chemistry and the senses and emotions experienced by people in pain. (2001-07-12)

Smoking affects same 'feel good' brain chemical system as heroin
Smokers often say that lighting up a cigarette can calm their nerves, satisfy their craving and help them relax. Now, there's new evidence of why that might be: Smoking produces major changes in the flow of (2004-10-26)

Researchers estimate societal costs of the opioid epidemic
The devastating consequences of the opioid crisis are far-reaching in the United States, impacting public health as well as social and economic welfare. Penn State researchers recently collaborated to address the issue in a supplement of The American Journal of Managed Care titled 'Deaths, Dollars, and Diverted Resources: Examining the Heavy Price of the Opioid Epidemic.' (2019-07-30)

Cocaine use may alter brain cells, play role in depression
Chronic cocaine use may cause damage to brain cells that help produce feelings of pleasure, which may contribute, in part, to the high rates of depression reported among cocaine abusers. (2003-03-05)

Frequent, public drug users may be good candidates for overdose-treatment training
The most frequent and public opioid users may be the best available candidates for naloxone training, according to a new study from scientists at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. (2018-03-26)

Lipid epoxides target pain, inflammatory pathways in neurons
When modified using a process known as epoxidation, two naturally occurring lipids are converted into potent agents that target multiple cannabinoid receptors in neurons, interrupting pathways that promote pain and inflammation, researchers report. These modified compounds, called epo-NA5HT and epo-NADA, have much more powerful effects than the molecules from which they are derived, which also regulate pain and inflammation. (2021-02-10)

Researchers find genetic link between physical pain and social rejection
UCLA psychologists have determined for the first time that a gene linked with physical pain sensitivity is associated with social pain sensitivity as well. The research gives weight to the common notion that rejection (2009-08-17)

Chronic pain common in people living with HIV
All people living with HIV should be screened for chronic pain, which affects 39 to 85 percent of people with the condition, recommend new HIVMA guidelines. Those who have chronic pain should be treated using a multidisciplinary approach focused on non-drug options ranging from yoga to physical therapy, note the guidelines. Opioids should never be a first-line treatment. (2017-09-14)

Receptor variant influences dopamine response to alcohol
Researchers showed that human subjects with the 118G variant of the mu-opioid receptor released dopamine from the ventrial striatum of the brain in response to alcohol, while those with the more common 118A variant of this receptor did not. They then demonstrated that mice carrying the gene for the 118G receptor variant showed a fourfold higher peak dopamine response to alcohol compared to mice with the 118A receptor variant gene. (2010-05-18)

How common is long-term opioid use after job injury?
This observational study included 46,000 injured workers in Tennessee who weren't taking opioids at the time of their injury and looked at how common long-term opioid use was and what factors were associated with it. (2019-07-17)

The 'inflammation' of opioid use
New research correlates inflammation in the brain and gut to negative emotional state during opioid withdrawal. (2019-08-29)

Limited access to buprenorphine restricts resident physicians treating opioid abusers
A University of South Florida Health-led survey of resident physicians in Florida indicates they are interested in treating opioid addiction but face barriers to offering patients treatment using buprenorphine, an FDA-approved medication shown to successfully decrease opioid use, overdose events, and deaths associated with opioids. Many states have reported increased deaths from opioids since the COVID-19 epidemic began, underscoring the need to remove barriers to care. (2020-11-20)

Severe Pain Following Shingles Safely Relieved In Clinical Trial Of Anti-Convulsant Drug Gabapentin
In a clinical trial of a new type of drug to relieve severe, chronic pain caused by nerve damage, the anti-convulsant medicine gabapentin has provided significant relief from the aching, burning, tearing pain that some shingles patients suffer for years after other symptoms subside. (1998-12-01)

Ketamine isn't an opioid and treats depression in a unique way
Ketamine has gotten a bad rap as an opioid when there's plenty of evidence suggesting it isn't one, Johns Hopkins experts say. They believe this reputation may hamper patients from getting necessary treatment for the kinds of depression that don't respond to typical antidepressants. In a new paper, the researchers clarify the mechanism behind ketamine's mechanism of action in hopes of restoring the therapy's standing among health care professionals and the public. (2019-07-31)

NIH study to examine causes of hypertension
Scientists have long known that people with high blood pressure and those at risk of developing the disorder have a decreased sensitivity to pain. But just how the higher tolerance relates to the onset of hypertension has been a mystery -- one researchers at Ohio University hope to solve during a new four-year study launched this summer. (2000-07-09)

UTA researchers focus on pain management in older adults
Researchers at The University of Texas at Arlington are focusing their attention on pain management in older adults, a segment of the population which presents a specific series of challenges to health providers. (2017-12-20)

Reducing opioid prescriptions after C-sections
There's a better way to take care of patients after C-sections to help them heal faster and manage pain without increasing their risk of long-term opioid use, Michigan Medicine researchers say. (2019-06-05)

Preventing avoidable opioid-related deaths top priority for pain medicine field
Deaths related to prescription opioid therapy are under intense scrutiny, prompting those in pain medicine -- clinicians, patient advocates, and regulators -- to understand the causes behind avoidable mortality in legitimately treated patients. Studies reporting on statistics, causes, and adverse events involving opioid treatment are now available in a special supplement of Pain Medicine, a journal published by Wiley-Blackwell on behalf of the American Academy of Pain Medicine. (2011-06-13)

Stanford researchers' model could help stem opioid crisis
Stanford University researchers have developed a mathematical model that could help public health officials and policymakers curb an opioid epidemic that took the lives of an estimated 49,000 Americans last year. (2018-08-23)

Researchers develop open source EEG visualization tool
Researchers at UT have developed a free open source computer program that can be used to create visual and quantitative representations of brain electrical activity in laboratory animals in hopes of developing countermeasures for opioid use disorder. (2019-12-05)

British heroin substitute may be associated with wide-ranging sight problems
Children born to mothers prescribed the heroin substitute methadone during pregnancy may be at risk of wide-ranging sight problems, indicates a small study published ahead of print in the British Journal of Ophthalmology. (2010-04-21)

New estimates of neonatal abstinence syndrome, associated costs
Neonatal abstinence syndrome is withdrawal that happens in infants who were exposed to opioids in utero during pregnancy. This study gives new national estimates of neonatal abstinence syndrome and associated health care costs. (2019-12-16)

Do surgeons get lower patient satisfaction ratings when they prescribe fewer opioids?
A survey study of nearly 1,000 patients who underwent common outpatient surgical procedures reports no significant change in ratings for how satisfied patients were with surgeons when surgeons prescribed fewer opioids. (2019-10-16)

Chronic opioid therapy can disrupt sleep, increase risk of sleep disorders
Patients and medical providers should be aware that chronic opioid use can interfere with sleep by reducing sleep efficiency and increasing the risk of sleep-disordered breathing, according to a position statement from the American Academy of Sleep Medicine. (2019-11-19)

Success with first 20 patients undergoing minimally invasive pancreatic transplant surgery
Surgeons at Johns Hopkins Medicine report that their first series of a minimally invasive procedure to treat chronic pancreas disease, known as severe pancreatitis, resulted in shorter hospital stays, less need for opioids and fewer complications, compared with standard surgical approaches. (2017-06-29)

Study shows a potential new approach to opioid crisis
In a six-month study recently concluded, a research unit affiliated with two hospital institutions and a university in Ottawa found that a reduction in the number of cigarettes smoked daily also reduced a smoker's dependence on opioids. (2018-01-25)

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