Organic Compounds Current Events

Organic Compounds Current Events, Organic Compounds News Articles.
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Ceres hosts organic compounds, and they formed on the asteroid, not beyond
Aliphatic organic compounds -- carbon-based building blocks that may have a role in the chemistry that creates life -- have been detected for the first time on Ceres, an asteroid and dwarf planet, a new study reveals. (2017-02-16)

Nitrogen-embedded polycyclic compound with strong antiaromaticity and stability
Nitrogen-embedded polycyclic compounds with strong antiaromaticity and stability were synthesized and isolated for the first time using pyrrole as a key unit. An expedited approach toward stable antiaromatic polycyclic compounds enables not only the revealing of its fundamental properties, but also its application to organic electronic materials. (2019-10-18)

Unique bipolar compounds enhance functionality of organic electronics
Professor Tim Bender and Ph.D. Candidate Graham Morse of University of Toronto's Department of Chemical Engineering and Applied Chemistry have uncovered compounds that exhibit unique and novel electro-chemical properties. (2011-11-04)

Ozone masks plants volatiles, plant eating insects confused
Increases in ground-level ozone, especially in rural areas, may interfere not only with predator insects finding host plants, but also with pollinators finding flowers, according to researchers from Penn State and the University of Virginia. (2013-04-02)

A bit of boron, a pinch of palladium: One-stop shop for the Suzuki reaction
Thanks to a team of chemists from Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet in Munich, a crucial type of intermediate in the so-called Suzuki reaction can now be synthesized using an economical (2011-08-01)

Key building block for organic molecules discovered in meteorites
Scientists from Japan and the USA have confirmed the presence in meteorites of a key organic molecule which may have been used to build other organic molecules, including some used by life. The discovery validates theories of the formation of organic compounds in extraterrestrial environments. (2020-12-07)

Astronomers discover complex organic matter in the universe
In today's issue of the journal Nature, Prof. Sun Kwok and Dr. Yong Zhang of The University of Hong Kong report that organic compounds of unexpected complexity exist throughout the Universe. They indicate that an organic substance commonly found throughout the Universe contains a mixture of aromatic and aliphatic components. The results suggest that complex organic compounds are not the sole domain of life but can be made naturally by stars. (2011-10-26)

Establishment of a rapid synthesis method for useful organic fluorine compounds
A new synthesis method has been developed for the efficient production of fluorinated alkenes. Using triflones, an organic magnesium reagent and a Ramberg-Bäcklund reaction, this novel process represents a great step forward for synthesis strategies in organic synthetic chemistry. (2020-09-09)

Dual catalysts help synthesize alpha-olefins into new organic compounds
Boston College chemists have developed a method to convert chemicals known as alpha-olefins into new organic compounds. Combining a pair of catalytic reactions in sequence converted inexpensive chemicals into new organic compounds that are highly sought after by researchers in medicine and the life sciences. (2013-12-19)

New insight into ocean-atmosphere interaction and subsequent cloud formation
Organic compounds undergo drastic variations in their chemical composition as they transfer from the ocean's surface to atmospheric aerosols which act as nuclei to form clouds. (2018-11-25)

The role of nanobacteria in the organic matter cycle in freshwater systems
A team of scientists including researchers from Baltic Federal University studied freshwater microorganisms that can pass through biological filters. These microorganisms are understudied but were believed to play an important role in the biosphere. However, experiments showed that they had only a minor impact on the cycle of dissolved organic matter. (2021-02-10)

IKBFU Scientists study molecular elements effective in countering malaria
The scientists research a building block of organic molecules needed for medical chemistry development. Spirocycles in nature is an element, that chemists are crazy about. This element presents in artemisinin, the most effective group of drugs against malaria. (2019-12-20)

New method of marine alkaloid synthesis has discovered by FEFU scientists
The development of this method will allow one to get previously inaccessible compounds and to study their biological activity. The work of the young researcher has been published in the authoritative international journal Tetrahedron Letters, which presents the latest achievements in organic synthesis, biochemistry, and medicinal chemistry. (2018-05-14)

Details revealed for how plant creates anticancer compounds
Catharanthus roseus (rosy periwinkle) is a plant that produces organic compounds used to treat cancer, arrhythmia, and other medical conditions. A Japanese research group has revealed the details of the metabolism process for these compounds on a cellular level. The findings will be published in the online version of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) in the week of March 21, 2016. (2016-03-21)

Earth-bound asteroids carried ever-evolving, life-starting organic compounds
Detailed analysis of the most pristine meteorite ever recovered shows that the composition of the organic compounds it carried changed during the early years of the solar system. Those changed organics were preserved through billions of years in outer space before the meteorite crashed to Earth. (2011-06-09)

At last, an inventory of the ocean's dissolved sulfur
The dissolved fraction of organic sulfur in the ocean is the most abundant form of sulfur there by a factor of ten, a new study finds. (2016-10-06)

Organic tomatoes accumulate more vitamin C, sugars than conventionally grown fruit
Tomatoes grown on organic farms accumulate higher concentrations of sugars, vitamin C and compounds associated with oxidative stress compared to those grown on conventional farms, according to research published Feb. 20 in the open access journal PLOS ONE by Maria Raquel Alcantara Miranda and colleagues from the Federal University of Ceara, Brazil. (2013-02-20)

Breath tests may allow for earlier detection of pancreatic cancer
Pancreatic cancer carries a very poor prognosis as most patients are diagnosed at an advanced stage. Now a new BJS (British Journal of Surgery) study indicates that breath analyses may help detect pancreatic cancer earlier, when curative treatments may be possible. (2018-07-18)

Carbon-carbon covalent bonds far more flexible than presumed
A Hokkaido University research group has successfully demonstrated that carbon-carbon (C-C) covalent bonds expand and contract flexibly in response to light and heat. This unexpected flexibility of C-C bonds could confer new properties to organic compounds. (2020-10-01)

Marine cyanobacteria do not survive solely on photosynthesis
The University of Cordoba published a study in a journal from the Nature group that supports the idea that marine cyanobacteria also incorporate organic compounds from the environment. (2020-03-02)

Australian shrub contains new class of organic compound
A Japanese research team led by Kanazawa University analyzed the structure of six natural products from an Australian shrub, Cryptocarya laevigata. The compounds contained a spiro[3.5]nonane moiety -- cyclohexene sharing a single carbon with cyclobutane -- never previously seen in nature, as well as a lactone. The cyclobutane ring is possibly biosynthesized from two dissimilar alkenes, which is rare. The absolute configuration (chirality) remains unclear, but the team is working on synthesis to allow biological activity testing. (2018-06-27)

Discovery of sunlight-driven organic chemistry on water surfaces
Fatty acids found on the surface of water droplets react with sunlight to form organic molecules, a new study reports, essentially uncovering a previously unknown form of photolysis. (2016-08-11)

Well preserved meteorite yields clues to carbon evolution in space
An analysis of the recently discovered Tagish Lake Meteorite notes that it appears to preserve organics that accumulated or developed in the early history of the Solar System and thus gives a historical record of an early stage in a process of evolution of complex carbon compounds in space. (2001-08-23)

Making N-C bond directly from N2: summary and perspective
N-Containing organic compounds are of vital importance to lives. Practical and catalytic synthesis of valuable N-containing organic compounds directly from dinitrogen (N2), not through ammonia (NH3), is a holy-grail in chemistry and chemical industry. Recently, scientists from Peking University, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics (CAS), and Fudan University in China summarize the previous works on the transformation of N2 into organic compounds and outline the research emphases of this area in future studies. (2020-08-07)

Fuel for earliest life forms: Organic molecules found in 3.5 billion-year-old rocks
For the first time, biologically-relevant organic molecules have been detected in Archaean fluid inclusions, which most likely served as nutrients for early life on Earth. (2021-02-18)

RUDN University scientists found a new cascade reaction
Chemists from RUDN University have developed a new chemical reaction to synthesize a whole class of yet unexplored substances - diazabicyclo[3.2.1]octanes. These compounds drug development. The new goal is to confirm the biological activity of the substances obtained. The paper was published in the Journal of Fluorine Chemistry. (2017-11-15)

RUDN chemists: A new compound will be used against tumors and Alzheimer's disease
Researchers from RUDN University conducted an effective three-component reaction, obtaining unusual organic compounds. The latter are structurally similar to a number of biologically active compounds -- which makes it possible to use them in pharmaceutics (for example, as anti-tumor drugs and agents for Alzheimer's disease). The results of the work are presented in the journal Mendeleev Communications. (2017-11-09)

A range of substances with antitumor properties was synthesized at RUDN University
Scientists from RUDN University have synthesized a number of new cytotoxic substances - the ones that can damage cells. In the future the results of the study can be used in cancer therapy. The compounds were obtained by domino reaction, a successive formation of several new chemical bonds. The study was published in the Synthesis journal (2017-10-13)

South African daffodils may be a future cure for depression
Scientists have discovered that plant compounds from a South African flower may in time be used to treat diseases originating in the brain - including depression. At the University of Copenhagen, a number of these substances have now been tested in a laboratory model of the blood-brain barrier. The promising results have been published in the Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology. (2012-06-22)

Successful synthesis of threaded polymers
Researchers have synthesized a material with a distinctive structure involving woven organic polymers that provide it with special elastic properties. (2016-01-21)

Ferroelectric perovskites go organic
Engineers have created 23 all-organic perovskites, one of which offers ferroelectric properties comparable to the widely used inorganic perovskite ferroelectrics BaTiO3 (BTO), a new study reports. (2018-07-12)

What's in the air? There's more to it than we thought
Using high-powered equipment to analyze air samples, Yale researchers were able to get a detailed look at the molecular makeup of organic aerosols, which have a significant presence in the atmosphere. Posing risks to health and climate, these airborne particles generally fall into two categories: Primary organic aerosols that can form during combustion, such as in car and truck exhaust, and secondary organic aerosols that result from oxidation of organic gases and particles in the air. (2018-11-02)

Astonishing discovery over the Amazonian rain forest
An international research team has discovered huge amounts of unexpected organic aerosols over the South-American tropical rain forests. (2004-02-25)

Dirt aged hurriedly, elegantly observed
A team at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) speeds soil's natural aging process to sponge up and trap organic contaminants. In nature, soils age as water-resisting organic compounds accumulate in mineral pores and organic matter of sediments. PNNL speeds this process by injecting soils with a contaminant dissolved in (2004-03-31)

Teflon subproducts recycled into valuable pharmaceuticals
Both the US and the EU patent offices granted ICIQ the exclusive exploitation rights of a new waste valorization method. The process offers a sustainable alternative to the preparation of valuable pharmaceuticals (i.e. Prozac®) and agrochemicals from fluoroform, a sub-product obtained when preparing Teflon. (2017-02-20)

Glazer receives grant to study light-activated cancer drugs
University of Kentucky assistant professor of chemistry Edith (2013-01-31)

Have we missed signs of life on Mars?
The surface of Mars could be littered with the chemical residues for life -- we've just missed the signs. An American chemist says that the Martian surface could have altered organic molecules in a number of ways, and that previous missions to the planet have not been equipped to detect them. (2000-03-14)

Building blocks of life formed on Mars
Organic compounds contain carbon and hydrogen and form the building blocks of all life on Earth. By analyzing organic material and minerals in the Martian meteorite Allan Hills 84001, scientists at the Carnegie Institution's Geophysical Laboratory have shown for the first time that building blocks of life formed on Mars early in its history. Scientists have thought that organics in ALH 84001 was brought to Mars by meteorite impacts or originated from ancient Martian microbes. (2007-12-11)

Thawing permafrost releases organic compounds into the air
When permafrost thaws due to global warming, not only the greenhouse gases known to all, but also organic compounds are released from the soil. They may have a significant impact on climate change. (2020-10-14)

Flexi display technology is now
Screen display technology is taking a significant step forward as researchers from Sony and the Max Planck Institute demonstrate the possibility of bendable optically assessed organic light emitting displays for the first time, based on red or IR-A light upconversion. (2008-10-02)

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