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$5.5 million gift aids search for alternative energy
Scientists at the University of Missouri are the recipients of a five-year, $5.5 million gift from the Sidney Kimmel Foundation that will help focus efforts in fundamental, physical sciences in the search for new alternative energy sources. (2012-02-10)

New Nitrogen Assembly Carbon catalyst has potential to transform chemical manufacturing
Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory have discovered a metal-free carbon-based catalyst that has the potential to be much less expensive and more efficient for many industrial concerns, including manufacturing of bio- and fossil fuels, electrocatalysis, and fuel cells. (2020-08-26)

Nanosheet growth technique could revolutionize nanomaterial production
After six years of painstaking effort, a group of University of Wisconsin-Madison materials scientists believe the tiny sheets of the semiconductor zinc oxide they're growing could have huge implications for the future of a host of electronic and biomedical devices. (2016-01-29)

Right size + Right chemistry = Right stuff for plastics manufacturing
Findings published in the journal Science show that metal-organic frameworks can effectively remove the contaminant acetylene from ethylene, the material from which much of the world's plastic is made. The research suggests that filtering out acetylene using MOFs would produce ethylene at the high purity that industry demands while sidestepping the current need to convert acetylene to ethylene via a costly catalytic process. (2016-05-19)

Scientists develop first catalysed reaction using iron salts
Scientists at the University of Huddersfield have developed a new chemical reaction that is catalysed using simple iron salts -- an inexpensive, abundant and sustainable alternative to costlier and scarcer metals. The research could lead to huge economic gains in the pharmaceutical and agrichemical sectors, plus more affordable medicines for healthcare providers. It is described in a new article published by one of the world's leading scientific journals. (2017-01-20)

Argonne scientists make vanadium into a useful catalyst for hydrogenation
In a new study, Argonne chemist Max Delferro boosted and analyzed the unprecedented catalytic activity of an element called vanadium for hydrogenation -- a reaction that is used for making everything from vegetable oils to petrochemical products to vitamins. (2017-05-25)

Aromatic couple makes new chemical bonds
Making carbon-carbon bonds continues to be an important strategy to synthesize useful pharmaceuticals, agrochemicals and organic materials. Through the global collaboration between ITbM and NSF-CCHF, chemists have expanded the scope of a Nobel Prize-winning carbon-carbon bond forming reaction by using aromatic esters and boronic acids as coupling partners in the presence of an economically and environmentally friendly nickel catalyst. (2015-06-29)

New theory on how Earth's crust was created
Conventional theory holds that all of the early Earth's crustal ingredients were formed by volcanic activity. Now, however, McGill University earth scientists have published a theory with a novel twist: some of the chemical components of this material settled onto Earth's early surface from the steamy atmosphere that prevailed at the time. (2017-05-05)

Nanoscale alloys from elements thought to be incapable of mixing
A multi-institutional team of scientists describes a new technique that can meld ions from up to eight different elements to form what are known as high entropy alloyed nanoparticles. The atoms of the elements that make up these particles are distributed evenly throughout and form a single, solid-state crystalline structure -- a feat that has never been achieved before with more than three elements. The nanoparticles could have broad applications as catalysts. (2018-03-29)

Gold recycling
'Urban mining', the recycling of precious metals from electronic gadgets, becomes ever more important, although processes that are both efficient and environmentally benign are still scarce. An international team of scientists has now looked deeper into gold dissolution, in particular, how organic thiol-containing compounds help dissolve elemental gold. Their study published in the journal Angewandte Chemie proposes selective, fast, and convenient thiol-assisted gold leaching processes. (2018-12-13)

Symposium honoring UD Nobel Laureate Richard Heck set for May 26
On Thursday, May 26, the University of Delaware will host the scholarly symposium (2011-03-02)

A green future for scrap iron
In a five-year project that progressed from benchtop to pilot to full-scale tests, engineers from Lehigh University in Bethlehem, Pa., and Tongji University in Shanghai showed that the biological treatment of industrial wastewater can be dramatically enhanced by pretreating the waste with non-oxidized iron. The group's full-scale test at a treatment facility in Shanghai's Taopu Industrial District was the largest in history to use iron in an environmental application. (2008-11-03)

Making sense of metallic glass
Vitrified metals, or metallic glasses, are at the frontier of materials science research. But much about them remains poorly understood. A team is trying to figure out the rules that govern metallic glass's creation. They are doing this by looking at metallic glasses under extreme pressures. High-pressure research can be used to probe structure on an atomic level and understand a material's state of order or disorder. (2016-02-08)

Nanocatalyst makes heavy work of formic acid
Osaka University researchers have reported a nanocatalyst that is able to produce hydrogen isotope compounds D2 and HD via the heterogeneous dehydrogenation of formic acid in the presence of heavy water. Amine groups on the catalyst support provided a handle for tuning the selectivity of the reaction through their basicity. It is hoped that the reported process, which is appropriate for large-scale production, can be used to improve the accessibility of deuterated materials worldwide. (2019-09-25)

Recycling experts hit milestone in quest for zero-waste phone
UBC researchers have perfected a process to efficiently separate fiberglass and resin -- two of the most commonly discarded parts of a cellphone -- bringing them closer to their goal of a zero-waste cellphone. (2018-04-12)

Converting carbon dioxide to carbon monoxide using water, electricity
Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago and the Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis have determined how electrocatalysts can convert carbon dioxide to carbon monoxide using water and electricity. The discovery can lead to the development of efficient electrocatalysts for large scale production of synthesis gas -- a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen. (2017-10-12)

UCR chemists prepare molecules that accelerate chemical reactions for manufacturing drugs
Chemists at the University of California, Riverside have synthesized a new class of carbenes - molecules that have unusual carbon atoms - that is expected to have wide applications in the pharmaceutical industry, ultimately resulting in a reduction in the price of drugs. Called cyclic alkyl amino carbenes, the molecules attach themselves to metals, such as palladium, to form highly efficient catalysts that allow chemical transformations otherwise considered impossible. (2005-08-18)

Nanoscale islands dot light-driven catalyst
Rice University scientists have combined aluminum nanoparticles and smaller metal particles to create a versatile nanostructure that could lead to new applications for plasmonics. The Rice technique allows for customizable surface chemistry and reactivity in one material. (2017-10-04)

Ultra-thin multilayer film for next-generation data storage and processing
A team of scientists led by Associate Professor Yang Hyunsoo from the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering at the National University of Singapore's Faculty of Engineering has invented a novel ultra-thin multilayer film which could harness the properties of skyrmions as information carriers for storing and processing data on magnetic media. (2017-04-10)

New clues to the early Solar System from ancient meteorites
In order to understand Earth's earliest history -- its formation from Solar System material into the present-day layering of metal core and mantle, and crust -- scientists look to meteorites. New research from a team including Carnegie's Doug Rumble and Liping Qin focuses on one particularly old type of meteorite called diogenites. These samples were examined using an array of techniques, including precise analysis of certain elements for important clues to some of the Solar System's earliest chemical processing. (2012-07-22)

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