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How to build a plant
Dr. Sarah Hake and her colleagues, George Chuck, Hector Candela-Anton, Nathalie Bolduc, Jihyun Moon, Devin O'Connor, China Lunde and Beth Thompson, have taken advantage of the information from sequenced grass genomes to study how the reproductive structures of maize are formed. (2008-06-26)

High yield crops a step closer in light of photosynthesis discovery
Crops with improved yields could more easily become a reality, thanks to a development by scientists. (2015-11-16)

Small bee 'pollen thieves' are not effective bumblebee substitutes, study shows
As bumblebees decline, what other busy bees could step in? A new study shows that other bees might do more harm than good. (2018-06-29)

Plants' fungi allies may not help store climate change's extra carbon
Fungi found in plants may not be the answer to mitigating climate change by storing additional carbon in soils as some previously thought, according to an international team of plant biologists. (2012-08-30)

Medical device recall rates linked to frequency of FDA inspector rotations says new study
Medical device manufacturing plants in the US can experience 100 fewer product recalls per year, or a decrease of 20 percent, if the FDA investigators who inspect these plants are placed on a rotating schedule, according to a new study in the INFORMS journal Manufacturing & Service Operations Management. (2017-09-28)

Biologists find Peruvian plants inhibit growth of TB bacterium
Researchers at Washington University in St. Louis studying medicinal plants from the Peruvian rainforests have come across results that may significantly influence the direction of the fight against tuberculosis (TB) worldwide. Of 1,250 plant extracts returned from Peru, they found 46 percent showed an inhibition against TB. Drugs could follow. (2000-08-01)

University of Missouri completes first drought simulator
Historically, droughts have had devastating effects on agriculture, causing famine and increasing consumer food costs. Now, researchers at the University of Missouri College of Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources (CAFNR) have completed two drought simulators designed to test the effects of water deficiency on crops. The simulators are located at the University of Missouri's Bradford Research and Extension Center east of Columbia. (2011-08-18)

Termites evolved complex bioreactors 30 million years ago
Achieving complete breakdown of plant biomass for energy conversion in industrialized bioreactors remains a complex challenge, but new research shows that termite fungus farmers solved this problem more than 30 million years ago. The new insight reveals that the great success of termite farmers as plant decomposers is due to division of labor between a fungus breaking down complex plant components and gut bacteria contributing enzymes for final digestion. (2014-09-23)

Evolutionary arms 'chase'
The study analyzed multiple species of Inga, a genus of tropical trees that produces defensive chemicals, and their various insect herbivores. The researchers found that closely-related plants evolved very different defensive traits. Additionally, their analysis revealed that herbivores may drive evolution of plant defenses, but may not show coevolutionary adaptations. Instead, they may 'chase' plants based on the herbivore's own traits at the time they encounter a new host. (2017-08-21)

Researcher looks for answers about unique disease-resistant gene
Each year, more than 20 percent of all crops are lost to plant diseases worldwide. An NSF CAREER-funded researcher aims to discover how a disease-resistant gene in corn prevents bacteria from invading distantly related plant species. (2009-09-14)

Striped maple trees often change sexes, with females more likely to die
Although pollen has covered cars for weeks and allergy sufferers have been sneezing, we think of sex as being the realm of animals. But plant sex can be quite interesting, especially in species that can have male or female flowers. In a study in the journal Annals of Botany, Rutgers University-New Brunswick researchers found that striped maple trees can change sex from year to year. (2019-05-29)

Recurrent genomic selection for wheat grain fructans
Development of Climate-Resilient, Nutritionally Improved Wheat (2020-04-23)

In symbiosis: Plants control the genetics of microbes
Researchers from the University of Ottawa have discovered that plants may be able to control the genetics of their intimate root symbionts - the organism with which they live in symbiosis - thereby providing a better understanding of their growth. In addition to having a significant impact on all terrestrial ecosystems, their discovery may lead to improved eco-friendly agricultural applications. (2021-02-04)

Plant sniffs out danger to prepare defenses against pesky insect
A plant may start to prime its defenses as soon as it gets a whiff of a male fly searching for a mate, according to Penn State entomologists. (2012-12-17)

Symmetry, a resource that children spontaneously use to draw the plant world
Children love to draw and when they draw they portray the reality they see and know. They choose colors, shapes and subjects which at the same time express their level of maturity and conceptual development. These circumstances are the ones that make studying them attractive from various points of view. (2019-02-06)

Virus component helps improve gene expression without harming plant
A virus that normally deforms or kills plants like tomatoes, peppers and eggplants isn't all bad: A gene within the virus has been found useful for allowing foreign genes to be introduced into a plant without harmful effects, according to Texas AgriLife Research scientists. (2010-11-12)

Unique lab seeks drought-tolerant traits in cotton, other plants
s billion-dollar agricultural losses continue to mount in the withering Texas heat, Texas AgriLife Research scientists in Corpus Christi are taking a closer look at why some cotton varieties do better than others in drought conditions. (2011-06-24)

New plant species discovered in museum is probably extinct
A single non-photosynthetic plant specimen preserved in a Japanese natural history museum has been identified as a new species. However, it is highly possible that this species is already extinct. These findings were published on Sept. 13 in Phytotaxa. (2018-09-12)

New light on medicinal benefits of plants
Scientists are about to make publicly available all the data they have so far on the genetic blueprint of medicinal plants and what beneficial properties are encoded. Project partner Dr. Sarah O'Connor at the John Innes Centre will now work towards the first full genetic sequence of a medicinal plant and will experiment with combining beneficial properties to create the first new-to-nature compounds derived from plants. A priority focus will be compounds with anticancer activity. (2011-12-15)

Mutant maize offers key to understanding plant growth
New findings by a University of California, Riverside-led team of researchers, lend support to the second idea, that the orientation of cell division is critical for overall plant growth. (2017-02-13)

New technique improves efficiency of biofuel production
Researchers at North Carolina State University have developed a more efficient technique for producing biofuels from woody plants that significantly reduces the waste that results from conventional biofuel production techniques. The technique is a significant step toward creating a commercially viable new source of biofuels. (2010-06-30)

Using math to feed the world
In the race to breed better crops to feed the increasing world population, scientists at The University of Nottingham are using maths to find out how a vital plant hormone affects growth. (2012-04-17)

Antibiotics prescribed for plants
Both conventional and certified organic growers find antibiotics to be an essential tool to prevent crop losses from bacterial diseases like fire blight to apple and pear trees. The June APSnet feature highlights some basic facts about antibiotic use in the U.S. (2000-06-01)

Discovery in plant growth mechanisms opens new research path
New findings reported this week by plant molecular biologists at the University of Massachusetts Amherst are deepening scientists' views of a cell surface regulator, FERONIA receptor kinase from the model plant Arabidopsis, once thought to be involved only in reproduction but in fact required throughout plant growth, development and in surviving environmental challenges. (2015-06-09)

Multitasking genes manage related traits in plants
Think of it as finding the ultimate genetic engineers. A plant biologist at Michigan State University has harvested clues about genes that coordinate the development of plant parts that must work together. The work, published in the Nov. 28 issue of the British science journal Nature, points to a single mechanism that regulates the growth of related parts in flowers - kind of a genetic project manager. (2002-11-27)

Common liverwort study has implications for crop manipulation
A new study on genetic pathways in the common liverwort could have future implications for crop manipulation. (2020-10-26)

Springer expands life science program with In Vitro journals
Springer has entered into a partnership with the Society for In Vitro Biology and the International Association for Plant Biotechnology to publish their journals In Vitro Cellular and Developmental Biology -- Animal and In Vitro Cellular and Developmental Biology -- Plant. Springer will assume publication of these key journals in January 2007. (2006-10-17)

Caterpillars that eat multiple plant species are more susceptible to hungry birds
UC Irvine and Wesleyan University biologists have learned that caterpillars that feed on one or two plant species are better able to hide from predatory birds than caterpillars that consume a wide variety of plants. (2014-06-16)

MU researchers create drought conditions to unearth solutions
Researchers at the University of Missouri College of Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources are constructing drought simulators over a variety of soil types so that scientists can study how certain plants respond to a broad range of drought conditions, providing information that is critical to develop more tolerant crop plants. (2009-07-31)

Double crops, cut the acreage by 2010, predicts plant scientist
Imagine two crops of corn or soybeans each growing season. Plant in March, harvest in July. Plant another crop, harvest in November. What to most farmers would sound like pure foolishness could become a reality within a decade, according to a Purdue University plant scientist. (2000-06-25)

University of Missouri researcher study provides insight into how corn makes hormones
By using a positional cloning technique and molecular markers, McSteen and her colleagues were able to pinpoint the absent gene, which they named vanishing tassel2 or vt2. The gene encodes an enzyme, called tryptophan aminotransferase, important for making auxin, an important growth hormone in plants. (2011-03-07)

Discovery of a new protein gives insight into a long-standing plant immunity mystery
''Our research suggests that Mai1 has a central role in immunity that likely can not be substituted by other proteins,'' according to first author Robyn Roberts. ''Not only does this work give us better insight into how plants defend themselves on the molecular level, but this work reveals a key protein that is broadly involved in immunity. It is possible that Mai1 could serve as a target for crop improvement in the future.'' (2019-12-06)

Missouri Botanical Garden program announces collaboration with L'Herboretum
Sacred Seeds, an international non-profit that supports plant conservation and addresses the rapid loss of biodiversity and cultural knowledge, has extended its reach to Europe through collaboration with L'Herboretum whose international headquarters are in Saint-Ay, France. Sacred Seeds is a network of plant gardens devoted to preserving plants of medicinal and cultural significance. The program is administered by the Missouri Botanical Garden's William L. Brown Center. (2013-05-07)

Breathe easy: A natural fruit compound may help asthma
A preliminary study by the New Zealand Institute for Plant and Food Research shows that natural chemicals from blackcurrants may help breathing in some types of asthma. Researchers found a compound from a New Zealand blackcurrant may reduce lung inflammation with a multi-action assault in allergy-induced asthma. The compound was found in laboratory experiments to enhance the natural defense mechanisms in lung tissue by both suppressing inflammation-causing reactions and minimizing inflammation. (2010-03-25)

Water mold research leads to greater understanding of corn diseases
Corn is a staple feed and biofuel crop with a value close to $3.7 billion in the Michigan economy alone. However, knowledge about seedling pathogens in Michigan corn fields is limited. A group of scientists at Michigan State University set out to gain a better understanding of the composition of seedling pathogens, with results that will aid disease management research not only in corn but in rotational crops such as soybean and wheat. (2019-11-06)

Widely used nanoparticles enter soybean plants from farm soil
Two of the most widely used nanoparticles accumulate in soybeans -- second only to corn as a key food crop in the United States -- in ways previously shown to have the potential to adversely affect the crop yields and nutritional quality, a new study has found. It appears in the journal ACS Nano. (2013-02-06)

U of M researchers contribute to global plant database, expanding ecosystems research
A new database of plants' traits will help scientists around the world learn more about how climate change is affecting ecosystems. The availability of plant trait data in the unified global database promises to support a paradigm shift in Earth system sciences. (2011-06-29)

Ancient alga knew how to survive on land before it left water & evolved into first plant
A team of scientists from the John Innes Centre, the University of Wisconsin - Madison and other international collaborators, has discovered how an ancient alga was able to inhabit land, before it went on to evolve into the world's first plant and colonize the earth. (2015-10-05)

Plant nutrient detector breakthrough
Findings from La Trobe University-led research could lead to less fertilizer wastage, saving millions of dollars for Australian farmers. (2019-07-06)

Secrets of plant warfare underpin quest for safer, more secure global food supply
Like espionage agents probing an enemy's fortifications, scientists are snooping out the innermost secrets of the amazing defense mechanisms that plants use to protect themselves from diseases. The effort -- intended to discover ways of bolstering those natural defenses and enhance the safety and security of the global food supply-- is the topic of an article in the current edition of Chemical & Engineering News, ACS' weekly newsmagazine. (2011-02-02)

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