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Tsunami enabled hundreds of aquatic species to raft across Pacific
The 2011 Japanese tsunami set the stage for something unprecedented. For the first time in recorded history, scientists have detected entire communities of coastal species crossing the ocean by floating on makeshift rafts. Nearly 300 species have appeared on the shores of Hawaii and the US West Coast attached to tsunami debris, marine biologists from the Smithsonian Environmental Research Center, Williams College and other institutions reported in the journal Science on Thursday. (2017-09-28)

NTU invention transforms plain surfaces into low-cost touch screens
A low cost system developed by Nanyang Technological University, based on the principles of vibration and imaging that is able to track the movements of multiple fingers and of objects, can turn almost any surface into a touch-screen. (2013-07-10)

Controlling the cupola to help the environment
A new sensing and control system could help reduce the greenhouse gas emissions from inefficient operation of the cupola furnaces used in the iron and steel industries. 12 million tonnes of iron are melted in these furnaces annually but the process currently relies on the experience and skills of the operator in deciding which process parameters to adjust to obtain the desired molten iron properties. (1999-08-02)

Perfect Powders For Improved Implants
Hip replacements that actively encourage the natural bone around them to grow can now be made thanks to a new technique developed in Canada that produces tiny spheres of titanium. (1998-10-01)

Many second hand plastic toys could pose a risk to children's health, study suggests
Scientists at the University of Plymouth have discovered high concentrations of hazardous elements including antimony, barium, bromine, cadmium, chromium and lead in many second hand plastic toys. (2018-01-26)

Tarantulas inspire new structural color with the greatest viewing angle
Inspired by the hair of blue tarantulas, researchers from The University of Akron lead a team that made a 3-D printed structural-colored material that has a viewing angle of 160 degrees, the largest of any synthetic structural colors demonstrated. They could be mass produced and used as pigment replacements -- many of which are toxic -- in materials i.e. plastics, textiles and paper, and for producing color for wide-angle viewing systems i.e. phones and televisions. (2017-02-07)

Lasershot Peening For Stronger Structures
A new technique for improving the mechanical properties of the metals and alloys used in the aerospace industry is being developed through a UK-USA collaboration. The technique, known as lasershot peening, uses a solid state laser to give repeated 'shocks' to the surface of the material, improving the material's tensile strength and crack resistance properties. (1999-05-01)

Killer paper for next-generation food packaging
Scientists are reporting development and successful lab tests of (2011-01-19)

Killer paper for next-generation food packaging
Scientists are reporting development and successful lab tests of (2011-02-16)

Scientists discover new type of self-healing material
A research group from RIKEN and Kyushu University has developed a new type of material, based on ethylene, which exhibits a number of useful properties such as self-healing and shape memory. Remarkably, some of the materials can spontaneously self-heal even in water or acidic and alkali solutions. The new material is based on ethylene, a compound that is the source of much of the plastic in use today. (2019-02-07)

A bit of Titan on Earth helps in the search for life's origins
Saturn's moon, Titan, could hold clues on how life came to be. So UA chemists make a bit of Titan in the lab. (2004-05-18)

Study finds increasing atmospheric concentrations of new flame retardants
Compounds used in new flame-retardant products are showing up in the environment at increasing concentrations, according to a recent study by researchers at Indiana University Bloomington. (2011-12-14)

Detecting SARS-CoV-2 in the environment
Researchers have outlined an approach to characterize and develop an effective environmental monitoring methodology for SARS CoV-2 virus, that can be used to better understand viral persistence in built environments. The investigators from 7 institutions published their research this week in mSystems, an open-access journal of the American Society for Microbiology. (2020-10-07)

NSF-supported research highlighted at APS meeting
Physics, chemistry and materials research supported by the National Science Foundation (NSF) will make news at the American Physical Society meeting at the Washington Convention Center in Seattle, Wash., March 12-16, 2001. (2001-03-06)

UT Dallas team infuses science into 'Minecraft' modification
The 3-D world of the popular 'Minecraft' video game just became more entertaining, perilous and educational, thanks to a comprehensive code modification kit, 'Polycraft World,' created by UT Dallas professors, students and alumni (2014-10-24)

Homes of the poor and the affluent both have high levels of endocrine disruptors
Homes in low-income and affluent communities in California both had similarly high levels of endocrine disruptors, and the levels were higher in indoor air than outdoor air, according to a new study believed to be the first that paired indoor and outdoor air samples for such wide range of these substances. The study appears in ACS' Environmental Science & Technology, a semimonthly journal. (2010-08-04)

Does that 'green' plasticizer make my PVC flexible enough for you?
What gives plastic objects their flexibility and reduces their brittleness is the concentration of plasticizer. A chemical solvent of the phthalate family called DOP is often used. But phthalates could present health risks, creating a demand for more alternatives. Now, scientists from China have examined the effect of using DEHHP, a new eco-friendly plasticizer, used in combination with PVC. These findings have been published in EPJ Plus by Yang Liu from Nanjing University and colleagues. (2015-07-06)

A chemical embrace from the perfect host
A molecule with a hollow center proves ideal for separating a common industrial chemical mixture. (2020-03-30)

Research brief: Atomic-scale imaging reveals secret to thin film strength
An international team of scientists and engineers have made a discovery that could further advance the use of ultra-thin zeolite nanosheets, which are used as specialized molecular filters. The discovery could improve efficiency in the production of gasoline, plastics, and biofuels. (2020-03-03)

New 'smart' material could help tap medical potential of tissue-penetrating light
Scientists are reporting development and successful initial testing of the first practical (2011-11-16)

UD scientists discover new class of polymers
For years, polymer chemistry textbooks have stated that a whole class of little molecules called 1,2-disubstituted ethylenes could not be transformed into polymers -- the stuff of which plastics and other materials are made. However, UD scientists Chris Snively and Jochen Lauterbach were determined to prove the textbooks wrong. As a result of their persistence, the researchers have discovered a new class of ultra-thin polymer films with potential applications ranging from coating tiny microelectronic devices to plastic solar cells. (2007-01-02)

Diamonds are forever: New foundation for nanostructures
Researchers at the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST) have fabricated a novel glass and synthetic diamond foundation that can be used to create miniscule micro -- and nanostructures. This new substrate is low cost and leaves minimal waste, the researchers say, in a study published in Diamond and Related Materials. (2019-09-17)

New procedure will reduce the need for rare metals in chemical synthesis
Researchers from Kanazawa University performed an important type of tertiary alkylative cross-coupling reaction without using a rare-metal catalyst. Such efforts are needed to improve the long-term sustainability of important chemical syntheses and minimize supply chain disruptions caused by pandemics and other crises. (2020-11-27)

Common plastics chemical BPA linked to preterm birth
Higher concentrations of the common plastics chemical and environmental pollutant Bisphenol A, or BPA, in a pregnant mother's blood may be a contributing factor in preterm births, according to a new study from the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston. (2016-03-24)

Measuring the footprint of cells
Researchers have devised a novel sensor that will enable human somatic cells to be identified on the basis of their characteristic locomotion pattern. The sensor is expected to facilitate the diagnosis of diseases or the assessment of healing processes. (2008-06-06)

Bioreactor for bone tissue engineering wins professor venture fair
John Fisher, associate professor in the Fischell Department of Bioengineering, won the Best Inventor Pitch at the 2009 Bioscience Research and Technology Review Day with a tissue engineering bioreactor system that grows bone and other types of tissue for implantation. (2009-11-19)

Chemical flame retardant found in salmon
University of Wisconsin-Madison scientists have found in Lake Michigan salmon some of the highest levels reported in the world of a common chemical flame retardant. (2001-02-13)

'GO dough' makes graphene easy to shape and mold
A Northwestern University team has turned graphene oxide into a soft, moldable and kneadable play dough that can be shaped and reshaped into free-standing, three-dimensional structures. (2019-01-25)

Survival of the fittest in materials discovery
Research led by Rein Ulijn has paved the way for the development of dynamically-evolving polymers that form spontaneously by adapting to their environment. (2016-10-03)

Plastic diode could lead to flexible, low power computer circuits, memory
Researchers have invented a new organic polymer tunnel diode - an electronic component that could one day lead to plastic computer memory and plastic logic circuits on computer chips. Today, computer chips use mainly inorganic silicon. The diode transmits electrical current at room temperature, and its design lends itself to easy, inexpensive manufacturing for smart cards and other memory devices. (2005-11-14)

Brain development disorders in children linked to common environmental toxin exposures
Exposures of pregnant women and children to common thyroid-hormone-disrupting toxins may be linked to the increased incidence of brain development disorders, according to a review published in Endocrine Connections. The review describes how numerous, common chemicals can interfere with normal thyroid hormone actions, which are essential for normal brain development in fetuses and young children, and suggests a need for greater public health intervention. (2018-03-23)

Breaking the chain: Catalyzing a green future for chemistry
Osaka University researchers create catalyst for refining chemicals in plant waste, allowing a green way to produce valuable raw materials. (2017-11-06)

New efficiency benchmark for dye-sensitized solar cells
In a paper published online June 29 in the journal Nature Materials, EPFL professor Michael Graetzel, Shaik Zakeeruddin and colleagues from the Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry at the Chinese Academy of Sciences have achieved a record light conversion efficiency of 8.2 percent in solvent-free dye-sensitized solar cells. (2008-06-29)

Research demonstrates why going green is good chemistry
NSF-funded research on mechanochemistry will be presented at the American Chemical Society's annual meeting in New Orleans. (2013-04-08)

Researchers find way to turn sawdust into gasoline
Researchers at KU Leuven's Centre for Surface Chemistry and Catalysis have successfully converted sawdust into building blocks for gasoline. Using a new chemical process, they were able to convert the cellulose in sawdust into hydrocarbon chains. These hydrocarbons can be used as an additive in gasoline, or as a component in plastics. The researchers reported their findings in the journal Energy & Environmental Science. (2014-11-25)

Atlanta researcher receives national award
Chemist Albert Padwa of Atlanta, Ga., will be honored on August 22 by the world's largest scientific society for developing fundamental techniques to streamline the synthesis of potential drugs derived from nature. He will receive the 2000 Arthur C. Cope Scholar Award from the American Chemical Society at its 220th national meeting in Washington, DC. (2000-08-14)

Growing use of nanomaterials spurs research to investigate possible downsides
There is increasing concern about possible negative impacts from nanoscale materials used in commercial products, specifically when nanomaterials find their way into the body or out into the environment. Arizona State University researchers are studying the potential risks that could arise as humans are exposed to more nanomaterials, and as nanoparticles are transported into waterways and soils. (2008-06-13)

ThruVision wins Grand Security Product Award 2008
An innovative security screening system from ThruVision that can detect hidden explosives, liquids, narcotics, weapons, plastics and ceramics from a distance, has received the grand security product award in the (2008-11-20)

Designing new piezoelectric materials
Polymer-based piezoelectric materials are currently the object of great interest in the world of industry because they enable their use in new applications in sectors such as transport and aeronautics, amongst others. (2007-10-24)

Boost for 'green plastics' from plants
Australian researchers are a step closer to turning plants into 'biofactories' capable of producing oils which can be used to replace petrochemicals used to manufacture a range of products. (2008-04-28)

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