Poisoning Current Events

Poisoning Current Events, Poisoning News Articles.
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U of MN Center for Drug Design awarded $2.5 million grant
The University of Minnesota Center for Drug Design has been awarded a $2.5 million, five-year grant by the National Institute of Health (NIH) to research antidotes for cyanide poisoning. (2006-10-26)

Eating seafood that contains toxic substances can affect the nervous system
Eating seafood containing toxic substances can have serious neurological as well as gastrointestinal effects, reveals a review in the April issue of The Lancet Neurology. (2005-03-18)

Drugs Account For 80% Of Poisoning Deaths Nationwide, Which Have Increased 25% In The Last Ten Years
A study conducted by researchers from the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS)--which analyzed data on poisoning injury deaths--revealed that 80% of these deaths are drug- related. Poisoning was ranked as the third leading cause of injury mortality, following deaths from motor vehicle traffic injuries and firearm injuries. (1998-05-04)

Smaller packs of analgesics have reduced overdose deaths
The number of deaths from self poisoning with paracetamol and salicylates has decreased significantly since legislation limiting the number of tablets per pack was introduced in the United Kingdom in 1998, finds a study in this week's BMJ. (2001-05-17)

Guidelines needed to help doctors treat different types of insecticide self-poisoning
Separate guidelines are needed for the treatment of different types of organophosphorus insecticide self-poisoning, concludes an article in this week's issue of The Lancet. (2005-10-20)

Time to develop new antidotes for chemical attacks, urge researchers
New antidotes for organophosphates are needed to prepare for chemical attacks in the West and to tackle pesticide poisoning in developing countries, argue researchers in this week's BMJ. (2004-11-18)

Patients Who Have Attempted Suicide Do Not Always Receive Adequate Care
In a four week study of four teaching hospitals, 458 patients attended for deliberate self-poisoning. The authors found that despite the guidelines issued by the Department of Health, almost half of the patients studied did not receive a specialist psychosocial assessment. They suggest that such cases have a low medical and psychiatric priority amongst hospital staff. (1998-03-13)

New study reports hotel guests at risk from carbon monoxide poisoning
Carbon monoxide poisoning kills over 200 people every year in the United States. Although inexpensive CO detectors have been available since 1989, their use in hotels, motels and resorts is not widespread. While every guest room in the US must contain a smoke detector, there is no federal mandate for CO detectors. A study in the July American Journal of Preventive Medicine, researchers from LDS Hospital report on the incidence and impact of CO poisoning of hotel guests. (2007-06-05)

The power of poison: Study examines pesticide poisoning of Africa's wildlife
Poisons are silent, effective and cheap, making them especially dangerous in Africa where they are used for both pest control and illegal poaching. However, as a new study in Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences reveals, they also kill unintended wildlife. (2014-03-19)

New study analyzes sharp rise in US drug poisoning deaths by county
A new study published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine gives new insight into the geographic variation in drug poisoning mortality, with both urban centers and rural areas showing a large increase in death rates. While previous studies have looked at drug poisoning related deaths in broad strokes, this is the first study to examine them on the county level across the entire US. (2013-11-12)

Heart injury due to carbon monoxide poisoning increases long-term risk of death
Of patients who were hospitalized and treated for moderate to severe carbon monoxide poisoning, those who sustained heart muscle injury due to their exposure had an increased risk of death during a mid-point follow-up period of 7.6 years compared to those without injury to the heart, according to an article in the January 25 issue of JAMA. (2006-01-24)

Carbon monoxide 'scavenger' offers potential antidote to silent killer
Researchers have designed a scavenger molecule that can trap and remove carbon monoxide (CO) from the bloodstream within minutes, protecting mice from this common 'silent killer.' (2016-12-07)

Greater awareness of carbon monoxide poisoning needed among patients and doctors
As the UK sees the onset of Autumn and the cooler weather that it brings, the numbers of unintentional deaths from carbon monoxide poisoning begin to rise, write Dr. Ed Walker from Dewsbury District Hospital and Dr. Alastair Hay from the University of Leeds in this week's BMJ. (1999-10-21)

Contribution of opioid-related deaths to the change in life expectancy in the US
Between 2000 and 2015 in the US, life expectancy increased overall but drug-poisoning deaths, mostly related to opioids, contributed to reducing life expectancy, according to a study published by JAMA. (2017-09-19)

Study shows gypsum wallboard does not keep out carbon monoxide
The researchers found that carbon monoxide diffused across single-layer gypsum wallboard of two thicknesses, double-layer wallboard, and painted double-layer wallboard. (2013-08-20)

New method identifies rat poison in humans
Researchers at the Norwegian Institute of Public Health have developed a method to identify bromadiolone poisoning in humans. Bromadiolone is a rat poison that can be purchased freely in shops. A number of cases have been reported internationally where people have been poisoned, with a mortality rate of 20 percent. (2008-05-27)

Hemodialysis is recommended for acute salicylate poisoning
The best remedy for severe salicylate poisoning is hemodialysis, according to a comprehensive systematic review of the medical literature published on Friday in Annals of Emergency Medicine ('Extracorporeal Treatment for Salicylate Poisoning: Systematic Review and Recommendations from the EXTIRP Workgroup'). Salicylate is an active ingredient in aspirin as well as hundreds of over-the-counter medications, and contributes to approximately 20,000 accidental or intentional poisonings and nearly 30 deaths reported to US Poison Control Centers every year. (2015-05-19)

Charcoal-a low-cost option to treat oleander poisoning
Research from Sri Lanka in this week's issue of The Lancet highlights how repeated doses of charcoal could reduce deaths from oleander-seed poisoning by up to 70%. The authors of the study suggest that charcoal could also be effective in treating poisoning from drugs used in Western populations with similar effects to oleander-seed poisoning, such as digoxin and digitoxin, or with drugs that are eliminated from the body in a similar fashion. (2003-06-05)

Study calls for cheaper antitoxins for plant poisoning in less-developed countries
Antitoxins for plant poisoning and antidotes to snake venom should be included in the global drive to reduce costs and increase access to drugs in less-developed regions of the world, conclude authors of a research letter in this week's issue of The Lancet. (2003-09-25)

Psychotherapy can help suicidal patients
Deliberate self poisoning is one of the commonest reasons for admission to hospital in the United Kingdom, but there are no effective treatments available. However, a study in this week's BMJ finds that psychotherapy may be a valuable treatment for these patients. This finding could be a first step towards improving the management of suicidal behaviour. (2001-07-19)

Research suggests better option for treating organophosphorus pesticide poisoning
High doses of the drug pralidoxime reduces illness and death in people who have intentionally ingested organophosphorus pesticides -- a common form of self-poisoning in rural India, according to a study in this week's issue of the Lancet. (2006-12-14)

Poisoning by prescription drugs on the rise
On the rise for more than 15 years, poisoning is now the second leading cause of unintentional injury death in the US. Unintentional poisoning has surpassed motor vehicle crashes as the leading cause of unintentional injury death among people 35-54 years of age. In a study in the May issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, researchers found that hospitalizations for poisoning by prescription opioids, sedatives and tranquilizers in the US have increased by 65 percent from 1999 to 2006. (2010-04-06)

Less than a quarter of hospitals stock antidotes required for immediate use
Less than a quarter of hospitals in England, Wales and Northern Ireland stock all of the recommended antidotes for immediate use in emergency departments, reveals an audit published in the online journal the European Journal of Hospital Pharmacy. (2015-11-18)

Is lead poisoning behind some juvenile crime?
Summer Miller of Southern University Law Center in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, writing in the International Journal of Liability and Scientific Enquiry, points out that data from the US Center for Disease Control shows that six percent of all children ages one to two years and 11 percent of African-American (non-Hispanic) children ages one to five years have blood lead levels in the toxic range in the area a lead poisoning. (2013-02-11)

Paracetamol poisoning treatment guidelines costing NHS millions
Strict guidelines for treating paracetamol overdoses -- introduced 18 months ago -- are costing the NHS millions of pounds a year, University of Edinburgh researchers claim. (2014-03-26)

43 percent reduction in deaths from paracetamol due to smaller pack sizes
The number of deaths and liver transplants due to paracetamol overdoses has significantly reduced thanks to UK legislation to make pack sizes smaller, a paper published today on bmj.com suggests. (2013-02-07)

Cases of poisoning: Liquids containing cannabidiols for e-cigarettes can be manipulated
The health risks of e-cigarettes have come into focus after the deaths of several 'vapers' due to lung injury in the USA recently. These health risks were discussed in press reports on eight young people who were poisoned in Bremerhaven in October 2019. Patients suffered from convulsive seizures, impaired consciousness and memory, and heart palpitations. (2020-02-26)

Crime scene investigates: The case of the dead cow
Forensic fingerprinting of plant DNA is being investigated as a way to identify offending poisonous plants - a major cause of death in livestock in countries such as Ghana. Dr Domozoro will describe how he uses plant DNA from the animal's stomach for forensic fingerprinting. (2006-04-06)

From overdose to organ donor
New research published in Critical Care, from Guy's and St Thomas' hospital in London, suggests that patients that die from drug overdoses or poisoning could donate their healthy organs to patients needing transplant operations. These findings could increase the number of organs available, saving the lives of people who die waiting for a transplant. (2003-03-06)

Study shows immigrant children are at increased risk of lead poisoning
Immigrant children are five times as likely as US-born children to suffer from lead poisoning in New York City, according to a new Health Department study, and the risk is highest among the most recent immigrants. (2007-12-19)

Prenatal remediation strategy significantly reduces lead poisoning in children
An initiative in St. Louis targeted the homes of pregnant women to receive inspection and remediation of lead hazards before the birth of a child. According to a study just published in the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology this measure prevented childhood lead poisoning and reduced the overall burden of lead toxicity in children. Historically, the city had used an approach that waited until a child tested positive for lead poisoning, and then addressed home lead hazards to prevent future harm. (2012-03-02)

Unmet job expectations linked to a rise in suicide, deaths of despair
The study, published in JAMA Network Open, is the first to link the rise in suicide and drug-poisoning deaths among men without a college degree to declines in working-class jobs. (2020-12-02)

Paralytic shellfish toxins cause mutation that allows clams to accumulate 100 times more toxin
Exposure to toxins that cause paralytic shellfish poisoning can result in a mutation that makes clams much more resistant to the toxin than other clams, making them more dangerous to humans, according to a study published this week in the journal Nature. Paralytic shellfish toxins (PSTs) are produced by algae that appear in certain coastal areas in the United States in an event known as an algal bloom, commonly called a (2005-04-06)

Four-fold jump in deaths in opioid-driven hospitalizations
Death rates in people hospitalized for opioid-related conditions in the United States have quadrupled since 2000. Worst toll seen among patients who were low-income, white, under age 65 and on Medicare, likely due to disability. Total number of opioid-driven hospitalizations has remained relatively stable but the severity of opioid misuse that sends patients to the hospital has increased. (2017-12-04)

Lead poisoning maps in R.I. reveal huge disparities, guide cleanup
Rhode Islanders under six years of age who lived in the state's lowest income areas or in neighborhoods with lots of pre-1950 housing faced a threat of lead poisoning several times higher than average, according to a new study of data from 1993 through 2005. Mapping cases of lead poisoning is helping to focus cleanup efforts on areas where the problem is worst. (2010-11-01)

Over-diagnosis of liver failure after paracetamol poisoning?
Danish authors of a Research letter in this week's issue of The Lancet suggest that there is the potential for clinicians to mistakingly diagnose liver failure after moderate paracetamol poisoning by relying solely on the measurement of one diagnostic marker. (2002-10-10)

New knowledge: Blood poisoning increases the risk of blood clots
Danish researchers are behind the world's largest study of the correlation between blood poisoning and the risk of blood clots. (2014-03-14)

Scientific hunch poised to save thousands from toxic fish poisoning
A neuroscientist at UQ's Queensland Brain Institute has found a way to combat a debilitating illness that affects an estimated 50,000 people a year in tropical regions. (2008-10-20)

Surveys miss majority of poisonings, underestimate cost by billions
An analysis of hospital billing records, patient demographics, exposure information, and outcomes for Illinois hospital visits related to poisonings in 2010 found charges for hospital visits approached $8 billion, representing 425,491 cases, with alcohol and illicit drugs accounting for the majority of visits. (2015-04-14)

Pediatric carbon monoxide poisoning linked to video games after Hurricane Ike
Hours after Hurricane Ike roared ashore in Texas, more than 2 million homes were without power, which left some scrambling to preserve food and others looking for ways to entertain children, a move that proved to be, in some instances, poisonous. Researchers at the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston found that 75 percent of children treated for carbon monoxide poisoning caused by gasoline-powered electrical generators were playing video games. (2009-05-26)

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