Premature Infants Current Events

Premature Infants Current Events, Premature Infants News Articles.
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Unified approach to premature infant care improves patient outcomes
A substantial number of premature infants born before 27 weeks gestational age encounter complicated medical problems. Although the survival rate of these infants has increased over the last two decades, the survival data for these patients is highly variable. (2009-12-01)

Premature babies benefit from breast milk, study says
Premature infants fed breast milk made developmental gains equal to or greater than those fed formula specially designed for low-birth-weight infants, an international study finds. (2003-10-29)

OHSU researchers show premature infants benefit from formula enriched with fatty acids
OHSU researchers show that infant formula enriched with two fatty acids, DHA and AA, can improve the visual and neurolgical development in preterm infants. These fatty acids are naturally delivered to babies through breast milk. The double-blind, randomized trial involved close to 500 premature infants who, when not receiving their mothers' milk, were given either formula with or without the fatty acids. (2000-04-13)

Study Confirms that Infants Born Extremely Premature Should Adhere to Normal Immunization Schedule
A study in the April issue of Pediatrics confirms that premature and low-birth weight infants should receive their immunizations at the same ages recommended for healthy, full- term babies. The University of Rochester study, which validates the current practice, represents the first long- term research on the topic. (1998-04-07)

Infection, not lack of oxygen, plays larger role in premature infant brain injury
Researchers at Johns Hopkins have dispelled the widespread belief among obstetricians that, in premature infants, brain injury results from a lack of oxygen, also called hypoxia, when, in fact, infection plays a larger role. (2004-10-24)

The NICU environment: Not all silence is golden
Medical technology has improved the survival rates of premature infants, but adverse developmental outcomes are a continuing problem. Researchers have turned their attention to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), where premature infants spend their first few weeks or months, for potential answers. In a new study scheduled for publication in The Journal of Pediatrics, researchers studied the relationship between different room types in the NICU and the developmental outcomes of the children at 2 years of age. (2013-10-17)

Use Of Surfectant Therapy Widens Gap In Death Rate Of Black And White Newborns
After FDA approval in 1990 of surfactant therapy to treat breathing problems of premature infants, the death rate of these babies dropped significantly. But a study by Washington University School of Medicine researchers found surfectant therapy use widens the gap in the death rate of black and white newborns (1996-06-20)

Breathless babies: Preemies' lung function shows prolonged impairment
Many premature babies face serious health challenges, not the least of which is breathing. But now research suggests that even relatively healthy preemies confront deficits in lung function that last into their second year, if not longer. (2007-12-14)

Impact of NICU environment on neurodevelopment of premature babies focus of University of South Florida conference
The latest findings on how the environment (light, noise, odors, painful procedures) in neonatal intensive care units impact the neurosensory development of premature babies will be featured at a conference Jan.13 to 16 in Clearwater Beach, FL. The conference is sponsored by the USF College of Medicine. (2002-01-11)

Certain factors influence survival and prognosis for premature infants
Several factors influence how well a severely premature infant, 23 weeks gestation, will do after birth and over the long term, according to researchers at Loyola University Medical Center. These findings were published in the latest issue of the American Journal of Perinatology. (2014-12-09)

Steroid treatment in very low birth weight infants may contribute to vision problems
It has long been suspected that steroids may have negative neurodevelopmental effects on very premature infants. In a study in the Journal of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, researchers found that for very premature infants with birth weights of less than 500 grams, there was a 1.6 times increased risk for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and a 1.7 times greater chance for advanced ROP. (2016-08-16)

EPO may help reduce risk of brain abnormalities in preterm infants
High-dose erythropoietin administered within 42 hours of birth to preterm infants was associated with a reduced risk of brain injury, as indicated by magnetic resonance imaging, according to a study in the Aug. 27 issue of JAMA. (2014-08-26)

Study Questions Common Practice Of Steroid Administration To Induce Lung Development In Premature Infants
A new study conducted by researchers in the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Neonatal Research Network suggests that the steroid dexamethasone, which is commonly prescribed to help premature infants get off mechanical ventilators, may have serious side effects. The study was an attempt to learn if earlier treatment of ventilator-dependent premature infants with the drug dexamethasone is beneficial. (1998-04-15)

Dummies do not affect success of breast feeding in premature babies
Using a dummy does not affect the success of breast feeding in premature babies, finds a new study available on (2004-06-17)

Premature babies and SIDS: Doctors should make special effort to talk to parents About Risk
Doctors and parents should adjust when they take action to prevent SIDS because the syndrome strikes premature infants longer and later than full-term infants, says new Saint Louis University research. (2006-02-03)

$4 million nursing grant focuses on at-risk premature infants
The University of Illinois at Chicago College of Nursing has received a $4.1 million federal grant to develop ways to improve the early growth and development of premature infants who have two or more social-environmental risks such as poverty or minority status. (2007-10-04)

Preterm birth leaves its mark in the functional networks of the brain
Researchers at the University of Helsinki and the Helsinki University Hospital, Finland, have proven that premature birth has a significant and, at the same time, a very selective effect on the functional networks of a child's brain. The effects can primarily be seen in the frontal lobe, which is significant for cognitive functions. (2018-02-26)

Preemies' brains reap long-term benefits from Kangaroo Mother Care
Kangaroo Mother Care -- a technique in which a breastfed premature infant remains in skin-to-skin contact with the parent's chest rather than being placed in an incubator -- has lasting positive impact on brain development, revealed Universite Laval researchers in the October issue of Acta Paediatrica. Very premature infants who benefited from this technique had better brain functioning in adolescence -- comparable to that of adolescents born at term -- than did premature infants placed in incubators. (2012-09-19)

New technique for measuring blood flow to brain in babies
Authors of a research letter in this week's issue of The Lancet describe how an ultrasound technique can be used as a non-invasive way of measuring blood flow to the brain in babies, which may be of benefit to infants with brain disorders arising from restrictions in cerebral blood flow. (2002-11-28)

Is size of the corpus callosum a screening index for neurodevelopment abnormalities?
Fang Liu and her team from Bethune International Peace Hospital, China found that corpus callosum length, and thickness of the genu and splenium can be used to evaluate corpus callosum development in premature infants. (2013-10-27)

Pain-relief drug may prevent lung problems, blindness in premature infants
A popular pain-relief drug may prevent lung and eye disorders common in premature infants, a UC Irvine College of Medicine study has found. (2002-10-19)

Premature infants may get metabolic boost from mom's breast milk
The breast milk of mothers with premature babies has different amounts of microRNA than that of mothers with babies born at term, which may help premature babies catch up in growth and development, according to researchers. (2017-09-14)

Preemies still receive inhaled nitric oxide despite lack of supporting evidence and standards
Many premature infants throughout the United States continue to receive inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) during their NICU stay, despite the lack of evidence to support its use. Whether or not a preemie will receive iNO treatment, when and for how long, varies greatly throughout the country, as its use in premature infants appears to be unstandardized. These are the findings of a Nationwide Children's Hospital study appearing in the journal Pediatrics. (2012-03-12)

New predictor of health complications can identify high-risk preemies
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), a major gastrointestinal disease that causes the intestines to die, is a leading cause of death among these infants and is the most the common disease for babies born before 32 weeks. Now, University of Missouri researchers have found that the early and persistent presence of white blood cells during NEC, known as blood eosinophilia, is a predictor of life-threatening complications for preemies. (2015-09-30)

Children's Hospital researchers identify molecular 'switch' that could save very young lives
A team of researchers at Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC have identified a molecular (2007-12-04)

Common reflux treatment linked to life threatening bowel infection in premature infants
Researchers in a National Institutes of Health network have found that premature infants given a common class of non-prescription drugs used to treat acid reflux are slightly more likely to develop a potentially fatal bowel disorder than are infants who are not treated with the drugs. (2006-02-08)

Premature Birth Sometimes Can Adversely Affect Infant's Ties To Mother
For mothers of premature, very low birth-weight babies that began life in the sterile confines of a neonatal intensive care unit, the second year of motherhood may bring new stresses and a barely 50 percent chance that a secure bond will form with the children, University of Illinois researchers report (1996-12-06)

Human milk fat improves growth in premature infants
For premature infants, adequate growth while in the neonatal intensive care unit is an indicator of better long-term health and developmental outcomes. Researchers at the USDA/ARS Children's Nutrition Research Center at Baylor College of Medicine and Texas Children's Hospital have now successfully incorporated a cream supplement into premature infants' diets that improved their growth outcomes in the NICU. The report appears today in the Journal of Pediatrics. (2014-08-15)

World breakthrough in treating premature babies
Adelaide researchers have made a world breakthrough in treating premature babies at risk of developmental disorders. (2009-01-14)

Pregnancy situations have impact on brain development in pre-term infants
Brain development in infants who are born very prematurely is still incomplete. Factors that cause premature birth may have an impact on the development of the premature infant's brain both during pregnancy and later on after birth. (2008-08-27)

Very premature babies benefit most from corticosteroids before birth
Giving corticosteroid drugs to mothers at risk of preterm delivery -- from as early as 23 weeks of pregnancy -- is associated with a lower rate of death and serious illness for their babies, finds a study published by The BMJ today. (2017-03-28)

Premature infants benefit from early sodium supplementation according to new research
Early sodium supplementation for very premature infants can enhance weight gain according to a recent study by researchers at the University of Cincinnati Medical Center and Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center. (2014-11-18)

Premature infants with lung disease may continue to need replacement substance to ease breathing
Physicians have known for decades that many premature babies suffer respiratory problems stemming from insufficiency of a lung substance called surfactant during their first few weeks of life. The standard treatment has been to provide replacement surfactant immediately after birth. A new study has found that even after infants begin producing their own surfactant, it often fails to function properly in premature infants who continue to have lung disease after their first week. (2004-11-15)

Survival of very premature infants is improving in France
Since 2011, nearly 7,000 premature infants have been enrolled in the Inserm EPIPAGE 2 study. This study is aimed at assessing the survival of infants born between 22 and 34 weeks' gestation, and their subsequent outcomes. Compared with data from the EPIPAGE 1 cohort in 1997, the proportion of infants born in 2011 from the 25th week of gestation, who survived without severe neonatal disease, showed a definite increase. However, survival is still rare for infants born before 25 weeks. (2015-01-29)

Newborn lung treatment poses risk of intestinal perforation
A treatment commonly prescribed to reduce the risk of chronic lung disease in extremely premature infants does not reduce the risk of death or chronic lung disease in these infants and may increase the risk for perforation of the intestines, according to a study by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Neonatal Research Network. (2001-01-09)

Even partial steroid treatment can benefit extremely preterm infants, NIH study suggests
Steroids improve survival and reduce the chances of certain birth defects for extremely premature infants, even if the treatment course is not finished before delivery, according to a study funded by the National Institutes of Health. Steroids are a standard treatment for pregnant women likely to deliver before 34 weeks because these drugs are known to reduce the chance of complications and death among premature infants. However, health care providers may opt not to begin treatment when premature delivery is imminent. (2016-10-10)

Preemies who develop chronic lung disease had more stem cells at birth
In the first large-scale clinical study to characterize stem cells from the umbilical cord blood and tissues of premature infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia -- a severe, chronic lung disease -- researchers found that these babies had more stem cells at birth. (2019-11-06)

Breast milk protein safely reduces hospital infections in preemies
Responding to a call from the American Academy of Pediatrics to reduce hospital-acquired infections in neonatal intensive care units across the country, researchers from the University of Missouri School of Medicine and Sinclair School of Nursing have found a protein in breast milk to be a safe and efficient solution. (2016-10-06)

Curcumin may protect premature infants' lungs
Curry spice provides protective qualities for premature infants' lungs. (2013-07-02)

Benefit of early screening for vascular disorder among extremely preterm infants
Among extremely preterm infants, early screening for the vascular disorder patent ductus arteriosus before day 3 of life was associated with a lower risk of in-hospital death and pulmonary hemorrhage, but not with differences in other severe complications, according to a study in the June 23/30 issue of JAMA. (2015-06-23)

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