Preterm Birth Current Events

Preterm Birth Current Events, Preterm Birth News Articles.
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Do economic conditions affect pregnancy outcomes?
Economic downturn during early pregnancy was linked with modest increases in preterm birth in a Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology analysis. (2019-01-24)

Institute of Medicine advisory: Reducing preterm birth
The rate of premature births has increased more than 30 percent since 1981. Preterm birth: causes, consequences, and prevention, a new report from the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies, provides the most comprehensive estimate to date of the annual economic costs associated with preterm birth in the United States. (2006-07-11)

Cervical component protects against infection and preterm birth in mice
A new study in the Journal of Clinical Investigation demonstrates that the cervical component hyaluronan provides protection against infection-induced preterm birth. (2014-11-10)

Prepregnancy, obesity and gestational weight gain influence risk of preterm birth
Researchers at Boston University School of Medicine's Slone Epidemiology Center and Boston University School of Public Health have found that prepregnancy obesity and gestational weight gain are associated with an increased risk of preterm birth in African-American participants from the Black Women's Health Study. This study currently appears online in Epidemiology. (2010-02-10)

Preterm births higher among overweight and obese mothers
Overweight and obese women are at greater risk of giving birth to a preterm baby compared with normal weight women, finds a study published on today. (2010-07-20)

Study finds cervicovaginal microbiota differs in women to have preterm birth
In a study to be presented on Feb. 6 at 3:15 p.m. CST, at the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine's annual meeting, The Pregnancy Meeting™, in New Orleans, researchers will report that cervicovaginal microbiota differs in the late second and early third trimester in women destined to have a preterm birth. (2014-02-03)

In vitro fertilization linked with increased risk of spontaneous preterm birth
A new analysis of published studies found an approximate 80 percent increased risk of spontaneous preterm birth (both before 37 and 34 weeks) when women become pregnant via in vitro fertilization (IVF) than through spontaneous conception. (2017-11-08)

Preterm births higher among deprived mothers, despite equal care
Despite improvements in obstetric care services, women from deprived areas are still more likely to give birth to a very preterm baby compared with mothers from more affluent areas, finds a study published on today. (2009-12-01)

Short intervals between pregnancies result in decreased pregnancy length
Women who have short intervals between pregnancies of less than 18 months are more likely to see a decrease in the length of subsequent pregnancies, finds a new study published June 4 in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. (2014-06-04)

Mothers who smoke and give birth preterm more than triple their CVD risk
Mothers who smoke and have a preterm birth more than triple their risk of cardiovascular disease, according to research in more than 900,000 mothers published today in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology. (2015-07-08)

New study shows promise for preventing preterm births
A new study co-authored by the University of Kentucky's Dr. John O'Brien found that applying vaginal progesterone to women who are at a high risk of preterm birth significantly decreased the odds of a premature delivery. (2011-12-15)

In Hispanic women, genetic variations linked to spontaneous preterm birth
In Hispanic women, four gene variants are linked to spontaneous preterm birth, according to abstracts presented by researchers at Yale School of Medicine and Washington University at the Society for Gynecologic Investigation Conference in Reno, Nev., on March 16. (2007-03-16)

3-D ultrasound identifies women at risk for impending preterm birth
To help physicians non-invasively identify women at risk for preterm birth, 3-D ultrasound was used to measure the size of fetal adrenal glands, according to an abstract presented by Yale School of Medicine researchers at the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine Conference February 8 in San Francisco. (2007-02-08)

Black women in Canada have substantially higher risk of preterm birth than white women
A study comparing rates of preterm birth among non-Hispanic black and non-Hispanic white women in Canada found that the rates were substantially higher among black women than white women, mirroring the disparity in the United States. The research study, published in Canadian Medical Association Journal, is based on new cohort data from the Canadian Live Birth, Infant Death and Stillbirth Database linked with 2006 Canadian census data. (2015-11-09)

Particle clusters named a culprit in premature birth
A new study of more than 100 pregnant women pinpoints the abnormal buildup of mineral-protein clusters in amniotic fluid (AF) as a potential culprit in premature birth. (2016-11-09)

Study examines 'small for gestational age' across European countries
A new study questions the use of common references for assessing 'small for gestational age' (SGA) in very preterm infants across Europe. SGA describes a baby who is smaller than the usual amount for the number of weeks of pregnancy. (2017-05-04)

African-Americans at increased risk for earlier preterm births
Using data from over 700,000 births in Missouri from 1989 to 1997, researchers found that African-American mothers were three times more likely than Caucasian mothers to deliver prematurely at 20-34 weeks and almost four times more likely to deliver extremely prematurely at 20-28 weeks. (Full term births occur at 37-41 weeks gestation.) The results of the study are published in the February issue of the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology. (2007-02-09)

Do cancer and its treatment affect later pregnancy outcomes?
An International Journal of Cancer study found that female survivors of certain types of cancer have higher risks of poor outcomes in pregnancies conceived after diagnosis than women without cancer. (2017-09-12)

Nearly 28,000 US infants died in 2004
Preterm related deaths accounted for more than 10,000 of the nearly 28,000 infant deaths in 2004, according to the National Center for Health Statistics. Although the national infant mortality rate is the lowest it's been since the US started collecting data a century ago, there's been little change recently -- 6.78 deaths for every 1,000 live births in 2004 compared to 6.89 in 2000, the NCHS report found. (2007-05-04)

Predicting preterm births
Researchers studied how family history can predict preterm birth. (2020-11-19)

Nationwide Children's Hospital partners with OSUMC to better understand preterm birth
Every year, more than 50,000 babies are born premature in the United States. Despite the notable advances in neonatal care, these premature infants often suffer from preterm birth complications -- the single largest cause of infant mortality. In order to better understand preterm birth, Nationwide Children's Hospital and the Ohio State University Medical Center have partnered to form the Ohio Perinatal Research Network. (2010-12-07)

Pre-eclampsia poses cerebral palsy risk for premature and small babies
Exposure to pre-eclampsia is associated with an increased risk of cerebral palsy in newborns, if they are preterm or small at birth, suggests a study published today on (2013-07-09)

New risk factor for pregnancies
Women who were born preterm have a higher risk of giving birth to preterm children, according to a study, published in the journal Obstetrics & Gynecology, from researchers of the CHU Sainte-Justine and the University of Montreal. (2015-05-19)

Halving the risk of preterm birth for some twin pregnancies
International research involving the University of Adelaide has found that the risk of preterm birth could be halved for a specific group of 'super high-risk' twin pregnancies. (2014-09-10)

Depression of either parent during pregnancy linked to premature birth
Depression in both expectant mothers and fathers increases the risk of premature birth, finds a study published in BJOG: an International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. (2016-01-20)

Yale researchers may have uncovered the mechanism by which progesterone prevents preterm birth
Researchers at Yale School of Medicine believe they may have discovered how the hormone progesterone acts to prevent preterm birth. The findings will be presented at the Annual Scientific Meeting of the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine (SMFM) in Chicago by Errol Norwitz, M.D., professor in the Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology & Reproductive Sciences at Yale. (2010-02-05)

Low accuracy found for tests used to predict risk of spontaneous preterm birth for women who have not given birth before
The use of two measures, fetal fibronectin (a protein) levels and transvaginal cervical length, had low predictive accuracy for spontaneous preterm birth among women who have not given birth before, according to a study appearing in the March 14 issue of JAMA. (2017-03-14)

Babies born late preterm may be at risk of cardiovascular diseases
Babies born late preterm at 35 weeks are at a higher risk of cardiovascular disease in adult life than those born at full term, according to research published in Experimental Physiology. (2017-11-01)

First pregnancy complications linked to increased risk of future premature birth
Women whose first baby is born at full term, but who experience complications in pregnancy, have an increased risk of preterm delivery (before 37 weeks) in their next pregnancy, finds a study from Norway published by The BMJ today. (2020-04-29)

Screening for short cervix could improve pregnancy outcomes and reduce preterm birth
Using ultrasound to screen all pregnant women for signs of a shortening cervix improves pregnancy outcomes and is a cost-effective way to reduce preterm birth, Yale School of Medicine researchers report in a new study. (2010-02-05)

Federal report finds early births decline in most categories
For the first time in three decades, the nation and most states saw a two-year decline in preterm birth rates, indicating that strategies have begun to pay off. Rates declined for both late and early preterm births, among the major racial and ethnic groups, for mothers under 40, and regardless of the method of delivery. March of Dimes Medical Director Alan Fleischman, M.D., will testify about this problem before a House of Representatives subcommittee May 12. (2010-05-11)

PTSD, major depressive episode appears to increase risk of preterm birth
Diagnoses of both post-traumatic stress disorder and a major depressive episode appear to be associated with a sizable increase in risk for preterm birth that seems to be independent of antidepressant and benzodiazepine medication use. (2014-06-11)

Smoking bans linked with 'successive reductions' in preterm birth
Smoking bans are associated with a (2013-02-14)

Study finds residence in US a risk factor for preterm birth
In a study to be presented today at the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine's annual meeting, The Pregnancy Meeting, in Dallas, Texas, researchers will report findings that indicate that duration of stay in the United States is associated with increased risk of preterm birth for Hispanic women. (2012-02-09)

March of Dimes awards Nevada School of Medicine's Iain Buxton preterm birth research grant
University of Nevada School of Medicine pharmacology professor Iain Buxton, Pharm.D., is one of six researchers nationwide who recently received word that he will receive a share of $2.6 million in preterm birth research grants from the March of Dimes over the next three years to support his work studying the causes of preterm birth. (2010-04-23)

Implact of dexamethasone on intelligence and hearing in preterm infants
Findings published in the Neural Regeneration Research attempt to provide evidence for clinical application of dexamethasone in the treatment of respiratory distress syndrome and chronic lung diseases in preterm infants. (2014-09-04)

Viral infection at birth linked to cerebral palsy
Exposure to certain viral infections shortly before and after birth (the perinatal period) is associated with cerebral palsy, finds a study published online by the BMJ today. These findings support the theory that infections during this period can trigger brain damage and the development of cerebral palsy. (2006-01-05)

Short intervals between pregnancies result in decreased pregnancy length
A new Ohio study demonstrates that women who have shorter birth spacing between the last delivery and their next conception have shorter pregnancy lengths, which puts mother and child at a greater risk for preterm birth. (2014-06-04)

Preterm birth linked to lifelong health issues
The health care implications of being born premature are much broader and reach further into adulthood than previously thought, according to a long-term study of more than a million men and women by Duke University and Norwegian researchers. (2008-03-25)

Preterm births rise 36 percent since early 1980s
Nearly 543,000 babies were born too soon in 2006, according to new government statistics released Wednesday. The nation's preterm birth rate (birth before 37 completed weeks gestation) rose to 12.8 percent in 2006 -- that's a 36 percent increase since the early 1980s. (2009-01-07)

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