Preterm Infants Current Events

Preterm Infants Current Events, Preterm Infants News Articles.
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A mother's voice may help stabilize preterm infants
A recent review of published research indicates that hearing their mother's voice can benefit the health of preterm infants. (2017-04-05)

Preterm infants may need a boost
A new study suggests that preterm infants may not be fully protected against invasive pneumococcal disease under the current United Kingdom immunization schedule. The findings are reported in the November issue of the journal Clinical and Vaccine Immunology. (2010-12-01)

Study examines 'small for gestational age' across European countries
A new study questions the use of common references for assessing 'small for gestational age' (SGA) in very preterm infants across Europe. SGA describes a baby who is smaller than the usual amount for the number of weeks of pregnancy. (2017-05-04)

Implact of dexamethasone on intelligence and hearing in preterm infants
Findings published in the Neural Regeneration Research attempt to provide evidence for clinical application of dexamethasone in the treatment of respiratory distress syndrome and chronic lung diseases in preterm infants. (2014-09-04)

Stem cells to treat lung disease in preterm infants
Advances in neonatal care for very preterm infants have greatly increased the chances of survival for these fragile infants. However, preterm infants have an increased risk of developing bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), a serious lung disease, which is a major cause of death and lifelong complications. In a new study scheduled for publication in The Journal of Pediatrics, researchers evaluated the safety and feasibility of using stem cell therapies on very preterm infants to prevent or treat BPD. (2014-02-06)

Maternal singing during skin-to-skin contact benefits both preterm infants and their mothers
A mother who sings to her preterm infant while providing 'kangaroo care,' or holding with direct skin-to-skin contact, may see improvements in both her child's and her own health. The finding comes from an Acta Paediatrica study of 86 mother-infant pairs in a neonatal intensive care unit in Meir Hospital in Israel. (2014-08-04)

Massage therapy shown to improve stress response in preterm infants
A study published recently in Early Human Development, conducted by University of Louisville School of Nursing researcher Sandra Smith, Ph.D., and her team at the University of Utah, found massage therapy that involved moderate pressure and stroking of the soft tissues followed by flexing and extending the joints of the arms and legs increased heart rate variability in male, but not in female preterm infants. (2013-05-14)

Preterm infants fare well in early language development
Preterm babies perform as well as their full-term counterparts in a developmental task linking language and cognition, a new study from Northwestern University has found. The study, the first of its kind with preterm infants, tests the relative contributions of infants' experience and maturational status. Northwestern researchers compared healthy preterm and full-term infants at the same maturational age, or age since conception. (2017-01-04)

Preterm births higher among deprived mothers, despite equal care
Despite improvements in obstetric care services, women from deprived areas are still more likely to give birth to a very preterm baby compared with mothers from more affluent areas, finds a study published on bmj.com today. (2009-12-01)

New method proposed to detect bacterial infection in preterm infants
A Japanese research group is proposing a new criterion for diagnosis of bacterial infection in preterm infants. Using this method could lead to early diagnosis and treatment for bacterial infection and improve the prognosis for preterm infants. These findings will be published in the online version of the journal Scientific Reports on April 1, 2016. (2016-04-01)

Preemies' temperaments shift in first year of life
Parents of preterm infants should take heart: The challenging aspects of caring for a preterm infant may ease sooner than they might think, according to a new study. (2002-12-18)

Prepregnancy, obesity and gestational weight gain influence risk of preterm birth
Researchers at Boston University School of Medicine's Slone Epidemiology Center and Boston University School of Public Health have found that prepregnancy obesity and gestational weight gain are associated with an increased risk of preterm birth in African-American participants from the Black Women's Health Study. This study currently appears online in Epidemiology. (2010-02-10)

Preventing cerebral palsy in preterm infants through dermal monitoring
A research group led by Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine Project Professor Morioka Ichiro and Professor Iijima Kazumoto (Department of Pediatrics) has suggested a potential method of screening for jaundice (hyperbilirubinemia), a cause of cerebral palsy and loss of hearing in preterm infants, using painless dermal monitoring. (2015-09-28)

Heavier birthweight linked to increased risk of obesity in early school-aged children
In a recent study, babies who were large at birth had an increased likelihood of being obese when they were in kindergarten to second grade (age 5 to 8 years). (2017-07-07)

Study finds little improvement in mortality rate for extremely preterm infants since 2000
Accurate data on how those infants fare is important as doctors and parents face difficult decisions. Dr. Michael Malloy, a neonatologist and professor at the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, recently took a closer look at the infant mortality rates of extremely preterm infants. Many found significant improvements in the infant mortality rate among extremely preterm infants before 2000, there has been little improvement since the turn of the century. (2015-08-13)

SIDS link: Low blood pressure in preterm infants
Scientists from Monash University, Melbourne have shown that infants born prematurely have lower blood pressure during sleep in the first six months of life, compared to healthy, full-term infants. Scientists at the Ritchie Centre for Baby Health Research, Monash Institute of Medical Research, believe this may be one reason premature infants are at an increased risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). (2008-12-07)

Healthy pre-term infants show reduced lung function
Tests of healthy preterm infants younger than 12 weeks of age show prematurity to be independently associated with reduced lung function. Predictors of this reduced expiratory flow during the first months of life include male sex, low gestational age, and increased weight gain. (2006-02-15)

Breathless babies: Preemies' lung function shows prolonged impairment
Many premature babies face serious health challenges, not the least of which is breathing. But now research suggests that even relatively healthy preemies confront deficits in lung function that last into their second year, if not longer. (2007-12-14)

Do cancer and its treatment affect later pregnancy outcomes?
An International Journal of Cancer study found that female survivors of certain types of cancer have higher risks of poor outcomes in pregnancies conceived after diagnosis than women without cancer. (2017-09-12)

EPO in very preterm infants does not improve neurodevelopmental outcomes at 2 years
In a study appearing in the May 17 issue of JAMA, Giancarlo Natalucci, M.D., of the University of Zurich, Switzerland, and colleagues randomly assigned 448 preterm infants born between 26 weeks 0 days' and 31 weeks 6 days' gestation to receive either high-dose recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) or placebo (saline) intravenously within 3 hours, at 12 to 18 hours, and at 36 to 42 hours after birth. (2016-05-17)

Loyola study provides evidence that premature girls thrive more than premature boys
A new study from Loyola University Medical Center provides further evidence that female infants tend to do better than males when born prematurely. (2015-04-28)

Newborns face risks when born to women with the flu
Pregnant women with influenza are more likely to experience complications, but how this affects infants is unclear. A new Birth Defects Research study uncovers the potential risks to infants. (2019-01-09)

Institute of Medicine Advisory: Preterm births in the US
A new report from the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies, offers a research agenda to better understand how to predict and prevent preterm births. (2006-07-07)

Researchers identify biomarkers of poor outcomes in preemies
Researchers at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center have identified biomarkers of poor outcomes in preterm infants that may help identify new approaches to prevention. (2011-01-27)

Research shows parental behavior not affected by stress and anxiety of premature birth
Stress and worry of giving birth prematurely does not adversely affect a mother's parenting behavior, according to researchers at the University of Warwick. (2015-06-15)

Very preterm babies show bonding difficulties despite parental sensitivity
A new study suggests that some very preterm babies have trouble bonding with their care-givers due to neurological impairments and not to the way their parents interact with them. (2013-07-15)

Study examines neurodevelopmental outcomes for children born extremely preterm
Fredrik Serenius, M.D., Ph.D., of Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden, and colleagues conducted a study to assess neurological and developmental outcome in extremely preterm (less than 27 gestational weeks) children at 2.5 years. (2013-04-30)

Does vitamin D reduce likelihood of wheezing in preterm black infants?
Black infants born preterm who received sustained vitamin D supplementation had a lower likelihood of recurrent wheezing by age 1. (2018-05-22)

Prolonged antibiotic treatment may alter preterm infants' microbiome
Treating preterm infants with antibiotics for more than 20 months appears to promote the development of multidrug-resistant gut bacteria, suggests a study funded by the National Institutes of Health. The research appears in Nature Microbiology. (2019-09-09)

The consequences of late preterm birth
Delivery at any time before the 39th week of gestation increases the risk of postnatal problems and mortality. A team of authors headed by Christian F. Poets has analyzed mortality and morbidity data from epidemiological studies of infants born between two and six weeks preterm, comparing them with infants born at full term. They present their findings in issue 43 of Deutsches Arzteblatt International. (2012-11-12)

Yale researchers may have uncovered the mechanism by which progesterone prevents preterm birth
Researchers at Yale School of Medicine believe they may have discovered how the hormone progesterone acts to prevent preterm birth. The findings will be presented at the Annual Scientific Meeting of the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine (SMFM) in Chicago by Errol Norwitz, M.D., professor in the Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology & Reproductive Sciences at Yale. (2010-02-05)

Study answers when moderate to late preterm babies go home
'When is my baby going home?' is one of the first questions asked by families of infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Now clinicians have a data-based answer. (2020-01-15)

Pregnancy situations have impact on brain development in pre-term infants
Brain development in infants who are born very prematurely is still incomplete. Factors that cause premature birth may have an impact on the development of the premature infant's brain both during pregnancy and later on after birth. (2008-08-27)

Study Confirms that Infants Born Extremely Premature Should Adhere to Normal Immunization Schedule
A study in the April issue of Pediatrics confirms that premature and low-birth weight infants should receive their immunizations at the same ages recommended for healthy, full- term babies. The University of Rochester study, which validates the current practice, represents the first long- term research on the topic. (1998-04-07)

Antibiotic may prove beneficial to preterm infant lung health
A study performed by University of Kentucky researchers shows promise for the use of azithromycin in treating Ureaplasma-colonized or infected premature infants to prevent bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). (2011-04-26)

Administration of steroid to extremely preterm infants not associated with adverse effects on neurod
The administration of low-dose hydrocortisone to extremely preterm infants was not associated with any adverse effects on neurodevelopmental outcomes at 2 years of age, according to a study published by JAMA. (2017-04-04)

Developmental differences in late preterm babies may not emerge until after age 2
Developmental differences in babies born four to six weeks early may not show up until after they turn two, a new study suggests. (2016-07-25)

Babies born prematurely can catch up their immune systems, study finds
Researchers from King's College London & Homerton University Hospital have found babies born before 32 weeks' gestation can rapidly acquire some adult immune functions after birth, equivalent to that achieved by infants born at term. (2020-03-09)

Mothers of fussy babies at higher risk of depressive symptoms
As FDA approval of the first postpartum depression drug hits the news, study looks at how infant fussiness and a baby's level of prematurity may influence the severity of maternal depressive symptoms. (2019-03-25)

Apgar score effective in assessing health of preterm infants
The vitality of preterm infants should be assessed with an Apgar score, a tool used to measure the health of newborns immediately after birth. That is the conclusion by researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden who in a large observational study examined the value of Apgar scores for preterm infants. The findings are published in the New England Journal of Medicine. (2020-07-02)

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