Prisoners Current Events

Prisoners Current Events, Prisoners News Articles.
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High rates of drug-resistant TB among UK prisoners
UK prisoners are significantly more likely to have drug-resistant TB than other people with the disease, suggests research published ahead of print in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. (2010-03-15)

Better procedures needed on care of prisoners in hospitals
Better procedures and training are needed to improve the care of prisoners in general hospitals, argue doctors in a letter to this week's BMJ. (2006-03-02)

No link between epilepsy and criminality
It has long been believed that people with epilepsy are particularly prone to violence and criminality, but a study in this week's BMJ finds that epilepsy is no more common in prisoners than in the general population. (2002-06-20)

Prisoners unfairly excluded from general clinical research
Prisoners are being unfairly excluded from taking part in potentially beneficial clinical research, on the grounds that it would be too difficult and expensive to do so, indicates a study published online in the Journal of Medical Ethics. (2014-06-23)

Institute of Medicine advisory: Research involving prisoners
Ethical considerations for research involving prisoners, a new report from the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies, says more comprehensive safeguards and oversight measures are needed to ensure that such studies meet the highest ethical standards and aim to improve the well-being of prisoners. (2006-07-10)

Overcrowding in prisons negatively affects health
Overcrowding in prisons -- an issue in most prisons in Canada and other parts of the world -- negatively impacts the mental and physical health of prisoners, states an article in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal). (2012-11-05)

Prisoners need greater awareness of voluntary services, says research
New research from the Third Sector Research Centre highlights the need to make prisoners more aware of voluntary organizations that could help them towards resettlement. (2011-07-28)

UK Government plans for mentally ill prisoners are unrealistic, research suggests
Government plans to divert more mentally ill people out of the criminal justice system and into mental health services are unlikely to be achieved, according to new research from Queen Mary, University of London. (2011-06-07)

Prisons must do more to provide health and social care to growing population of older prisoners
More needs to be done in prisons to look after a growing population of older male prisoners, according to research by The University of Manchester. The findings, just published by the National Institute for Health Research Journals Library in Health Services and Delivery Research, showed 44 percent of prisons do not have a policy on the care and management of older prisoners and there was a lack of integration between health and social care services. (2013-08-13)

Drug use and hepatitis infection are widespread in Irish prisons
Drug use and infection with hepatitis C are endemic among Irish prisoners, stressing the need for scrutiny and improvement of the Irish prison healthcare system, according to a study in this week's BMJ. (2000-07-06)

A conversation could be the answer to successful rehabilitation of prisoners
Researchers have found people on the brink of release from a prison sentence have lost any sense of being connected to the outside world and, as a result, become prejudiced towards wider society. A simple conversation could help. (2020-01-09)

Embargoed news from Annals of Internal Medicine
In an article published today in Annals of Internal Medicine, the flagship journal of the American College of Physicians, authors suggest broader use of compassionate release in the nation's prison system. (2011-05-31)

One in seven prisoners in western countries may need psychiatric treatment
One in seven prisoners in western countries could have treatable conditions such as psychotic illnesses or major depression--disorders that might be risk factors for suicide, conclude authors of a systematic review in this week's issue of THE LANCET. The results have implications for how prison services may need to adopt new mental-health policies for prison populations. (2002-02-14)

Moving away lowers re-incarceration risk for parolees
Relocation substantially lowers the likelihood of re-incarceration for parolees, according to new research at the University of Texas at Austin. (2009-06-09)

Prisoners believe they are just as law abiding as non-prisoners
The belief that we consider ourselves better than our peers holds true to convicted criminals as well. Research from the University of Southampton has shown that prisoners believe themselves to have more pro-social characteristics -- such as kindness, morality, self-control, and generosity -- than non-prisoners. (2014-01-09)

Recently released prisoners in England and Wales at high risk of suicide
Recently released prisoners in England and Wales are at a much greater risk of suicide than the general population, according to a study in this week's issue of The Lancet. (2006-07-06)

Prison rehab tied to parole decisions
According to a new study co-authored by Simon Fraser University economics professor Steeve Mongrain, parole board decisions can have a huge impact on whether or not prisoners are motivated to rehabilitate. The Journal of Law, Economics and Organization, has just published their study, (2012-09-25)

Improve prison health care in Canada
Canada needs to reform its patchwork system of prison health care that does not adequately care for prisoners' complex health care needs, argues an editorial in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal). (2013-03-04)

Up to 1 in 4 female prisoners in England and Wales self-harm
As many as one in four women prisoners in England and Wales self-harm every year, and female prisoners are four times more likely to self-harm than male inmates, according to the largest ever study of self-harm in prisons, published in The Lancet. (2013-12-15)

Institutional support for prisoner abuse is a stain on medical ethics
The direct or indirect participation of doctors and medical bodies in the abuse of prisoners is a stain on medical ethics, states a comment in this week's issue of The Lancet. (2005-08-04)

'The Breda three': Decision-taking postponed by guilt
After the Second World War eighteen German war criminals were sentenced to death in the Netherlands. Eventually four Germans remained in Dutch prisons. Three of them became known as 'the Breda three'. Why did their possible release evoke such strong opposition in the Netherlands? Dutch researcher Hinke Piersma answered this question in her Ph.D. thesis. (2005-04-14)

Measures needed to reduce bloodborne infections in Irish prisons
There is an urgent need for increased infection control and harm reduction measures to reduce the transmission of hepatitis B and C viruses, and HIV in Irish prisons, concludes a study in this week's BMJ. (2001-11-22)

New book studies the impact of having a parent in prison on the child
This recently published book, co authored by Professor Adele Jones form the University of Huddersfield, studies the impact that having a parent in prison can have on the child, and makes recommendations for services to tackle these issues. (2013-07-30)

Health factors influence ex-prisoners' chances of returning to jail
Ex-prisoners with a history of risky drug use, mental illness or poverty are more likely to end up back behind bars. Those who are obese, are chronically ill or have attempted suicide are more likely to remain in the community. These are the findings from a study into health-related factors that could be used to predict whether a person released from prison will end up in custody again, published in Springer's journal Health & Justice. (2015-05-28)

Comprehensive AIDS prevention programs in prisons: A review study
In the current issue of Family Medicine and Community Health (Volume 6, Number 4, 2018; DOI: https://doi.org/10.15212/FMCH.2018.0118: , Somayeh Zare et al. discuss how studies show that suitable design of educational programs can affect prisoners' awareness of AIDS. (2019-01-04)

Needle/syringe programs and opioid substitution therapy should be widely available in prisons
Prisons should have needle and syringe programs, opioid substitution therapy and other preventive measures in place to prevent HIV transmission between inmates. These are the conclusions of a review published in the January edition of Lancet Infectious Diseases, written by Dr. Ralf Jurgens, a consultant for HIV/AIDS based in Quebec, Canada, and colleagues on behalf of WHO. (2008-12-23)

The Lancet Psychiatry: Long-term study links common psychiatric disorders with increased risk of violent reoffending in ex-prisoners
Ex-prisoners with common psychiatric disorders such as bipolar disorder (manic-depressive disorder) and alcohol and drug abuse are substantially more likely to commit a violent crime after release than other prisoners, according to new research published in The Lancet Psychiatry journal. The study of almost 48000 ex-prisoners suggests that diagnosed psychiatric disorders are potentially responsible for up to a fifth of violent reoffending by former male prisoners and two-fifths by female ex-prisoners. (2015-09-02)

UTHealth research: Mental health care lacking in state and federal prisons
A significant portion of state and federal prisoners are not receiving treatment for mental health conditions, according to research by The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston School of Public Health. (2015-01-12)

UK inmates comfortable with diversity
Following recent media reports of racial strife and gangs in high security prisons in the UK, a new study funded by the Economic and Social Research Council paints a more encouraging -- if sometimes contradictory -- picture of multicultural prison life. Although tensions between ethnic groups and resentment of institutional race equality approaches are common, most prisoners appear to be comfortable with diversity. (2010-01-13)

Reforms needed for compassionate release of prison inmates
The nation's system of freeing some terminally ill prisoners on grounds of compassionate release is so riddled with medical flaws and procedural barriers that many potentially medically eligible inmates are dying behind bars, say UCSF researchers in a new study. (2011-06-02)

Hepatitis C treatment is cost-effective for the US prison population
Treating all US prisoners who have hepatitis C with the standard therapy of pegylated-interferon and ribavirin would be cost-effective, says a new study in the November issue of Hepatology. (2008-10-20)

Female prisoners more obese than general female population except in UK, whereas male prisoners are on average slimmer than the general male population
The first systematic analysis of diet, exercise, overweight, and obesity in prison populations worldwide shows that while female prisoners are more obese than the general population (apart from in the UK), male prisoners are slimmer than men in the general population. (2012-04-19)

Palliative care important for prison population, too
With an increasingly aging prison population, end-of-life care for inmates is becoming a more prominent issue, according to Penn State nursing researchers. End-of-life -- EOL -- care can be complicated, no matter who the patient is, but can be especially challenging for those behind bars. (2016-02-26)

Previously jailed vets at increased risk of suicide
Researchers are now looking at the healthcare services used by people who attempted suicide to find patterns that could help identify who is most at risk before an attempt is made. (2018-10-31)

Prison population swells under Republican presidents, study says
The number of prisoners nationwide increases more under Republican presidents than it does when a Democrat leads the country, according to a new study that looked at 52 years of data. Yet Bill Clinton was a major exception, in that the prison population also increased greatly during his terms in office. The results suggest that politics plays a major role in how many people are put behind bars in the United States. (2001-08-22)

Insomniac prisoners sleeping better after one-hour therapy session
Three-quarters of prisoners struggling to sleep have reported major improvements after receiving cognitive behavioural therapy to treat their insomnia. In the first study of its kind in the world, experts from Northumbria University have found that a single one-hour session of cognitive behavioural therapy was effective in preventing the development of chronic insomnia in 73% of prisoners. Inmates also reported that the therapy made notable improvements to their anxiety and depression. (2018-11-15)

UI examines issues related to research involving prisoners
Over the years, valid concerns have been raised whether research should be allowed in prison settings, based on ethical problems in the past and the fact that prisoners inherently have less free will while incarcerated. However, a University of Iowa study indicates that even prisoners with mental illness, compared to non-prisoners without mental illness, generally are competent to decide to be in a study and do not feel coerced. (2004-01-02)

COVID-19 cases and deaths in federal and state prisons significantly higher than in US population
A new analysis led by researchers at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health found that the number of US prison residents who tested positive for COVID-19 was 5.5 times higher than the general US population. (2020-07-08)

Prescription of psychotropic medication after prison release linked to lower rate of violent reoffending
Among released prisoners in Sweden, rates of violent reoffending were lower during periods when individuals were dispensed antipsychotics, psychostimulants, and drugs for addictive disorders, compared with periods in which they were not dispensed these medications, according to a study appearing in the Nov. 1 issue of JAMA. (2016-11-01)

Psychopaths' brains show differences in structure and function
Images of prisoners' brains show important differences between those who are diagnosed as psychopaths and those who aren't, according to a new study led by University of Wisconsin-Madison researchers. (2011-11-22)

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