Pulmonary Complications Current Events

Pulmonary Complications Current Events, Pulmonary Complications News Articles.
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Heart catheters do not benefit patients
Doctors should probably stop using pulmonary artery catheters because they do not benefit patients, say doctors from Australia in this week's BMJ. (2006-11-02)

U-M researchers find those with severe H1N1 at risk for pulmonary emboli
Patients with sever cases of H1N1 are at risk for developing life-threatening complications like pulmonary emboli. (2009-10-14)

Simple breathing training with a physiotherapist before surgery prevents postoperative pneumonia
Pneumonia, and other serious lung complications, after major abdominal surgery were halved when patients were seen by a physiotherapist before surgery and taught breathing exercises that the patient needed to start performing immediately on waking from the operation, finds a trial published by The BMJ today. (2018-01-24)

Advanced techniques improve success rate of IVC filter removal to more than 98 percent
The design of inferior vena cava filters for pulmonary embolism prophylaxis, once used almost exclusively for permanent implantation, has progressed to retrievable designs. However, complications can create scenarios in which the routine filter retrieval is either extremely difficult or impossible. (2015-04-20)

Tool identifies which patients with COPD are at risk of death, serious complications
A new decision tool to help emergency physicians identify patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who are at high risk of serious complications, including death, performs better than current practice, according to a validation study of the Ottawa COPD Risk Scale in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal). (2018-12-03)

Study examines long-term outcomes following blood clots
Patients who develop a blood clot in their legs (deep vein thrombosis) or lungs (pulmonary embolism) are at risk for experiencing another blood clot within three years, and patients with pulmonary embolism have a higher risk of death, according to a report in the Feb. 25 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. (2008-02-25)

First guidelines for patients with pulmonary hypertension in sickle cell disease
Boston Medical Center and Boston University School of Medicine physicians have helped create the first set of clinical guidelines for treating patients with pulmonary hypertension in sickle cell disease. (2014-03-17)

What's causing life-threatening blood clots in brain surgery patients?
One of the most severe complications of brain surgery is a pulmonary embolism. But a study in the Journal of Neurosurgery suggests that screening methods used to access the risk of pulmonary embolisms may fall short. (2010-09-03)

New guidelines help clinicians assess risk of post-surgical pulmonary complications
Pulmonary complications, including pneumonia and respiratory failure, are a common - and dangerous - problem for patients following major surgery. To address this issue, a comprehensive systematic review and meta-analysis in the April 18, 2006 issue of The Annals of Internal Medicine provides clinicians with new guidelines to use prior to surgery in assessing a patient's risk of developing pulmonary problems postoperatively. (2006-04-18)

News briefs from the journal Chest, September 2005
News briefs from the journal CHEST highlight studies related to depression and sleep therapy; bone marrow transplants and lung disease; and computer aided detection of lung lesions. (2005-09-12)

Clot-busters safe for treating moderate pulmonary embolism
Pulmonary embolism -- the sudden blockage of an artery in the lung -- is estimated to cause over 100,000 deaths each year in the US. Although thrombolytics, or (2012-03-27)

Long-term marijuana smoking leads to respiratory complaints
Long-term exposure to marijuana smoke is linked to many of the same health problems as tobacco smoke, such as increased respiratory symptoms like cough, phlegm and wheeze, according to a new study by researchers at Yale School of Medicine. (2007-02-12)

Lung tissue from COVID-19 patients and others reveals promising target to treat lung fibrosis
An analysis of lung tissues from patients with different types of pulmonary fibrosis - including cases triggered by COVID-19 - has revealed a promising molecular target to ameliorate the chronic and irreversible disease. Experiments in mouse models of lung fibrosis showed that administering blockers of (2020-12-04)

ATS issues report on emerging issues in HIV-associated pulmonary disease
The American Thoracic Society has released a new report detailing recent global changes in the management of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-associated pulmonary disease. The report examines the evolving landscape of HIV and its associated diseases in areas where combination antiretroviral therapies (ART) are available, as well as offering insight into the trends occurring in areas of the world where ART use is limited. (2011-03-03)

Asthmatics at increased risk of pulmonary embolism
People with asthma have an increased risk of pulmonary embolism, according to new research. (2012-12-19)

Duration of RBC storage does not affect short-term pulmonary, immunologic, or coagulation status
There is no difference in early measures of pulmonary function, immunologic status or coagulation status after fresh versus standard issue single-unit red blood cell transfusion, according to a new study from the Mayo Clinic. (2012-01-20)

Study finds antioxidant deficiency linked to pulmonary hypertension
A recent study shows that a loss of antioxidants in the endothelial cells that line blood vessels in the lungs contributes to the loss of vasodilator effects and, ultimately, to the development of pulmonary hypertension. The findings appear in Clinical and Translational Science. (2008-09-23)

Research examines variations of rare lung disease
University of Cincinnati scientists are conducting a new research study that examines why symptoms of LAM are different in certain subgroups of people with the goal of finding more successful therapies. (2008-08-26)

Study finds wide hospital variation in medicare expenditures to treat surgical complications
In a study published online by JAMA Surgery, Jason C. Pradarelli, M.D., M.S., of Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, and colleagues evaluated differences across hospitals in the costs of care for patients surviving perioperative complications after major inpatient surgery. (2016-10-05)

Female lung transplant recipients at greater risk of acute lung injury
Female lung transplant recipients are significantly more likely to suffer from a type of injury to the transplanted lung called primary graft dysfunction than male lung transplant patients, according to a study to be presented at the American Thoracic Society International Conference on May 24 in San Diego. (2005-05-24)

New test spots more lung clots but seems to result in overdiagnosis
A new diagnostic test to detect pulmonary embolism (a blockage of the main artery of the lung) misses fewer clots, but seems to result in overdiagnosis, warn experts on bmj.com today. (2013-07-02)

African-Americans with COPD appear less likely to use pulmonary rehab
African-American patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or COPD, are less likely to participate in pulmonary rehabilitation programs than white patients, even when there are programs nearby. (2019-05-21)

Pulmonary rehabilitation effective for both obese and slim COPD patients
Obese patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) stand to gain as much from pulmonary rehabilitation as their slimmer counterparts, even though as a group they have a lower exercise capacity, according to new research from the University Hospitals of Leicester in the UK. (2010-05-16)

Frailty may increase complication risk following urologic surgery
For patients undergoing urologic surgery, frailty may increase their risk of experiencing complications after surgery. (2016-01-19)

Results Of Phase 2 Hemorrhage Drug Reported
Researchers say a new drug has tested well for patients who have suffered a severe blood loss (hemorrhage) due to trauma. The drug is Neuprex (rBPI21) and is made by the XOMA Corporation of Berkeley, Calif. (1997-12-02)

UCLA study discovers adult stem cells migrate to lung and contribute to pulmonary fibrosis
UCLA researchers for the first time identified and then stopped a type of adult stem cell from migrating to the lung and contributing to pulmonary fibrosis in an animal model. Pulmonary fibrosis (i.e., idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis) in humans is a devastating terminal disorder that causes an overabundance of scar tissue to form in the lung. (2004-08-02)

Obesity risks add to complications of gastric bypass
The same health risks that make morbidly obese patients eligible for gastric bypass surgery also leave them susceptible to complications during and after the procedure, according to a five-year imaging study led by a Duke University Medical Center radiologist. (2003-12-01)

Monitoring lung function at home in teens with Duchenne muscular dystrophy
Heart and lung complications are responsible for much of the morbidity and mortality associated with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Although regular monitoring of pulmonary function is recommended in order to detect deterioration, compliance with routine testing, such as hospital-based spirometry, is frequently poor. (2018-12-17)

Evidence of over-diagnosis of pulmonary embolisms as a result of CTPA
Researchers from Boston University School of Medicine have found that computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPA), meant to improve detection of life-threatening pulmonary embolisms, has led to over-diagnosis and over treatment of this condition. These findings, which appear in May 9 issue of the Archives of Internal Medicine, may continue to grow worse as the as the use of CT scans continue to rise. (2011-05-09)

Death of a volunteer
In a commentary presented in the Canadian Medical Association Journal, Dr. Richard Ian Ogilvie discusses the June 2001 case of a 24-year-old woman who had been paid US$365 to participate in a research project and died of pulmonary complications after receiving a drug at the Johns Hopkins Asthma and Allergy Center. The author concludes the same thing could occur in Canada. (2001-11-12)

Patients with low pulmonary vascular resistance may benefit from complex procedure for PH
Patients with chronic pulmonary thromboembolic disease may benefit from pulmonary thromboendarterectomy, even if the patients don't have severe pulmonary hypertension, according to University of California, San Diego, researchers. (2014-05-18)

Treating left atrial appendage could dampen long standing persistent AF
In patients with long-standing persistent atrial fibrillation despite standard treatment, additional electrical isolation of an area called the left atrial appendage can improve freedom from AF without increasing complications, results of the BELIEF study show. (2015-08-30)

Smoking linked to worse outcomes after urologic cancer surgery and other major surgeries
Patients who smoke, as well as those who once had the habit, are more likely to develop complications during and after major urologic cancer surgery, according to a new study that included researchers at Henry Ford Health System. (2015-05-13)

Respiratory diseases linked with high blood pressure in lungs
Pulmonary hypertension is a type of high blood pressure that affects the lungs of both animals and people. When tiny vessels in the lungs become narrowed or blocked, it becomes harder for blood to flow through and can cause the heart to weaken or fail. (2019-10-16)

Viagra for alleviation of pulmonary hypertension?
Results of a preliminary study in this week's issue of The Lancet suggest that Viagra may have a future role in the treatment of pulmonary hypertension (increased blood pressure in the pulmonary artery), a severe and potentially fatal condition causing respiratory impairment. (2002-09-19)

Benefit of early screening for vascular disorder among extremely preterm infants
Among extremely preterm infants, early screening for the vascular disorder patent ductus arteriosus before day 3 of life was associated with a lower risk of in-hospital death and pulmonary hemorrhage, but not with differences in other severe complications, according to a study in the June 23/30 issue of JAMA. (2015-06-23)

CT scans show patients with severe cases of H1N1 are at risk for developing acute pulmonary emboli
Researchers utilizing computed tomography (CT) scans have found that patients with severe cases of the H1N1 virus are at risk for developing severe complications, including pulmonary emboli, according to a study to be published online Oct. 14, 2009, in the American Journal of Roentgenology. The study will be published in the December issue of the AJR. (2009-10-14)

Sildenafil prevents rebound pulmonary hypertension in infants
A single dose of sildenafil, a blood vessel widening vasodilator, prevented rebound pulmonary hypertension and significantly reduced the duration of mechanical ventilation in intensive care unit (ICU) infants being withdrawn from inhaled nitric oxide therapy. This research appears in the first issue for November 2006 of the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, published by the American Thoracic Society. (2006-11-01)

New recommendations for the diagnosis of Pulmonary Embolism
Diagnosis of Pulmonary Embolism (PE) is a challenging process. Because PE is only present in about one-third of those in whom it is suspected, the diagnosis must be confirmed or excluded by further testing. In an article in the December issue of the American Journal of Medicine, researchers describe the diagnostic pathways that can be used to achieve an accurate and safe diagnosis of PE. (2006-12-03)

Researchers find that even mild pulmonary complications after surgery can pose major risks
Researchers at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, along with seven other major institutions, have found that even mild postoperative pulmonary complications are significantly associated with increased death within the first week after surgery. (2016-11-09)

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