Resuscitation Current Events

Resuscitation Current Events, Resuscitation News Articles.
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Paternalism not to blame for failure to implement resuscitation policies
Many seriously ill patients admitted to hospital cannot discuss resuscitation in line with current guidelines, finds a study published online by the BMJ today. (2006-02-09)

Resuscitation policies in long-term care settings should be reviewed
Resuscitation policies in care homes and community hospitals should be reviewed, argue experts in this week's BMJ. (2006-02-23)

Medication errors in sick children may be higher than previously thought
The level of medication errors in sick children might be substantially higher than previously estimated, according to a study in this week's BMJ. (2004-12-02)

Vasopressin decreases neuronal apoptosis during cardiopulmonary resuscitation
According to a recent study reported in Neural Regeneration Research, Chinese scholars found that vasopressin alone or the vasopressin and epinephrine combination suppress the activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase and c-Jun N-terminal kinase signaling pathways and reduce neuronal apoptosis during cardiopulmonary resuscitation, which is of great significance for improving the successful rate of cardiopulmonary resuscitation. (2014-08-27)

Resuscitation training not compulsory in some UK medical schools
Researchers in this week's BMJ find that some UK medical schools do not provide compulsory resuscitation training and that the extent of training in other schools is variable, even though newly qualified doctors are expected to take part in resuscitation from their first day. (2001-07-06)

Longer resuscitation attempts could improve survival after in-hospital cardiac arrest
New research published Online First in The Lancet suggests that increasing the duration of resuscitation efforts could improve survival in patients who arrest in hospital, challenging the common belief that extending resuscitation in patients who do not respond immediately is often futile. (2012-09-04)

Resuscitation practices need to be revised for cardiac arrest
Bystander cardiac-only resuscitation has a better outcome for patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest than conventional cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), according to an Article published in this week's issue of The Lancet. (2007-03-15)

Racial gap in survival after in-hospital cardiac arrest narrows
There has been a substantial reduction in racial differences in survival after in-hospital cardiac arrest, with a greater improvement in survival among black patients compared with white patients, according to a study published by JAMA Cardiology. (2017-08-09)

Shortening time between CPR and shocks improves cardiac-arrest survival
Reducing the intervals between giving cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and an electronic defibrillator shock after cardiac arrest significantly improves survival, according to UT Southwestern Medical Center emergency medicine doctors involved in an international study. (2011-06-29)

Drowned children do not benefit from resuscitation beyond 30 minutes
Findings question current guidelines for prolonged resuscitation. (2015-02-10)

Refractory cardiac arrest patients brought to hospital with ongoing CPR can recover
Refractory cardiac arrest patients brought to hospital with ongoing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) can survive with good brain function, according to research in nearly 4,000 patients presented at ESC Congress today by Dr. Helle Søholm, a cardiologist at Copenhagen University Hospital Righospitalet in Denmark. (2015-08-29)

Many junior doctors feel out of their depth with the end-of-life decisions faced during COVID-19 pandemic
In normal times, end-of-life care discussions are most commonly led by senior doctors. However, new research from a busy London hospital shows that the high numbers of deaths taking place in hospitals during the COVID-19 pandemic, frequently out-of-hours, is leading to junior (foundation level) doctors having to lead on these difficult discussions with families, often with no formal experience or training. (2021-01-20)

LSUHSC study finds high-dose HBO2 therapy extends survival window after cardiopulmonary arrest
A ground-breaking study by researchers at the School of Medicine at LSU Health Sciences Center New Orleans published in the August 2008 issue of Resuscitation has major implications for the No. 1 cause of death of Americans -- sudden cardiac arrest. To resuscitate any living organism after 25 minutes of heart stoppage at room temperature has never been reported and suggests that the time to successful resuscitation in humans may be extended beyond the stubborn figure of 16 minutes that has stood for 50 years. (2008-07-15)

More rib fractures, but better survival rates
New findings show that the majority of people untrained in how to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and even many trained emergency personnel, do not push with enough force to properly administer CPR. (2007-05-31)

Bag-mask ventilation fails to improve on endotracheal intubation in cardiac arrest (CAAM)
Bag-mask ventilation fails to improve on endotracheal intubation in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients, according to late-breaking results from the CAAM trial presented today in a Hot Line LBCT Session at ESC Congress. (2017-08-28)

One-quarter of patients with severe congestive heart failure do not want to be resusitated, Yale study finds
Although resuscitation is often used with patients suffering from severe congestive heart failure, nearly one in four of those patients who were hospitalized said they did not wish to be resuscitated if their hearts stopped beating, according to a study in the Aug. l8 issue of Circulation. (1998-08-17)

Smartphone app directs first responders to cardiac arrest three minutes before ambulance
A novel smartphone application (app) has been developed that can direct first responders to cardiac arrest victims more than three minutes before the emergency services arrive. Each minute increases the chance of survival by 10%. (2017-06-19)

Adrenaline use in cardiac arrest
Adrenaline has kept its place in cardiac arrest guidelines despite limited evidence for or against its use. The PACA (Placebo vs. Adrenaline vs. Cardiac Arrest) study by Jacobs and colleagues, soon to be published in Resuscitation, the official journal of the European Resuscitation Council, provides the best evidence to date supporting the use of adrenaline to treat cardiac arrest. (2011-07-26)

New 2010 European Resuscitation Council Guidelines published
Elsevier announces the publication of the 2010 European Resuscitation Council Guidelines in the journal Resuscitation. These guidelines are based on an extensive international review of all the science supporting cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), the 2010 International Consensus on CPR Science, which is also published in the current issue of Resuscitation. This year is the 50th anniversary of CPR. (2010-10-18)

Several methods for enhancing the functioning of defibrillators in cases of heart attack
The Ph.D., defended by engineer Sofía Ruiz de Gauna Gutiérrez at the University of the Basque Country, puts forward various methods for the elimination of interference caused by compressions and ventilations of cardiopulmonary resuscitation in the context of cardiac defibrillation. (2008-03-25)

Black patients experience worse cardiac care, lower survival rates
Black patients have lower rates of successful resuscitation and are less likely to survive an in-hospital cardiac arrest compared to white patients. The problem appears to have more to do with the hospitals where black patients are commonly cared for rather than the patients themselves. (2009-09-15)

Experts recommend increased funding, focus on resuscitation science
Increased research, education and funding will improve the treatment of people who experience cardiac arrest, according to a report by resuscitation experts published in the May 28 issue of Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association. (2002-05-27)

Large intensive care study reveals vital recommendations for treatment of brain injury patients
A landmark Australian and New Zealand intensive care study has provided vital information for the treatment of patients with brain injuries. The results of the SAFE-TBI Study, published today in the New England Journal of Medicine, confirm that the choice of resuscitation fluids affects the chances of patients with brain injury surviving. (2007-09-03)

Giving the breath of life to infants
An innovative new resuscitation technique being tested in a clinical trial in Edmonton is giving hope to parents whose children need medical assistance moments after being born. Every year, hundreds of thousands of babies across the globe die after resuscitation efforts fail. The new technique, pioneered in Edmonton, shows survival rates of infants could more than double using the new method of resuscitation as compared to the conventional method. (2014-09-08)

Randomized trial at music festival shows potential of virtual reality for CPR training
Cardiologists at Radboud university medical center performed a research project during a large music festival called Lowlands, in the Netherlands in August 2019. The first results of this innovative study are already published in JAMA Cardiology on Sunday November 17. (2019-11-17)

Take away opiate antidote saves lives
Distributing naloxone (the antidote for opiate overdose) to opiate addicts saves lives, according to the first ever results of two pilot schemes published in this week's BMJ (2001-04-12)

Should they stay or go? Study finds no harm when hospitals allow familes to observe CPR
When a hospital patient's heart stops, the drama starts, as doctors and nurses work furiously at resuscitation. Some hospitals allow family members to watch, while the majority do not. Now, a study has shown for the first time on a national scale that patients do just as well after a cardiac arrest either way. (2015-04-17)

Providing universal donor plasma to massively bleeding trauma patients is feasible and can save lives
A recent randomized trial that looked at the feasibility of 2013 guidelines issued by the American College of Surgeons Trauma Quality Improvement Project for trauma resuscitation found that delivering universal donor plasma to massively hemorrhaging patients can be accomplished consistently and rapidly and without excessive wastage in high volume trauma centers. The plasma is given in addition to red blood cell transfusions to optimize treatment. (2015-04-20)

University of Cincinnati to study impact of blood 'microparticles' in inflammation, injury
University of Cincinnati trauma and critical care researcher Timothy Pritts, M.D., Ph.D., has received a National Institutes of Health grant to better understand how 'microparticles' in stored blood can contribute to inflammation and injury after resuscitation from traumatic injury. The five-year, $1.5 million R01 research award from the National Institute of General Medical Sciences will allow Pritts' team to investigate the nature of microparticles that bud off of damaged or active blood cells during storage. (2014-03-24)

British TV Medical Dramas Are More Realistic Than Their American Counterparts
Dr. Patrick Gordon and colleagues from South Cleveland Hospital, Middlesbrough report that the overall survival rate of patients after CPR in British television medical dramas seems to be more realistic than in American programmes, such as ER, Chicago Hope and Baywatch which tend to portray over- optimistic survival rates (over three-quarters of patients pull through). (1998-09-18)

Swift intervention doubles survival rate from cardiac arrest
A team of Swedish researchers finds that early cardiopulmonary resuscitation more than doubles the chance of survival for patients suffering out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. The percentage of patients who receive life-saving resuscitation has also increased substantially thanks to so-called SMS Lifesavers. These results are published simultaneously in two studies in the highly reputed New England Journal of Medicine. (2015-06-11)

How to improve cardiac arrest survival in 3 easy steps
Although survival rates for people who suffer cardiac arrest outside a hospital are extremely low in most places, emergency physicians propose three interventions to improve survival rates and functional outcomes in any community and urge additional federal funding for cardiac resuscitation research in an editorial published online last Wednesday in Annals of Emergency Medicine ('IOM Says Times to Act to Improve Cardiac Arrest Survival ... Here's How'). (2016-01-04)

The Lancet: Surgical Trauma Series media alert
The Lancet is pleased to announce that two papers will be published as part of a Series on trauma in surgery: The systemic immune response to trauma: an overview of pathophysiology and treatment; Postinjury abdominal compartment syndrome: from recognition to prevention. (2014-10-16)

Cardiac arrest resuscitation: Passive oxygen flow better than assisted ventilation
Arizona researchers compared the survival rates in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients treated with positive-pressure ventilation (bag-valve mask) vs. passive oxygen flow. Survival was higher (38.2 percent) with passive oxygen flow than with assisted ventilation (25.8 percent). This study reinforces the notion that survival of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest might have more to do with circulating the blood through uninterrupted chest compressions than with ventilation. (2009-08-11)

Training birth attendants in developing countries increases babies' survival
In developing countries, where millions of babies die in the womb or soon after birth, research has shown that providing training in newborn care and resuscitation to birth attendants significantly increases the likelihood of a baby's survival. This study was conducted in six countries. Researchers from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine took part in the study in the Democratic Republic of Congo, in partnership with the Kinshasa School of Public Health. (2010-02-17)

Air rather than oxygen for babies requiring ventilation after delivery
Provision of air rather than 100% oxygen for babies requiring ventilation after delivery could reduce infant mortality, suggests a study in this week's issue of The Lancet. The finding is counter to the long-held belief that 100% oxygen is better than air for babies requiring ventilation in the first few minutes of life. (2004-10-07)

Study finds increase in survival following bystander CPR for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest
In Denmark between 2001 and 2010 there was an increase in bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation that was associated with an increase in survival following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, according to a study in the October 2 issue of JAMA. (2013-10-01)

Penn Medicine expert wins AHA's Lifetime Achievement Award in Cardiac Resuscitation Science
Lance Becker, M.D., a professor of emergency medicine and director of the Center for Resuscitation Science at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, will receive the American Heart Association's 2012 Award for Lifetime Achievement in Cardiac Resuscitation Science during the organization's annual Scientific Sessions. (2012-11-03)

Annals of Internal Medicine tip sheet for May 2, 2006
The Annals of Internal Medicine tip sheet for May 2, 2006 includes (2006-05-01)

No evidence blanket 'do-not-resuscitate' orders for COVID-19 patients are necessary
It's inappropriate to consider blanket do-not-resuscitate orders for COVID-19 patients because adequate data is not yet available on US survival rates for in-hospital resuscitation of COVID-19 patients and data from China may not relate to US patients, according to a new article published today in Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes, an American Heart Association journal. (2020-05-22)

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