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Dietary fiber protects against obesity and metabolic syndrome, study finds
Consumption of dietary fiber can prevent obesity, metabolic syndrome and adverse changes in the intestine by promoting growth of 'good' bacteria in the colon, according to a study led by Georgia State University. (2018-01-22)

Recognition of television images can be used as developmental milestone
Television images can be a useful developmental milestone in young children, reports a study in the BMJ. (2000-03-23)

Sleeping less may be related to weight gain
Lack of sleep could make you fat. In an editorial published in the Jan. 10 issue of the Archives of Internal Medicine, two Northwestern University researchers stress the need to better understand the growing epidemic of obesity in the United States by studying how loss of sleep alters the complex metabolic pathways that control appetite, food intake and energy expenditure. (2005-01-10)

UT Southwestern plastic surgeons identify link between migraines and carpal tunnel syndrome
Plastic surgeons at UT Southwestern Medical Center have demonstrated for the first time an association between migraines and carpal tunnel syndrome, with migraines more than twice as prevalent in those with carpal tunnel syndrome as those without, according to the study. (2015-04-27)

NIH awards Salk Institute $5.5 million grant to study Williams syndrome
A multi-institutional team headed by Ursula Bellugi, professor and director of the Laboratory for Cognitive Neuroscience at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies, has been awarded a $5.5 million Program Project Grant by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development to link social behavior to its underlying neurobiological and molecular genetic basis using Williams syndrome as a model. (2011-05-19)

Researchers find the genes responsible for motor and vocal tics in children
Tourette's syndrome is a problem with the nervous system -- such people make sudden movements or blurt out words they don't intend to say. Doctors don't know exactly what causes these problems. The scientists found that people who suffer from Tourette's syndrome have modifications in two genes -- NRXN1 and CNTN6. Duplications in CNTN6 were linked to the condition for the first time. This knowledge helps to improve existing diagnosis and in the future will help in finding a target for new therapies. (2017-08-10)

Anti-depressants used during pregnancy linked to neonatal withdrawal syndrome
Babies exposed to anti-depressants called Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs) in the womb may be born with withdrawal syndrome, suggests a study published in this week's issue of The Lancet. The authors of the study conclude that doctors should avoid or cautiously manage the prescribing of these drugs to pregnant women with psychiatric disorders. (2005-02-03)

Obese teenagers face higher metabolic syndrome risk in South America than Europe
A high percentage of obese teenagers who took part in a two country study had metabolic syndrome, a worldwide merging health problem that can lead to heart disease. The rates were highest among boys, particularly in Brazil where a third suffered from the condition. What makes this study stand out is that the same researcher worked with both countries to ensure that the study could provide truly comparable results. (2008-10-13)

Study suggests obese children who consume recommended amount of milk at reduced risk of metabolic syndrome
New research being presented at this year's European Congress on Obesity (ECO) in Vienna, Austria (May 23-26) suggests that obese children who consume at least two servings of any type of cows' milk each day are more likely to have lower fasting insulin, indicating better blood sugar control. (2018-05-24)

New strategy improves detection of genetic mutations in hereditary colorectal cancer
The role that PMS2 genetic mutations play in Lynch syndrome has been underestimated in part due to technological limitations. A new study in the Journal of Molecular Diagnostics describes a multi-method strategy to overcome existing technological limitations by more accurately identifying PMS2 gene mutations, which will improve diagnosis and support appropriate genetic counseling and medical management. (2015-08-27)

Existing research supports metabolic syndrome link to cardiovascular disease
For years cardiologists have disagreed over the condition known as metabolic syndrome. The central question of this debate has been whether the gathering of these conditions in a single person conveys a risk of heart disease greater than that conveyed by each of the components. (2007-01-22)

AAOS recommends a multi-faceted approach to diagnosing carpal tunnel syndrome
New guidelines approved by the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Board of Directors recommend the collective use of a thorough patient history and specific physical examination maneuvers, in addition to observation and specific diagnostic tests to more definitively diagnose carpal tunnel syndrome, a common source of hand numbness and pain affecting approximately 3 million Americans -- primarily women -- each year. (2016-03-02)

Overweight, obese are risks for heart disease regardless of metabolic syndrome
Being overweight or obese are risk factors for myocardial infarction (heart attack) and ischemic heart disease regardless of whether individuals also have the cluster of cardiovascular risk factors known as metabolic syndrome, which includes high blood pressure, high cholesterol and high blood sugar, according to a study published by JAMA Internal Medicine, a JAMA Network publication. (2013-11-11)

New insight into fragile X syndrome: Scientists identify possible link to RNAi
New research published in the October 1 issue of Genes & Development reveals that RNA interference (RNAi), a recently discovered and powerful gene silencing mechanism found in plants, animals, and fungi, may also play a role in hereditary human disease. (2002-09-30)

Viruses not to blame for chronic fatigue syndrome after all
Contrary to previous findings, new research finds no link between chronic fatigue syndrome and the viruses XMRV (xenotropic murine leukemia virus-related virus) and pMLV (polytropic murine leukemia virus). A study to be published on Sept. 18 in mBio® reveals that research that reported patients with chronic fatigue syndrome carried these two viruses was wrong and that there is still no evidence for an infectious cause behind chronic fatigue syndrome. (2012-09-18)

Asthma is associated with polycystic ovary syndrome and excess weight
Among reproductive-age women, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) as well as overweight and obesity are independently linked with asthma, new preliminary research from Australia suggests. The results will be presented in a poster Saturday, April 2, at ENDO 2016, the annual meeting of the Endocrine Society, in Boston. (2016-04-01)

Brain changes associated with fragile X take place before age 2
Brain changes associated with the most common cause of mental retardation can be seen in magnetic resonance imaging scans of children as young as 1 to 3 years old, according to a study by researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and Stanford University. (2010-05-03)

Laying a foundation for treating ALS, spinal cord injury
Su-Chun Zhang, a professor of neuroscience and neurology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison Waisman Center, and his research team have published a unique model for learning more about the role of human astrocytes in the Journal of Clinical Investigation today. The findings may lay a foundation for the treatment of a number of neurodegenerative diseases, including ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis) and debilitating spinal cord injuries. (2015-02-02)

Data study suggests cortisol could alleviate for chronic fatigue syndrome and fibromyalgia
Chronic fatigue syndrome and fibromyalgia are two serious and debilitating diseases with no confirmed cause and limited treatment options. However, results of a new comprehensive literature study propose a simplified treatment process that could help alleviate symptoms for patients suffering from these diseases. (2008-03-19)

UVA, Virginia Tech Carilion partner to fund cross-university neuroscience research
The University of Virginia-Virginia Tech Carilion Neuroscience Research Collaboration has announced more than a half-million dollars in grant funding will be awarded to nine research teams to tackle pressing problems in brain development and function in health and disease. (2016-12-12)

Socialization relative strength in fragile X longitudinal study
Standard scores measuring 'adaptive behavior' in boys with fragile X syndrome tend to decline during childhood and adolescence, the largest longitudinal study of the inherited disorder to date has found. (2014-07-29)

LSUHSC study finds early predictors of metabolic syndrome in healthy 7-9-year-olds
Melinda Sothern, Ph.D., director of health promotion at LSU Health Sciences Center New Orleans, will present evidence supporting relationships seen in adolescents between insulin sensitivity and fatty liver, belly fat and total body fat and identifies additional potential early markers of insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome in healthy 7-9-year-olds, including fat in muscle cells, blood pressure, physical activity and birth weight at the International Congress on Obesity in Stockholm. (2010-07-12)

FISH-ing for links between cancer and aging
Wielding a palette of chromosome paints, scientists at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies have taken a step closer to understanding the relationship between aging and cancer by visualizing chromosomes of cells from patients with a heritable premature aging disease known as Werner Syndrome. (2007-02-05)

Genetic heart diseases cause fewer SIDS deaths than previously thought, study finds
Genetic mutations linked to heart disease have been considered a leading cause of sudden infant death syndrome, but a new study by Mayo Clinic, British and Danish researchers finds they are to blame for far fewer SIDS deaths than previously thought. The findings are opening new lines of inquiry into possible causes of the syndrome and may help prevent unnecessary genetic testing of surviving family members. The study results appear in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology. (2018-03-12)

Down Syndrome Babies Helped By Earlier Walking Intervention
In a new type of research utilizing a therapeutic, non- surgical approach called (1997-03-18)

KAT6A syndrome: Advances on the genetic bases and clinical picture of a rare disease
A research team has described five new cases of a rare disease -- known as KAT6A syndrome -- of which there are only eighty dominant cases worldwide. This neurological and developmental disorder, caused by alterations in the lysine acetyltransferase 6A gene (KAT6A), involves intellectual disability, language impairment, low muscle tone, cardiovascular malformation and eye defects, among other affectations. (2020-02-26)

Gene mutation causes severe epilepsy, febrile seizures in thousands of infants worldwide
University of Utah medical researchers have identified a gene with mutations that cause febrile seizures and contribute to a severe form of epilepsy known as Dravet syndrome in some of the most vulnerable patients -- infants 6 months and younger. (2009-09-16)

Women with PCOS have family heart disease link
A new study from the University of Adelaide shows the parents of women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) are more likely to have some form of cardiovascular disease. (2011-10-04)

Malaria drug may treat metabolic syndrome's many symptoms
A drug used for decades to treat and prevent malaria might also fight the many symptoms of metabolic syndrome, a potentially disabling condition that is estimated to affect as many as a quarter of American adults. Researchers found in studies of mice that the antimalaria drug chloroquine improved symptoms of metabolic syndrome, the drug reduced atherosclerosis, lowered blood pressure and improved blood sugar tolerance. (2006-11-07)

Obesity surgery can lead to memory loss, other problems
Weight loss surgery, such as gastric bypass surgery, can lead to a vitamin deficiency that can cause memory loss and confusion, inability to coordinate movement, and other problems, according to a study published in the March 13, 2007, issue of Neurology, the scientific journal of the American Academy of Neurology. (2007-03-12)

Improving treatments for post-Ebola syndrome sufferers
Researchers from the University of Liverpool and the King's Sierra Leone Partnership are to present new findings into post-Ebola syndrome at a major European conference this week. (2016-04-12)

Babies with drug withdrawal syndrome more likely to be readmitted
Infants diagnosed with drug withdrawal symptoms at birth, also known as neonatal abstinence syndrome, are nearly two and a half times as likely to be readmitted to the hospital in the first month after being discharged compared with full-term infants born without complications, according to new Vanderbilt research released today in the journal Hospital Pediatrics. (2015-10-01)

American adults have very low rate of metabolic health
A new study found that the prevalence of metabolic health is very low among American adults, even among those who have normal weight. (2018-11-28)

Shaky scaffold changes lung infrastructure
Researchers identify changes in enzymes that may contribute to lung damage in rare genetic disorder. (2019-07-17)

Mayo Clinic researchers find useful test for identifying patients
In the past, when a seemingly healthy child collapsed on the basketball court during the heat of the game, parents and medical professionals were sometimes left with few explanations of why. (2002-05-14)

International study suggests Nodding syndrome caused by response to parasitic protein
Researchers at the National Institutes of Health have uncovered new clues to the link between Nodding syndrome, a devastating form of pediatric epilepsy found in specific areas of east Africa, and a parasitic worm that can cause river blindness. The study, published in Science Translational Medicine, suggests that the mysterious neurological disease may be caused by an autoimmune response to the parasitic proteins. (2017-02-15)

Search for blood pressure secrets reveals a surprising new syndrome
Yale researchers investigating the genetic causes of blood pressure variation have identified a previously undescribed syndrome associated with seizures, a lack of coordination, developmental delay and hearing loss. (2009-03-16)

New gene technique identifies previously hidden causes of brain malformation
Howard Hughes Medical Institute scientists have developed a strategy for finding disease-causing mutations that lurk in only a small fraction of the body's cells. Such mutations can cause significant problems, but cannot be detected with traditional methods of genetic testing, as well as newer, more costly genome sequencing technologies. (2014-08-20)

People living near green spaces are at lower risk of metabolic syndrome
A study analyses for the first time the relation between long-term exposure to residential green spaces and a cluster of conditions that include obesity and hypertension. (2019-09-26)

DNA details suggest how human chromosomes break, rearrange and cause a genetic disease
Chromosome 22, one of the smallest human chromosomes, is known to be a hot spot for disease. Genetics researchers at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia are teasing out details of unusual, unstable DNA structures that make the chromosome particulaly vulnerable to defects and rearrangements that may result in diseases. (2000-06-25)

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