Risk Factors Current Events

Risk Factors Current Events, Risk Factors News Articles.
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Cancer risk evaluation: Methods and trends
The development of almost all cancer is influenced by environmental factors, argues Dr. Guenter Obe and co-editors in their new title (2011-07-14)

Dummies (pacifiers) reduce sudden infant deaths
Use of a dummy seems to reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), finds a study published online by the BMJ today. Researchers in California interviewed mothers or carers of 185 infants who died and 312 randomly selected controls matched for race/ethnicity and age. (2005-12-08)

Study examines for risk factors associated with initiation of substance use
Not all individuals who initiate use of a substance such as nicotine, alcohol, cannabis, and cocaine eventually develop a substance use disorder, indicating that the risk factors for substance use and for substance use disorder (SUD) differ to some extent. A new study has evaluated the overlap in risk factors for substance initiation and SUD, which may be useful for developing interventions to reduce both initiation and SUD. The findings are published in The American Journal on Addictions. (2018-08-08)

State administrative data can help identify children's adverse experiences
State administrative data can help identify children's adverse experiences. (2018-01-09)

Waistline matters in kidney disease
Does fat matter in kidney disease? The investigators found that all measures of higher abdominal fat content (including visceral fat, liver fat, or subcutaneous fat) and slower walk times were associated with increased levels of cardiometabolic risk factors in adults with non-dialysis dependent kidney disease. These data highlight that abdominal fat measures and lower physical fitness levels are associated with a higher cardiovascular risk in adults with non-dialysis dependent kidney disease. Waist circumference may be a new vital sign. (2020-08-13)

Sudden infant death syndrome: Reducing the risk
SIDS continues to be the leading cause of postneonatal infant death, accounting for about 25% of all deaths among infants between 1 month and 1 year old. In this review, Hunt and Hauck discuss the multiple risk factors for SIDS, including genetic risk factors, and how genetic and environmental risk factors may interact. (2006-06-19)

Mid-life heart disease risk factors linked to dementia in late-life
Middle-aged patients with several risk factors for heart disease are twice as likely to develop dementia in old age as middle-aged patients with only one risk factor, according to a study that will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology 56th Annual Meeting in San Francisco on April 29 by researchers at UCSF/Veterans Affairs Medical Center in San Francisco and Kaiser Permanente/Northern California. (2004-04-29)

Lung-specific risk factors may increase hip fracture risk in individuals who smoke
Smoking has been linked to a higher risk of bone fractures. Researchers have now identified certain lung-related factors that may help to predict an individual smoker's fracture risk. The findings are published in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research. (2020-08-05)

Impact of AF on stroke risk eliminated with multiple risk factors
Patients with five or more risk factors have the same stroke risk as patients with atrial fibrillation, according to research presented at the ESC Congress today by Dr. Christine Benn Christiansen from Denmark. The study included data on more than 4 million patients from Danish registries over a 10 year period. (2013-08-31)

Factors that increase or decrease suicidal behavior risk in adolescents
An analysis of relevant studies published to date has identified certain risk factors associated with suicidal behavior in adolescents. The analysis also revealed certain protective factors that may reduce the likelihood of suicidal behavior. (2020-10-07)

Teenage highs and lows
What risk factors influence teenagers to start experimenting with marijuana or to move from experimental to regular use? Involvement with other substances (alcohol and cigarettes), delinquency and school problems have been established as the three most important risk factors in identifying teenagers at risk of continued involvement with marijuana by a Cardiff University scientist, in collaboration with a colleague in the USA. (2005-03-16)

Cardiovascular risk factors in midlife strongly linked to risk of dementia
High cholesterol, hypertension, diabetes, and smoking have long been considered and treated as risk factors for cardiovascular disease. A new study has concluded that these same cardiovascular (CV) risk factors in middle age may also increase significantly the risk of dementia in old age. The study of nearly 9,000 northern Californians is published in the January 25 issue of Neurology. (2005-01-24)

Cholesterol and heart disease
Jean-Pierre Després and coauthors reviewed how individuals with a normal low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol level can still be at increased risk of CAD, particularly if they carry additional risk factors such as central obesity, elevated serum triglyceride levels and insulin resistance. (2001-11-12)

Pre-surgery beta blockers, risk of death examined in noncardiac surgery
The controversial practice of administering pre-surgery beta-blockers to patients having noncardiac surgery was associated with an increased risk of death in patients with no cardiac risk factors but it was beneficial for patients with three to four risk factors, according to a report published online by JAMA Surgery. (2015-05-27)

Study finds strong link between epilepsy and risk of schizophrenia
People with a history of epilepsy are at increased risk of developing schizophrenia and schizophrenia-like psychosis, concludes a study published online by the BMJ today. (2005-06-16)

Analysis examines mortality risks after different types of kidney surgery
A new study provides insights into the true risks of all types of nephrectomy, or surgical removal of the kidney. (2017-05-05)

Social gradient in the metabolic syndrome - explained by psychosocial and behavioural factors?
There is a strong social gradient in the metabolic syndrome, which is not caused by differences in psychosocial or lifestyle factors. (2005-09-05)

Genetic screening could reveal hidden high risk for coronary heart disease
Researchers of the Institute for Molecular Medicine Finland, University of Helsinki, and Finnish National Institute for Health and Welfare have shown that genetic marker information can improve risk evaluation of coronary heart disease. (2013-05-20)

Only about half of strokes may be attributable to known causative risk factors
A large proportion of strokes may not be attributable to known causative risk factors, according to a study published in this week's PLOS Medicine. Michiel Bos and colleagues from the Erasmus Medical Center, in the Netherlands, report that only about half of all strokes are attributable to established causative factors for stroke, a much smaller proportion than estimated by previous studies. (2014-04-29)

Regular tipple may curb risk of rheumatoid arthritis
Alcohol cuts the risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis by up to 50 percent, reveals research published ahead of print in the Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases. (2008-06-04)

Risk of blood clots in veins hereditary
In a nationwide study, researchers at the Centre for Primary Health Care Research in Malmö, Sweden, have mapped the significance of hereditary factors in venous thromboembolism. (2011-05-30)

Smoking risk factors among aboriginal youth
Although the incidence of cardiovascular disease has been declining throughout the developed world, the incidence in Aboriginal populations from 1981 to 1997 has doubled. (2005-10-10)

A high BMI in childhood linked to greater heart disease risk in adolescence
Children who have a high body mass index (BMI) between 9 and 12 years of age are more likely to have high blood pressure, cholesterol and blood insulin levels (all risk factors for developing heart disease) by the time they reach adolescence, according to a study published on bmj.com today. (2010-11-25)

Some factors have a greater impact on heart attack risk in women than they do in men
High blood pressure, smoking and diabetes increase the risk of heart attack in both sexes but they have more impact in women than they do in men, shows a study published by The BMJ today. (2018-11-07)

Racial disparities in risk of stroke
In a Correspondence in The New England Journal of Medicine, researchers led by Susan Cheng, M.D., M.P.H., of Brigham and Women's Hospital, explore the impact of efforts to reduce risk factors for stroke in black patients. (2017-05-24)

Intimate kissing quadruples risk of meningitis in teenagers
Intimate kissing with multiple partners almost quadruples a teenager's risk of meningococcal disease, finds a study published online by the BMJ today. (2006-02-09)

Childhood circumstances linked to health in later life
Poor social circumstances in adulthood have been known for some time to increase heart disease risk but less attention has been paid to earlier life circumstances. A study in this week's BMJ finds that adverse social circumstances in childhood, as well as adulthood, are strongly associated with increased risk of insulin resistance, and other heart disease risk factors. (2002-10-10)

Managing young women at high risk of heart disease
Deaths from heart disease have decreased in recent decades, but these decreases have not occurred in women younger than 50. A new review in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal) provides guidance for physicians to identify and manage premenopausal women at high risk of heart disease. (2019-02-11)

Findings support role of vascular disease in development of Alzheimer's disease
Among adults who entered a study more than 25 years ago, an increasing number of midlife vascular risk factors, such as obesity, high blood pressure, diabetes, high cholesterol and smoking, were associated with elevated levels of brain amyloid (protein fragments linked to Alzheimer's disease) later in life, according to a study published by JAMA. (2017-04-11)

Assessment of bone density and fracture history can predict long-term fracture risk
Factors such as low bone density and previous fractures are commonly used to predict an individual's risk of experiencing a fracture over the next 10 years. (2017-06-21)

Links between parents' and children's asthma and allergies
New research published in Clinical & Experimental Allergy found that, compared with a father's traits related to allergies and asthma, a mother's traits create a higher risk that a child will develop these same traits in early childhood. (2020-07-08)

Poor physical performance may be an early sign of late-age dementia
Poor physical performance was linked with an increased risk of developing dementia in a study of individuals aged 90 and older who were followed for an average of 2.6 years. (2016-07-06)

Higher resting heart rate linked to increased risk of death from all causes
A higher resting heart rate is associated with an increased risk of death from all causes in the general population, even in people without the usual risk factors for heart disease, according to new research published in CMAJ. (2015-11-23)

Knowing risk factors could help catch melanomas
University of Sydney researchers and their collaborators have pinpointed risk factors that could help doctors tailor individuals' skin examinations and catch melanoma at an early stage. (2016-11-09)

The Lancet Psychiatry: Around 60 percent of people who contemplate or attempt suicide do not receive treatment
In this review, published to coincide with the launch of The Lancet Psychiatry journal, professor Rory O'Connor from the University of Glasgow and professor Matthew K. Nock from Harvard University review the key psychological factors that may contribute to, or protect against, suicidal behavior including personality differences, cognitive factors, and negative life events such as serious physical illness, as well as current psychological treatments. (2014-05-01)

Cardiovascular disease related to type 2 diabetes can be reduced significantly
Properly composed treatment and refraining from cigarette consumption can significantly reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease resulting from type 2 diabetes, according to a study published in The New England Journal of Medicine. In some cases, the increased risks could theoretically be eliminated. (2018-08-16)

Mitigation techniques fall short of preventing electrocution of golden eagles on power poles
Despite efforts to retrofit power poles and to build new poles to avian-friendly standards, electrocution remains a substantial cause of death for the golden eagle. The global conservation problem results in an estimated 504 eagles electrocuted annually in North America alone. A new Journal of Wildlife Management article examines the risk factors and mitigation techniques from literature published from 1940-2016 and provides new strategies by region to target high-risk poles that could substantially reduce the mortalities. (2018-01-24)

New tests needed to predict cardiovascular problems in older people more accurately
A long-standing system for assessing the risk of cardiovascular disease amongst older people should be replaced with something more accurate, according to a study published today on bmj.com. (2009-01-08)

Genetic profiling may play a greater role in identifying women at risk from breast cancer
'Genotype profiling' could help identity women at risk from breast cancer, say scientists from Cambridge, UK. The team has identified variants in six genes which seem to point to an increased breast cancer risk. (2001-10-24)

Neuroinflammation in Alzheimer's and Parkinson's Diseases
This review focuses on four modifiable risk factors including physical inactivity, vascular disease-related conditions, obesity and type two diabetes mellitus, all of which have been identified as risk factors for the development of Alzheimer's Disease (AD) and Parkinson's Disease (PD). (2017-08-25)

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