Room Temperature Current Events

Room Temperature Current Events, Room Temperature News Articles.
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Room-temperature multiferroic thin films and their properties
Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech) and Tohoku University have developed high-quality GFO epitaxial films and systematically investigated their ferroelectric and ferromagnetic properties. They also demonstrated the room-temperature magnetocapacitance effects of these GFO thin films. (2018-01-05)

Lasers see red
The first room-temperature operation of an interband III-V laser diode emitting at a wavelength beyond three microns was demonstrated recently at the Naval Research Laboratory in Washington, D.C. (1999-10-06)

Lobachevsky University researchers obtain magnetic semiconductor layers of a new type
Researchers at the laboratory of spin and optical electronics of the Lobachevsky University (Nizhny Novgorod, Russia) have obtained a new type of magnetic semiconductor layers, which demonstrate spin-dependent phenomena in the transport of charge carriers at room temperature. (2018-01-22)

Room-temperature superionic conduction achieved using pseudorotation of hydride complexes
There is currently a strong demand to replace organic liquid electrolytes used in conventional rechargeable batteries, with solid-state ionic conductors which will enable the batteries to be safer and have higher energy density. (2020-05-13)

Don't sweat it: Bikram yoga is no more effective than yoga practiced at room temperature
Bikram yoga, a hot yoga style, is no more effective at improving health than the same yoga postures at room temperature -- that's what research published in Experimental Physiology and carried out by Texas State University and the University of Texas at Austin, USA, has found. (2018-01-18)

A major feat: room temperature electrochemical cycling of a fluoride-ion battery
Researchers have made notable progress in the ongoing effort to develop high energy-density batteries by demonstrating the room-temperature operation of fluoride-ion based (FIB) energy cells, a new study reports. (2018-12-06)

Smallest Swiss cross -- Made of 20 single atoms
The manipulation of atoms has reached a new level: Together with teams from Finland and Japan, physicists from the University of Basel were able to place 20 single atoms on a fully insulated surface at room temperature to form the smallest 'Swiss cross', thus taking a big step towards next generation atomic-scale storage devices. The academic journal Nature Communications has published their results. (2014-07-15)

Scientists at DGIST develop polariton nano-laser operating at room temperature
DGIST announced on May 8 that a polariton nano-laser operating at room temperature was developed by Professor Chang-Hee Cho's team in the Department of Emerging Materials Science, in collaboration with Professor Seong-Ju Park at GIST and Professor Ritesh Agarwal at University of Pennsylvania. (2019-05-19)

Scientists have synthesized an unusual superconducting barium superhydride
A new exotic compound, BaH12, has been discovered by experiment and theory. Unusually, it is a molecular metal and demonstrates the superconducting transition around 20?K at 140?GPa (2021-01-12)

New options for spintronic devices: Switching magnetism between 1 and 0 with low voltage near room temperature
Scientists from Paris and Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin have been able to switch ferromagnetic domains on and off with low voltage in a structure made of two different ferroic materials. The switching works slightly above room temperature. Their results, which are published online in Scientific Reports, might inspire future applications in low-power spintronics, for instance for fast and efficient data storage. (2015-05-18)

Wind more effective than cold air at cooling rooms naturally
The effectiveness of non-mechanical, low-energy methods for moderating temperature and humidity has been evaluated in a series of experiments by researchers from the University of Cambridge. (2019-11-20)

Products that reversibly change shape with temperature may revolutionize medicine
New research highlights the capability of reversible shape-memory polymers to change their shape when heated to body temperature and then switch back to their original shape when cooled to room temperature. (2015-03-16)

Liquid metals break down organic fuels into ultra-thin graphitic sheets
For the first time, FLEET researchers at UNSW, Sydney show the synthesis of ultra-thin graphitic materials at room temperature using organic fuels (which can be as simple as basic alcohols such as ethanol). (2020-06-10)

Scientists discover a link between superconductivity and the periodic table
Scientists from Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology and Skoltech have discovered a general principle for calculating the superconductivity of hydrides based on the periodic table alone. Turned out that certain elements capable of forming superconducting compounds are arranged in a specific pattern in the periodic table. (2018-04-10)

Uncomfortable summer heat makes people moody and unhelpful, new research finds
Associate professor Liuba Belkin of Lehigh University in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, and Maryam Kouchaki, assistant professor at Northwestern in Evanston, Illinois, conclude in a new study, that when when it's uncomfortably hot, we're less likely to be helpful or 'prosocial.' (2017-06-22)

Light detector to revolutionize night vision technology
Researchers have developed a light detector that could revolutionize chemical sensing and night vision technology. (2014-09-08)

Perovskite materials: Neutrons show twinning in halide perovskites
Solar cells based on hybrid halide perovskites achieve high efficiencies. These mixed organic-inorganic semiconductors are usually produced as thin films of microcrystals. An investigation with the Laue camera at the neutron source BER II could now clarify that twinning occurs during crystallisation even at room temperature. This insight is helpful for optimising production processes of halide perovskites. (2020-10-13)

Locating the elusive
Researchers at Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin (HZB) in close collaboration with colleagues in France and UK, have engineered a material that exhibits a rare and versatile trait in magnetism at room temperature. It's called a (2011-08-22)

Smallest ever quantum dots bring real world applications closer
Single atom quantum dots created by researchers at Canada's National Institute for Nanotechnology and the University of Alberta make possible a new level of control over individual electrons, a development that suddenly brings quantum dot-based devices within reach. Composed of a single atom of silicon and measuring less than one nanometer in diameter, these are the smallest quantum dots ever created. (2009-01-27)

The switch that could double USB memory
Scientists at Hokkaido University have developed a device that employs both magnetic and electronic signals, which could provide twice the storage capacity of conventional memory devices, such as USB flash drives. (2016-06-30)

Something from nothing: Using waste heat to power electronics
Researchers from the University of Tsukuba developed an improved thermocell design to convert heat into electricity. The thermocell contained a material that exhibited a phase transition from one arrangement of atoms to another when heated to 50 °C. The phase transition caused the output voltage of the thermocell to increase substantially to a level sufficient to power electronics. This thermocell shows promise as a way to use waste environmental heat to power electronic devices. (2020-02-12)

New type of ultrahigh piezoelectricity in hydrogen-bonded ferroelectrics
A new strategy is proposed to generate ultra-high piezoelectric coefficients, and many hydrogen-bonded ferroelectrics (e.g., organic PhMDA) can be ideal candidates owing to the specific features of hydrogen bonding. Their Curie temperature can be approximately doubled upon a tensile strain as low as 2 %, which can be tuned exactly to room-temperature by fixing a strain in one direction, and in another direction, an unprecedented ultra-high piezoelectric coefficient can be obtained. (2020-11-20)

Thermoelectric power generation at room temperature: Coming soon?
A research team led by Osaka University created a thermoelectric material with promising performance at room temperature. Ytterbium silicide is a good electrical conductor. It also has a high Seebeck coefficient thanks to Kondo resonance (fluctuation of f-electrons), which increases its power factor. Its layered structure further promotes the thermoelectric effect by blocking heat conduction. This non-toxic, room-temperature thermoelectric material is competitive with conventional bismuth telluride, and could be used for power generation or refrigeration. (2017-12-26)

Team demonstrates continuous terahertz sources at room temperature
Northwestern University professor Manijeh Razeghi and her team are the first to develop a room-temperature, compact, continuous terahertz radiation source. (2014-06-05)

Important progress for spintronics
A fundamental cornerstone for spintronics that has been missing up until now has been constructed by a team of physicists at Linkoping University in Sweden. It's the world's first spin amplifier that can be used at room temperature. (2012-11-16)

Is graphene the new silicon?
Research results from University of Maryland physicists show that graphene, a new material that combines aspects of semiconductors and metals, could be a leading candidate to replace silicon in applications ranging from high-speed computer chips to biochemical sensors. (2008-03-27)

Adjusting processing temperature results in better hydrogels for biomedical applications
Biohydrogels have been studied closely for their potential use in biomedical applications, but they often move between sols and gels, depending on their temperature, changes that can pose issues depending on the intended use. In Physics of Fluids, researchers discuss their work studying the effect of temperature on hydrogels. They found that creating hydrogels at room temperature or below results in more robust materials that function more effectively when used in the body. (2020-03-24)

Scientists finely control methane combustion to get different products
Scientists find that combustion of methane using two gold atoms at room temperature yields ethylene, while at lower temperatures it yields formaldehyde. (2011-04-14)

Development of a sticker that indicates whether cold-chain food products have gone bad
Can we tell with the naked eye if any cold-chain food products that we have received have gone bad? A cold-chain safety sticker was developed, which indicates whether any cold-chain food products, such as fish, meat, and fruits and vegetables, have spoiled. This cold-chain safety sticker creates an image on it when exposed to room temperature. Room temperature exposure history and time throughout the cold chain delivery process are indicated but cannot be manually edited. (2020-04-06)

Heightened scents: Do ambient fragrances make consumers purchase more?
Do consumers make different choices based on the fragrance surrounding them? A new study in the Journal of Marketing shows for the first time that the 'temperature' of scents in a store atmosphere may have a powerful effect on what and how much customers buy. (2015-01-21)

Heating the exterior of suitcases may decrease the spread of bed bugs through luggage
New research indicates that brief heat treatment is a promising way to decrease the spread of bed bugs being transported on the outer surface of luggage. (2016-08-01)

Wireless window contacts -- no maintenance, no batteries
Window contacts tell us which of a house's windows are open or closed. Researchers have now developed a fail-safe system that is particularly easy to use and needs no wiring or batteries. The sensors harvest the energy they need to run from ambient radio signals. (2011-10-07)

New terahertz source could strengthen sensing applications
Northwestern University researchers have developed a room temperature, continuous wave, monolithic tunable terahertz source that could lead to advances in biosensing, homeland security, and space exploration. (2016-03-28)

Room-temperature transistor laser is step closer to commercialization
Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have demonstrated the room-temperature operation of a heterojunction bipolar transistor laser, moving it an important step closer to commercialization. (2005-09-26)

New terahertz device could strengthen security
We are all familiar with the security hassles that accompany air travel. Now a new type of security detection that uses terahertz radiation is looking to prove its promise. Northwestern University researchers have developed a room temperature, compact, tunable terahertz source that could lead to advances in homeland security and space exploration. Able to detect explosives, chemical agents and dangerous biological substances from safe distances, devices using terahertz waves could make public spaces more secure than ever. (2014-11-21)

Spin current on topological insulator detected electrically at room temperature
Researchers at Chalmers University of Technology have for the first time reported the electrical detection of spin current on topological insulator surfaces at room temperature by employing a ferromagnetic detector. The findings have been published in the journal Nano Letters. (2015-12-07)

Silver sawtooth creates valley-coherent light for nanophotonics
Scientists at the University of Groningen used a silver sawtooth nanoslit array to produce valley-coherent photoluminescence in two-dimensional tungsten disulfide flakes at room temperature. Until now, this could only be achieved at very low temperatures. Coherent light can be used to store or transfer information in quantum electronics. This plasmon-exciton hybrid device is promising for use in integrated nanophotonics (light-based electronics). The results were published in Nature Communications on 5 February. (2020-02-07)

New nanostructure-based process will streamline production of magnetic materials
UMass Amherst scientists report for the first time designing a simpler method of preparing ordered magnetic materials than ever by coupling magnetic properties to nanostructure formation at low temperatures. The process allows them to create room-temperature ferromagnetic materials that are stable for long periods more effectively and with fewer steps than more complicated existing methods. The approach is outlined by polymer scientist Gregory Tew and colleagues in the Sept. 27 issue of Nature Communications. (2011-09-27)

Sprinklers shown effective in slowing dorm fires
An automatic sprinkler system significantly increases a person's chances of surviving a dormitory fire, according to a report issued recently by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). Three NIST experiments,* supported by a U.S. Fire Administration (USFA) initiative for fire safety in college housing, compared the hazards of fires in smoke detector-equipped dormitories with and without fire sprinklers in the room of fire origin. (2005-02-11)

Chemical reaction yields ties that bind permanently
Chemists at the University of Illinois at Chicago have developed a new method to add functional groups to the amino acid cysteine and other thiols. The procedure holds promise for pharmaceutical research and applications in combinatorial chemistry. (2006-03-14)

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