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Raising The Retirement Age In The United States Could Save Billions In Social Security Payments
Raising the normal retirement age in the United States to 70 could save the federal government billions of dollars each year and help shore up the ailing Social Security trust fund over the long term, according to two university researchers (1996-10-14)

Understanding a cell's 'doorbell'
A multi-institutional project to understand one of the major targets of human drug design has produced new insights into how structural communication works in a cell component called a G protein-coupled receptor (GPCRs), basically a 'doorbell' structure that alerts the cell of important molecules nearby. (2018-04-12)

Scientists determine strength of 'liquid smoke'
Researchers have created a 3-D image of a material referred to as (2008-07-29)

NSF signs Memorandum of Understanding with Department of Defense for national security research
The National Science Foundation has signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the Department of Defense that would allow researchers to apply for grants to study subjects that may be of interest to US national security. (2008-07-02)

National Infrastructure Simulation and Analysis Center taps PNNL
PNNL's data analytics capabilities and advanced computer modeling capabilities will support the Department of Homeland Security's National Infrastructure Simulation and Analysis Center. (2015-10-26)

Geographical passwords worth their salt
It's much easier to remember a place you have visited than a long, complicated password, which is why computer scientist Ziyad Al-Salloum of ZSS-Research in Ras Al Khaimah, UAE, is developing a system he calls geographical passwords. (2014-02-14)

Does raising the terrorism alert level cause undue stress?
The Department of Homeland Security's color-coded system for warning the public of the risk of a terrorist attack does not appear to cause undue stress among law enforcement officers, according to a study led by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School. The study is among the first to examine the psychological impact of the alert system on first responders. (2008-04-04)

Greater safety and security at Europe's train stations
When a suspicious individual fleas on a bus or by train, then things usually get tough for the police. This is because the security systems of the various transportation companies and security services are typically incompatible. The European Union project, Secur-ED, aims at creating remedies and establishing better collaboration within the same city. (2014-09-03)

UTSA study warns of security gaps in smart light bulbs
Smart bulbs are expected to be a popular purchase this holiday season. But could lighting your home open up your personal information to hackers? Now researchers at UTSA have conducted a review of the security holes that exist in popular smart-light brands. According to the analysis, the next prime target could be that smart bulb that shoppers buy this coming holiday season. (2019-10-23)

Sandia engineering sciences director Duane Dimos elected AAAS Fellow
Duane Dimos, director of Sandia's Engineering Sciences Center 1500, has been elected a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the world's largest general scientific association. (2011-01-27)

Geochemist Tom Guilderson wins E.O. Lawrence Award for radiocarbon work
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory geochemist Tom Guilderson has been named a winner of the Department of Energy's prestigious Ernest Orlando Lawrence Award, Energy Secretary Steven Chu announced today. (2011-11-28)

NIST's Cloud Computing Roadmap details research requirements and action plans
NIST has published the final version of the US Government Cloud Computing Technology Roadmap, Volumes I and II. The roadmap focuses on strategic and tactical objectives to support the federal government's accelerated adoption of cloud computing. (2014-10-22)

IIASA research report: Health and Elderly Care Expenditure in an Aging World
The International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) announces publication of the research report, Health and Elderly Care Expenditure in an Aging World, by Professor Leslie Mayhew. This report explores the consequences of population aging for the vital services of health and elderly care and considers the basic mechanisms fueling their growth. (2000-11-02)

Data security: A problem in search of a mathematical theory
The need for security in electronic communications is crucial in today's world. The foundation for providing this security rests on mathematics. In particular, a certain kind of mathematical function called a (2006-02-08)

DHS, business leaders discuss technology to protect US at Homeland Security conference
The commercialization of technologies that help to protect the United States from a wide variety of attacks was featured during a business panel of experts at the 2008 IEEE International Conference on Technologies for Homeland Security at the Westin Waltham Boston on May 13. (2008-05-27)

Optical fibers and a theory of things that go bump in the light
University of California scientists working at Los Alamos National Laboratory have developed a theory describing light pulse dynamics in optical fibers that explains how an interplay of noise, line imperfections and pulse collisions lead to the deterioration of information in optical fiber lines. The theory will help to enhance the performance necessary for high-speed optical communication systems like video on demand and ultra-broadband Internet, and the research has helped establish a new field of inquiry -- the statistical physics of optical communications. (2004-09-14)

Curiosity rover finds evidence of Mars' primitive continental crust
The ChemCam laser instrument on NASA's Curiosity rover has turned its beam onto some unusually light-colored rocks on Mars, and the results are surprisingly similar to Earth's granitic continental crust rocks. This is the first discovery of a potential 'continental crust' on Mars. (2015-07-14)

ChemCam laser sets its sights on first Martian target
Members of the Mars Science Laboratory Curiosity rover ChemCam team have received the first photos from the instrument's remote micro imager. The successful capture of ChemCam's first 10 photos sets the stage for the first test bursts of the instrument's rock-zapping laser in the near future. (2012-08-17)

Los Alamos researchers uncover properties in nanocomposite oxide ceramics for reactor fuel
The relationship between the termination chemistry and the dislocation structure of the interface offers potential avenues for tailoring transport properties and radiation damage resistance of oxide nanocomposites. (2014-09-23)

European conference addresses increasing demand for EO data
For more than 40 years, Earth observing satellites have delivered valuable data about our planet and have enabled a better understanding and improved management of the Earth and its environment. Demands for these data are increasing daily as decision-makers are faced with responding to environmental change, managing sustainable development and responding to natural disasters and civil security issues. (2008-05-28)

British scientists create electron surf machine
Scientists at the UK's National Physical Laboratory and the Cavendish Laboratory of Cambridge University have found a new way to control the movement of individual electrons -- they are making them ride the crests of energy waves like surfers. (2007-06-12)

Silica increases water availability for plants
As a result of climate change, more frequent and longer drought periods are predicted in the future. Drought risks are suggested to decrease agricultural yield. Researchers at the University of Bayreuth and the Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research (ZALF) have now discovered a way to mitigate this problem: Amorphous silica is able to significantly increase the amount of available water for plants. (2020-02-12)

Terrorism risk determines homeland security spending
A new study reveals that measures of terrorism risk, not political influence or party affiliation, affect funding. (2008-06-05)

HIV vaccine strategy expands immune responses
Two teams of researchers -- including Los Alamos National Laboratory theoretical biologists Bette Korber, Will Fischer, Sydeaka Watson, and James Szinger -- have announced an HIV vaccination strategy that has been shown to expand the breadth and depth of immune responses in rhesus monkeys. Rhesus monkeys provide the best animal model currently available for testing HIV vaccines. (2010-03-03)

Farmers' responses to crises key to informing effective food security policy
A better understanding of how farmers in developing countries cope in times of stress is needed if funding to support food security is to be used effectively, according to an academic at the University of East Anglia. (2015-10-12)

Arctic greening thaws permafrost, boosts runoff
A new collaborative study has investigated Arctic shrub-snow interactions to obtain a better understanding of the far north's tundra and vast permafrost system. Incorporating extensive in situ observations, Los Alamos National Laboratory scientists tested their theories with a novel 3D computer model and confirmed that shrubs can lead to significant degradation of the permafrost layer that has remained frozen for tens of thousands of years. These interactions are driving increases in discharges of fresh water into rivers, lakes and oceans. (2018-10-17)

January 2013 story tips from Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Many of the nation's foremost authorities on cyber security will gather in Oak Ridge Jan. 8-12 for the inaugural Cyber Sciences Laboratory workshop. Scientists are using an instrument at Oak Ridge National Laboratory's High Flux Isotope Reactor to discover how a key binding protein protects our DNA double helix. Ships of tomorrow could glide through the water with less energy because of a technology developed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the University of Pittsburgh. (2013-01-04)

Society Of Actuaries Surveys Experts On Longer Life Spans And Forecasting Mortality For Social Security
Forecasting methods with greater heed to uncertainty are necessary if financing needs for social security are to be more accurately projected, says a survey of experts. The survey was conducted by the Society of Actuaries during a multidisiplinary seminar on mortality improvement in the NAFTA countries. (1997-12-22)

Sonic cyber attack shows security holes in ubiquitous sensors
Sound waves could be used to hack into critical sensors in a broad array of technologies including smartphones, automobiles, medical devices and the Internet of Things, University of Michigan research shows. (2017-03-14)

Conference to discuss future of nanotechnology enabled sensors
The Micro and Nano Sensors Interest Group of the Sensors & Instrumentation KTN is organizing a conference and exhibition titled (2010-01-21)

Sodium loses its luster: A liquid metal that's not really metallic
When melting sodium at high pressures, the material goes through a transition in which its electrical conductivity drops threefold. (2007-09-26)

Grid bridges 4,800 miles for molecular repositories
In a bid to facilitate collaboration among other biomolecular researchers, the Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory has become the first institution outside the United Kingdom to join the Biological Simulation Grid Consortium of Great Britain. (2005-11-15)

Carnegie Mellon researchers find social security numbers can be predicted with public information
Carnegie Mellon University researchers have shown that public information readily gleaned from governmental sources, commercial data bases, or online social networks can be used to routinely predict most -- and sometimes all -- of an individual's nine-digit Social Security number. (2009-07-06)

Lawrence Livermore researchers find wind power not enough to affect global climate
Though there is enough power in the earth's winds to be a primary source of near-zero emission electric power for the world, large-scale high altitude wind power generation is unlikely to substantially affect climate. (2012-09-10)

Midwestern ethanol plants use much less water than western plants, U of Minnesota study says
Ethanol production in Minnesota and Iowa uses far less water overall than similar processes in states where water is less plentiful, a new University of Minnesota study shows. (2009-04-15)

Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists announces 2006 winners of Leonard M. Rieser Fellowship
The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists today announced the 2006 winners of the annual Leonard M. Rieser Fellowship in Science, Technology, and Global Security. (2006-05-02)

In an Internet vacuum, private securities companies prosper in the 'new wild west'
A 'quiet' revolution in unregulated areas of the internet has led to the emergence of a new private security industry, according to latest research from the University of Portsmouth. Often described as the ''new wild west'', criminals see new opportunities online, with this latest study showing how individuals and organisations are now taking the law into their own hands in order to protect themselves. (2020-02-20)

Computer simulations predict the spread of HIV
In a recently published study in the journal Nature Microbiology, researchers at Los Alamos National Laboratory show that computer simulations can accurately predict the transmission of HIV across populations, which could aid in preventing the disease. (2018-08-01)

Americans' views towards refugee resettlement: Not-in-my backyard (NIMBYism) and media frames
A Dartmouth study finds that Americans are consistently less supportive of refugee resettlement within their own communities than nationally, illustrating the prevalence of not-in-my-backyard syndrome (NIMBYism). The manner in which the media links refugee issues to national security concerns was also found to affect public support for resettlement. The findings are published in Science Advances. (2017-09-06)

Faint foreshocks foretell California quakes
New research mining data from a catalog of more than 1.8 million southern California earthquakes found that nearly three-fourths of the time, foreshocks signalled a quake's readiness to strike from days to weeks before the the mainshock hit, a revelation that could advance earthquake forecasting. (2019-07-31)

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